Technology
Men last just 21 seconds - without touching their smartphones
London: If you are waiting for a friend, a colleague or even a doctor’s appointment, how long do you think it takes before you check your phone? Not more than a minute. And if you are a man, it could be even shorter - just 21 seconds, says a study.
 
In the study, participants left in a waiting room on their own for 10 minutes lasted an average of just 44 seconds before touching their smartphones. 
 
Men could not even manage half of this time, waiting an average of only 21 seconds compared to women at 57 seconds. 
 
The study was conducted by researchers from the University of Wurzburg in Germany and Nottingham Trent University in England on behalf of global cybersecurity firm Kaspersky Lab.
 
To delve deeper into our companionship with digital devices, the participants were asked how long they thought it had been before they reached for their phone in the waiting room. 
 
Most said between two and three minutes, highlighting a significant disconnect between perception and actual behaviour. 
 
"The experiment suggests that people are far more attached to these devices than they realise and it has become second nature to turn to our smartphones when left alone with them. We do not just wait anymore,” Jens Binder from the University of Nottingham Trent said in a press release.
 
"The immediacy of information and interactions delivered through our smart devices make them much more of a digital companion and connection to the outside world than a piece of technology,” Binder noted.
 
During the 10-minute waiting session, participants used their smartphone on average for almost half the time.
 
The study also found that the more we use our phones, the more stressed we become.
 
Additional research conducted by the universities suggests that this compulsion to check our phones could be as a result of fear of missing out (FOMO) on something when not online. 
 
In an accompanying survey, participants that used their phones more intensely admitted to a higher level of FOMO.
 
"The more participants use their phone the more they are afraid they’re missing out when they aren’t accessing it,” Astrid Carolus from the University of Wurzburg pointed out.
 
Disclaimer: Information, facts or opinions expressed in this news article are presented as sourced from IANS and do not reflect views of Moneylife and hence Moneylife is not responsible or liable for the same. As a source and news provider, IANS is responsible for accuracy, completeness, suitability and validity of any information in this article.

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Cabinet clears norms for largest telecom spectrum auction
New Delhi: India's cabinet on Wednesday cleared the base price for the country's largest spectrum auction to date, expected to fetch around $85 billion at the approved reserve price, address the menace of mobile phone call drops and give a push to 4G data communications.
 
The approval was given at a meeting of the cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. But a decision on spectrum usage charges, which has evoked strong opinions from stakeholders, has been deferred and the matter referred again to the telecom watchdog.
 
"This will be the largest auction to date," union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley said in a press briefing later. He said since the recommendations on spectrum usage charges from the Attorney General's office and the Telecom Commission came later, it was felt that the matter be referred to the watchdog once again.
 
There was no word on when specifically the auction will be conducted.
 
"The appetite for India's telecom sector is very big," Communications and IT Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad, who also briefed the media, said when asked if such a large auction will evoke the kind of interest which the government is hoping for.
 
More than 2,300 MHz of airwaves will be on the block for telecom operators in seven bands -- 700 MHz, 800 MHz, 900 MHz, 1,800 MHz, 2,100 MHz, 2,300 MHz and 2,500 MHz. Based on their pan-India reserve price, the mop-up can be as much as $83 billion against $17-billion the last time.
 
The previous round had seen 470.75 MHz on the block.
 
Officials said norms for the latest round of auctions will allow operators to buy spectrum at par with international holding values and end the spectrum shortage. The availability of such a large quantity of spectrum will give a fillip for Digital India, they added.
 
It is learnt from official sources that the reserve prices of various bands, as approved by the cabinet, remain the same as that recommended by the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India.
 
The telecom watchdog had recommended a pan-India reserve price of Rs 2,873 crore for 1,800 MHz, Rs 3,341 crore for 900 MHz, Rs 5,819 crore for 800 MHz, Rs 3,746 crore for 2,100 MHz, Rs 11,485 crore for 700 MHz, and Rs 817 crore each for 2,300 MHz and 2,500 MHz bands.
 
As regards spectrum usage charge, the recommendation of the regulator was 1 per cent of revenues for 2,500 MHz and 3 per cent for all the other bands. 
 
“We are thankful to the government for making available the huge quantum of spectrum. This is the first time so much of new bands are going for auctions. Earlier, it was mostly renewal," Rajan S. Mathews, Director General, Cellular Operators' Association of India, told IANS.
 
"The industry now holds 2,772 MHz of spectrum and with this auction the government will make more spectrum across all bands,” Mathews added.
 
The issue is regarding pricing of 700 MHz, Mathews said, adding that from the price point of view it is unaffordable to almost all the players. 
 
“We don't see much appetite for that band. Bidding in 1,800 MHz, 2,100 MHz, 2,300 MHz will be exciting, but for 2,500 MHz it will be not so exciting. As both 800 and 900 MHz are non-contiguous in nature, hence it is as it is not very exciting.”
 
In the previous round of auctions, conducted in March, as much as Rs 109,874 crore worth of bids were received from the 115 rounds spread over 19 days. In all 470.75 MHz was put to auction against 390 MHz in November 2012 and 426 MHz in February 2014.
 
Disclaimer: Information, facts or opinions expressed in this news article are presented as sourced from IANS and do not reflect views of Moneylife and hence Moneylife is not responsible or liable for the same. As a source and news provider, IANS is responsible for accuracy, completeness, suitability and validity of any information in this article.

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Education loans should be flexible: Rajan
Bengaluru: Outgoing Reserve Bank of India Governor Raghuram Rajan on Wednesday said that education loans should be made flexible to the borrower.
 
"What a number of banks are finding is that some of the education loan borrowers are not paying back, default rate is picking up," said Rajan at an interactive session organised by industry body Assocham.
 
To make the education loan repayment flexible, Rajan said a borrower should make use of the two available moratoria.
 
"You have two moratoria period that you may choose. May be immediately after your graduation or in a year or two. And that gives the flexibility," said Rajan highlighting that some people do not get a job right after they graduate.
 
While the second moratorium was to structure the education loan repayment towards a borrower's ability to pay, like tying the payment to his salary so that some fraction of the salary can go for the loan repayment.
 
However, Rajan also suggested that the penalties must not be extreme, saying if someone takes an education loan for not a big degree, it is better to write off the loan after some years if the borrower is still jobless.
 
Disclaimer: Information, facts or opinions expressed in this news article are presented as sourced from IANS and do not reflect views of Moneylife and hence Moneylife is not responsible or liable for the same. As a source and news provider, IANS is responsible for accuracy, completeness, suitability and validity of any information in this article.

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