The students vanished on 26th September after municipal police shot at their buses in the city of Iguala, 200 km south of Mexico City, and then handed the 43 to the Guerreros Unidos drug gang
Mexican police has detained a fugitive former mayor and his wife accused of ordering a deadly police attack that left 43 students missing, raising hopes of a break in a case bedevilling the nation.
Jose Luis Abarca, the former mayor of the southern city of Iguala, and his wife Maria de los Angeles Pineda were captured by federal officers before dawn in Mexico City's populous working-class district of Iztapalapa, authorities said Tuesday.
Officials hope the arrest will yield new clues about the whereabouts of the students in a disappearance that has drawn international condemnation, sparked national protests and shaken President Enrique Pena Nieto's administration.
"I hope that this arrest will contribute in a decisive manner ... To the investigation undertaken by the attorney general's office," said Pena Nieto, who last week met parents angry at the pace of the probe.
The couple was arrested in a small, cement-coloured house with a dusty courtyard, far from their opulent life in Iguala, where Abarca owned jewellery stores and his wife allegedly ran local operations for the Guerreros Unidos drug gang.
"There was no violence in the operation," a national security commission spokesman told AFP on condition of anonymity, adding that the two were being interrogated by federal prosecutors.
A neighbour said the house used to be owned by an elderly couple who died months ago. Others saw a woman go in and out periodically.
"We were very scared when the police descended on the house," a woman living nearby told AFP.
Authorities say the students vanished on 26th September after municipal police shot at their buses in the city of Iguala, 200 km south of Mexico City, and then handed the 43 to the Guerreros Unidos.
Six people died in the night of violence. In one gangland-style killing, a dead student was found with his facial skin peeled off and eyes gouged out.
The teacher, college students remain missing despite a vast search operation by troops, helicopters and boats in the state of Guerrero, where a dozen mass graves containing 38 unidentified bodies have been discovered.
Guerrero's interim governor, Rogelio Ortego, told the Televisa network that the capture could lead to 'substantial leads' in the search.
Manuel Martinez, a spokesman for the families of the missing, told AFP that investigators 'must make him speak' because Abarca 'knows where they are'.
Abarca, his wife, and the city's police chief went on the run two days after the September 26 police attack. The Guerrero state legislature impeached him weeks later.
Increasing numbers of hedge funds are tweeting and establishing websites
A little more than a year after the US Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) allowed private investment funds to advertise, the agency is being asked to strengthen its rules regarding solicitations.
In a letter to SEC Chairwoman Mary Jo White, Sen. Carl Levin, D-Michigan, along with three other lawmakers urged the agency to require private investment funds to file advertising materials with the SEC and that the marketing materials contain risk disclosures. The letter also requested that the SEC require that firms filing exemptions from registering with the SEC to sell their securities be required to file a pertinent form before engaging in any advertising:
For the last year, issuers have been allowed to use highway billboards, internet advertisements, cold calls to senior living centers, and promotional T-shirts to market their securities to investors, with no education for investors and limited disclosure of risks. We are deeply concerned that, for the last year, the Commission has allowed private securities offerings to take place using general solicitation and advertising without adequate investor protections.
The lawmakers noted that mutual funds, which are less risky to investors than hedge funds, are required to submit advertising materials for review.
The SEC lifted the ban on private investment firms under the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act (JOBS), which went into effect September 2013. But many hedge funds were still unable to advertise because they were still barred by the U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission. The CFTC, an independent federal agency responsible for regulating the futures trading industry, lifted those restrictions last month.
RELATED: Making Sense of Hedge Fund Marketing
Although an SEC spokesman said the agency hasn’t seen much advertising since the restrictions were lifted, some hedge funds have started marketing on their own websites and in print through print ads, a New York Times article noted. Topturn Capitol, a $100-million hedge fund, has an ad on its homepage and Balyasny Asset Management ran an ad in Pension & Investments.
Last month the Wall Street Journal reported that Andrew Bowden, director of the SEC’s Office of Compliance Inspections and Examinations, said agency staff had found that some firms were potentially misleading clients on past performances by cherry-picking historical results in their marketing to show only the investment decisions that gave the best returns. SEC regulations require fund advisors to disclose all past investment outcomes.
While there hasn’t been a rush to advertise, a recent study found that hedge funds are certainly moving in that direction and taking to social media. The study, by Peppercomm, a New-York based marketing and communications firm, found that 10 percent of the 292 largest hedge funds that have at least $1 billion in assets are on Twitter, and 23 of those have more than 15,000 followers. In addition, 14 percent of the largest 285 global hedge funds launched websites in 2014. The study predicted that the number of hedge funds on social media would continue to grow:
We expect to see more hedge funds using social media platforms to establish thought leadership, share insights and improve their digital profile
The study found that it was mostly asset management firms and intermediaries that were advertising rather than hedge funds themselves.
