Oil & gas stocks are outperformers, but each for different reasons

The BSE Oil & Gas Index has been one of the best performing indices of late. Upstream stocks have done particularly well, but marketing and downstream firms have not participated in this rally

The BSE Oil & Gas Index is up almost 2% over the past week against the 1% fall in the Sensex.  Stocks that have done very well within the index are RIL, Petronet LNG, ONGC and Cairn, all upstream companies. Oil marketing or downstream companies have not participated in the overall oil & gas rally.

Among the heavyweights in the oil & gas index is Reliance Industries (RIL), which has recovered about 10% from a low of Rs959. The thought process seems to be that the negatives from the lower gas ramp-up from the KG basin is priced in, polyester margins are rising due to a tightness in the cotton market, refining margins are seen improving (investors are equating the rising crude prices to rising demand), and finally, the market expects RIL to be able to hike the price of the incremental gas it will sell from KG. The pricing expectations are fueled by the government’s decision (earlier this month) to allow ONGC to hike gas prices by 10% to $5.25 per million British thermal units (mBtu) from $4.75 for non-priority customers. An overtly optimistic few are even looking at the distant shale gas revenues.

Based on RIL’s latest updates about a slower ramp-up of KG gas production, Citi Investment Research and Analysis toned down its gas production forecasts sharply to 57/64/80 million standard cubic metre per day (mmscmd) over FY11/12/13 (from the earlier 63/80/110mmscmd). However, its revisions to EPS estimates are not heavy—a cut by 3/2/5% over FY11/12/13. Citi also believes that cotton tightness is unlikely to ease until 2HFY11, lending support to polyester margins.

Citi estimates that gross refining margins (GRMs) will go up because of a recovery in global oil demand based on firm prices; near-term tightness in diesel supply; imports from China lending support; and widening of the differential between light and heavy crude, which benefits complex refiners such as RIL. Recently, the company was said to increase crude imports from Latin America, so that it can get better refining margins by processing heavier and cheaper grades of oil, a strategy that has worked for the company in the past.

Is it possible that RIL is deliberately holding back on gas production from KG until the government relents and lets it raise prices? Citi says in a recent report, “We recently met the RIL management, wherein they mentioned that the company was in dialogue with the government for higher gas prices, stating that they needed an assurance of higher gas prices before committing capex and going ahead with the development of the D-6 satellite fields, NEC-25, and the CBM blocks.”

It must be pointed out that while the Dollar Index did fall from a high of almost 89 on 7th June to a low of 75 on 3rd November (a 16% drop), it has climbed back up to almost 80 now. A rising dollar is generally not good for commodities.

Petronet LNG is going up simply because RIL is not ramping up like it said it would, forcing companies to buy expensive gas at spot rates from Petronet LNG. Besides, gas prices are holding up higher. Nymex gas prices have risen from a low of $3.2 per unit late October to $4.5 per unit currently—a huge 40% rise in less than two months. (Of course, one has to factor in that it is winter in the US when heating requirements shoot up.)

In a recent report, Motilal Oswal (MOSL) says, “Although India’s domestic gas supply is expected to post 16% CAGR over FY10-14 the country is still expected to be gas deficient. Globally, LNG prices are expected to be soft, as the emergence of shale gas in the US has rendered large LNG investments underutilised. India’s gas deficit and LNG availability at reasonable prices will help Petronet to post volumes of 12% CAGR to 12.5mmtpa (million metric tonne per annum) (50mmscmd) by FY14.” MOSL also goes on to say that they expect Petronet LNG to continue increasing regasification charges by 5% every year (a heavily debated issue) to ensure a 16% RoE (return on equity), and in fact it expects the company to achieve an RoE of 25% by 2012. A large section of the market believes that the government will soon clamp down heavily on Petronet LNG’s regasification charges, forcing it to earn RoE more in line with other utility companies (around 14%). MOSL is also betting on Petronet’s new 5mmtpa (20mmscmd) Kochi terminal, which is likely to be commissioned by the end of FY12, leading to a 50% increase in its capacity to 15mmtpa.

ONGC is rising ahead of its forthcoming follow-up public offer (FPO). A couple of days ago, RS Sharma, chairman and managing director of ONGC said in a television interview that he is hopeful of launching the FPO by mid-February. It is also considering a stock split and bonus. (FIIs have long complained about the low levels of liquidity in ONGC vis-a-vis other frontline stocks.)

Investors and analysts also believe that rising crude prices are good for ONGC’s net realisation despite the increasing subsidy burden. This, despite Mr Sharma saying that the best crude levels for the company are between $70 and $80. At current crude levels, upstream companies are going to have to shell out about Rs220 billion of subsidies, more than 80% of which will be borne by ONGC. The market is hoping that the forthcoming hike in diesel prices will mean a lower subsidy burden for ONGC. The company is also expected to get compensation in lieu of royalty for Cairn India’s Rajasthan assets.

ONGC shares have gone up from a low of Rs1,192 on 26th November to Rs1,332 levels currently, a gain of 12%. Cairn India shares too have risen on hopes of better realisations with a rise in crude oil prices. The stock is up 19% to Rs338 from a recent low of Rs285.


Govt may introduce plastic currency to counter fake notes: RBI governor

Ranchi: The government is seriously considering introduction of plastic currency notes in the country to check the menace of fake notes, reports PTI quoting Reserve Bank of India (RBI) governor D Subbarao.

