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Looking back at India in year 2012

For India, 2012 was a rough ride year in which bad things became worst and good ones continue to face decline

New Delhi: 2012 was a rough ride year for the country, which had to negotiate the choppy waters of domestic politics, face a situation of mass exodus from North East and face one of the worst power cut situations in its history, reports PTI.
Leading on from the year 2011, corruption continued to be a focus issue in 2012 too. The Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) of India sparked off a major row by questioning manner of government's allocation of coal blocks to private parties that resulted in a loss of revenue.
Parliament witnessed disruptions with Opposition attacking the Government on key policy issues like foreign direct investment (FDI) in retail. The Trinamool Congress withdrew support to the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) over the reforms in the FDI.
The Cabinet itself faced a reshuffle twice this year, the first when Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee became the President of the country in July with the then Home Minister P Chidambaram being given the finance portfolio.
Samajwadi Party retained power in Uttar Pradesh so also Narendra Modi was elected to power for the third consecutive term in Gujarat while the Congress Party won in Manipur and Uttrakhand and retained power in Himachal Pradesh.
Riots sparked off in Assam between ethnic Bodos and migrant minorities leading to a backlash in other states of the country. 
Booker prize-winning author Salman Rushdie was forced to withdraw from the Jaipur Literature Festival. Nearly four years after the Mumbai terror attack. Ajmal Kasab, the sole surviving Pakistani gunman of the 26/11 attacks was hanged to death.
Two Italian marines allegedly shot dead two Indian fishermen off Kerala's coast in February. The arrest of two girls over their Facebook post triggered an outrage in the country. The northern electricity grid fails leading to one of the worst blackouts faced by the country. The fag end of the year was dominated by outrage over the gangrape and death of a 23-year-old student in Delhi. 
Following is the diary of events during 2012:
Jan 1: Kolkata: Hardening its stand on the Lokpal Bill, UPA ally Trinamool Congress rules out any compromise on the Lokayukta provision and said the government should have faced voting in the Rajya Sabha.
Jan 2: New Delhi: Former Telecom Minister A Raja alleges in a court here that CBI has put pressure on his former aide Aseervatham Achary, a key 2G spectrum case witness, to depose falsely against him as the agency failed to find anything to "link" him with other accused in the case 
Jan 2: Beijing/New Delhi: An Indian diplomat based in Shanghai was ill-treated and had to be hospitalised, prompting India to lodge a protest with the Chinese authorities.
Jan 2: Srinagar: A young man is killed on the spot and two others were injured when CISF personnel opened fire to disperse protesters agitated over power shortage in Boniyar area of Baramulla district in the Kashmir Valley.
Jan 4: Jodhpur: Bishna Ram Bishnoi, an accused in Bhanwari Devi murder case, is arrested by police in Maharashtra and handed over to CBI which will produce him before a special court here in the next two days.
Jan 4: New Delhi/Lucknow: Sacked UP minister Babu Singh Kushwaha comes under the lens of CBI which searched over 60 locations including his posh Lucknow residence to probe alleged bungling in utilising Rs 10,000 crore central funds allocated to the state under the National Rural Health Mission, a day after he joined BJP.
Jan 6: New Delhi: In an unpleasant development, China has denied visa to a senior IAF officer hailing from Arunachal Pradesh, who was to be part of the team scheduled to travel to Beijing from January 10.
Jan 6: New Delhi: In the biggest ever disclosure of black money stashed abroad, a Delhi-based businessman has admitted undisclosed income of Rs 73 crore to the Income Tax department and also gave details of secret lockers held in banks in Switzerland, Singapore and the US.
Jan 8: Jaipur: Fulfilling a long-standing demand, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh announces a novel pension and life insurance scheme for overseas Indian workers that is expected to benefit over 5 million workers, especially those in the Gulf.
Jan 8: New Delhi: Political parties take exception to Election Commission's order to cover statues of Chief Minister Mayawati and elephants - BSP's poll symbol - in poll-bound UP, saying it will give rise to several complications.
Jan 9: New Delhi: The Supreme Court grants interim bail to former Union Minister Sukh Ram, who surrendered before a trial court on Saturday to serve his three year sentence in the 1993 telecom scam case.
Jan 9: New Delhi/Lucknow: Holding prima facie his promise of nine% sub quota for backward Muslims as a "serious violation" of Model Code of Conduct, the Election Commission slaps show-cause notice on Law Minister Salman Khurshid. 
Jan 11: Port Blair/New Delhi: A controversy erupts over a video footage showing semi-naked Jarawa tribal women in Andaman and Nicobar Islands allegedly being ordered to dance before tourists prompting the Centre to seek a report from the Union Territory administration.
Jan 11: Sahibganj/Guwahati: Five persons killed and nine others injured in a collision between the Delhi-bound Brahmaputra Mail and a stationary goods train, about 25 km from Sahibganj in Jharkhand.
Jan 13: New Delhi: In a surprise move, the Congress disowns controversial statements of Union Minister Salman Khurshid and party General Secretary Digvijay Singh on minority reservation and Batla House encounter.
Jan 13: New Delhi: Google, Facebook and 19 other social networking sites faces legal action for offences of promoting enmity between classes after the government granted sanction to prosecute them.
Jan 14: New Delhi: The stir by a section of Air India pilots which led to cancellation of 52 flights is called off after the state-owned airline assures them that their pending salary and allowances will be cleared in phases before March.
Jan 14: New Delhi: Yoga guru Ramdev becomes the target of an attack by a man who threw black ink on his face at a press conference he was addressing on his plans to campaign against black money in the coming assembly elections.
Jan 16: New Delhi: Army Chief Gen V K Singh takes unprecedented step of dragging the government to the Supreme Court before which he challenges its decision over his date of birth that will mean that he retires in May next.
Jan 17: New Delhi: In a major confidence building measure, India and China sign an agreement for setting up a mechanism to avert any untoward incident on border with Prime Minister Manmohan Singh saying good cooperation between the two countries will bring "great changes" in the world.
Jan 17: New Delhi/Mumbai: In a setback to India, Portugal's Supreme Court upholds an order which cancels extradition of underworld don Abu Salem for violation of deportation rules by slapping new charges which attracts death penalty.
Jan 19: New Delhi: Suresh Kalmadi walks out of Tihar Jail after being lodged there for nearly nine months with the Delhi High Court granting bail to him in a 2010 Games-related graft case.
Jan 20: Jaipur: The banned Satanic Verses cast its shadow at the Jaipur Literature Festival with its controversial author Salman Rushdie citing death threats pulling out of the event where some outraged authors read out portions of the book.
Jan 23: Jaipur: The row over Salman Rushdie deepens with five complaints being filed against the four authors who read out passages from his banned "Satanic Verses" at the Literature Festival and its organisers. 
Jan 24: Jaipur: The much-anticipated video address by controversial writer Salman Rushdie is cancelled at the last moment because of fears of violence as Muslim organisations stage protests.
Jan 25: New Delhi/Bangalore: Government has barred former ISRO chief G Madhavan Nair and three eminent space scientists from any re-employment for their alleged role in the controversial allocation of scarce S-band space segment to private firm Devas.
Jan 26: Angul (Odisha): Violence erupts at Jindal Steel and Power Limited's (JSPL) proposed steel plant site at Nisa, about 15 km from here, as land oustees clashed with the company's security guards which left 164 people injured, 14 of them seriously.
Jan 28: Imphal/New Delhi: An estimated 82% of electorate exercised their franchise in Manipur assembly elections which was marred by militant violence that claimed seven lives, including that of an ultra.
New Delhi: French company Dassault Rafale today bags India's biggest-ever contract for supplying 126 combat aircraft for the air force, edging out European competitor EADS in the multi-billion dollar deal.
February 1: New Delhi: The father of a teenaged girl, who got a battered two-year-old admitted in AIIMS, and two others were arrested here on charges of abandoning her and forcing her into prostitution even as police stepped up efforts to trace a youth with whom the girl was staying.
Feb 7: Bangalore: In a huge embarrassment to BJP government in Karnataka, two ministers were allegedly caught on TV camera watching porn on mobile phone during assembly proceedings in the first such ugly incident in the state's legislative history.
Feb 10 New Delhi: Army Chief Gen V K Singh loses his legal battle on the age row in the Supreme Court which says the government decision on his date of birth will apply for his service matters, forcing him to withdraw his petition.
Feb 12: New Delhi: In an unprecedented action, the Election Commission seeks the "immediate and decisive" intervention of President Pratibha Patil after it charged Law Minister Salman Khurshid with "improper and unlawful" defiance of its orders under which he was censured for promising sub- quota for minorities.
Feb 12: Lucknow: Nearly 59% of 1.92 crore voters exercise their franchise for 59 seats spread over nine districts in the by-and-large peaceful second phase of the fiercely-fought Uttar Pradesh assembly election.
