NPAs of Indian banks have already moved up to 4% of total loans due to rising delinquencies in agriculture, SMEs and mid-corporates. However, according to Credit Suisse, high over-leverage in the large corporate segment could be a potential source of additional asset quality stress for banks
Rising debt levels of top corporate houses, particularly from the Indian infrastructure sector, are expected to put a strain on the Indian financial sector, says Credit Suisse. The worsening economic condition is expected to hit the profitability of the biggest corporate houses hard, such as Reliance Anil Dhirubhai Ambani Group (Reliance ADA), GVK Group, GMR Group and Essar Group, which saw their debt levels soar by 15%, even as economic headwinds and rupee weakness persist.
“Corporate asset quality issues are likely to persist and we continue to remain underweight on the Indian banks despite the recent stock price fall and cautious on corporate lenders such as SBI, ICICI Bank, Yes Bank, Union Bank, Punjab National Bank, and Bank of India,” Credit Suisse said in a research note.
Credit Suisse have analysed ten top corporate groups namely: Adani Enterprises Group, Essar Group, GMR Group, GVK Group, Jaypee Group, JSW Group, Lanco Group, Reliance ADA Group, Vedanta Group and Videocon Group. The debt levels of these companies have collectively increased by an average of 15%. Biggest borrowers Lanco Group, Reliance ADA Group and GVK Group saw their borrowings increase by as much as 24%. Jaypee Group saw their loans increase 19%.
“The increasing stress is visible with some loans of Lanco, Jayprakash Associaties and Reliance ADA having already come up for restructuring,” said the report.
According to the report, Lanco Infratech have begun talks to restructuring Rs7,500 crore of debt, while Punjab National Bank have restructured Rs3,200 worth of Jayprakash Associates’ loans (part of Jaypee Group). Reliance Power has already restructured some of its debt as it expects its 3,960 megawatt (MW) power plant to commission this fiscal.
It is pertinent to note that debt level of some of the companies have even outpaced capital expenditure. This shows that companies are conservative about putting the debt into good use while cash flow continues to be a concern. The infrastructure sector has been badly hit in the last few years as government’s decision paralysis has left many projects stranded, many with high debt outstanding. Nonetheless, it is surprising to note that banks have still issued loans, Credit Suisse said.
According to the report, some of the companies have big repayments coming up in 2014, some of them dollar-denominated repayments. With the rupee under stress, the ability to repay loans in US dollars is likely to be constrained. Many companies have external commercial borrowings (ECBs) maturing in 2014. This includes Essar Oil ($200 million), Essar Steel ($260 million), Reliance Communications ($500 million), Reliance Infrastructure ($250 million) and Vedanta Aluminium ($407 million).
However, the debt servicing levels are poor and have been deteriorating. The report states: “With rising debt levels, interest cover for most of the groups has declined further.
Aggregate interest cover for these top ten groups has dropped from 1.6x to 1.4x. Yet, it is also discomforting to note that much of the interest has been capitalised as projects are under construction. Once projects are commissioned, the interest expense will hit the balance sheets very hard.”
For instance, the report notes that Reliance Power could face some issues in servicing debts. The report says, “Reliance Power has a P&L interest of Rs580 crore, whereas its capitalised interest is Rs1,470 crore, which would bring down the interest cover from 2.4x to 0.7x at the current profit levels.”
Much of the banks’ non-performing assets (NPAs) have not yet accounted for large corporate loans, which remain low. However, if the infrastructure companies do not deliver, the damage inflicted on financial institutions’ balance sheets could be bad. The report says, “Indian bank NPAs have already moved up from 2.5% to 4% of loans, most of these has been on account of rising delinquencies in agriculture, small- and medium enterprises (SMEs) and mid-corporates. Large corporate NPLs are still low. A study of these ten groups reveals, the over-leverage in the large corporate segment is high and is a potential source of additional asset quality stress for banks.”
However, the key to servicing debt is whether the projects of infrastructure companies will be commissioned (to boost cash flow, to service debt) this fiscal or not, before they go belly up and spill damage to the financial sector. The report says, “With over 13,000 MW of power capacity from these groups scheduled to be commissioned the current year will be critical.”
