Bonds, Currencies & Commodities
NSEL brokers with the highest exposures

Customers of some of the biggest names in the Indian broking fraternity who aggressively sold NSEL’s borrowing-lending racket are staring at large outstanding in NSEL. Clients of Anand Rathi Commodities stand exposed to over Rs600 crores while those of Indian Infoline stand to lose over Rs300 crore


The National Spot Exchange Ltd (NSEL) scam is starting to take an ugly turn for retail investors and high net worth individuals (HNIs) who had ‘invested’ through member-brokers into the borrowing-lending racket being run by the Exchange. As is now known, NSEL was an operation to channel money from investors through member-brokers, to a small group of 24-odd NSEL members-borrowers. For this “assured return” scheme, the brokers were collecting a juicy 5%-6% as brokerage, fees and commission. Neither the brokers, nor the investors, had done enough of due diligence and therefore, to their misfortune, found themselves to be lenders without any security, instead of investors in an assured return scheme that their brokers aggressively sold them.

Apart from channelling money from “investors” these member-brokers had also put in some of their own money into the scheme. The borrowers now owe as much as Rs5,380.53 crores in unsettled dues. But which member-brokers were on the other side of the racket, that is, which of the brokers were most aggressive in channelling the money? The biggest was Indian Bullion Markets Association Ltd (IBMA), a group company of Financial Technologies (India) Ltd, the promoter and 99.5% shareholder of NSEL. It is not yet clear, who the “clients” of IBMA were. Who were the other brokers?

They are some of the most prominent names of Indians stockbroking such as Anand Rathi Commodities, India Infoline Commodities and Geojit Comtrade. These people were being actively wooed by FT-MCX group in creating volumes in its various exchanges. While the names of members-borrowers who have defaulted are known, the list of member-brokers who funnelled the money for the borrowing-lending racket at 16%-18% fixed return has not been published so far. Here is the list of top 25. The complete list of those who owed money as well as those who were owed money from the NSEL system in early August, can be accessed at the end of this piece.

Top 25 Members-brokers Owed To Amount owed (Rs Cr) Paid so far (Rs Cr) Still owed (Rs Cr)
Indian Bullion Markets Association 1159.55 24.94 1134.61
Anand Rathi Commodities 629.21 13.46 615.75
India Infoline Commodities 326.23 6.98 319.25
Geojit Comtrade 313.25 6.70 306.55
Systematix Commodities 277.74 5.94 271.8
Motilal Oswal Commodities 262.88 5.62 257.26
MMTC 220.08 4.70 215.38
AUM Commodity 214.71 4.59 210.12
Phillip Commodities 140.08 2.99 137.09
Purvag Commodities & Derivatives 132.58 2.83 129.75
PEC 123.39 2.64 120.75
Emkay Commotrade 100.54 2.15 98.39
CD Commosearch 94.71 2.02 92.69
JM Financial Commtrade 83.62 1.78 81.84
Ventura Commodities 67.2 1.43 65.77
Arihant Futures and Commodities 55.88 1.19 54.69
SPFL Commodities 55.47 1.18 54.29
RR Commodity Brokers 49.02 1.04 47.98
Nirmal Bang Commodities 46.64 0.99 45.65
India Nivesh Commodities 37.92 0.81 37.11
Suresh Rathi Commodities 37.7 0.80 36.9
Chimanlal Popatlal Commodities Broker 37 0.79 36.21
Rainbow Commodity and Derivatives 35.91 0.76 35.15
Ludhiana Commodities Trading Services 34.64 0.74 33.9
Greshma Commodities 34.59 0.74 33.85

Interestingly, among the names are two public sector companies Projects and Equipment Corporation and Metals and Minerals Trading Corporation. What business did these people have to invest in NSEL? Are their boards and respective ministries asking them any questions?


As of now there is a very slim chance of the member-brokers and their clients getting back much money.

