Right to Information
Now, let the RTI Act be ingrained at the educational level

For the RTI Act to become more effective and used by young citizens, including it in the educational curriculum is being taken up seriously. While the government is in discussions with the NCERT about its implementation, Symbiosis has initiated a unique RTI programme for its media students

While the RTI (Right to Information) Act in India is being currently used by activists and thousands of citizens who have learnt through self-learning or workshops, the government is seriously discussing with the National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) to introduce it as a lesson in schools and colleges.  

Ten-year old Aishwarya Parashar of Lucknow created history by filing a RTI query regarding the garbage dump outside her school and had a library established in its place. In February this year, she created a flutter by sending a RTI query to the PMO office, asking for the order that gave Gandhiji the status of the “Father of the Nation”. She is a mini-activist with youngsters asking her RTI queries or doubts on her mobile or email, and she quickly responds to them. This shows that if school children are educated, they can become active RTI users and help in monitoring governance or satiating curiosity.

Last fortnight Nepal, which implemented its RTI Act in 2007, introduced the subject in the mass communication curriculum in its secondary schools. For this, a leading RTI organisation, Freedom Forum, continuously lobbied for educating students on right to information, since the last two years. Finally, the Curriculum Development Centre (CDC) under the ministry of education introduced it.

In Maharashtra, the discussion to include a lesson of RTI in the civics subject was talked about fervently in the early 2000s but is yet to see reality. At that time too, discussions were almost bearing fruition. RTI activists had lobbied for the introduction, in order that the citizen-friendly RTI Act is ingrained at that impressionable age and becomes known as everyone’s tool for pro-active participation in our democracy rather than a weapon in just the hands of few.

Many media colleges in India do touch upon the subject of RTI but not enough to inspire young journalists to use it as a key tool for their stories as they are not familiarized with it, comprehensively. Pioneer of RTI movement, Aruna Roy insists that since 2005 when RTI Act was introduced, journalists can take pride in procuring government documents themselves by using RTI and thus skirting the traditional “official source” which may have vested interest and may not provide the whole truth. However, the RTI use in media fraternity is quite low. Hence, it is appreciable that the Symbiosis Institute of Media & Communication (SIMC), Pune, has recently initiated a unique RTI familiarization and uses the programme for students to inculcate the wide use of this tool for investigative and informative journalism.

 A fortnight back, 300 under-graduate and post-graduate students of Symbiosis Institute of Media & Communication, Symbiosis Law College and Symbiosis School of Economics filed RTI applications in subjects of their interest. The issues addressed were varied and the lesson on how to write RTI applications was monitored by noted RTI activist Nikhil Dey, member of MKSS (Mazdoor Kishan Shakti Sangthan) and RTI activist Bhaskar Prabhu, founder of Mahiti Adhikar Manch. Presently, these RTI applications are being classified as per ‘city’ and ‘subjects’ after which Pune-related RTI queries would be sent to the respective public authorities by the students.

 This exercise was conducted at the second, two day seminar of Symbiosis Institute of Media & Communication, Pune. Pioneering RTI crusader Aruna Roy was the chief guest of the seminar and addressed students on the importance of using RTI as a tool for investigative journalism. While SIMC has a chapter on RTI Act in its Media & Civic Affairs subject, since March it has embarked upon a full-fledged practical orientation programme to the subject through a series of workshops and seminars to be held in the academic year. In order to amplify the knowledge and use of RTI, SIMC is preparing a RTI manual for journalists based on the two seminars, which would be available online as well as in print in a book form, for the benefit of students and journalists across the country.

 It all started after stalwart journalist Dileep Padgaonkar took over as professor, RK Laxman Chair, of the Symbiosis International University in November last year. Elaborating the reason behind making RTI an important subject amongst media students, Mr Padgaonkar says, “some of the major scams in the past five years were revealed through RTI activists. The media saw the news worthiness and subsequently took it on as a systematic campaign. That’s when I realised that RTI must be used as a tool to improve the quality of journalism and the basic principle was to know how to pit the power of truth against the truth of power and therefore I thought, what is required, is a systematic expression of the history of RTI Act, its achievement, the risks involved as well as exposure of filing RTI applications, the follow up required and after that, the need to get to the other side of the story from the incriminated source.”

 Dr Eshwar Anand, professor of journalism and media studies, who is steering this programme, states if students are well-trained in the RTI Act and on how to file requests at the college-level itself, they would become good journalists. “Earlier, there was a cloak of secrecy around government offices and it was tough for journalists to get to the truth. Now, barring some exemptions in the law, the young journalist can access documents of civic affairs or those of national importance. However, because training is lacking during his/her media education days, most young journalists in our country are indifferent to this powerful tool which can open up information quickly including file notings. We will hopefully equip students with the necessary confidence to file RTI, besides educating them about the law.”

 With the government attempts to dilute the RTI Act every now and then, RTI activist Vijay Kumbhar believes that enlightening young minds on this law will throw up a whole new generation of RTI-informed citizens, making it difficult for the government to muddle around.

