Stocks
Nifty, Sensex headed higher – Weekly closing report
As long as Nifty is above 8,090, bulls will be in control 
 
We had mentioned in last week’s closing report that Nifty, Sensex were looking overbought but as long as Nifty stays above 8,000, bulls would be in control. The major indices in the Indian stock markets closed with small losses in each of the first three days of the week and turned bullish only on Thursday to close with 0.80%-1.00% gains. On Friday, as well, a day after it made substantial gains owing to lessened chances of a US rate hike, the Indian equity markets were trading flat during the early-morning session. By the end of Friday’s trading, the indices closed with gains.
 
The trends of the major indices over the week’s trading are given in the table below:
 
 
Investor-anxiety over the ongoing quarterly results kept the Indian equity markets subdued on Monday. Initially, both the Sensex and Nifty opened in the green on the back of positive overseas markets. However, both indices soon ceded their gains, as investors were spooked regarding the uncertainty over the second quarter results. Notwithstanding the downward trend, hopes of healthy macro data points on industry output and inflation later in the day somewhat arrested the fall.
 
Asian markets closed on a positive note on Monday supported by a rally in the Chinese indices which were up 3%. The Chinese central bank had announced a stimulus package over the weekend. The Chinese government has also indicated its intentions to initiate reforms in the telecommunication sector.
 
On Tuesday, caution over the ongoing results season and weak global cues coupled with reduced chances of a future lending rate cuts dampened investor sentiment and led the major indices in the Indian stock markets to close marginally lower than Monday’s close. The indices had opened lower due to negative import-export data coming out of China. Even the healthy domestic macro data points released on Monday were not able to arrest the slide in Tuesday's trade.
 
The major indices in the Indian stock markets were range-bound in Wednesday’s trading and closed with marginal losses. India's annual wholesale inflation for September firmed up slightly at (-) 4.54% from (-) 4.95% for the previous month, official data released on Wednesday showed. The annual inflation rate, based on the official wholesale price index (WPI), was ruling at 2.38% in September, last year. The slight firmness was attributed to rising prices of onions, pulses, milk, egg, meat and fish, which have continued to hit household budgets. On a month-on-month basis, the annual rate of inflation has been in the negative territory since November last year.
 
On Thursday, the Indian equity markets made gains after three consecutive sessions of losses which came in the wake of disappointing quarterly results and negative sentiments emanating from the Chinese markets. With positive cues from the Asian markets the indices in the Indian stock markets moved into an upward trend on Thursday. 
 
India Ratings and Research report, on Thursday, said that for foreign investors one positive factor is that the rupee is likely to remain steady for the rest of the fiscal helped by strong macroeconomic fundamentals, which will lead to higher capital inflows.
 
Market analysts pointed out that lowered chances of a US rate hike, buoyant global markets and rising rupee value propelled the Indian stock markets higher on Thursday.
 
Caution over the upcoming blue-chip results and disappointing monthly export data coupled with a rise in fuel prices led to indices in the Indian equity markets trading flat upto the mid-afternoon session on Friday. Sentiments improved towards close of trading on Friday with the indices gaining around 0.75% at the end of the day over Thursday’s close.
 
Investor-anxiety over quarterly results was confirmed by data from RBI (Reserve Bank of India). Indian corporates as a whole saw their net profits fall 9.5% in the first quarter of FY15-16, data released by RBI shows. While certainly a poor performance, this is better than the 12.5% fall seen in the previous quarter. “Net profit continued to contract in Q1 2015-16 at the aggregate level due to a contraction in the manufacturing sector. The IT sector showed a very low but positive year-on-year growth in net profit against a contraction in Q4 2014-15,” the RBI release on the financial performance of non-government non-financial companies said. 
 
Sector data available on Friday also showed that the software sector has been doing relatively well. Mutual fund managers continued to maintain bullish stance on software companies as they raised their total allocation in the sector to a fresh all time-high of over Rs43,000 crore in September on depreciation in rupee.  Equity fund managers’ deployment in software stocks stood at Rs31,834 crore in September 2014. Industry experts said that fund managers have been raising their allocation to software stocks since June 2015 due to the declining rupee against the US dollar.
 
Out of the 27 main sectors tracked by Moneylife, top five and the bottom five sectors for this week were:
 

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Second phase of Bihar polls end with 54 percent voting
The second phase of staggered assembly elections in Bihar ended on Friday with about 54 percent of the 8.58 million electorate voting in 32 of the 243 constituencies, officials said.
 
The polling was peaceful as millions defied Maoist threats to troop to more than 8,800 polling centres across six districts to decide the fate of 456 candidates including former chief minister Jitan Ram Manjhi.
 
The main battle for power is between the BJP-led four-party alliance and the Grand Alliance of Chief Minister Nitish Kumar.
 
The Bihar battle, which began on Monday and ends on November 5 and whose outcome will be known on November 8, is the biggest popularity test in the country after the Delhi election in February in which the AAP routed the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP).
 
