Citizens' Issues
Net Neutrality Debate - II
The meaningless rules and regulations imposed on newcomers by the government gives more power to the incumbent player. Similarly, established ISPs will gain more power as the restrictions on the sector increase
 
What is the motivation for ISPs to invest in better infrastructure to deliver video content if they cannot charge them differently? What is the incentive for a newcomer into the video streaming business to come up with a better technology that would reduce the bandwidth consumption while giving the same service? None, for he will be charged at the same rate as Netflix. In addition, no wonder Netflix and other established businesses support this so called ‘non-discriminatory’ pricing. As nobody can now threaten their business models. 
 
Net neutrality also prohibits any collaboration between the video streamer and the ISP to innovate a technology to give a better experience for the user.
 
In 2011, MetroPCS, a mobile network company, was accused of violating net neutrality principle as it favoured YouTube over other video streaming sites. The background story is - MetroPCS provides low-cost unlimited data consumption plans for price conscious customers. Since they deliver it via 2G technology --which is not technically broadband -- they would not allow video streaming or VOIP calls (actually this itself violates net-neutrality principle, but the complaint was not against it). Nevertheless, when they approached YouTube and learnt how to compress their videos to deliver over the 2G network efficiently, they added “unlimited YouTube videos” to the data packages they were offering. This bit, though provide better experience for their customers, is criminal under net-neutrality principle. 
 
ISPs can’t discriminate content providers, but what if the content providers discriminate ISPs?
 
ESPN3.com is an online streaming service that broadcasts global sports events. If you go to their website, it will only let you watch their videos, if your ISP is registered with them. This means content providers can have their own revenue models, but ISPs cannot have that freedom. If you are taking the creative element out, why will anybody want to invest in this business? This will stall the internet penetration rate and the ones who do not have access to internet will continue to suffer. India, with only 20% internet penetration, if any, should be giving more freedom to the ISPs. 
 
However, it is astounding how the principle of net neutrality garners so much support, for it can be clearly seen to be failing when applied to networks in the physical world. In a book publishing chain, author writes a book; publisher evaluates and publishes it; and then it reaches your nearest bookshop. If you apply the principle of not discriminating data packets based on the content they are carrying, the government should be forcing the bookshops to price books based on the number of words present in it. After all, the data packets in this scenario are words/alphabet. Sounds foolish, no? Who does that, you may think? Well, the Indian Govt, in 1956 passed a law, which forced newspapers to price their dailies based on the number of pages they are selling. Here is the stated purpose for the law.
 
An Act to provide for the regulation of the prices charged for newspapers in relation to their pages and of matters connected therewith for the purpose of preventing unfair competition among newspapers so that newspapers may have fuller opportunities of freedom of expression.
 
The tone of this should sound familiar to net-neutrality debaters.
 
Under this law, a new entrant in the media business, if he wanted to give a taste of his ideas to the readers by adopting a market strategy to offer a six-month free subscription, he cannot do that. Moreover, the law talks about “freedom of expression”. The entry barrier created by not letting the newcomer use pricing as a strategy to enter the market can only benefit the established businesses. However, the act says it is there to prevent “unfair competition”.
 
Yes, whether it is 1956 or 2015, every government regulation wears the mask of protecting “freedom of expression” and preventing “unfair competition” but does exactly the opposite.
 
People ask, is it not a threat to freedom of speech if ISPs block content as they wish? No, just like it cannot be considered a threat to freedom of speech if your neighbour does not let you speak in his house. Property rights precede freedom of speech. If there is an agreement between you and the ISP that they will not block any content, and if they still do, they would be liable for violating the contract. However, if you ask how do I know if they are blocking any content? Well, there will be a market for this, where third-party rating services will be equipped to certify ISPs on their internal workings, and you can chose ISPs based on that. In addition, ISPs can sell transparency as a feature of their service to attract customers. 
 
There is this allegation that ISPs will block, for instance Google, and offer their own search engines. Like a company-owned showroom, they display only their products and block others’, or do they really? Well, even if they do it, it is their property and it is their prerogative, but they will not do it, it is not profitable. 
 
The last mile ISPs have too much power they say. Like the local kirana store can dent the Colgate and its consumers by not selling its toothpaste, right? If one kirana store does not sell, the other will. If no one wants to sell it, Colgate will open its own store. Like how Google ventured into ISP business with ‘Google Fibre’. What gives more power to the local kirana store is if the govt puts meaningless rules and regulations to give a license for a new comer to open his own store. Similarly, established ISPs will gain more power as the restrictions on the sector increase.
 
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(The author can be reached at twitter.com/ravithinkz)

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COMMENTS

Prakhar Verma

2 years ago

Going against Net-Neutrality will complicate the existing pricing structure and composition of the data packages provided by the ISP's. I wouldn't mind paying more for VOIP services but the whole purpose of internet will be destroyed if I am required to subscribe to two different data packages, for ordinary surfing and another one for various OTT services.