“We are seriously considering introducing plastic currency notes in the Indian economy to check the fake currency problem and also for their longevity,” Mr Subbarao said while interacting with students of Ranchi University.

“We will also take into consideration the experience of countries like Australia and New Zealand who have been using plastic notes,” he said.

The problem of fake currency notes being circulated has been affecting the economy and the RBI was taking steps to check it, he said.

The RBI, Mr Subbarao added, was consulting other banks of the country and the Centre on the ways to check the problem.

When a student pointed out that fake currency notes were being distributed even through bank ATMs, he said the RBI was preparing stringent standards in this regard and very soon they would be implemented.

Mr Subbarao said the RBI was focusing on inclusion of the rural economy into the banking system as it was imperative for faster growth of the country's economy.

“RBI is organising several outreach programmes in association with other banks to reach the rural population and the objective is to provide core banking facilities in all the panchayats of the country,” Mr Subbarao said in reply to another query by a student.

The Indian economy, he added, was fast growing and with the inclusion of rural population, it would even surpass Chinese economy.

Mr Subbarao, who is on a two-day trip to the state to popularise rural banking, attended a high-level meeting where Jharkhand Chief Minister Arjun Munda, chief secretary A K Singh and other senior officials were also present.




6 years ago

Billing should be made mandatory for any one selling anything. In USA even a petti shopper is found to have that billing machine. Usage of Debit card should be incentivised. All financial institution should deal cash only upto 5000 rupees. Pan number must be made compulsary for any transactions of money beyond five thousand. For this a debit card bearing Pan no could be introduced.

AP assembly passes Bill to regulate MFIs

Hyderabad: The Andhra Pradesh assembly on Tuesday night passed a Bill seeking to protect women self-help groups from “exploitation” by microfinance institutions (MFIs), which have come under scrutiny for alleged strong-arm tactics in debt collection and steep interest rates, reports PTI.

The Micro Finance Institutions (Regulation of Money Lending) Bill, 2010, which will be placed in the state Legislative Council on Wednesday, seeks to replace the Andhra Pradesh Micro Finance Institutions (Regulation of Money Lending) ordinance promulgated by state government on 15th October in the aftermath of 75 suicides by microfinance borrowers in various districts in recent months.

The state government rejected the opposition demand that the Bill be referred to a joint select committee of the legislature to study the various provisions in detail and make it foolproof.

Also, the government rejected the demand for putting a cap on the rate of interest charged by MFIs saying the subject was under the purview of the Centre.

The Bill, which was moved in the assembly on Saturday, was taken up for discussion last night after the principal opposition Telugu Desam Party (TDP) MLAs were suspended from the House and Left parties and the MIM legislators staged a walkout.

The TDP wrote a letter to deputy speaker Nadendla Manohar earlier in the day requesting that the Bill be referred to a select committee as it served no purpose without a cap on the rate of interest.

Praja Rajyam Party MLA Vanga Geeta, BJP floor leader G Kishan Reddy and Lok Satta legislator N Jayaprakash Narayan appealed to the government not to approve the Bill in haste and instead refer it to a joint select committee of the legislature.

Earlier, minister for women welfare V Sunita Laxma Reddy said 75 women have so far committed suicide in different districts of the state in recent months, unable to bear the “coercive” practices adopted by MFIs to recover loans.

“Not only are the MFIs charging usurious rates of interest on loans extended to women but also adopting strong arm tactics for recovery. The MFIs have been working only with the motive of making huge profits at the cost of the hapless poor,” Ms Sunita said.

It was to end such practices that the government promulgated the ordinance to regulate MFIs’ activities, she said.

Lok Satta Party leader Jayaprakash Narayan said the state government should place a cap on the rate of interest while enacting the law on MFIs.

“The state should treat MFIs as mere money-lenders and place a cap on the interest rate in due consultation with Reserve Bank of India,” he said.

The growth of MFIs was only because of the collapse of co-operative credit system. “Wherever the co-operatives are strong, there is no MFI menace. MFIs have realised that there is profit to be made out of poverty and thus flourishing. It is also due to failure of the government,” he added.

Mr Narayan, however, cautioned that the “Kabuliwallah” system could resurface if MFIs were forced to shut shop totally.

The Bill passed in the assembly contains no changes despite a demand raised by Microfinance Institutions' Network (MFIN) for certain amendments.

The state government pointed out that MFIs were using women self-help groups to expand their business by giving loans at usurious rates of interest, which in some cases extended up to 54%, without verifying their capacity to repay.

The MFIs were also using coercive methods with the help of recovery agents to recover the loans from the borrowers, it said.

“This has resulted in many cases of suicide of rural and urban poor and molestation of the borrower or the family members,” the government said in the statement of objects and reasons of the Bill.

The Bill makes registration of all MFIs with the respective registering authority in each district mandatory.

The MFIs also cannot seek any form of security in the form of pawn, pledge or other from a borrower nor charge any other amount except that prescribed in the rules.

The state government, in consultation with the high court, may establish a fast-track court in each district for settlement of disputes of civil nature between the borrowers and the MFI in respect of the loans granted.

The Bill also has a penal provision wherein any person who contravenes the law shall be punishable with imprisonment for a period of six months or fine extending up to Rs10,000 or both.

MFIN, however, contends that many microfinance institutions registered with the Reserve Bank of India will find it difficult to operate their business in Andhra Pradesh because of the stringent provisions in the legislation.

A writ petition filed by MFIN against the ordinance is currently pending before the state high court.


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