Feb 14: New Delhi: In a coordinated terror attack, an Israeli embassy car explodes when a magnetic bomb stuck to it went off in a high security area here critically injuring a woman diplomat hours after a car bomb was defused near its mission in Georgian capital Tbilisi. 
Feb 14: Bhubaneshwar: At least five passengers are injured when 10 bogies of an express train travelling from Durg in Chhattisgarh to Puri in Orissa derails at Lakhna, 200km from here according to railway officials.
Feb 16 Lucknow: A turnout of around 57% is recorded for 56 seats in an incident-free third phase of UP Assembly election which saw polling in Amethi and Rae Bareli areas, the pocket boroughs of Nehru-Gandhi family.
Hamirpur (UP)/New Delhi: In a U-turn, Samajwadi Party supremo Mulayam Singh Yadav rules out giving support to Congress in government formation in Uttar Pradesh, hours after he spoke about this possibility if there are signs of BJP coming to power.
Feb 17: New Delhi/Kochi: A diplomatic row between India and Italy flares up with the Italian Ambassador being summoned and a strong protest lodged over the killing of two fishermen by security guards of an Italian merchant ship off the Kerala coast.
Feb 18: Kochi/New Delhi: The authorities of the Italian oiltanker agree to hand over two of the marines onboard the vessel who allegedly shot dead two Indian fishermen on February 15 off Kollam coast.
Feb 18: Rajkot: Six people are killed and 12 others injured in a stampede that broke out at Bhavnath temple's annual Mahashivratri fair in the foothills of Mount Girnar in Gujarat's Junagadh district.
Feb 20: Kollam (Ker): Two Italian naval guards charged with the killing of two Indian fishermen off Kerala coast are remanded in three-day police custody by a Magistrate who rejected their contention that they cannot be prosecuted under Indian law.
Feb 23: New Delhi: In a huge embarrassment to the Government, the Supreme Court comes down heavily on the State and the Delhi police for the midnight crackdown on Ramdev and his followers here last year and seeks criminal prosecution as well as disciplinary action against erring police personnel.
Feb 23: Lucknow: Over 59% turnout is recorded in the fifth phase of Uttar Pradesh assembly elections for 49 seats spread over 13 districts, including strongholds of Mulayam Singh Yadav family and former Chief Minister Kalyan Singh.
Feb 25: Jaipur: NCW Chairperson Mamta Sharma sparks a controversy by saying the word "sexy" should not be taken in a negative connotation, drawing criticism from BJP and women's organisations which termed her remark as "shocking" and "demoralising" for women.
Feb 28: New Delhi: A nationwide 24-hour strike called by 11 major trade unions evokes a mixed response disrupting public sector banking operations and transport services in some states but normal life remained largely unaffected. 
Feb 29: New Delhi: Vehemently opposing decriminalisation of gay sex, various social and religious organisation contends before the Supreme Court that allowing such acts would lead to "horrendous" situation.
Mar 3: Lucknow/Panaji: A highest ever voter turnout marks the staggered Assembly elections in five states with Uttar Pradesh and Goa joining Punjab and Uttarakhand in breaking all previous records.
Mar 5: New Delhi: Eleven years after a sting operation was done to expose alleged corruption in a defence deal, a special CBI court orders trial of former Samata Party chief Jaya Jaitly and two others charged with taking bribe and criminal conspiracy to influence a fictitious deal.
Mar 5: New Delhi: Mulayam Singh Yadav's Samajwadi Party sweeps to power jolting Congress party and the BJP in UP Assembly polls. The Akali-BJP combine retained power in Punjab, Congress lost Goa to BJP but retained Manipur while it was a close call in Uttarakhand where Congress emerged as the single largest party with 32 seats, one seat ahead of ruling BJP's 31 in the 70-member House.
Mar 8: Hisar (Haryana): The agitating Jats, demanding job quota for them, serves an ultimatum asking Haryana government to unconditionally release all those who had been taken into custody during the movement and threatened to intensify their stir if the demand was not met.
Mar 9: Dehradun: Decks cleared for the formation of a Cong-led government in Uttarakhand with the Governor saying that the party has the numbers after it parades three independent MLAs and the lone UKD legislator in its support before her.
Mar 10: Lucknow: Akhilesh Yadav, who scripted spectacular success in the Uttar Pradesh assembly elections with an image makeover for Samajwadi Party, will be the new and youngest Chief Minister of the state, representing a generational shift in its politics.
Mar 10: New Delhi: Magsaysay award-winner 'Waterman' Rajendra Singh and two others quit the Prime Minister Manmohan Singh-chaired National Ganga River Basin Authority (NGRBA), protesting the government's "negligence" of the river.
Mar 12: New Delhi: Congress MP Vijay Bahuguna, son of late leader Hemvati Nandan Bahuguna, will be the next Chief Minister of Uttarakhand, the AICC announced ending days of suspense over the claimant to the top job in the hill state.
Mar 12: New Delhi: The Centre tells the Supreme Court that it is probing into the allegations that former Chief Justice of India K G Balakrishnan and his relatives had amassed disproportionate assets during his tenure as judge and submitted a probe status report to it in a sealed envelope.
Mar 13: Dehradun/New Delhi: Congress MP Vijay Bahuguna is sworn in as Chief Minister of Uttarakhand although the Congress faced a revolt by another MP Harish Rawat, who is said to have offered to resign from the Union government. 
Mar 15: Lucknow: Akhilesh Yadav, whose campaign helped steered the Samajwadi Party gain an absolute majority in the elections, is sworn in as the youngest Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh but a surprise inclusion in his Cabinet was the controversial MLA Raja Bhaiya.
Mar 17: New Delhi: In India two months after being forced to skip Jaipur Literary Festival, controversial author Salman Rushdie hits out at Congress, suggesting that his presence there was blocked because of "useless electoral calculations" and tells Rahul Gandhi that "it did not work".
Mar 17: New Delhi/Kolkata: Dinesh Trivedi resigns as Railway Minister ending his defiance and bringing to a close five-day drama after he incurred the wrath of Trinamool Congress for hiking passenger fares in the Railway Budget.
Mar 21: Gandhinagar: After Karnataka, BJP is hit by another porngate scandal in the Assembly where two ruling party MLAs in Gujarat allegedly watched obscene pictures of women prompting the Speaker to order a probe and also target the media.
Mar 22: New Delhi: Comptroller and Auditor General of India Vinod Rai expresses deep anguish over leakage of an audit report on coal block allocation and seeks from Prime Minister a probe into the source of the leak.
Mar 24: New Delhi: Seeking to mollify Sri Lanka after the vote against it in UNHCR, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh writes to President Mahinda Rajapaksa, telling him that India made all efforts and succeeded in introducing an "element of balance" in the US-sponsored resolution.
Mar 25: New Delhi: Raking up a new issue, Anna Hazare demands that FIRs be registered against 14 "corrupt" Cabinet ministers of the UPA by August failing which a 'jail bharo' agitation will be launched even as he pushed back the deadline for a strong Lokpal law to 2014.
Mar 25: Bhubaneswar: Maoists free one of the two Italians, tourist Claudio Colangelo, held hostage by them for 11 days in Kandhamal district, as a "goodwill gesture" while his compatriot was still held captive by the rebels.
Mar 28: New Delhi: The hanging of Babbar Khalsa terrorist Balwant Singh Rajoana, assassin of former Punjab Chief Minister Beant Singh, is stayed by the Centre following a mercy petition by top sikh religious body SGPC to President Pratibha Patil.
Mar 28: New Delhi: Top naxal leader Kobad Ghandy, accused of trying to set up a base for his banned outfit CPI (Maoist) here, is absolved of stringent charges under the anti-terror law by a Delhi court, which put him on trial for alleged offences of impersonation, cheating and forgery.
Mar 28: New Delhi: Jamphel Yeshi, the Tibetan activist who set himself ablaze during a protest against Chinese President Hu Jintao's India visit, dies at a hospital here.
Mar 29: Dehra Dun: The Congress-led government in Uttarakhand, which had struggled to cobble up a majority after the recent elections, comfortably won a trust vote in the Assembly with 39 MLAs voting in its favour.
Mar 30: New Delhi: The Election Commission countermands the Rajya Sabha polls in Jharkhand in the wake of allegations of horse trading and seizure of over Rs 2 crore in cash, saying the election process there "has been seriously vitiated.
Mar 30: Patiala: Punjab minister Jagir Kaur is sent to jail after she was convicted and sentenced to 5 years imprisonment by a CBI court for conspiring in forcible abortion and abduction in connection with the killing of her daughter Harpreet Kaur 12 years ago.
Mar 31: Hyderabad: The CBI files a charge sheet against Kadapa MP and YSR Congress chief Y S Jagan Mohan Reddy and 12 others in an alleged disproportionate assets case, accusing him of getting investments of several crores from firms into his own business as part of quid-pro-quo when his father was the chief minister.
Mar 31: New Delhi: Days after his explosive media interviews, Army chief Gen V K Singh names retired Lt Gen Tejinder Singh in his complaint to the CBI as the person who offered him a Rs 14 crore bribe to clear a tranche of nearly 600 "sub-standard" trucks.
Apr 3: New Delhi: The US announces a $10 million bounty on Pakistan-based Jamaat-ud-Dawa(JUD) chief Hafiz Saeed, a decision welcomed by India, which hopes that this will prod Islamabad into taking action against the mastermind of 26/11 Mumbai terror attack.
