World
Paris Agreement draws applause, some concerns remain
The Paris agreement on climate change was largely welcomed by stakeholders in India and abroad, including Prime Minister Narendra Modi's government, but there was also the concern that the rich countries could have done more to save the planet from the effects of global warming.
 
Modi hailed the agreement on climate change as the collective wisdom of world leaders to mitigate the danger, adding that there were no winners or losers in the outcome of the agreement.
 
"Deliberations at the 21st Conference of Parties (CoP21) and Paris Agreement demonstrate the collective wisdom of world leaders to mitigate climate change," Modi said on Sunday. The outcome of the Paris agreement has no winners or losers; climate justice has won, he said.
 
The landmark Paris Agreement on climate change was adopted by 196 countries, committing them to curb global warming to well below two degrees Celsius and outline a roadmap to raise $100 billion annually towards a green fund for developing nations.
 
"For the first time, every country in the world has pledged to curb emissions, strengthen resilience and join in common cause to take common climate action. This is a resounding success for multilateralism," said UN Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon.
 
US President Barack Obama called the agreement a "turning point for the world" and said it sent powerful signal that the world was firmly committed to a low-carbon future.
 
Environment, Forests and Climate Change Minister Prakash Javadekar said the pact could have been more ambitious as the commitment from rich nations was "much below" what was expected of them, but the basic concept of 'common but differentiated responsibilities' was largely addressed.
 
"To achieve big things as there are languages and many issues, when 196 countries are putting their efforts together, one needs to be accommodative without changing the thrust of the agreement. We've done everything to maintain that thrust," Javadekar said.
 
"Today is a historic day. What we have adopted today is not only an agreement but a new chapter of hope in the lives of seven billion people," the minister said at the closing plenary in Paris. 
 
"Today we reassure our future generation that we all will mitigate the challenge posed by climate change and give them a better future."
 
At the Conference of Parties (CoP), India provided leadership to the interests of the developing countries and lesser developed countries, Minister of Power Piyush Goyal said after the Paris accord was adopted.
 
"At CoP 21,196 countries assembled to tackle the most difficult problem facing our planet. 1,600 dissent points reduced to 0 in 10 days," Goyal said.
 
Nirmala Sitharaman, minister for commerce and industry, also applauded India's role at the CoP 21 and hoped for climate equity and justice for India.
 
However, environment protection organisation Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) called the deal "weak and unambitious" as it erases the historical responsibility of the developed countries.
 
"The draft Paris agreement continues to be weak and unambitious, as it does not include any meaningful targets for developed countries to reduce their emissions," said Sunita Narain, director general, CSE, in a statement.
 
Narain added that the agreement did not operationalise equity and that the term carbon budget did not even find mention in the text, which would end up furthering "climate apartheid".
 
CSE analyses that India will be under constant pressure to take more burden for mitigating climate change by 2020 and beyond, especially when the next review of all the nationally determined contributions of countries take place.
 
Disclaimer: Information, facts or opinions expressed in this news article are presented as sourced from IANS and do not reflect views of Moneylife and hence Moneylife is not responsible or liable for the same. As a source and news provider, IANS is responsible for accuracy, completeness, suitability and validity of any information in this article.

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Facebook offices in Germany vandalised
A group of 15-20 people have vandalised the offices of Facebook in Hamburg, Germany -- smashing glasses, throwing paint and spraying "Facebook dislike" on entrance of its building, media reported on Monday.
 
According to a statement released by police in the northern German city, the group wearing black clothes and hoods carried out the attack, the Guardian reported.
 
The European head of the social networking giant is under probe in Germany over Facebook's alleged failure to remove racist hate speeches.
 
German leaders and other eminent personalities are concerned about the rise in racial comments on Facebook as the nation fights to cope with the flow of refugees, the report added.
 
According to a Facebook spokesperson, "we can say that the allegations lack merit and there has been no violation of German law by Facebook or its employees."
 
The company added that it would encourage "counter speech" and step up the monitoring of xenophobic commentary.
 
The police have launched an investigation into the incident.
 
Disclaimer: Information, facts or opinions expressed in this news article are presented as sourced from IANS and do not reflect views of Moneylife and hence Moneylife is not responsible or liable for the same. As a source and news provider, IANS is responsible for accuracy, completeness, suitability and validity of any information in this article.

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Reviving a ‘Brick’ Mobile
Mobile handsets sometimes stop responding and turn into ‘bricks’. How to revive them?
 
One of the best things with mobiles that run on Android operating system (OS) is the flexibility to perform multiple tasks. However, sometimes, the device may not respond and turn into a ‘brick’, that is, the mobile handset becomes unresponsive. There are two types of bricking: one, soft, where you will get a yellow triangle warning, and second, hard brick, which indicates that the device is near-dead. However, don’t worry. Since Android is an open OS, you can revive the bricked device. You can do it on your own after searching the Internet. The best site for almost all Android devices is http://www.xda-developers.com/. If nothing works, you can approach the authorised service centre which, after charging a hefty fee (if your warranty has expired), may revive your hard-bricked device as well. But please understand: reviving a hard-bricked mobile handset requires skill, specific instruments and software; therefore, it is better leave the job to professionals.
 
Before we move further, let me make it clear that the information below is not for the weak-hearted and I am not responsible if anything going wrong with your handset. Moreover, I am giving you generic information, which may or may not work for your particular mobile device. You will have to either keep trying or approach the authorised service centre to revive your handset.
 
A mobile becomes soft-bricked when we try to make some changes, or upgrade the device, or use a command that is not understood by the OS. The device becomes half-dead and can be revived if it shows some signs of life, like showing the yellow triangle or boot-loader or download mode. However, you may not be able to recover all your data on the device memory. So be prepared for this, unless you have stored a backup—preferably on an external memory card.
 
For a soft-bricked device, first go to http://www.xda-developers.com/ and search for your device. Under the help forums, you may find similar issues posted and answers provided by other members or expert users. You may also find a complete toolkit for reviving your device. If it is available, download it and, after reading the instructions thoroughly, use it. 
 
If there is no single package or toolkit for your device, you will have to download Android debug bridge (ADB) files, recovery (custom or device) file and ROM (read-only memory—either custom, like CyanogenMod, OmniROM, or factory default). Odin is one of the most useful tools for reviving a bricked device; it is used for mobile devices that can switch into download mode. ADB comes with Android Developer SDK (software development kit), a set of tools used by developers which allow the user to send commands to the mobile device from a PC (personal computer or desktop) or laptop. ADB is a must if you are planning to root your device or have already rooted it. In the case of ADB as well, do check if there is a toolkit available for your mobile. This will save you from a lot of trouble like typing several commands. But even if it is not there, do not worry. The forum page, where the ADB files are located, will have the commands that you can just copy and paste in the command window. After using all the commands as mentioned on the page, your mobile will become live again.
 
Since you have already revived your soft-bricked mobile, why not go for a customised ROM? CyanogenMod is one of the best customised OS which has several useful in-built features. All you will need is the ROM suitable for your device. Download the ROM and Google Apps package (Gapps). Go into recovery mode (check the exact combination of buttons to be pressed for your mobile over internet). Select install mode and then go to the location where you have saved the ROM and Gapps. Select the .zip file of the ROM, install it. Once it is done, go again to install mode, select and install the Gapps package. After these steps, reboot your device. The first boot may take some time, but this is normal. Once the process is over, you can enjoy your mobile handset as if you have given it a new life.

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