The killing in cold blood of Indian fishermen off the Indian coast by armed mercenaries on the Italian ship Enrica Lexie has deeper ramifications which impact not just our seafarers but the roots of our commerce and economic strength. That this has been on sale and barter to the highest bidder is not a secret, but that this is now resulting in the death of innocent fishermen is unforgiveable. An in-depth report on what really happened...
The killing by automatic weapons in cold blood of two Indian seafarers (fishermen) onboard the fv (fishing vessel) S. Anthony in Indian controlled waters off Alappuzha on the Malabar coast by the crew of the Italian ship Enrica Lexie once again brings into focus the unequal task that Indian seafarers have in trying to safeguard their own lives and livelihood. On one side is the real and present danger that our seafarers—people working on fishing boats, dhows, offshore industry ships and more—have from the perils of the sea which now include piracy in no small measure in waters off the Indian coast.
The bigger danger, however, is the almost criminal attitude and approach taken by the various authorities in India in this matter. In this case, if it had not been for the Indian Coast Guard and Indian Navy who to their credit acted independently of the soft-pedal attitude pushed forward by the state government in Kerala as well as the mercantile marine authorities in Kochi and Directorate General (DG) of Shipping in Mumbai, then it is not incorrect to state that the Italian ship would have simply escaped like a common criminal and proceeded on its way without demur.
It is not that we have to understand more about just a case of arrogance on the high seas by people who still bemoan the loss of their colonial power in this part of the world. That, too, is a simple truth. It is more important to understand certain facts of this case first:
1) The incident took place about 14 miles off the Indian coast around Alappuzha. One look at a coastal navigation map will show anybody with the least knowledge of navigation and due diligence that such a huge ship had no business to be so close to the coast there. Alappuzha is not a port of call for ships of this size and moreover, any prudent ship-owner and master will positively stay at least 30-35 miles off this coast for more than a variety of reasons—including standing instructions, safety and pollution. If the ship came so close, then it is clear that she did so with some ulterior motive—either to try and get local mobile phone signal or to probably be in line with some other vessel to pick up or drop off the security guards.
2) The case of the Costa Concordia mishap caused by her Italian master and crew in Italy is still fresh, and should have worked on the mind of any reasonable captain, especially Italian, to ensure that the ship stayed a safe distance away. Incidentally, standing instructions on board similar ships of Indian flag indicate that the ship needs to stay at least 36 miles away from coast in such scenarios—including off the Indian coast. This is in line with instructions issued by the DG Shipping on the subject, after the famous groundings off Mumbai last year, by ships which came too close to the Indian coast.
3) The golden rule, never to be broken, for any merchant seafarer, is that if you see a small craft especially if she is fishing, then you stay a good distance away—even if you have to alter course. For us, that was 10 miles—or more. The fisherman’s right to the seaway is paramount—especially close to the coast; that is one thing. The other more important thing is that you do not want your ship’s propellers to get entangled in fishing nets, which are made of very strong nylons, and can cause huge ships to come to a halt. Again, arrogance and bad seamanship by the master, unforgiveable.
4) One of the first things a watchkeeper on a merchant ship is supposed to do in case of threat of piracy or any emergency or distress is to punch certain buttons which create alarms in various parts of the world—by satellite and other forms of communication. For reasons of security, this is not going to be explained here, but as any seafarer knows—this is a cardinal role. Your certificate can be cancelled if you do not do so. The next steps to be taken, especially if the said emergency or distress is over is to report the same again by a due process.
5) This due process involves informing the vessel’s owners, operators and the relevant authorities. The world’s oceans have been divided into clearly demarcated zones for this, and there is absolutely no doubt that this episode was in the Indian controlled zone, as is known to even the most raw and fresh of seafarers. It appears that the ship informed the owners and operators, but neglected to inform the Indian authorities, while wheels within wheels started working in Kochi and Mumbai and Delhi to soft-pedal the incident and push it under the proverbial carpet.
6) The next step for the vessel is to stop to render help and then make for the nearest port (in this case Kochi, just about 35-40 miles away) and await further instructions, and there is no two ways about it. To try and escape towards Sri Lanka leaving injured fishermen or seafarers behind is counted as murder as per the laws of the sea, and as happened in this case, can only reveal an ulterior motive on the part of the owners and master as well as crew of the ship. It is to the credit of the Indian Navy and Coast Guard, which were aware of this incident, that they took independent action.
7) The timing of the incident, at 1630hrs, is also important. This is a time onboard when ALL FOUR of the management-level officers are awake and on duty, and there is no question of placing this to inexperience, as is being made out to the Indian authorities—who it seems are behaving like apologists for the Italians. Seafarers are placed in jail for far less serious offences in the rest of the world, is the Kerala government and the MMD/DGS so much in awe of the departed Italian colonials that even today there is talk of ‘excusing’ the Italian master and armed guards on board?