Apr 6: Bhubaneswar: In a grim turn to the three-week old hostage crisis, Maoists issue a fresh ultimatum threatening to execute the abducted Italian if their demands are not met within 96 hours. 
Apr 7: Shimla/Chennai: Swine flu claims its first victim in Himachal Pradesh today with a 55-year-old woman succumbing to the fever while 29 persons tested positive for the disease in Tamil Nadu.
Apr 9: Bhubaneswar: Struggling to end the twin hostage crisis, Odisha government "advises" the two Maoist groups to move bail pleas for quick release of detenus sought for but faced the threat of its police force boycotting anti-Naxal operations over release of any hardcore ultras.
New Delhi: In an extraordinary step, the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Defence decides to call the three service chiefs to give an account of the state of preparedness of the forces against the backdrop of Army Chief Gen VK Singh speaking of shortages and deficienciencies.
Apr 11: New Delhi/Ghaziabad: Murdered school girl Aarushi Talwar's mother Nupur faces arrest after a special court issued a non-bailable warrant against her following which CBI carried out searches at her Delhi home.
Ajmer: 80-year-old ailing Pakistani scientist Mohammed Khalil Chisti steps out of Ajmer jail after 14 months of incarceration in a murder case and expressed the hope that Sarabjit Singh and other prisoners languishing in each other's country will be freed.
Apr 12: New Delhi: In a measure that will give relief to couples having inter-religion wedlocks, the Government approves a proposal to enable registration of religion-neutral marriages to meet the demands of minorities.
Apr 13: New Delhi: In a strong reaction to detention of Bollywood star Shahrukh Khan at a New York airport, India summons a top American diplomat after External Affairs Minister SM Krishna said "detention and apology" have become a habit with the US, which cannot continue.
Apr 13: Attari/Wagah Border: Extending airport-like facilities for cross-border passengers and cargo movement, India says it has approved a liberal visa regime for people of Pakistan, as New Delhi seeks peace and harmony with Islamabad with the help of trade free of all barriers 
Apr 14: Kolkata: University professor Ambikesh Mohapatra, who is out on bail after being arrested for posting a cartoon on the internet showing Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee in poor light, says he fears for his life.
Apr 15: New Delhi: Delhiites turn out in large numbers for the Municipal Corporation polls, the first for the trifurcated civic body, with an estimated 55 to 58% exercising their franchise in a peaceful exercise.
Apr 19: Dhamara (Odisha): India makes a giant stride when it test-fires nuclear-capable Agni-V Inter- Continental Ballistic Missile that has brought China within its reach with a strike range of over 5000 km.
Apr 21: New Delhi: Home Minister P Chidambaram speaks to Chhattisgarh Chief Minister Raman Singh and assures him of all help from the Centre following abduction of Sukma district collector Alex Pal Menon by Naxals. 
Apr 22: Raipur: Maoists demand release of eight of their jailed leaders in Chattisgarh and a halt to "Operation Green Hunt" in exchange for freedom of Sukma collector Alex Paul Menon, who is safe after his abduction and they have also set an 25th April deadline.
Apr 22: New Delhi: Embroiled in a CD controversy, Congress leader Abhishek Singhvi resigns as Chairman of a Parliamentary Committee and party spokesperson in a damage control exercise ahead of the resumption of the budget session.
Apr 23: New Delhi: Two NRI children, who were kept in foster care by authorities in Norway for nearly a year, arrive here to a warm welcome after a protracted legal battle and diplomatic pressure by India.
Apr 26: New Delhi: Prime Minister Manmohan Singh hails the successful launch of PSLV carrying RISAT-1 and congratulates the scientists associated with the project.
Apr 26: New Delhi: Cricket icon Sachin Tendulkar and actress of yesteryear Rekha are among four eminent persons who have been recommended for nomination as members of Rajya Sabha.
Apr 28: New Delhi: Eleven years after having been caught in a sting operation, former BJP President Bangaru Laxman is awarded four years rigorous imprisonment by a Delhi court for taking Rs one lakh as bribe in a fictitious defence deal case.
Apr 30: Ghaziabad: Nupur Talwar, an accused in the 2008 double murder of her daughter Aarushi and a domestic help, is jailed after a district court rejects her interim bail plea in which she said a mother can't kill her own child.
Apr 30: New Delhi: Former BJP president Bangaru Laxman, convicted by a Delhi court in a bribery case, resigns from the party's national executive committee.
May 2: New Delhi: In a conditional relief for Italy after its ship was seized after two of its marines were accused of killing two fishermen, the Supreme Court allows the vessel to leave Indian shores along with crew members and remaining marines.
May 3: Raipur: After 12 days in captivity, Sukma Collector Alex Paul Menon is released unharmed by Maoists bringing to an end the hostage crisis in Chattisgarh marked by some anxious moments just before he stepped out of the rebel stronghold.
May 3: Dhubri (Assam): Rescuers find bodies of 13 victims of deadly ferry disaster here pushing the toll to 122 while Bangladesh assures Indian authorities of assistance in recovery and repatriation of bodies that may have been washed downstream.
May 6: Jaipur/New Delhi: The feud in Rajasthan BJP intensifies with 56 MLAs loyal to sulking leader Vasundhara Raje offering to resign but the party played down the crisis and tried to placate her. 
May 6: Rohtak (Har): At least 27 passengers including seven women were injured when eight coaches of the Delhi-bound Ferozpur-Mumbai train derails in Haryana's Rohtak district.
May 6: New Delhi: India has developed missile defence shield which can be put in place at short notice to protect at least two cities, bringing the country on par with an elite group of few nations.
May 7: New Delhi: The Supreme Court grants bail and suspends the life sentence of CPI (Maoist) activist Narayan Sanyal who was held guilty of committing sedition along with civil rights activists Binayak Sen by a court in Chhattisgarh in 2010.
May 7: New Delhi:India and Bangladesh agree to conclude an extradition treaty at the earliest and vowed not to allow each other's territories to be used by domestic or foreign militants and insurgents' outfits.
May 7: New Delhi:In a significant judgement, the Supreme Court directs the government to eliminate Haj subsidy within 10 years, saying that this amount can be used for social and educational development of Muslims.
May 8: New Delhi/Mumbai: Cracking the whip, Air India sacks 10 agitating pilots and derecognised their union after about 200 pilots failed to report for duty resulting in cancellation of at least 13 international flights.
May 10: New Delhi/Mumbai: Crisis-hit Air India moves the Supreme Court against striking pilots as it stops flight bookings for the US, Canada and Europe till 15th May and sacked nine more pilots on day three of their agitation.
May 10: Lucknow: Senior IAS officer Pradeep Shukla is arrested by CBI for alleged bungling in upgradation of 89 district hospitals under National Rural Health Mission programme causing a loss of nearly Rs22.5 crore to the exchequer.
May 11: New Delhi: A cartoon on B R Ambedkar, one of the pivot figures in the making of the Constitution, in NCERT text books sparks a pandemonium in Parliament, forcing HRD Minister Kapil Sibal to apologise and declare that the "objectionable" caricatures were being withdrawn.
May 12: Pune/New Delhi: The Pune campus office of Prof Suhas Palshikar, who resigned as NCERT adviser in the wake of the huge row over a cartoon of BR Ambedkar in school text books, is attacked today by a group of persons.
May 14: New Delhi: Pakistani microbiologist Khalil Chisti reaches New Delhi from Ajmer as he set out on his journey back home for a temporary period, after spending almost two decades in India.
May 15: New Delhi: A Raja, the main accused in the Rs30,000 crore 2G scam who had desisted from applying for bail for over fifteen months, today walked out of Tihar jail after a Delhi court granted him freedom brushing aside CBI's apprehensions that he will tamper with evidence. 
May 16: New Delhi: India welcomes the US move to designate underworld don Dawood Ibrahim's two top aides Chhota Shakeel and Tiger Memon as key drug traffickers, saying it was a reaffirmation of India's stand and asked "those countries" "harbouring" them to bring them to justice.
May 20: Mumbai: Yet another controversy strikes IPL when two of its players were believed to have been among the 100 detained in a rave party in a hotel in Juhu.
May 20: New Delhi/Mumbai: Air India sacks 30 more striking pilots as the agitation by over 200 pilots enters the 14th day with no signs of a resolution to end the impasse.
May 23: New Delhi: American woman Zohal Hamid decides to withdraw molestation case against Australian cricketer Luke Pomersbach after both the parties reached an out of court settlement.
May 24: New Delhi: Ruling out a return to the pre-1953 position, Centre's interlocutors --Dileep Padgaonkar, Radha Kumar and M M Ansari-- recommend setting up of a Constitutional Committee to review all Acts and Articles of the Constitution of India extended to Jammu and Kashmir and upholding of Article 370.
May 24: Ghaziabad: Dentist couple Rajesh and Nupur Talwar are charged with murder of their teenaged daughter Aarushi and their domestice help, Hemraj, by a local court which said trial in the four-year-old case will commence on Jun 4.
May 27: Hyderabad: YSR Congress chief Jaganmohan Reddy, who made a stunning rise in politics, is arrested by the CBI in a disproportionate assets case, that can well be a turning point in Andhra Pradesh which is soon to witness bypolls to 18 Assembly and one Lok Sabha seats.
