Citizens' Issues
Pakistani spy racket busted; BSF man, ISI-linked handler arrested
A BSF personnel and a Pakistani intelligence operative have been arrested for obtaining secret information related to India's national security and sharing it with Pakistan's Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI), police said on Sunday.
 
Kafaitullah Khan alias Master Raja (44) and Border Security Force (BSF) head constable Abdul Rasheed were arrested from Jammu on November 26.
 
Khan is a resident of Rajouri district of Jammu and Kashmir, while Rasheed was posted with the BSF intelligence wing in the same district.
 
"Khan is a handler of Pakistani intelligence operatives, and Rasheed was one of his chief sources. They were running an espionage racket which was supported by Pakistan's ISI," said Joint Commissioner of Police (Crime Branch) Ravindra Yadav.
 
"Both were arrested under various provisions of the Indian Penal Code (IPC) and the Official Secrets Act."
 
Yadav said the crime branch team arrested Khan from the Jammu railway station on November 26 when he had boarded a train for Bhopal. "Later, his relative Rasheed was held."
 
Yadav said the operation was conducted following tip-offs about ongoing anti-national activities sponsored by Pakistan's ISI, which is suspected to have a network of civilian handlers and security personnel in various parts of the country.
 
"Some secret documents related to national security were also seized from their possession," the official said.
 
Yadav said Khan has contacts in India's security agencies through which he was procuring secret information detrimental to the security of the country.
 
Khan disclosed that he was working as library assistant at a higher secondary school in Manjakote in Rajouri district, Yadav said.
 
"Khan had visited Pakistan in 2013 where he came in contact with an ISI agent and in lieu of monetary benefit, he agreed to provide secret information about the defence forces.
 
"He later cultivated his sources in the army and the BSF and they started passing on information to Pakistani intelligence operatives. The information was passed through email, WhatsApp and Viber," Yadav said.
 
Yadav said Khan was given specific tasks by ISI, mainly relating to the deployment of security forces and Indian Air Force operations.
 
Disclaimer: Information, facts or opinions expressed in this news article are presented as sourced from IANS and do not reflect views of Moneylife and hence Moneylife is not responsible or liable for the same. As a source and news provider, IANS is responsible for accuracy, completeness, suitability and validity of any information in this article.

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CCTV Systems: The Good, Bad & the Ugly
CCTV systems can help you with surveillance, but there is no replacement for human alertness and the ability to intervene, if needed
 
Quantico, the TV series featuring Priyanka Chopra as an FBI agent, revolves around a video footage. In fact, footage from closed-circuit television (CCTV) cameras is an integral part of the popular series and gives several twists and turns to the plot. However, we need to understand that no security system in the world, including CCTV systems, can replace human alertness. Nevertheless, CCTV is going to be here and everywhere; so let us discuss this surveillance system.
 
As per Wikipedia, the first CCTV system was installed in 1942 by Siemens in Germany for observing the launch of V-2 rockets. Over the years, the main function of CCTV has remained the same, namely, observation or video surveillance. As with every system, CCTV also has its good, bad and ugly features. The good point is that it can be used for 24x7 surveillance, which can be recorded and these recordings can be used for legal purposes. The ugly part is that, with CCTV everywhere, there is no privacy: you are under watch all the time (I will not go into privacy issues here). According to an estimate from the British Security Industry Association, in 2013, there were about six million CCTV cameras in that country. In other words, there was one CCTV camera for every 11 persons in the UK. 
This leads us to the bad part.  A CCTV system simply records what it sees, and not the motive or reason behind it. Remember, how Alex Parish (played by Ms Chopra) is trapped in Quantico using CCTV footage? CCTV aids in detection and conviction of offenders. But, again, it depends on the technology used. Most CCTV cameras and systems used, especially in India, are selected mainly based on its cost, rather than effectiveness and end results like recording quality and ability to record longer footage. For example, most systems do not use high definition (HD) quality for recording which helps store longer footage. But when it comes to identification of objects, low resolution footage may turn out to be a handicap for the police or other investigation agencies. 
 
Which CCTV system should one use? With increase in awareness and, consequently, sales, cost of CCTV systems has declined and they have become more affordable. Dome cameras are usually used in closed environments like homes, offices, stores and hotels. Bullet cameras offer better quality video and cover more area, compared with dome cameras. You can buy either the entire CCTV system, including cameras, recorder and hard disk, or use the complete services offered by a service-provider. In both cases, you will have to bear the cost of cables (about Rs75 per metre). When you buy the entire system, you need to keep an eye on it and maintain it. Of course, you can give an annual maintenance contract (AMC) to any service provider. 
 
Some companies are offering a service under which the customer bears the cost of cables and the company provides cameras, recorders and other support systems free of cost. The company monitors and maintains the entire system and even replaces faulty devices without any extra cost. All you have to pay is monthly charges, depending on the number of cameras and recording capability of the system.
 
From my personal, and other people’s experience, I can say that a CCTV system definitely helps, in deterring crime or other harmful activities. But it cannot stop them and human intervention is a must. For example, CCTV may act as deterrent for a thief, but will not stop a terrorist from carrying out deadly attacks. As Dr Antony Brooks, of the University of Liverpool, concluded in his study of CCTV systems in 2010, “...the crime is merely observed, yet not prevented.” So, make sure you don’t develop a false sense of complacency after installing a CCTV. 