On 14 August, NSEL had posted a detailed schedule of pay-in and pay-out from and to its members-borrowers in which it owed Rs5,380.53 to its member-brokers (top 25 disclosed above) while it had to retrieve Rs5,574.35 from other members. Moneylife analysed the payout numbers released by NSEL and compared it with the total amount that NSEL had to settle. We found out that only a total of Rs119 crore, or just 2% of the total dues have been paid out to members, in three pay-out instalments so far. In the three settlements, NSEL has paid just Rs92.12 crore, RsRs12.60 crore and Rs15.36 crore to members from the pay-in proceeds, on 20 August, 27 August and 3 September respectively. But as per the settlement schedule, by now it should have received Rs524.16 crore from those who owe NSEL and paid the same amount to members.

“Investors” who were lured into investing in NSEL’s racket by Anand Rathi, India Infoline and others, have every reason to be worried about not getting back their money in full. While NSEL expects to settle its entire dues by 11 March 2014, this seems unlikely. Are the brokers liable to pay their investors? Given how these brokers operate, they will neither own moral or actual responsibility to pay back their investors. It was just another product they had sold for fat commission.




3 years ago

brokers are also part of this ponzi scheme with jignesh shah .govt should arrange take over in the same manner as satyamin banglore and arrange payments to small investors who have been duped by brokers and nsel nexus

mm sundram

4 years ago

the moneylife should take the s matters of accountability of sebi in the share prices Financial Tech in the NSE /BSE. after all the market regulator fogotten the value of Rs 5600 crores caused. the share prices from the low of 112 while the report of yours came now gone to 230 yesterday a double from the rate within 4 trading days and this can happen only in india. how the company shares improved while the company itself is at total mess. these are all with the support [corruptive practices] of SEBI administration. pl do write this elaborately after investigating.

mm sundram

4 years ago

how the NSDL and CDSL issued the receipts and accepted to dematerialize the commodities are undeniably questionable legally and those who affected, definitely may pull these entities through the Court of Law for their criminal action. For these two entities SEBI is the regulator and sebi also can be pulled into. but so far no one applied and simply filed the civil suits.



In Reply to mm sundram 3 years ago

operational head india
singapore media and channel group
we would like inform that what ever the allegations of embazzlement of shares by the broking which have been given for dematting thorugh the broking firm physical form the brokers in conveyance with nsdl and cdsl theof go any transfer the shares to broking house name when it is brought to the nsdl or cdsl they sherk the responisbility they in turm pass on the buckls to concerned stock exchanges we as an ivnestor and shareholder who have dematted our shares we donot the guiness of these organisation and even if it brought to sebi or stock exchange nobody gives what is duty of nsdl and cdsl and what is their responisbility is not at all clearly spelt out as such what for the institution that many creores of ruppes of shares are dematted and they are the controlling authority for all stock broking firm with outcontrolling them we donot know what the RBI and SEBi and stock exchanges had and what is link between the broking house and nsdl and cdsl is not at all know we request money life to explore it and bring and spell out what for these institution is functioning as an journalist we feel that sebi itself is spineless organisations they are just rubber stamp of nse bse and the nse bse are rubber stamp of big stock broker in loot for which there is no asker and teller and as such indian capital market itself is an precarious condition when it would burst and who would be held responsible is am million dollar question all the hard earned saving of share and mutual funds are managed by the capital market without accountability is pitiable case and even the cases we file against any broker no action is taken instead the instution creat and friction between the stock broker and their client and cases gose on dragging without an clear cut picture when you see the cases penidng in stock exchanges it would be running for years had only it goes to media and channel the matter would have closed and indian capital market would have been closed that is situation and as such there is no person in sebi and stock exchanges who is hving guts to apply law and punish the erring broking house because all the stock brokers are person who spend money for politiccian during election and the black money of polictican are routed to either to mauritus or dubai from there it comes into stock market as white money for all these thing s the brokers in conveyance with sebi and stock exchanges and RBi they do hence there should strict law abiding institution like moneylife who shoud question is our humble request we can bring this issue from our platform but it would speak bad about our country and present UPA II and our Primie Minister and Finance Minister and everybody would be trouble and there would market crash and inflation would be high and there would be overall catsrophe hence we are soft peddaling this issue we request money life to investigate this issue

nagesh kini

In Reply to mm sundram 4 years ago

Yet another case of Regulatory failure?

nagesh kini

In Reply to mm sundram 4 years ago

Yet another case of Regulatory failure?