Sudharsan R

2 years ago

Greedy Telecom Players already charge heavy for data (Rs.250) for 1GB data wich is 100 times costlier than unlimited dedicated fibere connections now they want to throttle speed of applications and website to make more money which is 100% against net neutrality hope TRAI does not feed theses greedy telecom players

Shashibhushan Gokhale

2 years ago

The statement: "What is the motivation for ISPs to invest in better infrastructure to deliver video content if they cannot charge them differently?" is misleading and a good example of perverse use of metaphors and analogies.

Isn't higher profits driven by increasing volume of network traffic due to people using video content a lesser motivation?

Money at cost of other is greed. Money for service of others is ambition. Please correct your morals.

REPLY

Sudharsan R

In Reply to Shashibhushan Gokhale 2 years ago

Yes your are 100% Right it is only greed and nothing else. Now that want to violate net neutrality and throttle speed and block each and every application and website.

Vinaysheel Rao

2 years ago

People tend to attach moral connotations to words like equality and neutrality. This has to be challenged. Technology thrives on inequality. Undermining it with nonsense such as this net neutrality BS will take us back to the stone age ...or to an age with slow internet--which is essentially the same thing.

Ashok Khemka transferred for 46th time, this time by the BJP govt!
Dr Khemka continues to be transferred by the Haryana government, whether it is headed by a Congress' Bhupinder Singh Hooda or BJP's Manohar Lal Khattar
 
Ashok Khemka, senior officer from Indian Administrative Services (IAS) cadre, who had blown the lid off from the controversial multi-crore rupee land deals of Congress president Sonia Gandhi's son-in-law Robert Vadra, has been once again transferred by the Haryana government. The Manohar Lal Khattar-led Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) government transferred Dr Khemka to Archaeology and Museums Department from Transport department. This is the 46th transfer in 24 years for Dr Khemka, an upright and honest officer, and this time he was transferred in just 128 days.
 
This is what Dr Khemka has tweeted on Wednesday…
 
 
What is more shocking in the current transfer orders is Dr Khemka is posted at a rank that is normally assigned to an IAS officer, who has 16 years of experience. Dr Khemka is a senior IAS officer with 24 years of experience. 
 
Notably, as Transport Commissioner, Dr Khemka had refused to issue fitness certificates to over-sized trucks and trailers for carrying automobiles leading to a truckers' strike in January.
 
Later, the truckers withdrew their strike after the Haryana government gave them one year’s time to get their vehicles modified as per the Central Motor Vehicle Rules (CMVR), 1989.
 
 
Just last week, Dr Khemka's action in the Vadra-DLF land license deal was vindicated in a report from the Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG). The report, tabled in the State Assembly, blamed Haryana's previous Congress government led by then chief minister Bhupinder Singh Hooda for showing undue favours to Vadra in his land deal with DLF.
 
Dr Khemka tweeted: "My action in VADRA-DLF land-license deal vindicated in CAG report, but continue to suffer the stigma of charge sheet."
 
He also questioned the CAG report saying that several issues (were left) untouched in the CAG report and cycle of corruption involved the triad, business, politics and bureaucracy.
 
  
The upright IAS officer, who had ordered the scrapping of the land deal saying, that it was illegal, was transferred and served a charge sheet for his actions by the Hooda government, which gave Vadra a clean chit.
 
"Real culprits sit in judgment over me. My pain and suffering may help to detox and cleanse the body politic," Dr Khemka tweeted, without naming anyone.
 
With reference to the new Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) government in Haryana, Dr Khemka questioned whether those involved in wrongdoings in land deals and looting public money would face any action.
 
"Black-marketing of licenses and permits to cronies is loot of public wealth. Will action be taken against the black-marketers?" he had asked.
 
 
The 45th transfer of Dr Khemka by the BJP government is quite surprising. Especially, when last year, there were reports that he would be transferred to the Centre on deputation and his file was cleared by the Prime Minister's Office (PMO).
 
“The Union Cabinet secretary has made a recommendation to the Prime Minister's Office (PMO) to transfer the 1991-batch IAS officer, from Haryana to the central government. The PMO has also cleared Ashok Khemka's name and the communication is being sent to the Haryana government,” a July 2014 report from India Today said.
 
As a member of the Haryana cadre, Dr Khemka has been through dozens of departments including fisheries, housing, AIDS control, finance, planning, land administration, rural development, supplies and disposal, social justice and empowerment. He has also served as the managing director of Haryana’s public sector units in warehousing, seeds and electronics.
 
Then, suddenly in October 2012, he became a household name, when heading the land consolidation department, he simply cancelled a sweetheart land deal between DLF, the real estate giant and Skylight Hospitality owned by Robert Vadra, Sonia Gandhi's son-in-law. Dr Khemka had been in this job for less than three months.
 
The Congress government of Bhupinder Hooda reacted in the two ways they always react. One, by shunting Dr Khemka out. And two, by serving him a chargesheet for having caused damage to the reputation of Robert Vadra and that of real estate giant DLF, and for "illegally" cancelling the land deal.
 
Then in March 2014, citizens from the tri-city of Chandigarh, Mohali and Panchkula launched a signature campaign asking Haryana government to stop prosecution of Dr Khemka. 
 
