AAP leaders Kejriwal, Sisodia and Yadav were granted bail in a defamation case after they furnished personal bonds of Rs10,000 each
Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) leader and former chief minister of Delhi, Arvind Kejriwal and two other party leaders were on Wednesday granted bail by a Delhi court in a criminal defamation case filed by a lawyer after they furnished personal bonds.
Metropolitan Magistrate Muneesh Garg released Kejriwal, AAP leaders Manish Sisodia and Yogendra Yadav on bail after they appeared before it in pursuance to summons issued against them.
Kejriwal, Sisodia and Yadav, through advocate Rishikesh Kumar, furnished a personal bond of Rs10,000 each. The court has now fixed the matter for 16th August.
The court had earlier summoned them on the complaint of advocate Surender Kumar Sharma under sections 499, 500 (defamation) and 34 (common intention) of the IPC.
It had said there was prima facie material to summon the accused.
“The press release published in newspapers as well as testimonies of witnesses reflect that defamatory remarks were published in the newspaper, which affected the reputation of complainant in the society and lowered his reputation in the eyes of other members of the society,” the court had said.
The court, however, had rejected the complainant’s plea that AAP leaders had conspired and cheated him, saying in the absence of the very element of deception, there was no prima facie material against any of the accused for the offence of cheating and criminal conspiracy.
Sharma had alleged that in 2013 he was approached by the volunteers of AAP who asked him to contest Delhi Assembly election on party ticket as Kejriwal was pleased with his social services.
He filled up the application form for contesting on an AAP ticket and was later on told by Sisodia and Yadav that the Political Affairs Committee of the party had decided to give him the ticket but it was later denied to him.
He started his political campaign and incurred an expense of about Rs five lakh on the campaign, the complaint alleged.
On 14 October 2013, the complainant read articles in leading daily newspapers in which “derogatory and defamatory language” was used against him, adding “defamatory, unlawful and derogatory words used by the accused persons as published in the newspapers have lowered the reputation of the complainant in the Bar and society’’.
The articles had also mentioned that AAP had decided to replace its candidate from the Shahdara Constituency, he said.
The articles quoted a party statement saying that it was found that there were criminal cases and FIRs pending against its candidate (complainant) and that in his application, he had failed to mention about it.
Titan is well positioned to gain from an improvement in consumer spending with both the watches and jewellery segments set to see improved growth, says Nomura
With growing expectations of a pick-up in GDP growth over the next two years, Nomura sees discretionary spending as a key beneficiary. Titan Industries is well positioned to gain from an improvement in consumer spending with both the watches and jewellery segments set to see improved growth over the next two years. These are the observations made in a research note by Nomura.
The Q4 FY14 results hinted at a turnaround in the demand metrics of the company. Over the next six months, restrictions on import of gold are likely to abate and there could also be a reduction in import duty, which will be a positive to spur demand, points out Nomura.
According to the research note, company management has been focused on improving profitability in the jewellery segment over the long term with investments in brand building, mix improvement as well as distribution in terms of setting up stores throughout the country.
Nomura is a little cautious on the watches segment of the company. The watches segment is under-penetrated in India and there is significant room for growth in the long term. However, Nomura points out that the segment is also very competitive and hence gaining share from other players in the segment will not be easy.
According to Nomura, Titan is a structural play on jewellery retail in India. Nomura believes near-term regulatory risks are abating, and demand is starting to see a rebound which underlines the 'Buy' recommendation for the company's share in the stock market. In terms of share price, the research note says, “We are moving up our TP (target price) from Rs305 to Rs350 as we roll forward our TP base by one quarter.”
The research note adds, Over the past five years, Titan has traded at a premium whenever its jewellery segment volume growth has been high. FY15 could see a return to those valuation premiums.
Nomura's forecasts for Titan are given in the following table:
As economic growth picks up, India’s currently under-penetrated financial services sector could deliver significant and out-sized returns, says Morgan Stanley
For India, a growth of 6.75% per annum is achievable over the next 10 years, which would translate to a $5 trillion economy by 2025. According to Morgan Stanley, financial services will be an integral contributor – and hence beneficiary – of this growth. "In our view, for this GDP growth to be achieved, the financial services sector will need to grow in the high teens over the decade," it said in a research note.
Morgan Stanley, in the first part of its 'The Next India' series, said India now has a government with the strongest mandate in 30 years. "However, to fix the banking system and therefore to give economic growth the greatest chance of success, the new government will need to use that mandate to act decisively in the next months and years. These are not going to be easy steps, but with the right policy choices from the government and prudent financial management from the banks, earnings growth averaging in the high teens is possible," the report says.
According to the report, past three years have not been kind to the India financials. The persistent economic slowdown and high interest rates caused default levels to rise meaningfully – impaired loans in Indian banks are now at almost 12% compared to less than 5% three years ago. This has caused profitability and capital levels of a large part of the system (state-owned enterprise-SOE banks are 75% of the system) to come off sharply. The risk is that banking sector problems may cause the next slowdown in the economy as more banks are unable to dispense credit.