4 years ago

Super job ML!!

Jignesh appears to be India's very own PONZI. What does he have to say about this? Someone should not mysteriously get an induced coronary.

What is the police doing - waiting for an FIR?

More interestingly, where is the money? Who has taken how much and spent it where? Did this fund the buying of the Luxembourg Exchange? At least credit el cheapo for thinking big.



In Reply to dv 3 years ago

Hi All, I have about 7 laks invested in NSEL.. can i start presuming that the money invested is gone?


In Reply to dv 4 years ago

Why should police taken action when no complaint is received. It is a Ponzi scheme done with active knowledge of brokers. Police have better work to do rather than something which brokers themselves have not made complaint.

Narendra Doshi

4 years ago

I think the NSEL saga should be tackled with a two prong approach - NSEL Eseries and Other commodities. BOTH of these had UNIQUELY DIFFERENT APPROACH as I assume.

Vickram Jaitha

4 years ago

The concept of e-gold was introduced for easy trade and safety. Neither can the NSEL investors trade e-gold nor are they feeling safe. What is the Government doing to protect thousands of investors who have invested in e-gold and e-silver?

The laws and rules that govern NSEL should derive from a simple and straightforward concept : all investors, whether large institutions or private individuals (small & big investors)should have had access to certain basic facts about NSEL prior to investment and so long as they hold the investments. To achieve this, Government should have insisted on NSEL to disclose meaningful financial and other information to the public. This would have provided a common pool of knowledge for all investors to use to judge for themselves whether to buy, sell, or hold a particular e-gold or e-silver. Only through the steady flow of timely, comprehensive, and accurate information can people make sound investment decisions. Unfortunately, this did not happen in the case of NSEL.

The result of this information flow is so important to our nation's economy. To ensure that this objective is met, the Government should continually work with the market participants, including especially the investors, to listen to their concerns and to learn from their experience.

The Government must oversee the key participants in NSEL, including brokers and dealers, borrowers, investment advisors, and mutual funds for maintaining fair dealings, and protecting against fraud. Crucial to the effectiveness in each of these areas is its enforcement authority.

The world of investing is fascinating and complex, and it can be very fruitful. That's why investing is not a spectator sport.



In Reply to Vickram Jaitha 4 years ago



In Reply to sathyacumaran 4 years ago

Hey Buddy...please learn the etiquette of discussion forums. Disable the Caps Lock key...better still, rip it off your keyboard and burn it or flush it.

The world will be a better place and reading about NSEL will enable us focus on the pain and greed of market participants without the added pain in the eye of reading your points in Capitals!


4 years ago


when the brokers cheat thier client there is no recourse because sebi nse bse and nsdl and cdsl form an cartel and they never do any justice to indian investors even though they publish and telecast investors protection fund but this totally wrong or misinterepted investor protection fund but vice versa they are stoong to erring broking houses and now nsel had cheated the broking house this shows that above all this fraud there is an super natural power which we call as GOD who watches all our deeds and punishes at appropriate time with regard to India infoline they cheated me inspite of my repeated mails they have not done any justice and now they themselve have been cheated and we feel now they would find the pinch of the blood and now if they have some soft heart they would consider our case and do tthe needful thing may the GOD give them good thought and consider my case and do needful thing

nagesh kini

4 years ago

An excellent expose. There is certainly more than meets the eye.
The roles of the respective Union Ministries of Agriculture, Consumer Affairs, Finance including the possible involvement of the mantri-shantri-neta-babu nexus needs to be probed by the ED, CBI, SFIO jointly.

nagesh kini

4 years ago

An excellent expose. There is certainly more than meets the eye.
The roles of the respective Union Ministries of Agriculture, Consumer Affairs, Finance including the possible involvement of the mantri-shantri-neta-babu nexus needs to be probed by the ED, CBI, SFIO jointly.