As many as 23 of the 32 constituencies where ballotting took place were known Maoist hubs. Polling in 11 of them ended at 3 p.m. and in 12 others an hour later to enable officers to leave the area before sunlight fades.
 
Additional Chief Electoral Officer R. Lakshmanan told IANS that the polling was slow initially but picked up later -- a la the first round of voting on Monday.
 
According to him, women again voted in large numbers. 
 
As the day progressed, the queues outside polling booth turned serpentine, reports from various constituencies said.
 
The two main coalitions fighting it out in Bihar are the ruling Janata Dal-United (JD-U) and its allies the RJD and the Congress as well as the BJP and its allies including the LJP, HAM and RLSP.
 
Among the key contestants on Friday were HAM leader and former chief minister Manjhi, Speaker Uday Narayan Choudhary and BJP leader Prem Kumar, one of the contenders for the chief minister's post.
 
Manjhi contested for two constituencies: Makhdumpur in Jehanabad and Imamganj in Gaya.
 
With caste equations coming to the fire, the Grand Alliance banked on OBCs and Muslims and sections of Dalits and EBCs to capture most of the 32 seats. The BJP and its allies are confident of the support of upper castes along with sections of OBCs, EBCs and Dalits.
 
The outlawed Communist Party of India-Maoist had vowed to disrupt the elections. With most of the 8,849 polling booths in rural areas, officials in charge of security had their fingers crossed through the day.
 
Five helicopters, drones and 993 companies of paramilitary forces were deployed.
 
Bihar Police chief P.K. Thakur told the media here that polling was peaceful barring minor clashes between rivals.
 
Officials said voters in over a dozen villages in Aurangabad, Kaimur, Jehanabad and Arwal boycotted the polls against what they said was lack of development in the past five years.
 
According to the Association of Democratic Reforms and the National Election Watch, 142 candidates in the second round faced serious criminal charges including those of murder.
 
The third round of polling will be held on October 28.
 
Disclaimer: Information, facts or opinions expressed in this news article are presented as sourced from IANS and do not reflect views of Moneylife and hence Moneylife is not responsible or liable for the same. As a source and news provider, IANS is responsible for accuracy, completeness, suitability and validity of any information in this article.

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Arunachal to soon produce amber-coloured wine from kiwi fruit
 Reds and whites have been around for ages. Now comes an amber one. Fresh and crisp and high on aroma, Arun Kiwi is a wine that Arunachal Pradesh can truly be proud of as it will soon start producing the drink.
 
Not too long ago, being India's largest producer of the kiwi fruit, the northeastern state found itself in a dilemma as to how to make the best use of it. It was then the idea of making wine out of the fruit dawned on the authorities of the land of the dawn-lit mountains.
 
"Since we had a problem in marketing the hugely abundant produce, we thought of making wine out of it," Egam Basar, head of the state Horticulture Research and Development Institute, told this visiting IANS correspondent.
 
The government then invited Pune-based Hill Crest Food and Beverages to come and check the possibility of kiwi wine.
 
The two sides signed a memorandum of understanding in December 2013 and Arun Kiwi, India's first kiwi wine brand, saw the light of the day in May.
 
The wine is not yet being sold here commercially here but has become a huge hit in Maharashtra, according to Basar.
 
The state government has decided to set up wineries here to and become India's newest wine-producing state.
 
"After Arun Kiwi was launched, the Arunachal Pradesh government decided that wineries should be set up in the state to generate employment and entrepreneurship among youth," said Basar, who is also mission director of the Arunachal Pradesh Horticulture Research and Development Mission.
 
Given that the fruit is delicate and difficult to transport, it makes sense to set up wineries in the state itself. And so, in order to attract investors, the state government has drawn up a wine industry policy after experts went through similar policies of Karnataka and Maharashtra.
 
"The policy envisages a single window clearance for issuing licences and providing electricity and water supply for setting up wineries and also granting tax exemption for 10 years. The policy treats wine as a food processing industry," Basar explained.
 
Apart from various types of kiwis that grow in the wild, the state grows four main varieties - Monty, Hayward, Bruno and Allison. The fruit is mostly grown in the state's West Kameng and Lower Subansiri districts. 
 
With 1,500 metres above sea level being the ideal altitude to grow the kiwi, a hectare of land can produce six to nine tonnes of the fruit annually.
 
"Around 5,000 metric tonnes of the fruit are grown in around 4,000 hectares of land. Since much of this is new land, it will take at least five years for production to reach its full potential," Basar said. 
 
According to him, kiwi is anti-oxidant, is rich in vitamin C and has a lot of minerals. "Kiwi is a perennial fruit and grows throughout the year. Harvesting is done around October-November," Basar said.
 
After having got GI registration for the variety of orange called Mandarin, the state is now set to apply for GI registration of Monty, Hayward, Bruno and Allison kiwis.
 
Disclaimer: Information, facts or opinions expressed in this news article are presented as sourced from IANS and do not reflect views of Moneylife and hence Moneylife is not responsible or liable for the same. As a source and news provider, IANS is responsible for accuracy, completeness, suitability and validity of any information in this article.

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