May 29: New Delhi: Fresh differences appear in Team Anna with Justice Santosh Hegde distancing himself from corruption allegations against Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and other ministers even as the group seeks to play down Anna Hazare's reservations on the issue.
May 31: Ara (Bihar): The chief of Ranvir Sena, the dreaded private militia of 'upper caste' landowners, is shot dead by unidentified gunmen while he was on a morning walk triggering violence during which the Bihar DGP was roughed up.
Jun 2: Chandigarh: Frustrated over the slow pace of the legal proceedings, the family of Ruchika Girhotra, who committed suicide 19 years back after being molested by former Haryana DGP SPS Rathore, have not contested CBI dropping torture charges against the cop.
Jun 4: Noida: Team Anna seeks to bury differences with Ramdev after cracks appeared in their combine by inviting the yoga guru for their July protest and offering to participate in his August agitation.
Jun 5: Kannauj/New Delhi: Dimple Yadav, wife of Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Akhilesh Yadav, files her nomination for the Lok Sabha by-election from Kannauj where Congress decided not to enter the fray, reflecting the growing bonhomie between the two parties ahead of Presidential poll. 
Jun 6: Delhi: India indicates its unease over the US move to shift bulk of its naval fleet to the Asia Pacific region to counter China by making it clear that it favours a multilateral security architecture in the area.
Jun 6: New Delhi: The stink over renovation of two toilets in the Planning Commission at a huge cost raged across political spectrum but its Deputy Chairman Montek Singh Ahluwalia sought to fend criticism saying the expenditure was on blocks of toilets meant for all.
Jun 7: New Delhi: The CBI and IT department carry out searches at the premises of a Swiss defence firm here and Naval war room leak case accused Abhishek Verma in connection with allegedly taking money from the company in lieu of stalling its blacklisting by government.
Jun 7: New Delhi: In a double blow to dentist Nupur Talwar, the Supreme Court dismisses her review petition challenging summons issued by a Special CBI Court in the Aarushi murder case and warned her of "exemplary costs" for any frivolous litigation.
Jun 8: New Delhi: Arms dealer Abhishek Verma and his newly-wed Romanian wife are arrested by CBI for allegedly receiving money from a Swiss arms company to delist them from the companies blacklisted by Indian government.
Jun 9: New Delhi: Internet activists hold protests in several cities against what they claimed as 'growing censorship of internet by the government' in the country.
Jun 13: Shimla: In a major crackdown, eight Chinese nationals have been arrested on charges of overstaying from a fortified monastery in Mandi district and Rs30 lakh, $3,000 and SIM cards have been seized from the 
Jun 20: Bangalore/New Delhi: Pascal Mazurier, the French official in Bangalore who is accused of raping his 3-year-old daughter, faces arrest after the Centre and France made it clear that he does not enjoy any diplomatic immunity and that police can take action against him.
Jun 21: New Delhi: Government has banned the use of serodiagnostic test kits for diagnosis of Tuberculosis in the country, following inaccurate results which could pose a health risk.
Jun 21: Mumbai: A devastating fire in the Maharashtra government secretariat, including offices of the Chief Minister and the Deputy Chief Minister, leaves two persons dead and 16 injured and destroyed large number of files, raising questions on whether any sabotage was the cause.
Jun 22: Kolkata: In a jolt to Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee, the Calcutta High Court struck down as constitutionally invalid a state legislation passed at her initiative providing for 400 acres of land to unwilling farmers who had to give up their holding for the Tata Nano car project in Singur over four years back. 
Jun 24: Dhamra (Odisha): Launching green toilets very close to country's missile test-firing facility, Rural Development Minister Jairam Ramesh says there is no use blasting Agni missiles if the sanitation problem is not solved.
Jun 24: New Delhi: A 43-month international hunt for a key handler of terrorists who struck Mumbai has ended with the arrest of Abul Jundal alias Syed Zabiuddin who was detained in Saudi Arabia and sent here four days ago.
Jun 26: New Delhi: The arrested key handler of Pakistani terrorists who struck Mumbai in 2008 has told investigators ISI operatives were part of the conspiracy and present in the LeT control room in Karachi from where the masterminds choreographed the carnage.
Jun 27: New Delhi: India requests Pakistan to release death row prisoner Sarabjit Singh after Islamabad in a midnight twist said it had taken steps for the release of another Indian prisoner named Surjeet Singh who has been jailed for three decades.
Jun 28: New Delhi: Prime Minister Manmohan Singh announces an ex-gratia of Rs one lakh to the kin of each of those killed in the Assam floods and directed the Defence Ministry to provide army assistance in rescue and relief.
Jun 28: Attari (Amritsar): Freed after spending 31 years in a Pakistani jail on charges of being a spy, Surjeet Singh crosses over the Wagah border to an emotional welcome by family and friends.
Jun 29: Raipur/New Delhi: In a major crackdown by CRPF, at least 20 Naxalites including a woman were killed in a fierce overnight gunfight in the dense jungles of Dantewada in Chhattisgarh that also left six jawans wounded.
Jun 30: Karimganj (Assam): Congress MLA Rumi Nath and her second husband Jaki Jakir, whom she married without divorcing her first husband, were beaten up and injured by a mob at Karimganj town in Assam.
Jul 2: New Delhi: Opposition candidate PA Sangma seeks to put a spanner in UPA nominee Pranab Mukherjee's Presidential bid by claiming violation under Office of Profit rules, prompting postponement of scrutiny of nominations even though the government rejected the charge.
Jul 4: New Delhi: Focus was on terrorism, especially revelations by recently-arrested LeT operative Abu Jundal on Pakistan's involvement in Mumbai terror attacks, and Jammu and Kashmir on the first day of talks between the Foreign Secretaries of India and Pakistan.
Jul 4: Mumbai: Former Maharashtra Chief Minister Ashok Chavan is among 13 people chargesheeted by CBI in the Adarsh scam with the Congress leader being accused of granting some approvals to the upscale Housing society here as a quid pro quo for allotment of two flats for his kin. 
Jul 5: Jammu/Mumbai: The missing Pakistani-origin Bollywood starlet Laila Khan is murdered along with her family members in Maharashtra last year, according to the main accused in her kidnapping case, a claim contested by her father.
Jul 7: New Delhi: Jagadish Shettar is set to be the new Chief Minister of Karnataka with the BJP succumbing to BS Yeddyurappa's demands for replacing Sadananda Gowda, marking the second change of leadership in the state in 11 months.
Jul 11: New Delhi/Kolkata: In more acrimony ahead of Presidential poll, opposition nominee PA Sangma levels new allegations that Pranab Mukherjee is still holding two more offices of profit, drawing protest from the UPA candidate's camp which terms the charges as "incorrect".
Jul 11: New Delhi: Functioning of courts across the country is paralysed as the lawyers strike work to protest against a bill, which seeks to regulate legal education and profession.
Jul 12: Mumbai: Wrestler-turned-actor Dara Singh, who wowed audiences with his brawn and on screen histrionics for over five decades, dies here losing his five-day fight for life.
Jul 14: New Delhi: Incumbent Hamid Ansari is named UPA's candidate for the Vice Presidential poll in which he is set to get a second consecutive term even though ruling coalition ally Trinamool Congress remained non-committal on support.
Jul 18: Mumbai: Bollywood's original superstar Rajesh Khanna, who charmed his way into the hearts of millions of swooning women in the 1960s and 70s, died here at the age of 69. He was ailing since April.
Jul 20: New Delhi: NCP decides to pull out of the UPA government and support it from outside in protest against the way the party was treated by Congress, creating fresh trouble for the ruling coalition.
Jul 21: New Delhi: Violence-hit Maruti Suzuki declares an indefinite lockout at its Manesar plant but firmly ruled out the possibility of shifting operations to Gujarat.
Jul 22: New Delhi: Pranab Mukherjee is elected the next President trouncing P A Sangma by a huge margin to embark on a new journey capping over four decades of active political innings.
Jul 22: New Delhi/Manesar: Four days after violence at Maruti Suzuki's Manesar plant claimed the life of senior executive, Haryana government announces the appointment of eminent criminal lawyer KTS Tulsi as special prosecutor for the case.
Jul 24: Kokrajhar: Ethnic violence escalates in more areas of western Assam with 11 fresh casualties in clashes and police firing, forcing the Centre to rush 1,500 more paramilitary personnel to control the unrest that has claimed 32 lives so far. 
Jul 25: New Delhi: Taking strong note of some states failing to implement its directions to conserve the big cat, the Supreme Court orders that tourism be banned in core areas of tiger reserves across the country till further directions.
Jul 26: Lucknow: A marble statue of Mayawati in Gomti Nagar area here are vandalised, triggering tension in UP.
Jul 27: New Delhi: Ramdev brings in crowds briefly to Team Anna's indefinite fast, which has so far failed to evoke much response, but differed with it on the issue of attacking new President Pranab Mukherjee.
Jul 28: Kokrajhar: The toll in the clashes between minority migrants and Bodo tribals rises to 53 in Assam as Prime Minister Manmohan Singh visited worst-hit Kokrajhar district.
Jul 29: Terming the largescale ethnic riots in Assam as a "blot on the nation", Prime Minister Manmohan Singh says a sense of security should be instilled among people in all affected areas and announced a Rs 300- crore relief package for violence-hit survivors.