Vinay Joshi

In Reply to nagesh kini 4 years ago

Ask your Mr.Debashi & Ms.Sucheta, why he was featured in their book as top achiever?

[yes again i repeat FYI, i've highest respect for them]

When Jharkhand scam accused were stakeholders, investigated, jailed, 2009, ED et all investigations, records as per RoC
& the intricate manipulations now exposed.


As of now no IBMA stakeholders details are submitted to FMC!? Why?

However, as regards e-series a firm known to me - highly respected by me - Sharp & Tannan, asked as third party audit, had conducted the audit but they have also reported backlog of settlement. Their mandate was e-series discrepancy, not beyond that.

How many banks,in view of NSEL scam conducted audit & HAVE COME OUT WITH REPORT?

I only know Kotak Mahindra taking possession of stocks financed & moving it out after audit. [other fronts KM we will leave it aside.]

FYI, NBHC, managing stocks for NSEL, in June/July never EVER issued WR's? Banks did finance it.

Out of 5.5KCR bank funded is 4.2KCR!? NHBC states, further stating that it only holds 65Cr, Sept 5, as the warehouses were given back to NSEL, short of saying with quantity & quality.

FYI, why not find out banks cummulative lendind past 5/6yrs to NHBC WR's? In Kerala, a commodity trader [i'm not talking NBHC] had claimed insurance of burnt 'jeera' stock kept in warehouse, investigation revealed it to be groundnuts, most of it discarded shells of oil co's. bank finance stock.

An elderly cousin of mine was a Branch Mgr; Nationalised BK, in Vidarbha region, she was flabbergasted to know that all 'cattle financed' deaths were always reported on Monday morning, [post noon Sat, bank, branch, shut.]By Monday eve obviously no caracas to ascertain!?

She stated to all borrowers - call me at midnight, my officers will come & undertake 'panchanama'. Thereafter there was not a single report of Monday morning.




nagesh kini

In Reply to Vinay Joshi 4 years ago

Mr. Joshi seems to be contradicting himself in the very first two lines of his long winding comment that is full of gas.
If he is so 'certain' about his facts, he might as well report them to the appropriate authorities instead of wasting his and every readers' time !
Even after invoking the RTI, the concerns need to be addressed by taking them up with the proper forum and not raving and ranting in ML columns on and on!

chirag shah

4 years ago

If you really go to the root of the problem, the Min of Consumer Affairs has a lot to answer for. Not only did it issue licence under an exempt category, it also didnot define 'designated authority' till as late as Feb 2012, which was 6 years after the exemption was granted. Soon after FMC became the designated authority, it did submit a report to the Ministry in April 2012. The contents of that report are a mystery. The Minister did say in response to a query in Parliament that they are looking into the NSEL issue. The Junior Minister of Finance Mr. Namo Narain Meena also said something similar in the Parliament. So what were both these ministries doing till July 2013.

Even now the IT dept is interested in ascertaining if there is a tax liability that has been disregarded, ED is concerned with whether this money was channeled offshore to participate in overseas futures exchanges.

Is tracking the funds so difficult. If at some stage cash has been withdrawn, the trail could have gone cold, but surely such large withdrawals would have raised alarms and those who withdrew the cash can be interrogated.

Instead of going after the money, other agendas are being pursued, or thats what it looks like.

