Mismatch in valuations and clash of interest among stakeholders have resulted in some big-ticket mergers and acquisitions (M&A) deals going sour in India, amounting to nearly $17 billion.
Deals worth nearly $17 billion have got cancelled include the $14.5 billion Reliance-LyondellBasell deal, the $2 billion Reliance-Value Creation transaction, the $12 million PVR-DT Cinemas deal and the $130 million Wockhardt-Abbott Laboratories deal.
Last year also two large deals—Bharti-MTN and Sterlite-Asarco—managed to reach critical stages of negotiation but got cancelled.
“Big-ticket M&As involve a lot of variables and many things need to come together for the deal to go through. Mismatch in valuations and clash of interests of various stakeholders are some of the reasons for recent failed deals,” VCCEdge research director Rohit Madan told PTI.
Echoing a similar opinion, SMC Capital’s Equity Head Jagannadham Thunuguntla said, “The large M&A deals running into billions of dollars often come with a whole host of uncertainties. The uncertainties can range from regulatory related, valuation related, management related or deal structure related issues.”
Besides, experts believe, M&A deals also get affected by extreme movements in the equity markets.
Moreover, the valuations which were low a few months back have risen on the back of overall strengthening economic scenario and bullishness in the stock markets.
However, according to PricewaterhouseCoopers executive director (Transactions Group) Sanjeev Krishan, “RIL & Sterlite apart, this trend also shows maturity on part of Indian companies, to be able to reject deals which they believe may not be fairly priced or from which they could not derive significant incremental value.”
Mr Thunuguntla further added that investors have to carefully assess future M&A deals on merits of each case, before making their investment decisions in those companies.
The Indian M&A deal tally would have been double its size if the Bharti-MTN deal had happened last year, or for that matter Sterlite’s bid for Arasco or Reliance’s bid for LyondellBasell had succeeded.
The US today sought greater engagement with India on the economic front, saying that their ability to cooperate was critical to creating a more stable global financial system, balanced economic growth and an open trading system, reports PTI.
“We face many challenges in common, such as how to extend financial services more broadly to people outside the traditional banking system, how to finance our very substantial public infrastructure needs and effectively leverage private money,” visiting US treasury secretary Timothy Geithner said here at a joint press conference with finance minister Pranab Mukherjee.
Prime minister Manmohan Singh recently pegged India’s infrastructure funding needs at
$1 trillion between 2012-17.
The US has separately been demanding greater access to the Indian financial services market, including insurance—which could be used to fund infrastructure. At present, foreign direct investment in the insurance sector is capped at 26%.
Mr Geithner said, “Our ability to cooperate on economic financial issues will be critically important to the success of global efforts to create conditions for a more stable global financial system, a more open global trading system.”
He also said that president Barack Obama remains committed to strengthening the relationship with India, which according to him was “an indispensable partner in securing the future prosperity and security of the world.”
The meeting comes in the backdrop of continuous growth recorded by the US economy in the last three quarters and a strong recovery in India.
Mr Geithner said that both India and the US face the challenge of making sure that gains from economic growth in both the countries are broadly shared. “The critical test, of course, of economic growth and economic policy is to make our economies work better.”
The two countries discussed issues on the macro-economic front, with emphasis on managing capital flows and fiscal policy measures.
“The discussion held today focused on global development with a special emphasis on US and Indian economies including monetary and fiscal policies, financial sector regulations and managing capital flow, infrastructure finance and Public Private Partnerships (PPP),” Mr Mukherjee said.
He further said that the two countries discussed three broad areas—micro-economic policies, financial sector and infrastructure finance, with a commitment to hold an annual meeting.
“The partnership envisions annual Cabinet level meetings at the finance minister and US treasury secretary level. This will be supplemented by sub-Cabinet level meetings and meeting of the working groups,” the minister said.
“I am confident that the partnership provides us an important platform for cooperation on economic issues thus contributing to strengthening and deepening of bilateral relations,” Mr Mukherjee said.
The income-tax (I-T) department will recommend de-freezing of about 100 demat accounts after it found the claims of a few individuals in the frozen accounts to be genuine.
The department has been probing more than 6,300 frozen demat accounts, which had
Rs6,700 crore of unclaimed stocks.
Some claims on these accounts have been found to be genuine by the I-T department. They will be recommended for de-freezing to the two depositories—National Securities Depository Ltd (NSDL) and Central Securities Depository Services Ltd (CDSL)—which froze them in January 2007, after legal formalities, official sources said.
Sources said the number of such accounts could be 100 and the exact amount of money in these accounts is being ascertained.
A number of such accounts were lying idle since 2007 but the I-T department had of late received claims by individuals of these accounts, they said.
During its probe, the I-T department had found monetary links of these frozen demat accounts to various other bank accounts and investment avenues like share markets.
The department is checking the veracity of the account holders as it suspects certain 'benami' accounts also in this lot.
The department is investigating 6,385 frozen demat accounts, which had balances in excess of Rs10 lakh as on December 2008.
Demat accounts are required for trading in stock exchanges. The I-T department earlier had asked its chief commissioners of income-tax (CCITs) to serve notices to all the account holders and report unclaimed accounts so that such accounts can be seized.
The respective I-T commissioners are now preparing 'detailed reports' on the transactions of these accounts. The I-T authorities, with the help of the unique permanent account numbers (PANs), had also tracked down a number of shareholders of these accounts.
In certain cases, it was found that the account holder had died and some had changed addresses without informing the assessing officers of the department.
The probe earlier had found thousands of investors receiving money in the form of allotment of shares in IPOs.
These accounts were frozen by NSDL and CSDL, on 1 January 2007, after investors failed to comply with the government’s directive to furnish details of their PAN while transacting in the financial markets.
After the 2006 IPO scam, stock market regulator Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) had made it mandatory for depository participants, and later investors, to quote PANs for operating demat accounts.