(Vinita Deshmukh is the consulting editor of Moneylife, an RTI activist and convener of the Pune Metro Jagruti Abhiyaan. She is the recipient of prestigious awards like the Statesman Award for Rural Reporting which she won twice in 1998 and 2005 and the Chameli Devi Jain award for outstanding media person for her investigation series on Dow Chemicals. She co-authored the book “To The Last Bullet - The Inspiring Story of A Braveheart - Ashok Kamte” with Vinita Kamte. She can be reached at [email protected])



Rajkumar Singh

5 years ago

So much exercise is being done to educate the people about the usefulness of RTI power, but if the common understanding of having a power to have a SAY in the election and selection of the politicians or candidates are not there, any other ACT will be for only self-aggrandisement to play, "DIVIDE and RULE", Comments for and against, Like and Dislike, throughout our troublesome journey of life, where only handful 5% of the 120 crore population will be deformed, corrupted and benefited under the guise of reforming the 104 crore citizens of our country!

RTI Act is in the public interest, but it is becoming a tool for the vested interests only.

We have to plan a strategy which benefits the remaining 95% also without wasting time for any other acts which are going to benefit only 5% of the public!


Economy & Nation Exclusive
What can Coal India do to increase supplies

With banks reluctant to fund power projects, Coal India, which is flush with funds, should form joint ventures with power producers to ensure sales and power supply

After Tuesday’s board meeting of Coal India, chairman Narasing Rao announced that the company plans to import some 18 to 20 million tonnes (MT) of coal during 2012-13 since most of the power producers have agreed to its proposal for sharing the cost of imported coal.
In order to ensure supply of coal to power producers, which have signed the FSAs (fuel supply agreements), such an arrangement would be a relief. Although this cost sharing arrangement will result in a marginal increase in cost of 8 to 10 paise per kilowatt hour (kWh), it will enable the power utilities to generate an additional 32 billion units in the current year which will go up to 44 billion units in the next fiscal.
Under the proposed cost sharing arrangement, all the power producers irrespective of how much imported coal they consume will have to pay the average price. As of now these producers are obtaining domestic coal at much lower prices and the average price now proposed will eat into their profits, though it will guarantee their production will not fall.
However, it remains to be seen what the ultimate decision will be if and when the Coal Regulator is appointed, and whether his decisions will overrule all previous and existing contracts and supplies!

 In the meantime, Coal India has been making some serious attempts to increase its domestic coal supplies. For instance the Gevra project in Chhattisgarh, a wholly-owned subsidiary of South Eastern Coalfields, is India's largest single source of power grade coal and it is also an open cast mine. CIL produces 435 MT annually, out of which 35 MT came from Gevra. The production, however, stopped way back in 1980.
It was not possible to continue the production due to CIL’s inability to overcome the resistance by seven villages which were controlling 1,100 hectares of land, containing an estimated 160 MT of power grade coal.
Now, after a series of negotiations, it has been able to overcome the issues and come to acceptable terms of compensation and rehabilitation of the affected villages. The final acquisition process has just begun and is expected to be completed in the next few months.
When complete, SECL will begin to consolidate the land holdings so as to plan the mining operation which one can foresee is likely sometimes next year.
There is one other area when financially rich companies like Coal India can come to the rescue of power producers. Due to the current market situation and uncertain state of affairs, coupled with poor and deteriorating finances of state electricity boards, banks are showing their hesitancy to lend money for power projects.
Banks are willing to extend financial support for those power units which have guaranteed fuel supply arrangements together with transport logistics, because they consider these are ‘bankable’. Advances to power producers are now getting reduced as compared to last year.
So, in the interest of ensuring sales as well as power supplies, why not organizations like Coal India, which are flushed with funds, come forward to form some sort of joint ventures with these power generators?

(AK Ramdas has worked with the Engineering Export Promotion Council of the ministry of commerce and was associated with various committees of the Council. His international career took him to places like Beirut, Kuwait and Dubai at a time when these were small trading outposts; and later to the US. He can be contacted at [email protected].)


