The BJP figures in the list of foreign political parties along with Lebanon’s Amal, Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood and the Pakistan Peoples Party, on whom the US National Security Agency was given permission to carry out surveillance
Reacting strongly to reports of Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) leaders being spied upon by the American National Security Agency (NSA), India on Wednesday summoned a top US diplomat to raise the issue. India said it was 'totally unacceptable' that an Indian organisation or Indian individual’s privacy was transgressed upon.
India also sought an assurance from the US that it will not happen again.
However, officials did not say who the US diplomat summoned by the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) was.
Significantly, the US currently has an interim ambassador, Kathleen Stephens, who came in after former US Ambassador Nancy Powell resigned from her post.
India also noted that it had raised the issue with the US administration in Washington and the Delhi Embassy in July and November last year when reports emerged that NSA had spied upon individuals and entities, and said it was still “awaiting a response from America on this''.
India had reacted sharply when the reports of snooping by NSA came to light, after revelations by former NSA contractor Edward Snowden last year.
BJP figures in the list of foreign political parties along with Lebanon’s Amal, Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood and the Pakistan Peoples Party, on whom the National Security Agency was given permission to carry out surveillance, says the document made public on Monday by The Washington Post.
The document lists the 193 foreign governments as well as foreign factions and other entities that were part of a 2010 certification approved by the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court. The list includes Indian entities.
“These are the entities about which the NSA may conduct surveillance for the purpose of gathering foreign intelligence,” the paper had said, citing documents provided to it by Snowden.
India is already actively associated with the developments of Chabahar port in Iran and the proposed 70kms railway line between the port and Gorgan will further help develop trade
Recent developments in Iraq are alarming. Whether this leads to a limited military engagement by US, unilaterally or at the behest of the present Iraqi government remains to be seen. What is of prime importance for India is to hope that this sort of intervention does not block our movements in the area, particularly of crude supplies from Iran.
Saudi Arabia opposes foreign intervention in Iraq, particularly warning Iran, who may use the current situation as an opportunity to go in for defending Shi'ite Muslim holy sites. Outsiders can only hope that the rivalry across the region's Sunni-Shi'ite sectarian divide does not become explosive.
Meantime, it has been reported in the press, that the militants of the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) are practically in the outskirts of Baghdad, having already "captured" Iraq's largest oil refinery.
As a result of these deteriorating conditions, the trade between India and Iran is almost at a standstill. India owes Iran an estimated $3-4 billion, presently held in Rupee accounts with UCO Bank in Kolkata, making up for 45% balance payment for the crude supplied. Thanks to a kind gesture by the Iranian government, this arrangement was made, from which Indian exporters of goods are paid.
Due to the US sanctions, and the lack of progress in the US-Iran talks over the nuclear issue, which has a target date of 20th July for an agreement, there is fear in the minds of Indian traders about the uncertainty ahead; and to add to this confusion, developments in the Iraqi situation has only made it worse!
While participating in the Madras Chambers of Commerce and Industry (MCCI) meeting held recently, Hassan Nourian, Consul General of the Islamic Republic of Iran, based in Hyderabad, reassured the Indian businessmen present, that they should not fear retributions from the US.
In fact, it was earlier reported in the press that "Obama determined that there is no need for sanctions for the next six months, as Teheran is fully cooperating with the US-led International community to address their concerns about its nuclear weapons programme", the White House said.
In continuing their quest for closer trade relations with India, it has been reported in the press, that Shaida Mohammed Abdali, the Afghan Ambassador referred to the importance of Chabahar port in Southern Iran, which could be well utilized to increase trade with Iran as well as Afghanistan.
India is already actively associated with the development of Chabahar port in Iran and the proposed 70km railway line between the port and Gorgan will further help develop trade. It will also help India move its goods to CIS nations.
In view of all these developments, it is imperative that the Government considers the urgent need to depute a strong trade and industry delegation to Iran to:
a) Expeditiously build railroads between Chabahar and other designated towns and cities for easy movement, which should include, rails, wagons, coaches and locomotives
b) Offer similar service for branching off the railroad lines to the east, to enter Afghanistan so as to increase trade among the three nations
c) Seek and offer participation opportunities as joint ventures, to be set up in gas producing centres in Iran to manufacture Urea that can be exported fully back to India; meet part supplies to Iran for their needs
d) Offer technical assistance in setting up oil refineries
e) Establish a large warehousing facility near the Chhabahar port so as to maintain stocks of essential supplies that can be moved to Iran, Afghanistan or CIS countries at short notice
f) Any other specific area where Iran needs assistance
Payment for all these could be set off against the Rupee account already held in UCO Bank; new payment arrangements could be simply on a barter basis on an Iranian crude to Indian goods and services basis.
(AK Ramdas has worked with the Engineering Export Promotion Council of the ministry of commerce. He was also associated with various committees of the Council. His international career took him to places like Beirut, Kuwait and Dubai at a time when these were small trading outposts; and later to the US.)
Maharashtra Chief Information Commissioner and Pune’s Divisional Commissioner manipulated words in official orders, so that former President Pratibha Patil’s secretary and now State Information Commissioner from Amravati, Rajendra Jadhav, could be gifted an official bungalow in Pune, the place of his additional posting.
In early March this year, Rajendra Jadhav, former secretary at the President’s secretariat during Pratibha Patil's tenure, who had already been made Amravati division’s Information Commissioner (IC), was given an additional charge as Pune’s Information Commissioner, although the distance between both the cities is 555kms. (Read: Amravati’s Information Commissioner given charge of Pune that is 555kms away!).
