Retirement
NPS: Units may be allotted at an NAV of 10 days later!

Unlike mutual funds, where a fund house allots units at the NAV on the same day or next business day, depending on the cut-off time for payments received, contributions to accounts in New Pension System –NPS units allotted, at least, four days and up to 10 days after, for non-cash transactions!

The National Pension System (NPS) is still riddled with issues. One of Moneylife Foundation’s members, Pradeep Kavi, recently drew our attention to a major flaw: for contributions made to an NPS account, the units are not allotted at the NAV of the same day or the next day but could be allotted at the NAV of up to 10 days ahead! Thus investors would lose the benefit of a lower NAV on the day of investment. In case one is investing in the equity fund (asset class E) of the scheme where a maximum of 50% of the contribution is invested, one may lose the advantage of investing when the market has dipped.
 

For example, if a person chose to make a contribution on 28 August 2013 when the Sensex was at 17,996, the NAV of one of the pension fund managers—HDFC Pension Fund Scheme was 9.53 (Tier I - Equity). But if it took seven working days for the payment to be processed, the NAV would have been 6.59% higher at 10.15 while the Sensex moved up 7% to 19,270 as on 6 September 2013. Thus, an investor would have effectively got 6% lower number of units from the equity fund when getting 6% for a whole year has been tough for equity investors.
 

In the offer document of NPS schemes, there is no mention of the applicable NAV for an investment. However, upon digging deeper, in a document from PFRDA‘s ‘Handbook on NPS’, certain timelines are mentioned. For cash contributions, the document mentions that it takes four business days for the payment to reach the pension fund managers, who then invest and declare the NAV at the end of day. For non-cash payments, the number of days increases with the time taken to clear funds. Therefore, considering non-business days in between, for non-cash contributions it could take over from two to 10 days.
 

This would not happen in the case of mutual fund schemes which are similarly managed. It is clearly specified in mutual fund offer documents that for valid applications accepted at an official point of acceptance up to 3.00pm with a local cheque or demand draft payable at par at the place where it is received, the closing NAV of the day of receipt of application is applicable. After 3.00 pm the NAV of the next business day is applicable.
 

The fund investment process in NPS is initiated when the trustee bank receives funds from a point of presence (where the investor makes his payment) and transfers funds to the pension fund managers for investment. While the point of presence (POP) for the NPS deposits the funds to the trustee bank on the next business day, it takes three working days for the bank to upload a fund receipt confirmation to the central record keeping agency (CRA). On the fourth day, the bank remits the fund to the pension fund managers.
 

NPS, which was introduced by the central government on January 2004 for its new entrants and subsequently extended to the private sector on May 2009, has accumulated a corpus of Rs 33,000 crores contributed by 50 lakh subscribers. The government has taken several steps to boost NPS investments. The finance ministry gave additional incentives to all subscribers registered in FY2010-11 who were eligible for getting a contribution of Rs1,000 per year from the government for four years beginning the same year. However, this too, did not draw much interest from new subscribers. One of the main deterrents is that Tier-I of the NPS does not offer a facility to subscribers to withdraw their funds till they reach 60. (Read: New Pension System: Will withdrawal issues be addressed?)
 

NPS has two accounts. In the tier I account one can start investing from the age of 18 years and your money gets locked in till you are 60 years. In Tier II account one has the flexibility to withdraw any time.
 

In each account one can choose from three funds: an equity fund, in which you can put up to 50% of your investment, fixed income instruments other than government securities and government securities. One can also choose their own asset allocation through the active choice option. If not, they can go for the auto choice which is an automatic lifecycle-based investing which maintains a 50% allocation towards equity up to the age of 35 and then gradually reduces the equity allocation to 10% by age 55.
 

The finance ministry argues that NPS could be a good substitute for the employee pension scheme (EPS) of the Employees' Provident Fund Organisation and would be beneficial for subscribers, as they would get decent returns and adequate pension. However, there are still several flaws in the system.

User

COMMENTS

D A Bhatt

3 years ago

Over the passage of time NPS has become more and more expensive and costly to private subscribers and controversial for all types of subscribers. All of its drawbacks has been brought to notice of concerned authorities time to time, but it appears that all authorities inclusive of government are interested to fulfill their motives at the cost of subscribers and mainly private subscribers. Ideally, practically and legally speaking all pension schemes operating under different nomenclatures and modus operandis must generate nearly equal amount of pension for their beneficiaries whether they are MPs, MLAs, all types of constitutional and governmental and semi government employed retirees as well as organised and unorganised sectoral retirees. The logic and financial procedure for generating retirement age pension for all citizen of India must be same. Otherwise our country is going to remain country of malpractices and fragment based wasted interest society.

