The rise in the Centre’s fiscal deficit is mainly on account of lower mobilisation of non-tax revenues compared to same period last year, when it had mobilised over Rs1.08 lakh crore from 3G and BWA spectrum auctioning alone
New Delhi: There is possibility of a “small slippage” in the 4.6% fiscal deficit target for the current fiscal, reports PTI quoting chief economic advisor Kaushik Basu.
“4.6% (fiscal deficit) is the target. We are very keen on it, but a small slippage on that is a possibility,” he told reporters here.
The government’s fiscal situation has shown deterioration at the end of the first six months of the current financial year, mainly due to poor realisation of non-tax revenues.
According to data from the Controller General of Accounts (CGA), the central government’s fiscal deficit went up to Rs2.92 lakh crore or 71% of the Budget estimates at the end of September 2011.
In the same period last year, the government’s fiscal deficit, the gap between overall expenditure and receipts, was 35% of the estimates.
For the 2011-12 fiscal, the government has estimated a deficit of Rs4.12 lakh crore or 4.6% of the gross domestic product (GDP).
“We are very keen on fiscal consolidation. We want to keep it as close as possible to 4.6%,” Mr Basu said.
The rise in the Centre’s fiscal deficit is mainly on account of lower mobilisation of non-tax revenues compared to same period last year, when it had mobilised over Rs1.08 lakh crore from third generation (3G) and broadband and wireless access (BWA) spectrum auctioning alone.
The revenue receipt stood at over Rs2.93 lakh crore during the six-month period against the Budget Estimate (BE) of Rs7.89 lakh crore for the entire fiscal. This is 37.2% of the BE.
At the end of September, non-tax revenue collection has stood at 40.5% of budget estimates, compared to 111.3% in the same period a year ago.
“Now hard days are coming. Present uncertainty with regard to global situation is creating concern about FII and FDI flows. We will continue to adjust our policies according to the developments,” finance minister Pranab Mukherjee said
New Delhi: Finance minister Pranab Mukherjee on Wednesday said the 6.9% economic growth in the second quarter was not disappointing in view of global developments and the government will continue to adjust its policies to maintain growth in the medium-term, reports PTI.
“Taking into account (the trend) of the last two quarters together, it appears that the gross domestic product (GDP) growth would be around 7.3%,” Mr Mukherjee told reporters, adding, “The growth performance is not all that disappointing.”
GDP growth in 2010-11 stood at 8.5%.
“Going forward, (I am) confident that we will be recovering some of the loss in our growth momentum,” he said.
GDP growth in the second quarter of the fiscal slowed to 6.9% from 8.4% in the corresponding period last year, mainly on account of a decline in mining and manufacturing output.
He said the Indian economy is battling both global and national problems and this is getting reflected in the mining and manufacturing figures.
“We are having multiple problems... slow growth of Europe and America... problems within the country and outside the country as well,” Mr Mukherjee said, adding, “We shall have to try to face the situation and to see what best we can do at this given situation.”
Mr Mukherjee said the decline in GDP growth is mainly on account of a slowdown in the manufacturing, mining and construction sectors. .
Constrained by the tight monetary policy followed by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) to tame inflation, the growth rate in the manufacturing sector nosedived to 2.7% in the July-September quarter of FY11-12 from 7.8% in the corresponding quarter of the previous fiscal.
The output of the mining and quarrying sector declined by 2.9% during the review period, in contrast to growth of 8% in the second quarter of 2010-11.
Furthermore, agriculture production slipped to 3.2% in Q2, FY11-12 from 5.4% in the corresponding period last fiscal.
Mr Mukherjee said the higher 9% growth projected in the Budget would be difficult to achieve as GDP growth stood at only 7.3% in the first half.
“Now hard days are coming. Present uncertainty with regard to global situation is creating concern about FII (foreign institutional investment) and FDI (foreign direct investment) flows. We will continue to adjust our policies according to the developments,” he said.
Mr Mukherjee said even though second quarter growth has declined, there are some encouraging signs in the form of a rise in exports. Some key sectors like power and steel have also shown stronger growth, he added.
He said the new manufacturing policy, which aims at increasing the share of the sector in the GDP to 25% and create 100 million jobs in a decade, will “give a big push” to the manufacturing sector.
Mr Mukherjee said the government is committed to its indicated fiscal balance for the current fiscal and is monitoring the resource mobilisation efforts as well as our expenditure.
“We would not hesitate to take the required correctives to remain on the path of fiscal prudence so that the short to medium-term growth prospects are not undermined,” he said.
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