Narendra Doshi

4 years ago

Excellent 'FIR' . Kudos Debashis & Aditya

Realty prices to crash as RBI curbs innovative borrowing schemes

RBI has taken away the last funding resource from developers, which may lead to cracking of the realty sector that is holding on to inventory since past few years

Reserve Bank of India (RBI)'s latest warning to banks about not lending money to builders or developers under the 80:20 or 75:25 schemes is most likely to crack the realty sector. Over the past few years, developers have been holding on to prices due to availability of finances. And when funding from other sources dried, developers came out with these new innovative schemes in collaboration with banks and financial institutions.


According to Pankaj Kapoor, the managing director of realty research firm Liases Foras, it (the RBI move) will add to the woes of the developers who are facing a cash crunch. “Advance disbursement through 80:20 was a cheaper way to organise finance. In the absence of this too, the liquidity crunch may force the developer to reduce the price to stimulate sales,” he said.


Obviously, developers are aggrieved with the new notification from the RBI. In a statement, Lalitkumar Jain, chairman of the Confederation of Real Estate Developers' Associations of India (CREDAI), said, "Abruptly issuing such circulars, advising bank against established practices only harm the sentiments and disrupts business plans. This at the end creates a setback for projects, affecting end-consumers."


In its notification, RBI has cautioned banks and prospective home-loan customers about the pitfalls of ‘innovative loan schemes’ entailing upfront disbursal of individual housing loans to builders in case of incomplete, under-construction and green-field housing projects. "In view of the higher risks associated with such lump-sum disbursal of sanctioned housing loans and customer suitability issues, banks are advised that disbursal of housing loans sanctioned to individuals should be closely linked to the stages of construction of the housing project or houses and upfront disbursal should not be made in cases of incomplete and under-construction or green field housing projects," the central bank notification said.


Moneylife has been pointing out that high property values and interest rates, coupled with a lower loan- to-value ratio, are becoming serious obstacles for average homebuyers.


A number of banks and housing finance companies are promoting home loan products such as the 80:20 or 75:25 schemes, which involve tripartite agreements involving lenders, developers and property buyers. The basis of this move is that, though these schemes do invariably mention the financial implications to the consumer in the fine print, many consumers are evidently unable to decipher the fine print.


"This move by the RBI is aimed at protecting the interest of property buyers who are not aware of the long-term financial implications of such and similar schemes. It is definitely meant to advance the cause of greater transparency in the Indian real estate sector, and also to protect the financial institutions that provide funding in it," said Shobhit Agarwal, managing director for capital markets at Jones Lang LaSalle India.


What are 80:20 or 75:25 schemes?

Usually builders come up with various schemes during the festive season to sell high-priced apartments to take advantage of the surge in spending. However, flats are not selling and the inventory is increasing. Though builders have tried to keep prices artificially high for over the past few years, they buckled under pressure and launched lucrative schemes to push sales in the residential segment. Among their tactics was making a 80:20 or 75:25 offer.


Under these schemes, a buyer has to pay 20% or 25% of a flat's cost upfront. The rest is funded by the bank after signing a tripartite agreement between buyer, developer and the lender. The developer, who receives full amount, sometimes even before starting construction, offers to pay the equated monthly instalments (EMI) on the loan till he completes the construction. This is contrary to the normal practice in a bank home loan, where the lenders link disbursals to developers depending upon various stages of construction of housing project.


"Even though such schemes look great, buyers should take precaution as they are being offered for under-construction projects. The completion risks of these projects remain and one must check the builders' track record and financial strength before jumping in," a real estate expert had told Moneylife, preferring anonymity.