8) Most importantly, the status of approvals for Indian or foreign security companies hiring Indian origin guards for Indian or foreign ships operating in Indian waters, recruited from ex-servicemen of the Indian Navy or other services, has been kept in abeyance for months now at the level of the DG Shipping and other authorities in Mumbai and Delhi. Our ex-servicemen know our waters and should by all rights as well as common sense be on ships performing what is called “innocent passages” through Indian waters. Instead, we have a wide variety of trigger-happy mercenaries dredged from the dung-heaps on the basis of cheapest best, from all over the world, freely indulging in shoot-outs within miles of our coast.
This incident has far bigger implications than can be understood in so short an article, but in the first instance, this should be used for exemplary action against the master and crew responsible. This is no less than intentional homicide and murder on more than a few counts and then leaving the injured and dying fishermen while trying to escape makes it worse.
In the next article, I shall try to explain the economic aspect of such episodes. Interim, this report was done basis inputs from a variety of sources who all do not wish to be named, but it is amply clear that the merchant shipping and state authorities have been found majorly wanting in this case.
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Killing of Indian seafarers in cold blood off Kerala—the case of the St Anthony and Enrica Lexie (Part 2)
(Veeresh Malik started and sold a couple of companies, is now back to his first love—writing. He is also involved actively in helping small and midsize family-run businesses re-invent themselves. Mr Malik had a career in the Merchant Navy which he left in 1983, qualifications in ship-broking and chartering, a love for travel, and an active participation in print and electronic media as an alternate core competency, all these and more.)
In the December 2011 quarter GlaxoSmithKline Pharma launched Synflorix- a vaccine against invasive pneumococcal disease—the leading cause of childhood mortality in India
GlaxoSmithKline Pharmaceuticals Limited announced its financial results for the fourth quarter ended 31 December, 2011. The growth in net sales was 15.4% and profit after tax and before exceptional items was 20.5%. The core pharmaceuticals business grew by 18.2% for the quarter.
For the year ended 31 December 2011, the growth in net sales was 10.7% and profit after tax and before exceptional items was 8.6% while the core pharmaceuticals business grew by 12.5%.
The continued growth of specialty products and vaccines, new product launches and tight expense control helped improve profits. There has been material cost escalation and significant expansion of the field force. Yet, profit before investment income and tax amounted to 33% of net sales. The quarter saw the launch of Synflorix— a vaccine against invasive pneumococcal disease—the leading cause of childhood mortality in India.
In 2011, the company also expanded its oncology portfolio by launching Votrient, indicated for the treatment of advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and Revolade for the treatment of idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) (reduced platelet count). Branded generics were launched in the metabolic and Steifel range of products.
Commenting on the performance, Dr Hasit B Joshipura, managing director, said,
“Growth for the quarter was market competitive, driven by a revival in the anti-infective and mass markets segment. Our specialty business continued to register good growth aided by the launch of products from our global pipeline and branded generics. The vaccine business showed a high growth trajectory, with the company continuing to expand its vaccine portfolio.”
In the late afternoon, GlaxoSmithKline Pharmaceuticals was trading at Rs2,086 per share on the Bombay Stock Exchange, 1.28% down from its previous close.
CavinKare aims to garner Rs65-crore revenue from the new business and the product would be available at 60,000 retail outlets in Tamil Nadu, CavinKare CMD, CK Ranganathan said
In a move to consolidate its dairy business, FMCG major CavinKare launched Ultra High Temperature (UHT)-treated milk sachets, through which it aims to generate Rs65-crore revenue this year. The Chennai-based company claimed its new product to be “revolutionary’’, one that comes with a shelf-life of 120 days.
“We are launching this new initiative in Tamil Nadu... this is another revolutionary product,” CavinKare CMD, Mr CK Ranganathan said. The company would test the success of the product in this market and based upon it, it would gradually extend it to other markets.
For manufacturing UHT-treated milk sachets, the company has set up a new line at its manufacturing plant in Bhavani (near Erode district) which has a capacity of 65,000 units, he said, adding that there are plans to increase its capacity to one lakh units.
The company has aimed to garner Rs65-crore revenue from the new business and the product would be available at 60,000 retail outlets in the state, Mr Ranganathan said.
In the coming days, the company also has plans to further expand the dairy business with more cold chain facilities.
The company has fixed the price for the new product at Rs19 for a 500-ml double toned milk, Rs20 for 500-ml toned milk, Rs22 for 500-ml standardised milk and Rs22 for 500-ml diet milk.