Jul 29: New Delhi: Anna Hazare joins his three close aides in their indefinite fast while his team attacked yoga guru Ramdev for sharing dais with Gujarat Chief Minister Narendra Modi, describing the BJP leader as a "murderer of humanity".
Jul 29: Balasore (Odisha): In a bid to enhance indigenous missile manufacturing capabilities, India successfully test- fires the 290-km range BrahMos supersonic cruise missile from the integrated test range at Chandipur off Odisha coast.
Jul 30: New Delhi: North India suffers its worst ever power failure in 10 years, paralysing normal life in eight states, including the national capital, for over 15 hours.
Jul 30: Mehsana (Guj): Twenty-one people are sentenced to life by a special court after they are held guilty of attempt to murder and arson in a post-Godhra riots case in which a frenzied mob killed 11 members of a single family including four children and five women.
Jul 31: New Delhi: In the worst ever power crisis, over half of the country's population in 21 states go without electricity for several hours today as three major transmission grids failed, bringing northern, eastern and north-eastern regions to a grinding halt.
Aug 4: New Delhi: Abstaining along with 30 other countries in the voting on adoption of a Saudi-drafted resolution on Syria in the UN General Assembly, India says decision was taken after it felt that the issue was marked by "great polarization" at the global organisation.
Aug 5: New Delhi/Gurgaon: Haryana Minister Gopal Kanda resigns hours after he was booked for abetment to suicide by Delhi Police after a former woman employee of his now defunct airline MDLR allegedly took her life accusing him of harassing her. 
Aug 5: Guwahati: Fresh violence between immigrant minorities and Bodos erupted after a 10-day lull in lower Assam's Chirang and Kokrajhar districts claiming five lives to push the death toll to 61 as indefinite curfew is reclapmed in Chirang.
Aug 6: Mohali (Punjab): Anuradha Bali alias Fiza, the estranged second wife of former Haryana Deputy Chief Minister Chandermohan, is found dead in her house in mysterious circumstances, with her body in a highly decomposed state.
Aug 6: New Delhi: In a decision that took his colleagues by surprise, Anna Hazare disbands his team and appeared to be speaking in mixed tones on the political course taken by the anti-corruption movement.
Aug 7: New Delhi: UPA candidate Hamid Ansari is re- elected as the Vice President, becoming the second person to get the second consecutive term as he defeated NDA nominee Jaswant Singh by a large margin of 252 votes.
Aug 7: New Delhi: Syed Nasim Ahmad Zaidi, who retired only a week ago as Civil Aviation Secretary, is appointed as an Election Commissioner.
Aug 12: Mumbai: Key 26/11 attack handler Syed Zabiuddin Ansari alias Abu Jundal makes a confessional statement before a magistrate here in which he is understood to have given a deep insight into Pakistan-based Lashker-e- Taiba terror group's role in the 2008 Mumbai strikes.
Aug 13: Chennai: Vilasrao Deshmukh, Union minister and Congress stalwart from Maharashtra, dies in a city hospital here after plans for a liver transplant came unstuck following the demise of the donor.
Aug 15: New Delhi: Making the first formal announcement on the country's Mars mission, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh says India will send a mission to the Red Planet that will mark a huge step in the area of science and technology.
Aug 17: Bangalore/New Delhi: With no let-up in the exodus of people from the northeast in Bangalore, Police cracks the whip arresting six people on charges that included sending "false" SMSes while Centre banned for 15 days bulk text messages and MMSes across the country.
Aug 17: New Delhi: Already reeling under various scams, government faces a fresh fusillade from the CAG which has estimated financial benefit of over Rs 3.06 lakh crore to private parties in coal blocks allotment without bidding, Delhi airport development and diversion of coal to a power project.
Aug 19: New Delhi: Government is learnt to have ordered blocking of 80 more Internet pages and user-accounts on social networking sites including Facebook, Google and Twitter to avoid panic among people of northeastern region living across India. 
Aug 24: new Delhi: Finance Minister P Chidambaram gets a huge relief from the Supreme Court which clears him of all charges in the 2G spectrum allocation scam, giving a quietus to attempts by Janata Party President Subramanian Swamy to make him an accused in the case.
Aug 24: Mumbai: Gangster-turned-politician Arun Gawli is convicted along with 11 others by the MCOCA court for their involvement in the murder of Shiv Sena corporator Kamlakar Jamsandekar over four years back.
Aug 26: Mumbai: "Itna sannata kyun hai bhai"?, the iconic dialogue of AK Hangal in 'Sholay' is recalled on the death of the veteran actor as the film fraternity and political leaders hail him as the "marathon man" of Hindi Cinema.
Aug 29: New Delhi: The Supreme Court upholds the death sentence of 26/11 Mumbai terror attack convict Mohammed Ajmal Amir Kasab, saying that waging war against the country is the primary and foremost offence committed by the Pakistani terrorist.
Aug 29: Ahmedabad: Ten years after over 90 people from the minority community were killed in 2002 Naroda Patiya riots here, a special court convicts 32 people, including BJP MLA and former minister Maya Kodnani and Bajrang Dal leader Babu Bajrangi, on charges of murder and conspiracy.
Aug 30: New Delhi: Babbar Khalsa International's terrorist Jagtar Singh Hawara pleads guilty in a Delhi court along with four others of their alleged roles in the 2005 twin blasts at Satyam and Liberty cinema halls.
Sept 1: Bangalore/Mumbai: Intensifying the crackdown on the "terror module" busted in Karnataka, police have arrested five more suspects in Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh, as a probe showed that a nuclear installation and several defence establishments were targeted for attack.
Sept 2: Mumbai/New Delhi: China's Defence Minister Gen Liang Guanglie commences a five-day visit to India during which he is expected to allay New Delhi's concerns over Chinese military infrastructure build-up along the border and discuss the revival of joint exercises halted four years back.
Sept 3: Mumbai/New Delhi: MNS chief Raj Thackeray comes under all round fire for threatening to throw out Biharis from Maharashtra even as a case was filed against him in Nalanda for his hate speech.
Sept 3: New Delhi: CBI carries out raids in 30 locations across the country after filing cases against five companies for alleged criminal conspiracy to get coal blocks by fudging their net worth figures and misrepresentation of facts and named Congress MP Vijay Darda in one of the FIRs.
Sept 7: New Delhi: Former Goa Chief Minister Digambar Kamat is indicted by a judicial commission for allowing illegal mining to continue unabated in the state resulting in amassing of wealth by certain individuals and companies at the cost of environment. 
Sept 8: New Delhi: Prime Minister Manmohan Singh did some plain speaking before the country's top police brass in telling that capacity of the police to tackle inter-community relations has weakened and grass root intelligence collection system had "languished in some places." 
Sept 9: New Delhi: Vice President M Hamid Ansari and Prime Minister Manmohan Singh condoled the death of Verghese Kurien, the founder of Gujarat Cooperative Milk Marketing Federation.
Sept 12: Mumbai: Cartoonist Aseem Trivedi, facing the charge of sedition among others, walked out of jail a day after the Bombay High Court ordered his release on bail and vowed to intensify his campaign for scrapping of the sedition law.
Sept 13: Jammu: Top militant Mehrajuddin Wani, suspected to be involved in the 13-year-old Kandahar hijack case and having close links with underworld don Dawood Ibrahim, has been arrested in Kishtwar district by the Jammu and Kashmir police which said he was a "big catch".
Sept 15: Bellary/New Delhi: Spelling more trouble for BJP MLA G Janardhan Reddy, the CBI registers five new cases in illegal iron ore exports worth Rs 2,500 crore and carried out searches at 17 locations including on the premises of associates of the jailed mining baron.
Sept 16: Kudankulam (TN): Around 250 people are arrested in Tuticorin after being stopped from heading towards anti- nuclear agitators here who, in a fresh form of protest against loading of fuel in Kudankuklam plant, buried themselves upto waist in beach sand.
Sept 18: Kolkata: Trinamool Congress deals a severe blow to the UPA by deciding to withdraw its ministers from the Union government and its support but left open the doors for a possible rapprochement in the next three days.
Sept 18: Kolkata: Trinamool Congress, the second biggest constituent of the UPA, deals a major blow to the Manmohan Singh government when it decided to withdraw its support on the issue of petroleum price hike, FDI in retail and corruption.
Sept 18: New Delhi: The divide within the JPC on 2G spectrum scam deepens with BJP members walking out of its meeting and threatening to quit, alleging bias by its Chairman P C Chacko who charged the Opposition party with trying to "kill" the panel for political interests.
Sept 19: New Delhi: The meeting of the Cauvery River Authority fails to produce a solution with both Karnataka and Tamil Nadu rejecting Prime Minister Manmohan Singh's award of 9000 cusecs of water to save standing crops in the delta region. 
Sept 20: New Delhi: Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa holds meetings with the top Indian leadership during which they discussed key bilateral issues, including fishermen, even as India pressed for an expeditious inclusive solution to the ethnic issue and rehabilitation of displaced Tamils.
Sept 21: New Delhi: Trinamool Congress formally withdraws support to the UPA government and its six Ministers quit in protest against FDI in retail.
Sept 22: Mumbai: Ranbir Kapoor starrer 'Barfi!', a love story of a deaf and mute boy set in the fairy-tale world of 1970s Darjeeling, is nominated as Indian's entry to the Oscars next year in the foreign film category.
