Massachusetts Tightens Rules on Restraining, Secluding Students

Under new rules, Massachusetts schools will not be allowed to use certain techniques to restrain or isolate students as frequently and will have to report all restraints and injuries


Schools in Massachusetts will be subject to new limits on physically restraining or isolating public school students under reforms ushered in late last year.
School staff members will no longer be permitted to pin students face-down on the floor in most instances and will need a principal's approval to keep children in a "time out" away from class for more than a half-hour.  The changes -- which will be phased in this fall and officially take effect in January 2016 -- also require state officials to collect comprehensive data on how often schools restrain or seclude students and how often someone is hurt as a result.
Massachusetts' reforms were shaped, in part, by a June story by ProPublica and NPR that showed physical holds and isolation remain common in public schools across the country. Our analysis of federal data revealed these techniques were used more than 267,000 times in the 2012 school year, with some schools employing them dozens – or even hundreds – of times.
There's a growing awareness that, in some cases, children can suffer serious injuries and lasting trauma from such treatment. At least 20 children have died while being held down or left alone in seclusion rooms.
Spurred by tougher state and federal regulations, as well as professional standards, psychiatric and health care institutions have worked diligently over the past decade to limit their use of restraints and seclusion.
But rules governing public schools have remained more scattershot. The U.S. Department of Education issued restrictions, but made them voluntary. State and local authorities passed a patchwork of regulations that left dangerous techniques illegal in some places but perfectly acceptable in others. For instance, some states don't let schools use restraints that can restrict breathing – such as face-down "prone" restraints –on any children. But others do.


Infosys Q3 net rises 13% y-o-y as employees get 100% bonus

The Q3 numbers beat expectations of analysts and Infosys' own guidance for the quarter


Infosys declared its quarterly results for the October-December quarter 2014. The numbers beat estimates and net profit grew 13% for the quarter ended 31 December, on a y-o-y basis, while q-o-q growth was at 4.3%. 
Infosys also maintained its sales growth outlook for the year, while analysts had expected a cut in the earlier expectation of 7%-9% growth in sales.
The Infosys stock reacted positively to the news by closing 5.02% higher on the Bombay Stock Exchange today.
In an effort to deal with the high attrition in the industry and the company specifically, the company had instituted various measures for employees. With the announcement of the current results, Infosys also announced a 100% variable bonus to its employees and reports also said that it had gifted 3000 iPhone 6s to employees.
This has been a good year so far for CEO Vishal Sikka, who had come in last year to take Infosys into a new growth trajectory after it had started falling behind competitors and the marketplace.
Total revenues for Infosys stood at $2.218 billion, up by 2.6%, and total employees stood at 1,69,638, implying an addition of 13,154 employees.


One-third of J&K’s Security Related Expenditure spent on Kashmiri migrants

Since 1989, the central government has spent close to Rs.7000 crore for Security Related Expenditure (SRE) which comprises expenditure for police security as well as relief and rehabilitation of victims and migrants due to millitancy