Moneylife had already written an in-depth cover story on public sector bank and the same can be accessed here
While the downtrend in Nifty is strong, watch if it holds Monday's low for the first sign of stability
The market fell further on Monday as the rupee hit a new lifetime low of 63.22 against the US dollar. The Sensex closed at the lowest since 12 April 2013, while the Nifty closed at the lowest since 11 September 2012. The statements made by prime minister Manmohan Singh on Saturday to revive faith in the economic scenario was not of much help. The market may try to form a base here. Watch if today’s lows hold.
The Sensex opened in the negative at 18,587, which was the same level when it hit its days high and started falling gradually. During the last hour of the session, it hit its low of 18,139, its lowest since 13 September 2012. It revived later closed at 18,308 (down 291 points or 1.56%). Nifty opened in the negative at 5,498 and it hit its intra-day low of 5,361 towards the end of the session. This was Nifty’s lowest since 5 October 2012. It later rallied and closed at 5,415 (down 93 points or 1.69%). The National Stock Exchange saw a volume of 61.90 crore shares, lower than last trading session.
All the major indices on the NSE except for India Vix (up 8.25%) and Nifty Dividend which ended flat, closed in the negative. CNX Nifty Junior was the top loser, down 2.42%.
Except for Metal (up 1.68%); IT (up 0.24%) and Realty (up 0.22%) all the other indices ended in the negative. PSU Bank (fell 3.38%); Bank Nifty (fell 3.24%); Auto (fell 3.19%); Dividend Opportunities (fell 2.75%) and Pharma (fell 2.62%) were the top five losers.
Of the 50 stocks on the Nifty, 14 ended in the in the green. The major gainers were Tata Steel (up 4.97%); Jaiprakash Associates (up 4.38%); Jindal Steel (up 2.74%); Reliance Infrastructure (up 2.43%) and Hindalco (up 2.08%). The top losers were Axis Bank (down 6.32%); IndusInd Bank (down 5.86%); IDFC (down 5.48%); Ambuja Cements (down 5.42%) and ICICI Bank (down 5.31%).
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh on Saturday told us that India wasn't headed for a crisis despite its large current-account deficit and said the country has plenty of foreign-exchange reserves. There is no comparison and no question of going back to the situation India faced in 1991, when the country was on the brink of defaulting on its debts.
In an attempt to ease concerns that the country was moving toward capital controls, economic-affairs secretary Arvind Mayaram told reporters on Friday that India doesn't plan to impose controls on money being repatriated by companies, such as dividends and royalties. His comments came after the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) on 14 August 2013, reduced the amount of money that Indian residents and companies can send abroad.
The increased effort on the part of RBI has not helped the currency sliding down to record low today. The currency fell to 63.22 against the US dollar, breaching the previous low of 62.03 hit on Friday. Finance secretary Arvind Mayaram told a newspaper that the government was not looking for now at taking further steps to tackle the rupee's fall, but wanted to watch the impact of its recent measures. Today rupee closed at historic low of 63.13 against the US dollar.
US crude oil futures for September delivery continued to surge fueling concerns of increase under-recoveries of state-run oil marketing companies.
US indices fell on Friday despite improving economic data. The Commerce Department reported housing starts climbed at an annual rate of 896,000, less than the 915,000 estimated. The Labor Department reported productivity rose at a slightly better-than-estimated 0.9% annual rate in the second quarter.
The Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) on 21 August 2013, will issue minutes of its recent policy meeting held on 30th and 31 July 2013. The minutes of FOMC meet may help provide clues about the future of Fed's bond-buying program.
Except for Shanghai Composite (up 0.83%) and Nikkei 225 (up 0.79%) all other Asian indices ended the negative. Jakarta Composite a big bull market for four years now, fell the most (5.58%).