Struggle ahead: Wednesday Closing Report


If today’s low on the Nifty holds we may see the gains continuing, but a correction is due
The market, which was choppy during the entire session on concerns about the slowdown in growth as was highlighted by the economic indicators that were announced today, managed a flat close in the positive. Yesterday we had mentioned that the Nifty may see day of gains after which the market may correct. Today was a fourth day in a row when the index continued to make a higher high and higher low. If today’s low holds we may see the gain continuing or else the index may see a correction. The National Stock Exchange (NSE) saw a lower volume of 54.17 crore shares. 
The market opened flat with a mixed bias amid subdued cues from its Asian peers which were lower in morning trade on the back of poor manufacturing data from China for July. The Nifty opened eight points down at 5,221 and the Sensex resumed trade at 17,244, up eight points over its previous close.
The market was range-bound with the benchmarks hovering on both sides of their previous close. Investors are awaiting signals from the P Chidambaram, who has been re-appointed as finance minister, for further direction.
The benchmarks touched their lows in the first hour on profit booking following three days of gains. At the lows, the Nifty fell to 5,213 and the Sensex dipped to 17,189.
The market continued its sideways movement in subsequent trade. A lower reading of India’s manufacturing output for July also weighed on the investors.
The HSBC India Manufacturing Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI)—a measure of factory production—declined to 52.9 in July, from 55 in June. Although it showed the weakest growth rate since November, the index has remained above the 50 mark—below which it indicates contraction.
This apart, the country’s exports contracted for the second consecutive month in June by 5.45%, year-on-year, to $25 billion on account of growing economic uncertainties in the Western markets. Imports dipped more sharply, by 13.5% to $35.37 billion during the month, compared to $40.8 billion in June 2011, resulting in a narrower trade deficit of $10.3 billion.
Renewed buying interest in select stocks saw the market emerge into the positive in noon trade. The indices hit the day’s high at around 12.45pm with the Nifty touching 5,246 and the Sensex rising to 17,292.
Volatility continued in the second session as the key European indices were mixed on receding hopes of fresh initiatives from the ECB.
The market settled flat in the absence of any domestic triggers with all eyes on the announcement from the US Federal Reserve at the end of its two-day meeting later today. The Nifty settled 12 points up at 5,241 and the Sensex closed trade at 17,257, a rise of 21 points.
The advance-decline ratio on the NSE was tilted in favour of the gainers at 1086:593.
Today was the day of the broader indices as the BSE Mid-cap index climbed 0.95% and the BSE Small-cap index surged 1.12%.
The leaders in the sectoral space were BSE Healthcare (up 1.32%); BSE Capital Goods (up 1.07%); BSE Realty (up 0.88%); BSE Power (up 0.87%) and BSE Fast Moving Consumer Goods (up 0.42%). BSE Metal (down 0.69%); BSE Oil & Gas (down 0.35%); BSE IT (down 0.34%); BSE TECk (down 0.33%) and BSE PSU (down 0.19%) settled at the lower end of the index.
Cipla (up 4.40%); BHEL (up 2.13%); Tata Power (up 1.63%); State Bank of India (up 1.37%) and HDFC (up 1.28%) were the top gainers on the Sensex. The key losers were Coal India (down 2.73%); ONGC (down 1.94%); Hero MotoCorp (down 1.71%); TCS (down 1.05%) and Tata Steel (down 1.03%).
The top two A Group gainers on the BSE were—Century Textiles (up 6.03%) and Rural Electrification Corporation (up 5.77%).
The top two A Group losers on the BSE were—Coal India (down 2.73%) and HPCL (down 2.40%).
The top two B Group gainers on the BSE were—Symphony (up 19.98%) and Sanhghvi Forging and Engineering (up 19.97%).
The top two B Group losers on the BSE were—Golden Securities (down 19.91%) and Zenith Healthcare (down 14.71%).
The top gainers on the Nifty were Cipla (up 4.46%); Kotak Mahindra Bank (up 3.71%); Ambuja Cement (up 3.19%); Jaiprakash Associates (up 3.07%) and Reliance Infrastructure (up 2.49%). The main laggards were Coal India (down 2.59%); ONGC (down 2.32%); Sesa Goa (down 2.13%); Hero MotoCorp (down 1.88%) and TCS (down 1.58%).
Markets in Asia settled mostly lower following a decline in China’s manufacturing output in July. China’s official factory purchasing managers’ index fell to an eight-month low of 50.1 in July from 50.2 in the previous month. Fading optimism on the economic stimulus from the ECB also dampened sentiments.
The Shanghai Composite surged 0.94%; the Hang Seng rose 0.12%; the KLSE Composite added 0.05% and the Straits Times gained 0.48%. On the other hand, the Jakarta Composite declined 0.29%; the Nikkei 225 dropped 0.61%; the Seoul Composite fell 0.11% and the Taiwan Weighted lost 0.03%.
At the time of writing, to of the three the key European indices were in the green and the US stock futures were in the positive.
Back home, foreign institutional investors were net buyers of shares totalling Rs879.97 crore on Tuesday while domestic institutional investors were net sellers of stocks worth Rs493.48 crore. 
After the oil ministry veto, three state-owned oil firms IOC, ONGC and BPCL have decided not to press for acquiring Asian Development Bank’s (ADB) stake in Petronet LNG (PLL), the nation’s largest liquefied natural gas importer. The ADB on 23rd August last year offered to sell its 5.2% stake in PLL, in which GAIL, Indian Oil (IOC), Bharat Petroleum (BPCL) and Oil and Natural Gas Corp (ONGC) hold 12.5% stake each and have a first right of refusal. PLL dipped 0.48% to close at Rs145.70 on the NSE.
Buoyed by the good response to the SBI bond sale last week, another public sector lender—Indian Overseas Bank (IOB)—on Wednesday said it will speed up its $500 million overseas bond issue and will launch the same within a month. The stock gained 1.10% to settle at Rs73.30 on the NSE.
IT services major Tulip Telecom has received a Rs 87.23-crore order from the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) for hosting data centre space. Tulip Telecom would host UIDAI servers from Tulip Data City based out of Bangalore for UIDAI’s unique ID project ‘Aadhaar’. The duration of the project is three years, which will be extended further. The stock tanked 3.64% to close at Rs97.95 on the NSE.


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