Leisure, Lifestyle & Wellness
Pulse Beat

Human Milk Banks

This is the second call I am making for the need for this new development in all our maternity hospitals. I hate the situation of motherless infants and infants whose mothers have less milk than they need. They need milk banks. Mothers who have more than needed milk could (should) donate that to a bank in the hospital that might need it to feed premature babies. Some people (the wise ones) thought I was crazy. Now, new research shows the benefits of human milk for babies. Mothers who have ‘extra’ breast milk can donate it to the banks, after undergoing a screening process that includes blood tests for diseases like HIV and hepatitis. The milk is pasteurised, like any other milk. The practice may boost breast-feeding and reduce dangerous gut infections. Researchers have found that the number of California hospitals offering donor breast milk rose substantially between 2007 and 2013—from about 21% of all new-born intensive-care units (NICUs) to 41%.
 
Concurrently, breast-feeding incidence has been going up—another boon to children. “Infants also were less likely to develop a potentially dangerous gut infection called necrotizing enterocolitis,” according to findings published online 22nd February in the journal Paediatrics. With pre-term babies, breast-feeding might be a challenge. But, often, women can’t express enough milk. In those cases, donor breast milk is considered the next-best option. Hospitals get that milk from non-profit milk ‘banks’.
 

BP Lowering Drugs Dangerous for Diabetics?

How prophetic was my observation, years ago, that too much lowering blood pressure (BP) in diabetics might not be a good idea! Now comes a bombshell in the British Medical Journal. The researchers—including Mattias Brunström of the Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine at Umeå University in Sweden—found that anti-hypertensive drugs may increase the risk of cardio-vascular death for diabetes patients with a systolic blood pressure under 140mm/Hg.
 
The American Diabetes Association recommends a target of less than 140mm/Hg systolic for patients with type-2 diabetes, though a target of less than 130mmHg is recommended for some patients, if it can be achieved safely. The team conducted a meta-analysis of 49 randomised controlled trials involving a total of 73,738 participants that looked at the cardio-vascular outcomes of people with diabetes on anti-hypertensive medications. The subjects were followed-up for at least 12 months.
 
The researchers found that participants whose BP was higher than 140mm/Hg before treatment had a reduced risk of stroke, heart attack, heart failure and all-cause mortality. Among subjects whose BP was less than 140mm/Hg prior to anti-hypertensive treatment, however, no cardio-vascular benefits were identified. In fact, these participants were found to be at greater risk of cardio-vascular death.
 

Alcohol in Pregnancy

Even a small amount of alcohol in pregnant ladies would put the foetus at risk of alcoholism for three generations. Many of the teen problems in the world could have emanated from pregnant mothers consuming alcohol. “Factors affecting teen drinking habits are varied and complex. They include the desire to engage in risk-taking and rebellious behaviour, as well as the wish to impress and to sustain popularity among peers.” We must start a movement to advise pregnant mothers to keep away from alcohol. 

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Real Estate Bill could encourage FDI inflows: Nomura
The Bill could go a long way towards protecting interests of home buyers by facilitating more timely completion of projects and ensuring greater transparency, says the research note
 
The Real Estate Bill can bring greater credibility to the sector through more transparency as well as accountability and could encourage flow of foreign direct investment (FDI) funds into the market, says Nomura in a research note.
 
On 10th March, the Rajya Sabha passed the Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Bill, 2016, aimed at protecting the interests of home buyers, bringing in more transparency and accountability into the real-estate sector.
 
According to the financial services firm, the Bill could go a long way towards protecting interests of home buyers by facilitating more timely completion of projects and ensuring greater transparency.
 
This Bill was touted as a major reform measure to regulate the vast real estate sector and bring order in it.
 
“Mandatory disclosures and registration may reduce black money transactions in this sector; and greater credibility of the real-estate sector (through greater transparency and accountability) could encourage flow of FDI funds into the sector,” Nomura said in the note.
 
“The Bill is yet to be passed in the Lower House, though that should be easier, as the government has an absolute majority in the Lower House,” Nomura added.
 
The key features of the bill include, timely execution, accountability and transparency.
 
The Bill proposes setting up state-level real-estate regulatory authorities, where builders will be mandated to register all projects above 500 sq mts (earlier 4000). This would apply to both residential and commercial real estate projects, including those currently under construction.
 
State-level appellate tribunals will be set up for addressing complaints. A timeline of a maximum 60 days has been set for resolution of disputes.
 
Failure to register a project could result in imprisonment of up to three years for developers or 10% of the project cost or both.
 
Home buyers and real-estate agents could also face up to one year of imprisonment, if found in any violation of the tribunals or regulatory authority.

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Rajat Gupta released from prison
Gupta was released on Friday, four years after he lost his insider trading trial and suffered multiple legal setbacks to overturn his conviction
 
Goldman Sachs' former Director Rajat Gupta has been released after completing his two-year prison term, weeks after a US court agreed to re-hear his appeal to throw out his 2012 insider-trading conviction.
 
According to his record at the Federal Bureau of Prisons, India born Gupta was released on 11th March. Gupta’s prison term was to end on 13th March, but since the date fell on a Sunday, he was released on Friday, four years after he lost his insider trading trial and suffered multiple legal setbacks to overturn his conviction.
 
The Harvard-educated was convicted in his 2012 trial of passing confidential boardroom information to his one-time friend and business associate Raj Rajaratnam. 

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