Your mind has more to do with your heart than you have been led to believe
Atherosclerosis is a chronic illness leading to gradual obstruction of various blood vessels in the body. For those who are genetically predisposed to develop atherosclerosis, this could start as early as in the first decade of life. This was shown in the post-mortem aorta obtained from African-American children killed in the crossfire during the Los Angles riots. Advanced coronary artery blocks, in all the three major epicardial vessels, were observed to have profuse collateral connections in a sizeable number of young soldiers shot dead during the Korean and the Vietnam Wars. The post-mortem angiograms in these 205 soldiers showed significant obstruction to the coronary vessels in the majority.
They could easily have qualified for bypass grafting in the commercial cardiological world.
This goes to show that atherosclerotic blocks do not start after the fourth decade of life to produce various vascular accidents.
Although time evolution in a dynamic organism, like the human body which is continuously fuelled by food and oxygen, depends on the total initial knowledge of the organism's body characteristics, like body mass index, serum cholesterol, blood pressure, blood sugar, etc, it might not validate future predictions. To complicate matters further, doctors do not, and can not, understand the total initial state of any human being with the tools at their disposal to acquire such knowledge.
Quantum physics, having realised the importance of the human mind in understanding the subatomic world, now places great emphasis on the importance of mind over matter in the affairs of the universe. A similar trend is needed in medicine too. The new science of chaos looks at man as a whole, mind included.
More and more studies in the medical field now point to the fact that human behaviour, human emotions, psychosocial factors and inter-personal relations have a larger impact in bringing about diseases ranging from common cold to cancer. There have been studies of students’ hostile behaviour vis-à-vis the atherosclerotic process in their coronary vessels. These clearly indicated that the process of atherosclerosis has a direct bearing on the hostility score even in students as young as 15 to 20 years.
When it comes to vascular accidents, be it a stroke, heart-attack or a peripheral vessel block, the obstructions to the vessels are not as important as the role played by instantaneous blood clots totally blocking the vessel lumen. Even under these circumstances, all the known risk factors pale into insignificance, compared to the emotional and psychosocial factors. Hostility, anger, depression, hatred and lack of social support came up as independent risk factors in the studies. Conventional risk factors like cholesterol, high blood pressure, diabetes and smoking did not have a major say in the final assault.
An important area of research in the latter field has been job stress. Suffice it to say that the human mind plays a pivotal role in initiating and modulating atherosclerosis on a long-term basis; in addition, the mind brings on the final clot at the final moment of assault.
With the government funds dying up for research even in the advanced West, drug companies and instrument manufacturers are the ones that primarily fund medical research. There are only two ongoing randomised trials under way in this area.
While the first-ever ‘Diet-Heart Study’ in Framingham, having spent $110 million of tax payers’ money, came up with a negative result, showing no relationship between the diet and heart disease at the end of five years, the ‘heart-food’ industry in America, which had by then invested billions of dollars in producing ‘heart-healthy food’, saw to it that the ‘Diet-Heart Study’ results were never published. Big business made billions of dollars of profit by selling cholesterol lowering drugs.
All of them, including the latest statins, at the end of the day, have sent more people to meet their maker in Heaven. Now we know that “it is not what you eat that kills you, but it is what eats you that kills you.”
(Professor Dr BM Hegde, a Padma Bhushan awardee in 2010, is an MD, PhD, FRCP (London, Edinburgh, Glasgow & Dublin), FACC and FAMS.)
SEBI found that Vamshi Chemicals had collected over Rs60 crore from more than 89,000 investors through redeemable cumulative preference shares-RCPS
Market regulator Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) has barred Vamshi Chemicals Ltd from raising funds from investors through issuance of securities and also restricted the company and its directors from dealing in capital markets.
SEBI found that Vamshi Chemicals had mobilised over Rs60 crore from more than 89,000 investors through redeemable cumulative preference shares (RCPS) and "prima facie" violated various norms.
The regulator observed that the company allotted equity shares to over 50 persons, which under the rules made it a public issue of securities.
Hence, it would require a compulsory listing on a recognised stock exchange. It was also required to file a prospectus, among others, which it failed to do.
According to SEBI, Vamshi Chemicals issued shares to public but did not comply with provisions of the Companies Act.
"I am of the view that VCL (Vamshi Chemicals Ltd) is prima facie engaged in fund mobilising activity from the public through the offer of RCPS and as such violated the provisions of the Companies Act," SEBI Whole Time Member S Raman said in an interim order.
SEBI in the order said "VCL shall not mobilise funds from investors through the offer of RCPS or through the issuance of equity shares or any other securities to the public/invite subscription, in any manner whatsoever, either directly or indirectly, till further directions."
Further, the company and its directors--Kishan Pal Singh, Chhotelal Shukla, Vishwa Bandhu Vashistha, Deenanath Maurya, Mukesh Kumar Khare--are prohibited from issuing any offer documents for soliciting money from public. They are also restrained from accessing the capital markets.
The regulator has also asked the entities not to dispose any of the properties or assets acquired by that company through issue of preference shares, without prior permission from the regulator as well as not to divert the funds raised from public.
"During the financial years 2003-04 to 2006-07, 2009-10 to 2010-11, VCL allotted RCPS of Rs1,000 each to 89,005 individuals. VCL mobilised funds amounting to Rs61.49 crore through these allotments," SEBI noted.