World
Pentagon finally decides to dig up remains of long lost soldier
After a ProPublica story, the military will exhume a grave in the Philippines that may hold the remains of Bud Kelder, an American POW whose family has long been fighting the Pentagon to get him home 

After years of refusing to act, the U.S. military has reversed course and has decided to disinter the possible grave of Arthur "Bud" Kelder, a POW from World War II who is buried anonymously in an American war cemetery in the Philippines.
 
Earlier this year, ProPublica and NPR reported about the struggle by Bud's family to get him finally ID'd — and the resistance they have faced from the Pentagon.
 
As we detailed, the military's effort to recover MIAs such as Bud has suffered from outdated scientific methods, overlapping bureaucracy and poor management. In 2013, the military, which receives about $100 million annually to do the job, identified just 60 service members out of the about 83,000 Americans missing from World War II, Korea and Vietnam.
 
Bud's family has long been fighting the Pentagon, even going so far as suing, to get the Joint Prisoner of War/Missing in Action Accounting Command to dig up the grave of the unknown soldier who may be Bud.
 
Bud, an Army private, died in 1942 in the Cabanatuan POW camp in the Philippines and was buried in a common grave numbered 717 – all of which is known because the POWs there kept a meticulous roster of the dead. After the war, the U.S. military dug up the POW graves and attempted to identify the remains. Those who couldn't be identified were buried as "unknowns" in a cemetery in Manila. Bud's family never knew what happened to his body.
 
Bud's cousin John Eakin began searching for his remains a few years ago. Using historical and medical documents, Eakin discovered clues suggesting the grave of one of the unknowns, labeled "X-816," was Bud. Eakin repeatedly petitioned J-PAC to disinter the grave and do DNA testing on the bones to see if they matched Bud's.
 
But despite some anthropologists at J-PAC believing it was a viable case, the agency's scientific director, Tom Holland, steadfastly refused. Under Holland's leadership, J-PAC has long operated with a risk-averse disinterment policy for the 9,400 unknowns buried around the world, rarely pursing those cases. J-PAC contended that Bud's case didn't meet those highly restrictive standards.
 
Now the military has decided to disinter not only X-816, but also the remains of 10 other men who were never identified from common Grave 717, according to Navy Cmdr. Amy Derrick-Frost, a Defense Department spokeswoman. Derrick-Frost did not say what led the Pentagon to change its stance.
 
Eakin said the family was overjoyed that the government was finally acting after the family first brought evidence to the Pentagon's attention more than four years ago. But he also expressed frustration that they are only acting now.
 
"Exhumation of the remains of these unknowns is not being done because it is the right thing to do. Rather, these remains are being returned in response to our family's lawsuit against the U.S. Government," Eakin said. He added: "This will be a hollow victory for MIA families unless the U.S. Government undertakes substantial and meaningful reforms of the MIA accounting process."
 
Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel announced a broad overhaul of the MIA mission in March, combining the multiple, fractious agencies involved in the mission into a new, single entity. The restructuring has not yet happened. A Pentagon inspector general report about the mission's struggles is expected next month.
 
There's no timeline yet for the exhumation, but if X-816 does turn out to be Bud, the family plans to bury him the family crypt in the Norwood Park neighborhood of Chicago where Bud grew up.
 
Related Articles: Read the original story, learn how you can help an MIA and see how the Pentagon's latest revamp of their mission to find missing soldiers looks a lot like their previous efforts.

Courtesy: ProPublica.org

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Vodafone case: Supreme Court refuses to entertain PIL

The apex court also asked the petitioner, Bishwajit Bhattacharyya, to file fresh petition with all the relevant documents stating what action Centre has so far taken on the issue

The Supreme Court on Tuesday refused to entertain a public interest litigation (PIL) seeking direction to the Indian government to recover around Rs20,000 crore tax dues from UK telecom company Vodafone and to restrain the government from going ahead with arbitration on the issue.

A bench headed by Justice HL Dattu, however, allowed the petitioner, former Additional Solicitor General Bishwajit Bhattacharyya, to file fresh petition with all the relevant documents stating what action Centre has so far been taken on the issue.

At the beginning of the proceedings, the Bench asked the petitioner whether he has talked to the concerned authorities and got relevant documents on the issue.

Bhattacharyya, who deals with tax matters and was a law officer during the regime of United Progressive Alliance (UPA), submitted that the Centre is not implementing the rule which was amended in 2012 to claim taxes and pleaded to the apex court to intervene in the matter by directing the Centre to administer the Income Tax Act "impartially, even handedly and without fear or favour".

"It amounts to arbitrariness of state action not to enforce law (Section 9 of IT Act) for 27 months after its enactment. This violates Article 14 of the Constitution," the petition said, adding, "Allowing arbitration proceedings under India-Netherland Bilateral Investment Protection Agreement (BIPA) would flagrantly violate rule of law."

He submitted that the I-T Act does not recognise conciliation as a dispute settlement mechanism and the tax dispute does not come within the ambit of BIPA.

