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M&As gaining momentum as growth picks up, says bankers

According to a recent study, M&A activity in the country more than doubled in the first month of 2010. Telecom, logistics, banking & finance and insurance were the most targeted sectors.

With the shadow of financial crisis receding, India-related mergers and acquisitions (M&As) are likely to gain momentum in the months ahead, top investment bankers said on Tuesday, reports PTI.

"We are likely to see more cross-border mergers and acquisitions in the coming days, thanks to the sufficient liquidity and bullish stock markets," DSP Merrill Lynch's managing director for mergers and acquisitions Raj Balakrishnan said at a seminar in Mumbai.

Compared to last year, when M&A activities significantly slowed down on account of the impact of global financial turmoil, cross-border takeovers are poised to gather momentum in the foreseeable future, Mr Balakrishnan said.
According to a recent study, M&A activity in the country more than doubled in the first month of 2010 as deals worth nearly $3 billion (about Rs13,950 crore) were announced amid improved signs of liquidity.

In January this year, there were as many as 29 domestic deals worth $2,303 million, compared to 14 transactions worth $589 million in January 2009.

Telecom, logistics, banking & finance and insurance were the most targeted sectors for investments, with deals worth $2,180 million, $164 million and $117 million, respectively, according to the study conducted by financial research services provider VCEdge.

"There are several indications that mergers and acquisitions will continue to improve and we will see more deals happening this year compared to the last year," Mr Balakrishnan said.

He also underscored the importance of M&A activities in a vibrant economy as it would help to propel growth and support the India growth story.

Deutsche Bank India's managing director for M&As, Amrit Singh, also supported this view but pointed out the need for enhancing clarity in the regulations pertaining to takeovers.

"There is a need for clarity on regulations (related to mergers and acquisitions) so that corporates will be much more certain (about the fate of transactions)," Mr Singh said.


Passenger fare hike unlikely in Rail Budget

The Budget may have something for every section, and that includes additional trains and innovative schemes to corner more freight traffic from the road.

For the seventh year in a row, passenger fares are unlikely to be revised in the Railway Budget to be presented on Wednesday as Mamata Banerjee is once again set to reach out to the common man with populist measures, reports PTI.

The Budget may have something for every section and that includes additional trains and innovative schemes to corner more freight traffic from the road, Rail Bhavan sources said.

Railway minister Mamata Banerjee, who will be presenting her second budget in UPA-II, will also lay the foundation for the implementation of the ambitious Railways Vision document for the coming decade.

The document may seek to attain inclusive development, generate large-scale employment and ensure environmental sustainability. The Vision Document 2020 was unveiled by Ms Banerjee in the Winter Session of Parliament last year, along with the White Paper.

"Most of the proposals mentioned in the vision document, like expansion of rail network, raising train speed and safety measures and commercial utilisation of railway land, are expected to find mention in the rail Budget," the sources said.

With elections round the corner in Bihar and West Bengal, Ms Banerjee is unlikely to touch passenger fares though she is under pressure to review them, which have not seen upward revision for the last seven years. Ms Banerjee might rationalise freight rates and announce innovative schemes to compete with road transport, while leaving the loading rates of essential commodities like food grains untouched.

At present, more than 70% of the freight traffic movement takes place through highways. Railway Budget will also contain proposals for introduction of more trains including about a dozen Duronto non-stop trains, a couple of Janshatabdis in southern states, and a number of new services for West Bengal.

Ms Banerjee is also likely to announce expediting project works of upcoming locomotive and coach manufacturing units in states like Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and West Bengal, and expansion of Kolkata Metro network. With frequent train accidents becoming a major issue for the railways, she is likely to announce enhanced budgetary allocation to address the problem. Ms Banerjee had earlier met finance minister Pranab Mukherjee in this regard.

Some of the safety measures include the implementation of Anti-Collision Device (ACD) and Train Protection Warning System (TPWS) in certain congested routes. Improving passenger amenities in stations and onboard trains, tightening security measures which include raising a special all-woman force would also find mention in the Budget.

The sources said more passenger reservation counters would be announced and the Tatkal scheme would be made more passenger-friendly besides launching of a new passenger enquiry number (138). Opening of more affordable food outlets like Janahar and improving hygiene conditions in preparation of food for passengers are also likely to find mention.

The railway minister is expected to reach out to the farming community by taking forward the kisan vision scheme and announcing introduction of special trains for transportation of farm produce. Putting its unused land to best use, the minister is set to lay the grounds to woo more private investment for its commercial utilisation.

Railways had already announced a tie-up with the health and human resources development (HRD) ministries for setting up medical facilities and ‘Kendriya Vidyalayas’ on rail land.

The Budget is also expected to lay emphasis on the proposed dedicated freight corridor, as the Vision Document envisages operationalisation of the corridor before 2020.

The document also mentioned optimum utilisation of the railways’ land bank and setting up multi-modal logistic parks and industrial hubs along the corridor.
Interacting with captains of Indian industry earlier this month, the railway minister laid stress on private participation in expansion of rail network.

The revenue-sharing model for private participation in laying new rail tracks is likely to find mention in the Budget. Keeping the wagon shortage in mind, the Budget might also contain measures to tackle the problem through a new wagon procurement policy.


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