With the coming of the NITI Aayog, will it be a Planning Commission by another name or is it indeed a new way of looking at national idea?
On the first day of 2015, the Union Government announced the establishment of NITI Aayog, i.e., National Institution for Transforming India – the revamped version of the erstwhile Planning Commission. With the Prime Minister as the Chairperson, NITI Aayog will have a Governing Council consisting of Chief Ministers of all States and Lt. Governors of Union Territories. There will also be a Vice-President appointed by the Prime Minister.
This is a significant departure from the structure of the Planning Commission, which had the Prime Minister as the ex-officio Chairman and a nominated Deputy Chairman. The Commission reported to the National Development Council consisting of the state chief ministers and Lieutenant Governors of Indian territory.
Establishment of NITI Aayog may be seen a step forward in giving individual States more say in the policy-making process. According to the Press Release issued by government, “The centre-to-state one-way flow of policy, that was the hallmark of the Planning Commission era, is now sought to be replaced by a genuine and continuing partnership of states.” NITI Aayog seeks to serve as a “think-tank” to “to provide a critical directional and strategic input into the development process”, the release read.
Along with the Chairperson, the Governing Council and the Vice-President, NITI Aayog will have a CEO, full-time Members, 2 part-time members from research organisations of leading universities (on a rotational basis) and 4 ex-officio members nominated by the Prime Minister from the Union Council of Ministers.
Moreover, there will be Regional Councils set up on need-basis to address specific issues, comprising of Chief Ministers/Lt. Governors of the concerned regions. These will be formed for a specific tenure. This particular aspect may not really be a change from the structure that existed before, as the Planning Commission also formed separate panels for consultation to address inter-state issues.
Under the Resolution stated in the press release, there seems to be a focus on “cooperative federalism” and a “Bharatiya approach to development.” which involves “the active involvement of States in the light of national objectives”. There is also thrust on rural development, increased use of technology in governance as well as the ulitisation of the “geo-economic and geo-political strength” that we have in form of the huge NRI community.
With respect to the key objectives for NITI Aayog stated in the Press Release, there is an increased emphasis on the monitoring and implementation of the programs and initiatives along with the aforementioned focus on involvement of States in policy development. It also suggests a reduced involvement of the Centre in industry and service sectors, their role being restricted to policy making, regulation, and enabling legislation.
How effective this widening of focus and the shift from a top-down approach is, remains to be seen.
In an operation on the night of 31 December, Coast Guard intercepted a boat from Pakistan 365 km off the coast of Gujarat
The HSBC's Purchasing Managers' Index that measures factory output showed significant growth for the month of December amid slowdowns in most developing economies
The HSBC Purchasing Manager's Index (PMI) came in at 54.5 for the month of December, as compared to 53.3 last month. A figure of above 50 signifies growth in output. December's growth is the highest in 2 years.
Prices for inputs were seen to have slumped as inflation fell and commodity prices cooled considerably.
"With the disinflationary trend gaining ground, the RBI is expected to find space for some rate cuts in 2015,” HSBC's Chief India Economist said according to reports.
The current numbers will give succour to the manufacturing environment as the coming year is hoped to be a year of rapid reforms. The markets and investors have been betting on an uptick in growth in the coming year.
The growth in factory orders was also ascribed to a larger number of foreign orders which is another welcome sign for the sector.