Recently, the government had appointed former Chief Justice of India R C Lahoti as arbitrator in the tax dispute case.

The government's decision was in response to an arbitration notice served by Vodafone International Holdings BV In April under BIPA for resolving the dispute.

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Sensex, Nifty may head higher– Tuesday closing report

Nifty may head higher though gains may be marginal

The NSE Nifty opened Tuesday above the 7,600 level and stayed there for the entire trading session though the move was in a narrow range. The S&P BSE Sensex opened at 25,470 while the Nifty opened at 7,629. Sensex moved in the range of 25,467 and 25,572 while Nifty moved between 7,618 and 7,650. Sensex closed at 25,516 (up 103 points or 0.40%) while Nifty closed at 7,635 (up 23 points or 0.31%). The NSE recorded a volume of 102.61 crore shares. India VIX fell 1.17% to close at 17.6625.

Among the other indices on the NSE, the top five gainers were Auto (3.16%), Metal (2.10%), MNC (1.73%), Realty (1.34%) and Consumption (0.91%) while the top five losers were IT (1.10%), Energy (0.53%), Pharma (0.46%), PSU Bank (0.31%) and Service (0.19%).

Of the 50 stocks on the Nifty, 30 ended in the green. The top five gainers were Hindalco (6.64%), Maruti (5.87%), Tata Motors (4.96%), M&M (4.14%) and Tata Steel (2.43%). The top five losers were Tech Mahindra (1.95%), BPCL (1.90%), Asian Paints (1.68%), Wipro (1.54%) and TCS (1.41%).

Of the 1,582 companies on the NSE, 995 companies closed in the green, 531 companies closed in the red while 56 companies closed flat.

Market today awaited Markit Economics to unveil the results of a monthly survey on India's manufacturing sector for June 2014. A survey from Markit Economics showed that growth in the Indian manufacturing sector was maintained in June 2014. Adjusted for seasonal variations, the seasonally adjusted HSBC India Purchasing Managers' Index (PMI) rose marginally to 51.5 in June from 51.4 in May. Manufacturing production rose for the eighth successive month in June 2014. There was a moderate expansion of incoming new orders, with growth in export orders at three-month high, the survey showed.

The fiscal deficit for the period April-May 2014 was Rs2.40 lakh crore, which amounted to 45.6% of the budget estimates (BE) compared with 33.3% of BE during the same period last year according to the data released by the government after trading hours on Monday.

The output of eight core industries, having a combined weight of 37.90% in the Index of Industrial Production (IIP) recorded an increase of 2.3% in May 2013. The output has shown an increase of 3.3% for April-May 2014.

Oil marketing companies has hiked petrol prices by Rs1.69 per litre also raising diesel price by 50 paise per litre, which will come into effect from 1 July 2014. The hike in diesel and petrol price is mainly contributed by ongoing Iraq crisis and forex market fluctuations.

Price of non-subsidised cooking gas (LPG) was today hiked by Rs16.50 per cylinder. The price of non-subsidised LPG, which customers buy after using up their quota of 12 subsidised cylinders, was raised by Rs16.50 per 14.2-kg cylinder, the first hike in six months.

The Coal Ministry is considering auctioning 25 captive coal blocks which were taken back from the companies due to their failure in developing them.

Maruti Suzuki (6.01%), among the top four gainers in the ‘A’ group on the BSE and top two gainers in the Sensex 30 pack, said its total vehicles sales rose 33.5% to 112,773 units in June 2014 over June 2013. Total domestic sales jumped 31.10% to 100,964 units in June 2014 over June 2013. Total exports rose 58.40% to 11,809 units in June 2014 over June 2013. Total passenger car sales rose 32.3% to 86,223 units in June 2014 over June 2013.

In contrast to Monday, today the PSU Bank saw selling pressures which led them to appear among the top losers in the ‘A’ group of the BSE. Union Bank (2.45%), Allahabad Bank (2.38%), Andhra Bank (2.19%), Dena Bank (2.11%), Central Bank (2.06%), IDBI Bank (1.64%), Indian Bank (1.50%) and Syndicate Bank (1.46%) were among the top 20 losers in the ‘A’ group of the BSE.

Rupee strengthened against dollar pushing software stocks lower. They were among among the top five losers in Sensex, led by TCS (1.20%), Wipro (1.16%) and Infosys (0.76%).

Asian indices had a mixed performance. Among those which were trading, Nikkei 225 (1.08%) was the top gainer while KLSE Composite     (0.19%) was the top loser.

China's manufacturing expanded in June at the fastest pace this year. The Purchasing Managers' Index was at 51, increasing from May's 50.8, the National Bureau of Statistics and China Federation of Logistics and Purchasing said today in Beijing. A similar index from HSBC Holdings Plc and Markit Economics rose to 50.7 in June from the previous month's 49.4. Numbers above 50 signal expansion.

European indices were trading in the green. US Futures were trading higher.

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