While the general impression is that the former United Progressive Alliance government ignored the plight and problems of the Kashmiri migrants to Jammu and other parts of the country, Right To Information reveals that the special central government funds allocated/reimbursed to Jammu & Kashmir government for expenditure related to rehabilitation of migrants dominates the Security Related Expenditure (SRE), meant also for police security related expenses.
As per the Home Ministry website, nearly Rs.7,000 crore have been spent since 1989. It states: “Since the inception of SRE scheme in 1989, the Government of India has reiumbersed/released Rs4596.82 crore under SRE (Police) and Rs2376.53 crore under SRE (Relief & Rehabilitation) to Government of J&K upto 20th June, 2014.”
As per the RTI reply received by RTI activist and research scholar Venkatesh Nayak, during the period of April 2013 and October 2014, out of the Rs.600 crore spent, both for police security and rehabilitation of migrants, Rs206.76 crore was spent on Kashmiri migrants. Nayak says, “this is a third of the total SRE spend on both police and R&R taken together. During the first 7 months of the financial year of 2014-15, the amount was Rs109.73 crores. That makes it a little less than 30%. The spending may go up by the end of this financial year.’’ The names of beneficiaries of this scheme have not been pro-actively disclosed disclosed by the Government of J&K under Section 4(1)(b) of the J&K RTI Act, rues Nayak
As against money spent on Kashmiri migrants, around Rs.145 crore were spent on Special Police Officers (SPOs) and Rs76 crore was spent on security work undertaken by police. No money was spent on security in jails, while air-lift rescue operations during J&K floods have not been included in this expenditure.
On the 1st of December 2014, Nayak had asked for the following information under RTI, from the Ministry of Home Affairs, as a non-resident of J&K is not permitted to file RTI application in the state:
A clear photocopy of all communications received till date by your ministry from Jammu & Kashmir in relation to notifications issued by that government under the Section 3 of the Armed Forces Special Powers Act, 1990.
A clear photocopy of all responses sent by your ministry, till date, in relation to all the said notifications
A clear photocopy of all documents, records and papers submitted by the Government of Jammu & Kashmir during the period 1 April 2013 to 30 November 2014 for seeking reimbursement of expenditure incurred under the Security Related Expenditure (Police) implemented by your ministry and;
A clear photocopy of all documents, records and papers submitted by the Government of Jammu & Kashmir during the period 1 April 2013 to 30 November 2014 for seeking reimbursement of expenditure incurred under the Security Related Expenditure (Relief and Rehabilitation) implemented by your ministry
Based on the information, Nayak also culled the following points:
Relief for rehabilitation of widows and orphans costed Rs2.9 crores in 2013-14 and Rs1.14 crores during the first 7 months of the current financial year. I presume these are for the non-migrant Kashmiri families but cannot be sure. RTI activists must demand proactive dislcosure of the names of these beneficiaries as well under the J&K RTI Act
Honorarium paid to SPOs (Special Police Officers) was Rs88.88 crores in 2013-14 and Rs56.85 during the first 7 months of the current financial year. If the trend of spending is maintained, the money paid to SPOs may be more than last year
No money was spent on security work done in jails while the security work done by the police cost Rs55.28 crores in 2013-14 and only Rs21.24 crores in the current financial year. However, Rs13.18 crore were spent on detenues in 2013-14 and only Rs3.35 crore in the current financial year. 
No money was spent from this budget on security and communication equipment or arms and ammunition during the last 19 months. Large sums of money were spent on the carriage of the constabulary and accommodation for security forces
Rs96 crore were spent this year for the State Assembly elections. However this figure could go up as the election expenses incurred in November and December 2014 are not included in the original RTI request
In 2013 Rs4 crore was spent on the construction of a hostel for J&K students at Jamia Millia Islamia University (JMIU) in New Delhi. Sources in JMIU have informed me that the construction work has not been completed yet.
While Nayak appeals to RTI activists of J&K to find out more details for the sake of transparency, he says, “Interestingly, no question was raised in the Lok Sabha since 2009 about the spending on the SRE-Police and SRE-R&R schemes. To the best of my knowledge such queries have not been raised in the Rajya Sabha during the last 2 years either. Even the Interlocutor's Report does not discuss how the SRE funds are being used since 1989, when the SRE scheme was started.”

What is Security Related Expenditure (SRE)?
The Ministry of Home Affairs defines it thus: “In lieu of the serious military insurgency in J & K, the state government has to incur more expenditure for peace and tranquility. It has led to an additional burden and debilitating effect on its revenue/budget. In order to mitigate this problem and with a view to supplement these resources of the J&K government, a separate Security Related Expenditure (SRE) was introduced to reimburse expenditure on police and relief and rehabilitation.’’ This was implemented in 1989

What kind of expenditure is reimbursed by the central government?

• Under this scheme, the expenditure related to carriage of constabulary; material and supplies; rent and accommodation hired for Security Forcess; honorarium to SPOs; raising of IR battalions, construction of alternate accommodations, air-lift charges, security works by police departments and expenditure on detenues are admissible.


• Under this scheme, the monthly cash relief to Kashmiri migrants, ex-gratia payment and pension to widows of the civilians killed in military related violence, scholarship to orphans affected by militancy, the expenditure towards PM’s package of return and rehabilitation of Kashmiri migrants are reimbursed to J&K government


• Since the inception of SRE scheme in 1989, the Government of India has reiumbersed/released Rs.4596.82 crore under SRE (Police) and Rs.2376.53 crore under SRE (Relief & Rehabilitation) to Government of J&K upto 20th June, 2014







2 years ago

Training and arming the Migrants into a militia would be less expensive and more effective. In India real security is provided only to VIPs. So, it would be worth while training and arming the entire country to take on terrorists including Police and VIPs.

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