Sept 22: New Delhi: A young lawyer shouted slogans against Prime Minister Manmohan Singh over corruption as he got up to make a speech at a conference here.
Sept 23: Bangalore: In a security breach, a woman posing as a senior scientist entered the Indian Space Research organisation with a fake ID card and was in the premises for four hours before being arrested by the police.
Sept 25: Mumbai: The coalition government in Maharashtra faces a crisis with Deputy Chief Minister Ajit Pawar of NCP resigning in the wake of allegations of a massive irrigation scam as 20 more of his party ministers offered to quit in a bid to mount pressure on Congress.
Sept 26: Siwan/New Delhi: Seven persons are killed and over 30 injured when a train rams into an engineering college bus at a manned level crossing in Bihar's Siwan district sparking protests by students who tried to torch the train.
Sept 27: New Delhi: In a relief to government, the Supreme Court holds that auction is not the only method for allocating natural resources to private companies and made it clear that its 2G verdict was confined to spectrum and not to other resources.
Sept 28: New Delhi: Brajesh Mishra, the country's first National Security Adviser who played a key role in foreign policy matters and pushed for deeper engagement with the US, dies here following heart ailment.
Sept 29: New Delhi: Justice Altamas Kabir, who has delivered several landmark judgements, including those on human rights, takes over as the new Chief Justice of India.
Sept 30: Hyderabad: Violent clashes breaks out between pro-Telangana supporters and the police in several parts of the tension-ridden city with the activists torching police vehicles, pelting stones and damaging rail and private property.
Oct 1: New Delhi: Days after quitting UPA over FDI and some other decisions, Trinamool Congress chief Mamata Banerjee says her party planned to bring a no-confidence motion against it in the next session of Parliament and sought support of other political parties in this regard. 
Oct 2: New Delhi: After splitting with Anna Hazare, Arvind Kejriwal launches his political party without giving out its name, promising to change the system and not just faces in Parliament.
Oct 4: New Delhi: Government unleashes a second wave of reforms deciding to open the pension sector to foreign investment and raising the FDI cap in insurance to 49 percent, undeterred by opposition to its decisions on FDI in retail and threats to block these legislations.
Oct 5: New Delhi: An allegation by civil society activists Arvind Kejriwal and Prashant Bhushan that Congress president Sonia Gandhi's son-in-law Robert Vadra had been hugely favoured by realty major DLF today triggered a political storm with the Congress dubbing it as "baseless and utterly irresponsible" while BJP demanded a probe.
Oct 6: New Delhi: Former Haryana minister Gopal Goyal Kanda and his aide Aruna Chaddah unleashes "a series of wilful and malicious acts of mental torture, threat, blackmail and stress" on former air hostess Geetika Sharma which led to her suicide, Delhi Police says in its charge sheet filed in a court here.
Oct 7: Chandigarh: Amid outrage over a string of rape cases in Haryana, Khap panchyats in the state have come out with a bizarre suggestion that the marriageable age limit should be done away with claiming it will check such crimes while the ruling Congress saw a "conspiracy" in the incidents.
Oct 7: Panaji: Enhancing lethality of its fire power, the Navy successfully test-fires a highly-manoeuvrable version of the 290-km range BrahMos supersonic cruise missile from a warship off the Goa coast.
Oct 9: Jind (Haryana): Visiting a village in Haryana to console a Dalit rape victim's family, Congress President Sonia Gandhi pitches for stringent punishment to the perpetrators even as she rejected a Khap Panchayat's demand to reduce marriagable age of girls to 16.
Oct 9: New Delhi: In an alarming trend, girl child numbers in India have shown a sharper decline than the male children in the decade beginning 2001, leading to a skewed child sex ratio.
Oct 10: Chandigarh/Katihal(Har): As Haryana witnessed another rape--the 15th in a month, Former Chief Minister Om Parkash Chautala backs the idea of Khap panchayats to marry off girls early to curb such crimes, citing a Mughal era practice.
Oct 11: New Delhi: The much anticipated meeting of the Cauvery Monitoring Committee decides that Tamil Nadu should get 8.85 tmc of water over the next fortnight, but Karnataka maintains that it would not accept it.
Oct 12: Lucknow/Gonda: Uttar Pradesh Minister Vinod Kumar Singh resigns following allegation of abducting Gonda Chief Medical Officer, who made a dramatic appearance at his office soon after. 
Oct 23: Dehradun/Berhampore: The Congress suffered a setback in the Lok Sabha by-elections when it lost the Tehri seat in Uttarakhand and barely managed to scrape through in Jangipur in West Bengal, which was held by Pranab Mukherjee, by a narrow margin.
Oct 18: Mumbai: After back-to-back press conferences accusing several top politicians of being behind scams, Arvind Kejriwal was at the receiving end with his former aide and lawyer-activist Y P Singh accusing him of suppressing the "Lavasa scandal" allegedly involving Sharad Pawar and his close relatives.
Oct 19: Srinagar: Militants opened fire on an Army convoy and at a prominent hotel on the outskirts of Srinagar killing a bellboy and injuring two others in the first terror attack in this city since May when Kashmir Valley is witnessing a surge in tourism.
Oct 19: New Delhi: Facing allegations against its top members, India Against Corruption today announced a probe by its 'internal Lokpal' of three retired judges to investigate charges against Prashant Bhushan, Anjali Damania and Mayank Gandhi.
Oct 20: New Delhi: CBI registered a case under anti-graft law against Lt Gen (retd) Tejinder Singh for allegedly offering Rs14 crore bribe to the then army chief VK Singh for clearing 1676 "substandard" Tatra BEML trucks and carried out searches at seven places.
Oct 20: New Delhi: After operating for nine years, Kingfisher Airlines lost its license to fly with aviation regulator DGCA suspending it with immediate effect, capping three weeks of lockout in the beleaguered carrier.
Oct 20: Jaipur: The UPA government rolled out the direct cash transfer system under Aadhaar scheme to eliminate fraud and corruption with Prime Minister Manmohan Singh saying government will use technology to bring transparency.
Oct 21: Mumbai:Iconic film maker Yash Chopra, who was known as Hindi cinema's "king of romance" and also made some memorable action films like "Deewar", died following dengue infection and multiple organ failure.
Oct 23: New Delhi: The mercy plea of Ajmal Amir Kasab, the lone surviving terrorist of the 26/11 Mumbai attack, has been rejected by the government which has sent its recommendation to the President.
Oct 23: Thiruvananthapuram: An Air India woman pilot, who sounded a hijack alert at the airport after some protesting passengers allegedly tried to force their way into the cockpit, in her police complaint claimed she was threatened with dire consequence.
Oct 23: Chandigarh: Popular satirist and filmmaker Jaspal Bhatti, the man behind hit comedy shows like 'Ulta Pulta' and 'Flop Show', died in a road accident in the wee hours after his car rammed into a tree. 
Oct 26: New Delhi: The countdown for a substantial reshuffle of the Union Council of Ministers began with resignation of External Affairs Minister SM Krishna and reported offers by Ambika Soni and Mukul Wasnik to quit the government in favour of party work.
Oct 27: New Delhi: Zee News has sent a Rs150 crore defamation notice to Congress MP and industrialist Naveen Jindal, who too had filed a Rs200 crore case against the media conglomerate claiming the TV channel tried to extort money from his company.
Oct 28: New Delhi: Salman Khurshid was named the new External Affairs Minister and Veerappa Moily given Petroleum portfolio in the major reshuffle of the Council of Ministers by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh who inducted 17 new faces including Chiranjeevi and Manish Tewari.
Nov 3: New Delhi: Former Prime Minister of Bangladesh Begum Khaleda Zia called on President Pranab Mukherjee who highlighted that India attaches highest importance to relations with the neighbouring country.
Nov 7: New Delhi: Two years after it was inked, India and Canada concluded negotiations for effective operationalization of the civil nuclear cooperation agreement, which will pave the way for Canadian firms to soon be able to export uranium and nuclear reactors.
Nov 9: New Delhi: Making fresh allegations, Arvind Kejriwal accused multinational HSBC Bank of indulging in money laundering and claimed that Ambani brothers, Jet Airways Chairman Naresh Goyal and Congress MP Anu Tandon had parked their blackmoney in its Geneva branch.
Nov 11: New Delhi: Arvind Kejriwal says his group will not use 'India Against Corruption' (IAC) as its name after the formation of his political party on 26th November, a day after the veteran activist's group insisted that they would like to retain the name.
Nov 12: Barasat (WB): Asian Games gold medalist Pinki Pramanik, who was embroiled in a controversy surrounding her gender, is charged with rape and cheating by the police after medical tests established that the athlete is a male.
Nov 12: New Delhi: Myanmar's opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi arrives here on a visit to India after a gap of nearly four decades as part of New Delhi's ongoing engagement with democratic and multi-party polity in that country.
Nov 16: New Delhi: India tops in global pneumonia deaths of children under five years of age with 3.97 lakh reported in 2010, says a UNICEF study.
Nov 17: New Delhi: Controversial liquor baron Ponty Chadha and his estranged brother Hardeep are killed when they and their guards traded gunfire after an arguement during a meeting called to resolve their property dispute at a farmhouse in south Delhi.