RBI said such housing loan products are likely to expose banks as well as their home loan borrowers to additional risks. For e.g. in case of disputes between individual borrowers and developers or builders, default or delayed payment of interest and EMI by the developer or builder during the agreed period on behalf of the borrower, non-completion of the project on time. "Further, any delayed payments by developers or builders on behalf of individual borrowers to banks may lead to lower credit rating or scoring of such borrowers by credit information companies (CICs) as information about servicing of loans gets passed on to the CICs on a regular basis. In cases where bank loans are also disbursed upfront on behalf of their individual borrowers in a lump-sum to builders or developers without any linkage to stages of construction, banks run disproportionately higher exposures with concomitant risks of diversion of funds," the central bank said. also calls such schemes as hugely risky (for buyers). "The builder has the full amount, without having constructed anything. They get financing in your name, and get to pay a lower interest because YOU are the one taking the loan (individuals get a lower home loan rate than developers, a distinction I totally disagree with – if anything, individual home loans should be charged a higher rate). If they don’t construct the building, the bank now has no collateral. But since its your loan, you have to repay anyway. This can be a disaster since you don’t have a property now for which you have a loan," says Deepak Shenoy in the report. (


Are 80:20 or 75:25 schemes innovative?

No. These schemes are neither new nor innovative. Earlier, during September-October 2012, Mumbai-based builders who turned desperate to sell flats and were offering steep discounts have to their credit a more innovative scheme like 90:10! However, the '90:10' scheme was available only for affluent buyers whose budget was between Rs2 crore to Rs5 crore. Indiabulls introduced the '10:90' scheme for a project located in central Mumbai. For this scheme, it had tied up with HDFC and ICICI Bank to provide loans to customers at that time.


In another option at that time, builders were offering highly discounted rates to those who come up with cash up front. In one case, a posh apartment in central Mumbai was available for Rs16,000 per square foot for full cash-down payment - against the going rate of Rs40,000 per sq ft.


In the past, several developers were offering to pay pre-EMI on a home loan, provided that the borrowers take the advance disbursal facility (ADF). Under the ADF, the entire loan amount is disbursed to the developer and the buyer has to immediately start paying EMIs, even before the construction is complete or before taking possession.


Realty investment through PMS?

Yes. During 2010, asset management companies (AMCs) were offering real-estate scheme cobbled together under its portfolio management scheme (PMS). Investor's money was invested in residential projects under construction with builders, presumably at some agreed price. When the builder sells out the project, the profits were shared between the builder and the financier (the PMS scheme).


The investors are asked to ‘commit’ amounts, 20% or so paid up front. The upfront amount depends on the investment projects identified by the AMC. As they identify more investment opportunities, they make further demands from within the committed amounts. As and when any project is exited, the AMC distributes the money to the investors.


Read: Realty schemes and the ground reality



Ramesh Poapt

4 years ago

Sch schemes, if not stopped might have gone to the extent of US housing crash, where there were chain of intermediaries on a single property.The bundle of properties were sold back to back to one after other.The big deals were bundled n qualitatively classified and then passed on in many hands.That disaster destroyed many too big to fail names.And then there was 80%+ correction in the property mkt there...!Still the mkt is paralytic!

Anil Agashe

4 years ago

Well done RBI. Why was it not done earlier is the only question.
Now go after developers who have defaulted, take over properties.

RBI says companies can use ECB for general corporate purposes

In July, India Inc raised over $3.71 billion from overseas markets through ECBs and FCCBs. The RBI move is aimed at encouraging capital inflows and arrest decline in rupee value

In order to encourage capital flows,

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) on Wednesday eased external commercial borrowing (ECB) norms by allowing companies to use funds raised from foreign partners for general corporate purposes.


In a notification, the central bank said, “On a review, it has been decided to permit eligible borrowers to avail of ECB under the approval route from their foreign equity holder company with minimum average maturity of seven years for general corporate purposes”.


Till now borrowings in the form of ECB were not permitted to be utilised for general corporate purpose. However, the RBI has put certain conditions for availing the benefits of relaxed norms.


It said, “Minimum paid-up equity of 25% should be held directly by the lender (overseas partner). Also, repayment of the principal will commence only after completion of minimum average maturity of seven years and no prepayment will be allowed before maturity."


The measure is aimed at encouraging capital inflows and arrest decline in rupee value.


India Inc raised over $3.71 billion from overseas markets in July through ECBs and foreign currency convertible bonds (FCCBs). In June, it had raised $ 1.95 billion through this route.


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