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New Delhi: Wholesale price index (WPI) based inflation fell for the second consecutive month to a nine-month low of 8.58% in October, which together with a slowdown in industrial growth may prompt the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) to halt its monetary tightening stance, reports PTI.
The 0.04% decline in inflation from 8.62% in September is significant, given that inflation stood at just 1.48% in the same month last year. As a result of the low base in September, 2009, the rate of inflation in September, 2010, appears elevated, which is known as the “base effect”.
However, the decline in inflation may prove temporary, since it has become a trend nowadays for the numbers to witness frequent upward revision after being initially announced.
For the month of August, inflation has been revised to 8.82% from the earlier provisional estimate of 8.51%.
Commenting on the latest inflation data, finance minister Pranab Mukherjee today said the RBI's monetary actions have helped to bring down the rate of price rise, but supply side constraints were exerting pressure.
“From April, 2009, to 16 September 2010, we have increased the cash reserve ratio (CRR) by one percentage point. We have increased repo rate 1.5%. We have increased the reverse repo by 1.75%. That has some effects. Inflationary pressure is coming from supply side also,” he said.
Mr Mukherjee noted that the international situation also impacts inflation. “International situation has its own impact,” he said.
In October, food items like onions and other protein-based articles felt the maximum inflationary pressure.
Onion prices rose by 24.07% in just a month as parts of Maharashtra, which is the biggest producer of the vegetable, saw large-scale crop damage due to heavy rains.
In addition, certain protein-based food items like milk remained expensive, even though prices rose by just 0.68% on a monthly basis, as they were 21.65% higher year-on-year.
Similarly, fruits prices rose by 4.71% on a month-on-month basis, but were 15.84% higher on a yearly basis.
“Food is a bigger problem at hand. Food prices are tricky,” Crisil chief economist DK Joshi said, referring to the RBI observation that food prices are now a structural problem.
The RBI has said prices of protein-based items are rising, since they now constitute a larger chunk in the population's consumption basket.
Mr Joshi was of the view that while the domestic factors in terms of inflation looked okay, rising global commodity prices may disturb the picture.
Meanwhile, Planning Commission deputy chairman Montek Singh Ahluwalia said, “Inflation has declined, but food inflation is high. Further decline is necessary. Inflation is coming down slowly.”
While food inflation was at the elevated level of 14.13% in October, down from 15.71% in the previous month, inflation on manufactured items stood at a comfortable 4.75%. However, this was still higher than the 4.59% inflation witnessed in manufactured items in September.
Food items (both primary and manufactured food articles) have a weight of 24% in the wholesale price index, on the basis of which inflation is calculated, while manufactured items (sans food products) have a weight of 55%.
As such, a larger increase in prices of manufactured items will lead to higher overall inflation.
In the month of October, petrol prices rose by 1.07%, while prices of other fuel items remained intact. Prices of metals also rose by 0.38%, while iron became 1.46% more expensive.
The impact of quantitative easing by the US is yet to be seen, Mr Joshi added.
The RBI has projected that inflation will come down to 5.5% by the end of March. Mr Joshi pegged it at 6%.
Prime Minister's Economic Advisory Council chairman C Rangarajan said, “We hope it will come down to 6.5% by December-end and something close to 5.5% by March, 2011.”