Bonds, Currencies & Commodities
Kerala government plans to float Pravasi Development Bonds

Kerala government is planning to float Pravasi Development Bonds for attract investments from non-resident Indians for the state's development projects

Thiruvananthapuram: Kerala government plans to float Pravasi Development Bonds with a view to attract investments from non-resident Indians for the state's growth, minister for Rural Development and Non Resident Kerala Affairs (NORKA) KC Joseph told the assembly on Wednesday, reports PTI.

The objective was to give opportunity to pravasis to make safe investments in the state's development projects, Joseph said while replying to a calling attention by P Ubaidulla (IUML) seeking steps to improve state finances by utilising foreign exchange earned by non-resident Keralities.

Steps had already been started to set up a Business Centre under the NORKA, he said, adding, a Pravasi Law Cell would also be constituted to help the expatriates who face legal problems in foreign land.

A total of Rs43,288 crore was sent to the state by non-resident Keralities during 2008. As per an Emigration Monitoring study conducted by Centre for Development Studies in 2008, there were 22 lakh Keralites working in different foreign countries and more than nine lakh were working in other parts of the country.

Kerala government was examining a proposal to set up a Bank for receivinig deposits and advancing loans to non-resident Keralities, he said, adding, RBI sanction was necessary for it.

Welcoming Centre's decision to hold 2012 Pravasi Bhartiya Divas Sammelan in Kochi, Joseph said the meet would help to attract more investments to Kerala and also to address the grievances faced by NRK's.

Expressing concern over the frequent hike in flight charges, especially to gulf sector, by airline companies, he said Chief Minister Oommen Chandy would take up the issue with Prime Minister Manmohan Singh next month.

State government also plans to revive the proposal to start 'Kerala Airways' mooted during the previous UDF government time. The government was also going ahead with the plan to start Ship Service from Kerala to Gulf sector, he said.


CBI books LIC officials for graft in death settlement

It said Rs1.14 crore was allegedly paid by LIC against 570 false claims during 2008-2011

New Delhi: Two former branch managers and another official of Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) have been booked by Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) for alleged irregularities in settlement of death claims worth Rs1.14 crore, reports PTI.

A CBI spokesperson said a case has been registered against then branch managers H K Gadpal and Anil Kumar, the then Higher Grade Assistant of LIC Divisional Office, Raipur, R K Netam, dealing official of Nagar Nigam, Bilaspur Ashok Kumar and another person Vijay in connection with the case.

“In pursuance of the criminal conspiracy, they had committed fraud in the settlement of death claims under the Janashree Bima Yojana of LIC under various different policies of Nagar Nigam Palika, Bilaspur,” the spokesperson said.

It said the insurance amount to the tune of Rs1.14 crore was allegedly paid by LIC against 570 false claims during the year 2008-2011 which had resulted into loss of Rs1.14 crore to the LIC.

“Searches were conducted at official & residential premises of the accused in Bilaspur and Raipur. The incriminating documents recovered during searches are being scrutinised,” it said.


Gold loan firms setting up self-regulatory body

RBI has not been comfortable with the fast growth of gold loans, which led the regulator to tighten norms on banks' exposure and also bring down loan-to-value ratio

Mumbai:  Under lens of the Reserve Bank of India, leading gold finance companies have decided to form a self-regulatory organisation (SRO) which will frame a fair business practices code for the industry, reports PTI.

The move is being spearheaded by industry leader Muthoot Finance's managing director George Alexander Muthoot and has Manappuram Finance, Muthoot Fincorp, Sriram Citi Union, and Kosamattam Financiers as members, among others.

“We feel that the RBI has not been comfortable with the fast growth of our industry, which led the regulator to tighten norms on banks' exposure to this industry in April and also bring down loan-to-value ratio," Muthoot told PTI from Kochi over the phone.
"We want to send out a message to the regulator that we are complying with all its regulations. We are giving them (RBI) time to understand our business model," he added.

Muthoot expressed hope that the proposed SRO, under the banner of the Association of Gold Loan Companies, will represent the sector better at the Reserve Bank of India (RBI).

The SRO will represent about 85% of gold loan portfolio, he added.

Muthoot said his company has seen its volume sliding by over 5% following RBI's tightening and said same would be case with other players.

This year, he is expecting a tempered growth of 10% to 25%. “But we expect the pace to pick up steam by Q3,” he said.

Muthoot Finance has also decided to curtail its expansion this year. The company which has 3,700 branches will be opening only 250-300 branches this year, Muthoot said, adding that he expects consolidation in the industry as general slowdown in volumes will hit the margins.

On fund raising, he said the company will not need much. “The focus will be on concentrating more on growth of existing branches, rather than adding more branches,” he said.

However, towards the later part of fiscal, the company will go in for some fund raising, primarily through an NCD issue of around Rs500 crore. Last fiscal, it had raised Rs1,500 crore three NCD issues, he said. Notably, the RBI has been tightening screws on the industry for quite some time.

While in late-March, the RBI tightened norms for gold loan NBFCs by asking them to increase their tier-I capital to 12 per cent and capped loans at 60 per cent of the market value of gold, in April, it had asked banks to reduce their exposure to gold loan NBFCs.
The move came as the RBI was concerned about rising gold imports, which touched $66.1 billion last fiscal against $40.5 billion in FY2011, widening the trade and current account deficit.

The RBI had also set up working group to suggest ways to deal with the industry.
While capping the LTV at 60%, the RBI had said, “The rapid growth of the gold loan segment, which grew 50% last fiscal, had increased risks to the banking system and retail investors.”

Accordingly, the RBI has directed that gold loan NBFCs having half their assets in gold should have a tier-I capital of 12% by April 2014. Further, these companies can not lend more than 60% of the value of gold jewellery.

The RBI is worried that since these companies lend 70%-75% of the value of gold, a fall in prices could destabilise the system.

The central bank has also banned these companies from lending against bullion, primary gold and gold coins, leaving just jewellery.

The RBI, in its annual policy had also asked banks to set up internal exposure limits for these NBFCs who have gold loans portfolio of over 50% of the total financial assets.

It also asked banks to reduce their exposure to a single NBFC, having gold loans to the extent of 50% or more of its total financial assets, from the existing 10% to 7.5%.

In the wake of huge spurt in gold imports and its impact on balance of payment, the Budget increased Customs duty on standard gold bars, gold coins of purity exceeding 99.5% and platinum from 2% to 4% apart from doubling customs on non-standard gold to 10%.

For FY2012, Muthoot Finance's total volume of gold under its custody rose 22% to 137 tonne from 112 tonne.


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