Japan's exports jumped by the most since 2010 in July, aiding Prime Minister Shinzo Abe's efforts to drive an economic recovery even as rising energy costs boosted the trade deficit. Exports increased 12.2% from a year earlier after a 7.4% rise in June, the Ministry of Finance said in Tokyo today. But imports climbed 19.6%, leaving a trade deficit of 1.02 trillion yen ($10.5 billion), the third biggest on record in data back to 1979. The seasonally-adjusted deficit widened from June to 944 billion yen.
Thailand cut its 2013 growth forecast as the country entered recession for the first time since the global financial crisis, with rising household debt limiting central bank scope to support the economy. Gross domestic product unexpectedly shrank 0.3% in the three months through June from the previous quarter, when it contracted a revised 1.7%, the National Economic and Social Development Board said in Bangkok today.
Back home, Siemens has won two contracts worth Rs144 crore to construct 38 new substations for improving power distribution in Bangladesh. The projects involve installing new and improving existing distribution facilities in the rural region west of Jamuna river. The stock rose 1.43% to close at Rs434 on the NSE.
The amendment is certainly grossly harsh for financial institutions–FIs as it not only assigns the responsibility of stamp duty payment on them but also imposes a penalty in case of failure to comply
One of the major amendments of Maharashtra Stamp Act, 1958 has been insertion of Section 30A which requires any financial institutions (FIs) such as banks, non-banking financial companies (NBFCs), housing finance companies (HFCs) or alike to ensure that proper stamp duty is paid on all instruments which creates rights in favor of such instruments.
The amendment goes further to impose liability for not just such instruments executed post the amendment, but also such instruments, which though were executed before commencement of this amendment but are effective after the amendment. And for such instruments FIs shall impound such instruments before 30 September, 2013
In exercise of powers conferred by sub-section (2) of Section 1 of the Maharashtra Tax Laws (Levy and Amendment) Act, 2013, the Maharashtra government vide Notification No.VAT 1515/CR 57/Taxation-1 dated 25 April 2013 made certain amendments in the Maharashtra Stamp Act, 1958 (the Stamp Act) effective from 1 May, 2013.
The amendment is certainly grossly harsh for the FIs as it not only assigns the responsibility of payment of stamp duty on the FIs but also imposes a penalty equal to the stamp duty payable on such instrument in case of failure to comply with the same. Moreover, the amendment requires the financial institutions to impound, on or before 30 September 2013 for all such insufficiently stamped instruments which were executed before 1 May 2013 and are effective as on date.
According to Oxford Dictionary, ‘impound’ means to take legal or formal possession.
As per Section 33 of the Stamp Act… “Every person having by law or consent of parties authority to receive evidence and every person in charge of public office, except an officer of police or any other officer, empowered by law to investigate offences under any law for the time being in force, before whom any instrument chargeable with stamp duty is produced or comes in the performance of his functions, shall if it appears to him that instruments is not duly stamped, impound the same, irrespective whether the instrument is not valid in law.”
Proviso to Section 33 of the Stamp Act states that
“1) any magistrate or judge of criminal court shall not be deemed to examine or impound, if he does not think fit so to do, any instrument coming before him in the course of any proceeding other than proceeding under Chapter IX (order for maintenance of wives, children and Parents) or Part D of Chapter X (Disputes as to immovable property) and
b) a Judge of a High Court may delegate the duty of examining and impounding any instrument under the Section to such officer as the Court may appoint in this behalf.”
It is clear that the power to impound a document is with the authority specified in the Section. Also, impounding can only be done at a time when the instrument is produced or comes in the performance of the function of the authority. Hence it does not fit in the rationale for a stamp act amendment to require the FI on suo moto to go for impounding of the document, which under the Act itself is not permissible and it can only be done when produced before the empowered authority.
In view of the above-mentioned, the executor of an instrument itself being expected to impound what is not duly stamped (instrument) is like imposing self-incrimination
This amendment with retrospective effect will surely not be well received by the FIs. Impounding by FIs for inadequate stamp duty paid on instruments executed prior to 1 May 2013 and effective as on date will be cumbersome. This is surely a draconian amendment requiring the party who is the offender to impound for the instrument not properly stamped on or before 30 September 2013.
(The author can be contacted at [email protected])