A spokesman for Sen. Levin said the SEC has not yet responded to the lawmakers’ letter. But their letter warned the agency, “a wave of fraudulent schemes could hurt confidence in the integrity of our markets … it is vital that prompt action be taken.”
A private foundation funded by the founder of Slim Fast paid tax deductible dollars to a consulting company owned by Ehud Olmert, an Israeli political figure accused of corruption.
An American foundation paid a firm owned by Ehud Olmert, the former Israeli prime minister, $1.25 million for "consulting" services, U.S. tax records show. The money was transferred to Olmert's company in 2012 and 2013, years in which Israeli authorities were prosecuting Olmert for bribery, tax evasion and fraud.
The private foundation is funded by S. Daniel Abraham, the 90-year old billionaire and founder of the company that created the Slim Fast diet products. It sponsors the S. Daniel Abraham Center for Middle East Peace, a Washington-based institute. Under U.S. tax law, Abraham is entitled to take a deduction from his personal returns of the $5 million he gave the foundation over those years.
That means U.S. taxpayers subsidized Abraham's payments to the former prime minister's company.
The foundation's tax returns did not describe the scope and purpose of the consulting, but a spokesman for the center said it had "engaged Olmert to promote its mission of resolving the Arab-Israeli conflict by speaking before influential audiences at distinguished institutions throughout the United States."
It is not clear how many lectures Olmert delivered. The spokesman named 10 institutions and organizations, which would work out to $125,000 per speech.
They were: Stanford University; Columbia University Law School; the 92nd Street Y, The Conference of Presidents of Major American Jewish Organizations and the Council on Foreign Relations (all in New York City); The United States Institute of Peace; The Washington Institute for Near East Policy; The McCain Institute for International Leadership; the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies (all in Washington, D.C.); and the Chicago Council on Global Affairs.
Amir Dan, a spokesman for Olmert, declined to elaborate or say whether the consulting services went beyond the speeches. "Mr. Olmert is a citizen and an owner of a consulting firm. He files the reports on the company businesses to the authorities.''
Olmert became Israel's prime minister in May of 2006 after Ariel Sharon suffered a stroke and was incapacitated. Olmert resigned from office in 2009 to defend himself against a spate of corruption charges arising from both his years as mayor of Jerusalem and his tenure in the Israeli cabinet. He was acquitted of some charges but was sentenced to six years in prison earlier this year after he was found guilty of accepting bribes while mayor.
Prosecutors appealed his conviction and the Israeli Supreme Court ordered Olmert to return to court to face additional corruption charges.
That trial opened at the beginning of September. On Monday the court heard testimony from Shula Zaken, a former aide to Olmert who had not previously cooperated with prosecutors.
Earlier this year, Olmert was interrogated by Israeli police about whether he had arranged for Abraham to pay $50,000 to Zaken for her legal fees. Olmert denied organizing that payment but confirmed he was aware of it, saying, "I knew about it and gave my blessing to it. I am not trying to distance myself from this."
Abraham is best known for introducing the world to Slim Fast diet products almost 40 years ago. Forbes valued his fortune at $2 billion. He is a philanthropist who supports educational programs both in the U.S. and in Israel.
In 1989, Abraham joined with a Utah congressman to create the S. Daniel Abraham Center for Middle East Peace. According to its mission statement, the center "works with leaders, policymakers, and constituencies in the United States and the Middle East to help reach a just and comprehensive peace that will bring an end to the Arab-Israeli conflict."
Olmert and Abraham have known each other for more than 20 years. In 1993, as Olmert was running for mayor of Jerusalem, Abraham contributed tens of thousands of dollars to his campaign. Their connection has repeatedly been at the center of investigations in Israel.
Abraham bought Olmert's house in Jerusalem in 2004, using funds from a British Virgin Islands company. The Israeli State Comptroller wrote a report on that issue, examining why Olmert continued to live in the house and how much he was paying for rent.
In 2005 the Israeli police investigated whether Olmert, then finance minister, tried to steer the sale of a state-controlled bank, Bank Leumi, to a group of investors including Abraham. That inquiry was closed without charges.
In 2008 Abraham was questioned by Israeli police who asked whether he had funneled money to Olmert. He denied doing so.
Now, the publicly available tax returns of Abraham's foundation document the most recent dealings. The documents show that Olmert's firm was paid $700,000 in 2012 and $550,000 in 2013 for "consulting.''
Those sums are a significant percentage of the foundation's annual spending, which stood at $2.2 million during 2013 and $2.8 million the previous year.
Olmert opened his consulting firm soon after stepping as prime minister. Figures published by the Israeli newspaper Haaretz show that over four years, the company's revenue totaled more than 25 million NIS ($6.75 million). Some of that money was paid by Israeli companies, but the bulk came from what Haartez said was unknown sources.
Last April, Olmert traveled to the United States and gave a speech at the New Synagogue of Palm Beach, which was founded by Abraham. A reporter from The Palm Beach Daily News asked about Olmert's legal struggles. "That's all behind him," Abraham said. "We never lost touch."