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The New Paradigm
Results of Western medical research are just statistical manipulations and not the reality
 
“Rather than love, than money, than fame, give me truth.” — Henry David Thoreau
 
Right from my student days at medical school, I was uncomfortable with trying to study and understand the human body in bits and pieces. The human body is not built like a motor car with bits and pieces put together and, as such, cannot be treated as an open-systems biology needing outside intervention for every deviation from the normal. The human being evolves from a single nucleated cell, the zygote, on the day s/he is made in the mother’s womb. This single cell is a full human being on that day with human consciousness as its driving force. That consciousness is a tiny part of the universal consciousness making human beings interdependent. Consequently, the human body is complete with an inner healer, the immune system, which can—and does—correct most, if not all, deviations from the normal under ideal situations of the environs and when the human mind (consciousness) is devoid of any negative thoughts.
 
Unfortunately, today, our environment is vitiated—almost to the extent of being hostile to human life. The human mind is filled with negative thoughts—of greed, anger, jealousy and pride, thanks to the monetary economy’s rat race! The inner healer, our immune system, which survives on altruism and universal compassion and conducive environment, cannot, therefore, function at its best. Under these circumstances, we need outside help to cure rarely, comfort mostly, but console always. Western science does not provide that succour simply because Western medicine is based on linear reductionist science. In addition, the Western system uses chemical molecules which are alien to the human system. Most of the latter are rejected by the human wisdom and sent to the liver for destruction. This has created a new disease epidemic of non-alcoholic cirrhosis. 
 
Ayurveda, and many other traditional systems in various parts of the world, which have evolved over eons, are holistic and conducive to the human system. They are all backed by the natural observational research for centuries unlike Western science’s reductionist cross-sectional cohort studies that are, at best, observed for six months to five years. The one-size-fits-all principle of Western medical science also does not fit into human physiology as each human being is unique and is incomparable with another. The whole edifice of controlled studies, hailed as the foundation of drug research, is flawed. The results are just statistical manipulations and not the reality. The heavy advertisement and claptrap gives Western medical science the acceptability in society. This is aided by the emergency quick-fixes which excite the imagination of the hapless patients to get confidence in the system, but long-term audits have shown even those (effective) emergency quick-fixes in bad light. 
 
Ayurveda heads the list of holistic natural healing systems with nature’s product-based treatment system, clubbed with the practice of yoga, to get the mind to its inherent compassion and tranquil state, which again, aids and abets natural healing through the inner healer. Ayurveda’s main thrust is to strengthen the inner healer to keep the well healthy, rather than stress on treating illnesses, although the latter is also adequate in that system. Now that we know from quantum physics that the human body and the human mind are but two faces of the same coin, we can easily understand how our inner healer can even correct any malady if we try to help the system—called quantum healing, in physics. 
 
Fallacy
 
The problem, though, is to convince the Western thought leaders in the field about the fallacy in their system and to convince them that they would do well to look into the whole field of human wellness and illness afresh. Some of them understand the philosophy but cannot help change it as the Western system has become a big business worth trillions of dollars. Many of them are also beneficiaries of that system and would never want to break their rice bowl. The system lures them with money, status, and lucrative prizes such as the Nobel. Many of them do not realise that the Greek origin of the word science is philosophia—love of wisdom—and not love of money or love of the Nobel.
 
I have been trying to do that for more than half a century without much success, although there have been breakthroughs now and then. I have found a few well-meaning Indian scientists in the West who have done their best to spread the truth. Late Professor Rustum Roy heads the list. Recently, I discovered one more in Florida. Dr Gopal Basist, a local rheumatologist, has put all his savings in a foundation to spread the truth in healthcare through Ayurveda. He donated a large amount of money to a local university asking them to have a conference on the prevention of diseases and he had invited some of the best brains in Ayurveda for the conference at his own cost. He also invited me to give a new definition for health. What the university did was the usual Western tactics. Of the two days, they kept one and a half days of their own reductionist (vivisectionist) research on inflammation in atherosclerosis and only half a day for Dr Basist’s agenda. The inflammation story is heavily based on the newer anti-inflammatory molecules for drug companies and will soon change to something else. The icing on the cake was that none of them—none—stayed back for the last half day to listen to any of us. Of course, the Dean stayed back for courtesy’s sake. This approach does not work; Dr Basist will have to devise newer methods. His intentions are almost divine but do not seem to work. There was no mention of the word prevention of disease in that whole conference.
 
Science has to change from linear to non-linear and holistic for mankind’s health on this planet before this science gobbles up the whole population on its path. One simple example will be sufficient to show the truth: Cases of cancer has been growing exponentially. Cancer drugs are also being put into the market regularly. The more the drugs, the more deaths! What is wrong? We do not know what cancer is in the total body physiology! Cancer is a mutated normal cell which did that to survive in the hostile environment that it finds itself in. This survival benefit cannot be killed by chemical drugs or radiation: they kill more healthy cells. The idea is preposterous. Even scientists, like Nobel Laureate Linus Pauling, wrote that cancer research is a fraud; but did his own colleagues believe him? Will they believe Dr Basist or me now? We have to devise better methods to convince them. That is a difficult job, as cancer research is a big money game.
 
“Tell the truth, and so puzzle and confound your adversaries.”— Sir Henry Wotton
 
(Professor Dr BM Hegde, a Padma Bhushan awardee in 2010, is an MD, PhD, FRCP (London, Edinburgh, Glasgow & Dublin), FACC and FAMS.)

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