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Ratan Tata’s legacy: One would have been better off investing in the Sensex

Ratan Tata has handed over the baton to his successor, Cyrus Mistry, after 21 years. How have the five top stocks at that time -- Tata Steel, Tata Motors, Indian Hotels, Tata Tea and Indian Hotels -- done over two decades under Mr Tata? Well, despite his bold moves across the group just one stock, Indian Hotels, has created more value than Sensex in all these years!

Ratan Naval Tata, who recently turned 75, retired from Tata Sons, after 21 years at the helm of one of India’s largest conglomerates. Mr Tata who was awarded the Padma Vibhushan in 2008, has been hailed as one of the most powerful Indian businessmen by various sections of the media and public. His innovation with the Tata Nano and bold overseas acquisitions are indeed commendable. With the benefit of hindsight, if you knew he was making these extraordinary moves, would you have been tempted to buy the top Tata stocks in order to get extraordinary returns? It would have been a wrong move. The shareholder returns of the five Tata Group companies have been good but nothing compared to the headline making business moves. 
Moneylife calculated the shareholder returns of Tata Group’s key businesses namely: Tata Motors, Tata Steel, Tata Global Beverages, Tata Power Company and Indian Hotels. Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) was floated in the public market only after 2000. We found out that the BSE Sensex outperformed all these companies except Indian Hotels, from the time Mr Tata took over the conglomerate (1991), till the time he retired (2012). The BSE Sensex returned 13.85% compounded annual returns during this period. We have included 3% dividend in Sensex returns apart from the change in Sensex value. Only Indian Hotels did better, returning a compounded annual total shareholder returns (CATSR) of 15.50%, which includes dividends and rights. The reason Mr Tata’s other companies failed to outperform was because he made several missteps and acquired huge debts as it spent more than $20 billion in mergers & acquisitions. You would have been better off just investing the BSE Sensex index and sleeping it off. 