DEEPAK SINGLA

3 years ago

In the Tier-2 account of NPS if someone is not interested to continue Tier-2 account,then there is no wayout to close the Tier-2 account.One can withdraw amount from Tier-2 and then Tier-2 account will be freezed and not closed as there is no provision defined in the PFRDA guidelines to close the voluntary Tier-2 account.

D A Bhatt

3 years ago

This type of undue delay and unethical practices adopted and followed by NPS authorities at the cost of subscribers is illegal and corrective measures must be taken by NPS authorities on priority basis. But it appears that they are not interested in rationalising and correcting their subscription procedure. This is drawback of NAV based pension scheme for which authorities are boasting too much.

Prakash Chhotulal Patel

3 years ago

The point is well raised by moneylife.Even after investing by net banking the money is invested on 4th working day and in view of high volatility in equity market and in debt market investor has no idea how market will behave after 4 days.What is need of trustee bank for routing the money,why can't it be credited to fund manager.Hope PFRDA will do something on this for sucess of NPS

Siva

3 years ago

If I had a choice, I would n't even touch with a barge pole any scheme managed by a govt. agency. Saves a lot of headache and anguish in the later years.

SEBI ask exchanges to check non-compliance issues before suspending trading

Stock exchanges will have to take action against promoters of non-complaint companies before suspending their share trading as per the new guidelines from the market regulator

Market regulator Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) has asked stock exchanges to take action against promoters of companies that fail to comply with norms  before suspending share trading in such scrips. SEBI has prescribed standard operating procedure (SOP) for suspension and revocation of trading of shares of listed entities, moving securities to Z category and imposition of monetary penalties.
 

SEBI said that, “For non-compliance of listing conditions, exchanges have been suspending the trading of the shares of the listed companies, which affected the interest of non-promoters much more than the promoters as the exit route used to be closed for such investors after suspension of trading. Therefore, the exchanges are required to disclose it to others on its website about the action taken against the listed entities for non-compliance of the listing conditions, including details of respective requirement, period of suspension, and amount of fine, freezing of shares.” 
 

In addition, SEBI has prescribed fines on a daily basis on companies for non-compliance or shifting scrips trade-to-trade category. It said, “If any listing member fails to submit annual report for two consecutive financial years, shareholding pattern, financial results, corporate governance compliance report, information on the reconciliation of shares and capital audit report, for two consecutive quarters than it will be result into suspension of trading and listing member will be  liable to pay penalties ranging from Rs1,000 to Rs1 crore depending on the violation of certain clauses of the listing agreement”
 

 Here are the highlights of the SEBI circular,

  • Imposition of fines (on per day basis) on the company for non compliance and delay in compliance with continuous Listing condition such as submission of shareholding pattern, financial results, corporate governance report, etc.

 

  • In case of non compliance for two consecutive quarters, moving the shares of non-compliant company to "Z" Category, where the trades would settled on Trade for Trade basis.

 

  • In case non-compliance continues, freezing the shares of the promoter and promoter group. This would be carried out before suspension of the trading of shares of the company.

 

  • In order to provide exit window for the non-promoters, after 15 days of suspension, trading in the shares of non-compliant entity will be available on the "Trade for Trade" basis, on the first trading day of every week for 6 months.
     

SEBI has also said continuation of non-compliance should result in freezing of promoter holding. The regulator has also asked exchanges to provide for an 'exit window' to public shareholders in non-complaint companies.
 

Stock exchanges suspend trading in companies that fail to comply with the listing agreement, that includes making proper disclosures, financial result announcement, among other things.
 

At present, there are over 1,000 companies whose shares have been suspended by bourses for non compliance. Investor protection groups have even filed public interest litigations (PILs) against stock exchanges and SEBI stating that investor wealth is being locked up due to suspension of trading in companies.

User

COMMENTS

Vinayak Bhimrao Mudholkar

3 years ago

Does this mean revocation of already suspended companies?

Vinayak Bhimrao Mudholkar

3 years ago

Exit route for investors in 2300+ companies have already been closed due to hourly call auction. There are even good companies like Bosch which have been included in the illiquid scrips. Isn’t it a greater & creative alternative to suspension ?......If hourly call auction rule is not withdrawn investos won’t find solace from standard operating procedure (SOP) for suspension.

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