What shocked Right to Information (RTI) activists and users was that Konkan and Mumbai regions, which also have Information Commissioners, are just at a distance of about three hours from Pune. Hence, either of them should have been logically given the additional charge of Pune, but the pleas were ignored. Instead, Jadhav has been spending public money to travel 14 hours to and fro to attend to Pune’s State Information Commission.
That Jadhav’s efficiency as Information Commissioner of Amravati and Pune is very poor, (despite the confidence shown in him by the official committee that recruits ICs), has reflected in the fact that Jadhav has cleared only 121 appeals in April and 141 appeals in Pune, ever since he took up this additional charge in March. Both in Amravati and Pune, the total pendency is over 12,000. Specifically - Pune has a pendency of 7,045 second appeals and Amravati has 6,096 pending second appeals, as per information procured by RTI activist Vijay Kumbhar.
The game plan seems so brazen. First, Jadhav was made Information Commissioner under the RTI at Pratibha Patil’s home town, Amravati. He is then given additional charge in Pune, where co-incidentally or otherwise, Pratibha Patil is presently residing after completing her tenure as President of India. If this was not fishy enough, now all rules and regulations of allocation of official residence for a government servant in Maharashtra have been broken and a bungalow has been allocated to Jadhav in the prime cantonment area of Pune, where senior government officers reside.
Moneylife visited the English-type bungalow allotted to Jadhav in G Block, Club of Western India, Pune Cantonment which has undergone a fresh coat of paint, unlike its six other counterparts, which look pale on the outside. (see image below).
In an official complaint addressed to the Governor on Wednesday, RTI activist Vijay Kumbhar, who has earlier written to him about State Chief Information Commissioner (SCIC) indulging in 'convenient’ transfers and other irregularities, has stated that as per the Maharashtra Government rules, an official bungalow is allocated at the town or city of the posting of a government servant. In this case, Jadhav’s posting is primarily at Amravati as Information Commissioner, so he is not eligible for an official accommodation in Pune, which is an additional charge.
However, Kumbhar has stated in the letter to the Governor that both SCIC Ratnakar Gaikwad and Pune’s Divisional Commissioner, Prabhakar Deshmukh have cleverly managed wordings to facilitate residence for Jadhav in Pune.
SCIC Ratnakar Gaikwad, in his letter to Pune’s Divisional Commissioner, Prabhakar Deshmukh, on 9 April 2014 has stated that, “Mr Ravindra Jadhav has been appointed Information Commissioner from 3 March 2014. Presently Jadhav is Information Commissioner of both Amravati and Pune. However, in actuality, Jadhav would be spending more time in Pune than in Amravati. That is because Pune has 7,151 second appeals pending while Amravati has 4,889 second appeals pending. Hence, it is necessary for him to get an official residence accommodation in Pune. ….Considering that his rank is equal to that of chief secretary, he should be given a house of that status and the same should be considered in top priority.’’
Very promptly, on 15 April 2014, Divisional Commissioner Deshmukh, who is also the chairman of the official housing allocation committee, wrote to the Public Works Department (PWD) to immediately allocate an official residence to Jadhav. Lo and behold, this was promptly allocated. It is rumoured that Pune’s rightful Information Commissioner, MH Shah, who unfortunately has had a paralytic attack and hence is on rest, is allegedly being asked to resign before his tenure so as to officially make Jadhav the Pune division’s Information Commissioner, says Kumbhar.
What needs to be considered is, on what basis can the second appeals pending in Amravati be considered less valuable than Pune’s second appeals? Why should Amravati suffer the absence of their rightful Information Commissioner? It can only be expected that one of the causes of inefficiency would be the 555kms distance that Jadhav would have to cover to come to Pune, so how was that sanctioned?
Over and above, Kumbhar points out the contradictions in this decision. He says, “Earlier, second appeals were heard in the applicant’s constituency. Meaning, if an applicant is from Sangli, his second appeal was heard in Pune division’s Information Commission office (as Sangli comes under Pune division.) Recently, Gaikwad, the State CIC, issued an order which makes it mandatory for the second appeal to be heard in the place where the headquarters of the public authority lie. Meaning, if the applicant from Nashik has made a second appeal against a public authority in Mantralaya, then the hearing would come under the SCIC and not the Nashik Information Commission (IC). Similarly, if a Nagpur applicant files a second appeal against a public authority of a co-operative, most of whose headquarters are in Pune, then the Nagpur IC has no authority to conduct the hearing – only the Pune IC has the authority.’’
The reason given for this amendment is that “anyway, second appeals are done through video conferencing”. In that case, says Kumbhar, if it is video conferencing then even Jadhav can conduct hearings of Pune, from Amravati. Allegations level;ed are that, the power centre of decisions of second appeals is being concentrated in Pune and Mumbai as most of the prominent public authorities are in these two cities. Hence, 'favourites' are required as ICs for Pune and Mumbai.
Honestly, between netas and babus serving their own vested interest, the citizen who has experienced empowerment through RTI is the victim.
(Vinita Deshmukh is consulting editor of Moneylife, an RTI activist and convener of the Pune Metro Jagruti Abhiyaan. She is the recipient of prestigious awards like the Statesman Award for Rural Reporting which she won twice in 1998 and 2005 and the Chameli Devi Jain award for outstanding media person for her investigation series on Dow Chemicals. She co-authored the book “To The Last Bullet - The Inspiring Story of A Braveheart - Ashok Kamte” with Vinita Kamte and is the author of “The Mighty Fall”.)