"In our view, one of the first steps the new government should take is to break this vicious cycle of ‘weak economy => weak banks => weak economy’. SOE banks need capital – lots of it – and this will have to be provided quickly to ensure the Indian economy is able to move ahead," Morgan Stanley said.
To turn this vicious cycle into a virtuous one, the reports says, there needs to be substantial loan growth to multiple parts of the economy. That requires a recapitalization of SOE banks of around $50 billion and private lenders of around $15 billion. It also requires deposit growth with appropriate maturities, a willingness to lend to the small and mid-cap sectors and access to credit for the vast unbanked population, it added.
Morgan Stanley said, another factor in favour of Indian banks is that they are the only banking sector in emerging Asia that is coming out of a bad loan cycle. It said, "As the economy normalizes, lower credit costs should also provide support to earnings. This is a significant opportunity for investors, in our view. India offers a material growth opportunity with a large and liquid financial sector. On our estimates, Indian financials are likely to be among the best performers across EM banks over the next five years."
The report estimates large private lenders to deliver 18-24% CAGR in returns over the next five years. "Public sector banks or SOE banks, on the other hand will do less well- the positive impact on earnings from a stronger economy will likely be negated by the large dilution that we expect to occur over the next five years. The big winners, in our view, will be the large private lenders – HDFC Bank, ICICI Bank, Axis, Kotak and HDFC," Morgan Stanley said.
Over the next five years, Morgan Stanley’s macro team expects India’s economy to keep improving, with GDP growth estimated to average 6.4%. At the same time, inflation is expected to come down to an average of 6.4% by F2019 compared to 9.5% in F2014, which would in turn bring interest rates down. This improvement in the economy will help banks see better revenue progression and lower non-performing loan (NPL) formation.
Morgan Stanley expects this improvement in the economy to help drive higher credit demand. At the same time, banks will likely be more open to giving loans. This should help drive loan growth in India at 16.5% CAGR over the five years to F2019. India’s financial sector is materially under-penetrated compared to other Asian countries. As the economy picks up (higher per capita income), loans to GDP should increase to about 75% in five years and around 85% in 10 years, still one of the lowest penetrated banking sectors in Asia, the report added.
Morgan Stanley sees five challenges, capital, PSU banks, infrastructure financing, MSME financing and financial inclusion for the growth of financial services sector in India.
Capital– We believe that banks will need $65 billion of capital over the next five years and $130 billion over the next 10 years. This is the biggest constraint to banking sector growth, in our view, and in turn economic growth. We need to see a government solution to SOE banks capital quickly. The continued dilution will likely cause ROE trajectories for the private and SOE banks to remain significantly apart over the next few years.
PSU banks – Apart from capital and weak balance sheets, the banks are facing problems associated with human resources. In the past, public sector banks had large numbers of staff. However, in the wake of hiring freezes implemented during the 2000s, middle management is now retiring with no replacements available with equivalent skills or experience. At the same time, the cost base of SOE banks remains very high, driven by higher employee expenses – as retirement related provisions are very high. To improve profitability on a sustained basis, manpower related issues need to be resolved at these banks.
Infrastructure financing – According to the planning commission, India will need to spend about 9% of GDP on infrastructure on a sustained basis to achieve its growth potential. Of this about 50% will need to be funded by debt. The planning commission expects the bulk of the debt to be financed by banks, but this will be difficult to achieve, in our view. After the problems faced by banks related to infrastructure loans in the last four years – investors have been worried about NPL’s in the sector - we expect them to be averse to lending to infrastructure. Moreover, banks do not have large amounts of long maturity liabilities, which will impede their ability to grow exposure to the infrastructure sector meaningfully. Hence, the government will need to find new ways to fund infrastructure – take-out financing, better bond markets and easier access of foreign capital to fund this sector. Banks are unlikely to be the solution, we believe.
MSME financing– There are large parts of the Micro Small and Medium Enterprise (MSME) sector that have been struggling to get credit. This situation has become more acute recently, as NPLs on these loans have increased and banks have increased spreads on these loans materially. Cyclically, there will be a pickup in lending to this sector as the economy improves, which should mean NPLs reduce and banks become more amenable to lending. However, to lend to the smaller sections of MSME, we would need to see more NBFCs / smaller (or targeted) private banks which should focus on ensuring steady credit flow to this sector.
Financial inclusion– India has large swathes of the population that are ‘unbanked’. One of the biggest goals of the RBI is to ensure credit availability to these people. This implies that banks will have to find cost effective ways to provide banking to the masses. We would also expect new banks to be set up, with the specific purpose of meeting the credit needs of the less affluent sections of Indian society – an example being the recent grant of a bank license to Bandhan Financial, a micro finance lender.