"He (Dr Khemka) is unique because his actions have never been targeted at any political party, but only against corruption. We need more people like him to rebuild India’s steel frame, which is our administrative service. Let us tell Haryana that we, the People will not stand silent while the state persecutes and crushes honest officials," said Anish Aggarwal, who helped a Change.org petition to reach out to common citizens.
 
The online petition, started by Sucheta Dalal, managing editor of Moneylife and founder-trustee of Moneylife Foundation, received support from 26,285 people from India and abroad. (http://www.moneylife.in/events/Signthispetition/)
 
At Moneylife Foundation’s 4th anniversary celebration last year, Dr Khemka spoke about how people remain mute spectators even when they see someone being bashed in public.
 
The Haryana government, in its recent order has posted Dr Khemka as Secretary, Archaeology and Museums Department and Director General, Archaeology and Museums.
 

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COMMENTS

manoharlalsharma

2 years ago

Ashok Khemka transferred for 46th time, this time by the BJP govt!/ Like this personalty should give up his JOB and should join Arvind Kejriwal or become a ACTIVIST and start serving to a conman man and take THOUSANTS of BLESSING rather then fighting with CORRUPT people.

shanti Patel

2 years ago

Shame for BJP. Firt HERO now ZERO. It seems that Congress and BJP are two sides of the same coin.

It reminds me of Mr.Arun Bhatia who was transferred to Archaeology and Museums Department by the then Chief Minister Mr.Sharad Pawar from Municipal Commissioner of Poona. Why because he started taking firm action against 5 star hotels for encroachment.

I think now people of India should stand-up as one and raise voice against such government supported by undesirable peoples.

S.K.PATEL


manoharlalsharma

2 years ago

Ashok Khemka transferred for 46th time, this time by the BJP govt!
this instance is a approval of equality between CONGRESS as well as BJP have no difference.as ANNAJEE tallied at PUBLIC gatherings.

SuchindranathAiyerS

2 years ago

The Neta-Babu-Cop-Milard-Crony Kleptocracy is non partisan. Plundering India is an inclusive and secular project as is breaking the law, if and when you can. Khemka has taken on the Kleptocracy. I predicted this a long time ago. This is India.

Rampant crime makes Lucknow UP's 'crime capital'!
Police have failed to crack many cases and to meet deadlines set by the Chief Minister Akhilesh Yadav to bring the situation under control
 
Even as the Uttar Pradesh government of Chief Minister Akhilesh Yadav claims in big newspaper advertisements that it has brought about rapid improvement in the law and order situation in the state during its rule, 42 murders in three months, 20 major robberies, a bank heist that left three people dead has led to many here calling Lucknow not only the adminstrative capital but the "crime capital" of Uttar Pradesh.
 
While police officials admit that serious policing has been hit hard in the city, Lucknow's Senior Superintendent of Police Yashaswi Yadav insists that the law and order situation has actually improved. Inspector General of Police Zaki Ahmed admits to a spurt in crime in Lucknow, but says "serious efforts are on to check them".
 
Other police officers say that notwithstanding the crime graph, Yashaswi Yadav remains a favourite of Chief Minister Akhilesh Yadav.
 
While poor law and order has been the Achilles' heel for the Samajwadi Party government in the past three years, the sudden spurt in crime in the capital has shocked even the most loyal government supporters.
 
Police have failed to crack many cases and to meet deadlines set by the chief minister to bring the situation under control.
 
A senior police official here told IANS that "serious policing has gone for a toss" in Lucknow and "all that is happening is an eyewash".
 
Insiders in the police department accuse Yashaswi Yadav of browbeating some of his colleagues and breaking the hierarchy.
 
"The result is there for everyone to see," lamented one official.
 
Records show that there have also been 30 attempts to murder, ATMs have been robbed of crores of rupees and 125 thefts have taken place, besides many other crimes.
 
Since Tuesday alone, a headless body was found in a drain near the office of the director general of police, a semi-naked body was recovered elsewhere and a state secretariat employee was shot at.
 
Under similar conditions, senior policemen have been normally shunted out or suspended. But Yashaswi Yadav has come out unscathed.
 
The officer, however, rebuts charges of soaring crime. "Except in the case of murders, crimes under various heads have come down," Yadav told IANS.
 
"Most major cases have been worked out and in the ones that have not yet been, we are in the right direction," he added.
 
"We are on the right track, law and order has improved and the traffic scene in the city is much better than before. As a professional, I take immense satisfaction on all these achievements," Yadav said.
 
The Bharatiya Janata Party and the Bahujan Samaj Party are not impressed by Yadav's defence.
 
"The chief minister is turning a blind eye to the declining standards of policing to patronize his pet officials," said Vijay Bahadur Pathak, the BJP spokesman. 
 
"This is a great disservice to the people of the state," Pathak added.
 
BSP's Swamy Prasad Maurya, leader of the opposition in the state assembly, is scathing in his attack. The situation, he says, is "chaotic and criminals are running berserk" in Lucknow.

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