The table below highlights the total compounded shareholder returns between 1991 and 2012 of various Tata companies and the BSE Sensex.


Tata Steel: Among the worst performers of these five companies was Tata Steel. The company has returned just 9.57% compounded annual total in 21 years. While the company used to be well-run company and was often termed ‘boring’, it made a fatal mistake of acquiring Corus, a UK-based steel company for over $7 billion at the height of the business cycle. This is a commodity business with low margins. To break even would take years, assuming the steel industry does exceedingly well and consistently for a long time. 

Tata Motors: Investors would remember Mr Tata for his passion for cars, especially luxurious and fast cars. Mr Tata created history by creating an Indian car, Tata Indica, from the scratch without foreign collaboration with a foreign car company. This was followed by the Tata Nano which investors and car enthusiasts alike thought would revolutionise the car industry by making car ownership closer to reality for the aam aadmi. But the passenger car business of Tata Motors has not been commercially very successful. While Indica and Indigo have sold well because of competitive prices, they don’t make good money. Ever since its launch, Tata Nano sales have been mediocre and beset with engineering failures. His acquisition of Land Rover and Jaguar were hailed as a masterstroke. But like Corus, he paid top dollars for these brands, at the height of the previous business cycle. While these luxury car divisions are doing well, debt only piled up more. Tata Motors returned 13.67% CATSR, which is still below Sensex performance.
Tata Global Beverages: Tata Global Beverages owns some of the leading brands such as Tetley. These brands are well regarded in the marketplace that is otherwise characterised by stiff competition and price wars. Margins are hard to come by as is market share. Tata Global Beverage did well to shed the tea plantations but has not been able to escape the price cycles. It reported a 12.18% CATSR since 1991.
Tata Power: The power industry in India is a mess—from top to bottom. Though largely insulated from the woes of state electricity boards (SEBs), Tata Power still has receivables pending from BEST in Mumbai. Its plant load factor has reduced due to inability to procure raw materials. Its marquee project in Gujarat—the 4000 MW Mundra Ultra Mega Power Plant—has been commissioned but the costs are high, with coal prices even higher. Its acquisition of 26% stake in an Indonesian coal mine, PT Baramulti Sukses Sarana Tbk, has not fully worked out either. Tata Power has done very well as a capital-intensive business returning 13.82%, barely below Sensex returns.
Indian Hotels: The only company in the Tata stable that has outperformed BSE Sensex for the 21-year period is the Indian Hotels, which owns the famous Taj Mahal hotel. It too went in for global acquisitions but the results have been mixed. It returned 15.50%, which is above BSE Sensex 13.85%. However, the gains came from a low stock price in 1991 and it will be very difficult for Indian Hotels to create Sensex-beating value. The business is capital-intensive and cyclical—the worst possible combination unless you have special skills to play the cycle. 
He was more closely involved in the above mentioned companies and failed to deliver returns. The average shareholder would have been better off investing in an index, preferably with the SIP method, than invest in the Tata Group of companies.
This is a landmark moment for the Tata Sons and Tata Group as the conglomerate will be headed, for the first time ever, in its 144 year history, by a person who falls outside the Tata family—Cyrus Mistry. He was unexpectedly picked by a committee which screened from various candidates to replace Mr Tata. He comes from a wealthy Parsi family which owns a slice of Tata Sons. Since Tata Sons is a private holding company of various companies of Tata Group, its financials and ownership pattern is largely unknown, but it is reported that Mistry’s family owns 18% of Tata Sons. Having a stake in Tata Sons means Mistry will mean serious business to unlock the full value of the conglomerate, especially with regard to getting rid of the massive pile of debt accumulated. Will he be able to deliver? 



Hystaspes F Engineer

5 years ago

ONE COMPLETELY shares the last four comments posted till date by others. To STATE: - the caption, the contents & the purpose of posting this M/L article is absolutely unwarranted, untimely and needs to be recalled; as it exhibits the one-sided biased viewpoint of the M/L team. IT IS NOT AT ALL IN GOOD TASTE OF ETHICAL & BALANCED JOURNALISM REPORTING and does not befit the avowed objective for which M/L stands for.
There is no just & serene criticsim in it. It is said --"Criticism like rain should be gentle enough to nourish a man's growth without destroying his roots". AND unfortunately, by a stroke of pen your ill-conceived article has endeavored to malign all the good work done by that internationally acclaimed man thru' his selfless efforts spanned over decades. I am reminded of the laudable quote of the famous actress, Katherine Hepburn, who once said -- "If you want to sacri-fice the admiration of many men for the criticism of one, go ahead, get married".
Your article has just that and incurred the wrath of innumerable RNT's well-wishers, which you justfully deserve.
"Every human being is entitled to courtesy and consideration. Constructive criticism" is not only to be expected but sought". However, your innocent looking packaged, yet purpose-ful write-up was just contrary to this objective. It's a "risky proposition" your team ventured into; and needs to be nipped in the bud for future recurrence. Let wiser counsel prevail & be imbibed by these authors, ably guided by their mentors. Khuda-hafeez.


5 years ago

Investing in the sensex doesnt create JOBS or help the economy!!! It is manufacturing companies like Tata Steel, Tata Motors and the other service based companies that create job and help the economy, if only there were others who looked up to Ratan Tata and created manufacturing companies we could have been a superpower like China in manufacturing.

This article was just like many other moneylife articles, a pure waste. you need some class and brain to write articles with vision which could be helpful to the society at large and NOT BE CRITICAL OF PEOPLE WHO HAVE CONTRIBUTED!!!

Dheeraj Bhat

5 years ago

This article is funny. What does it try to prove? It is well known that indexing is better(most of the times) than individual stocks. How does this reflect on Ratan Tata's legacy? Was he running a mutual fund?

If you really want to prove/disprove Ratan Tata's legacy, compare individual companies with comparable industry leaders. Tata motors with other motor companies, TCS with Other IT, Tata Steel with other steel companies and so on.That would be a insightful company.

If nothing, please change the title to be about the benefits of indexing.Not about Ratan Tata's legacy. This is not expected from a respectable site like moneylife


RaghvendraN Dhoot

In Reply to Dheeraj Bhat 5 years ago

I fully agree - this kind of a hindsight number crunching does not make sense - moneylife should rise above tracking stock prices and look at the larger picture - jobs he added, value addition to the economy, etc.

Kisalay Somani

5 years ago

Although I appreciate pure numbers, show me a scheme which will allow me to invest in the Sensex and sit over it along with accumulation of dividend and no load charges. Every stock except Tata Steel has given double digit CAGR and rightly so. Corus was bad timing and TISCO is bleeding due to it. And, Ashok Vishwanathan rightly notes the level of ownership in 1991 vis-a-vis today. Hats off, Mr. TATA. Disclosure: I do work for TCS and own zero stock of any TATA companies.

Ashok Visvanathan

5 years ago

This has to be seen another way. When Ratan Tata took over Tata's had 1.5 % of Tisco and not much of Telco either. TCS which was a division of Tata Sons, started minting money. Ratan Tata used that money to increase Tata Holding in Tisco and Telco to substantial levels.
Some of the dilution was for allotment to themselves , non voting shares were for Aam Aadmi.
So post screw for the shareholders, it was still about the sensex gains. I would say well done Mr. Tata.

Vaibhav Dhoka

5 years ago

Nano venture is a misadventure and Tata motors shareholders are paying its price.They should have concentrated on medium and heavy vehicle.

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