Citizens' Issues
Juveniles in 16-18 age group to be tried as adults in heinous crimes

The amendment to the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Bill 2014 was approved at a meeting of the cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi

 

The union cabinet on Wednesday approved amendments to the Juvenile Justice Act which paves the way for children in the age group of 16-18 years to be tried as adults if they commit heinous crimes.
 
The amendment to the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Bill 2014 was approved at a meeting of the cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
 
"Keeping in view the increasing number of serious offences being committed by persons in the age group of 16-18 years and recognizing the rights of the victims as being equally important as the rights of juveniles, special provisions were proposed to tackle heinous offences committed by individuals in this age group," an official statement said.
 
The proposed legislation, which would replace the existing Juvenile Justice Act 2000, clearly defines and classifies offences as petty, serious and heinous, and defines differentiated processes for each category.
 
The statement said "this unique instrument of a two-stage assessment or trial brings about a balance that is sensitive to the rights of the child, protective of his legitimate interests and yet conscious of the need to deter crimes, especially brutal crimes against women".
 
"The proposed amendment further reinforces these principles through introduction of a new provision that disallows the protection from disqualification in cases where a juvenile is tried and convicted under the adult system," it said.
 
"The amendments to the draft bill strike a fine balance between the demands of the stakeholders asking for continued protection of rights of juveniles and the popular demand of citizens in the light of increasing incidence of heinous crimes by young boys".
 
The ministry of women and child development had introduced the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Bill 2014 in the Lok Sabha in August 2014.
 
The bill had been referred to the standing committee which had recommended keeping the juvenile age at 18 years.
 
The new legislation also proposes to streamline adoption procedures for orphaned, abandoned and surrendered children. It establishes a statutory status for the Child Adoption Resources Authority (CARA).
 
It also proposes several rehabilitation and social integration measures for institutional and non-institutional children and provide for sponsorship and foster care as completely new measures.
 

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Cabinet okays bill to set up commercial divisions in courts

The Commercial Divisions will exercise jurisdiction over all cases and applications relating to commercial disputes

 

In a move aimed to speed up the disposal of commercial suits and take into consideration the Law Commission's recommendations on the matter, the union cabinet on Wednesday okayed the introduction of a bill to set up exclusive commercial divisions in courts.
 
The cabinet, chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, approved to introduce in the current session of parliament a bill called "The Commercial Division and Commercial Appellate Division of High Courts and Commercial Courts Bill, 2015", the government said in a statement.
 
The commercial divisions would deal with 'commercial disputes', which are defined to mean disputes arising out of ordinary transactions of merchants, bankers, financiers and traders such as those relating to mercantile documents, joint venture and partnership agreements, intellectual property rights, insurance and other areas.
 
Commercial Divisions are to be set up in those high courts which are already exercising ordinary original civil jurisdiction such as the Delhi, Bombay, Calcutta, Madras, and Himachal Pradesh High Court.
 
The Commercial Divisions will exercise jurisdiction over all cases and applications relating to commercial disputes.
 
The Commercial Division shall have territorial jurisdiction over such area on which it has original jurisdiction.
 
The Commercial Courts which will be equivalent to District Courts are to be set up in states and union territories where the high courts do not have ordinary original civil jurisdiction, and in the states where the high court has original jurisdiction in respect of those regions to which the original jurisdiction of a high court does not extend.
 
The minimum pecuniary jurisdiction of such Commercial Courts and Commercial Division is proposed as Rs.1 crore, the statement said.
 
"Commercial Appellate Division" shall be set up in all the high courts to hear appeal against (i) Orders of Commercial Division of High Court; and (ii) Orders of Commercial Courts.
 
Commercial Divisions or Commercial Courts shall not have jurisdiction in matters relating to commercial dispute, where the jurisdiction of the civil court has been either expressly or impliedly barred under law.
 
It is proposed to have a streamlined procedure which is to be adopted for the conduct of cases in the Commercial Division and in the Commercial Court by amending the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908, so as to improve the efficiency and reduce delays in disposal of commercial cases.
 
The amended CCP as applicable to the Commercial Divisions and Commercial Courts will prevail over the existing High Court Rules and other provisions of the CPC to the contrary, it said.
 
The Law Commission in its 253rd Report recommended establishment of Commercial Courts, Commercial Divisions and Commercial Appellate Divisions in the High Courts.
 
The finance minister in his budget speech of 2015 made a statement that for the quick resolution of commercial disputes, the government proposes to set up exclusive commercial divisions in various courts in India based on the recommendations of the 253rd report of the Law Commission.
 
The establishment of commercial courts in India is a stepping stone to bring about reform in the civil justice system, it said.
 

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New app deletes your social media mistakes

A new app is here that can clear up all your loud thinking that you blurted out on the social media in a fit of rage or after downing a few drinks, and which your potential employers may consider 'negative'

 

Have your social media observations and statements ever come to haunt you during a job interview? That happens with many people, but there is a remedy for it now.
 
A new app is here that can clear up all your loud thinking that you blurted out on the social media in a fit of rage or after downing a few drinks, and which your potential employers may consider 'negative'.
 
Developed by former Jeb Bush aide Ethan Czahor, the app has been aptly named as "Clear", CBS news portal reported.
 
When he got his dream job working as the chief technology officer (CTO) of Jeb Bush's political operations, his social media past came back to haunt Ethan.
 
When someone found a bunch of jokes that he had tried out on Twitter years earlier while studying improv comedy in California, Ethan Czahor was fired.
 
"Unfortunately, my Twitter feed was unearthed, spun completely out of context to make me appear as someone I am certainly not, and I lost my job," he wrote.
 
He created the app, Clear, "to make sure situations like mine never happen to anyone ever again".
 
Using proprietary algorithms and the help of IBM's Watson supercomputer, the app scans your Facebook, Twitter and Instagram accounts and flags posts it thinks might be "negative".
 
Then you can go through and choose which of those posts to keep, and which to clear away for good.
 
The app looks for fairly obvious expressions of negativity or disparagement -- such as "gay" that ranks as 100 percent negative on the app's sensitivity report -- to less obvious ones, such as "America".
 
Delete all or your potentially negative messages, and the app will declare you "100 percent clear". 'Clear' is currently in beta for iOS.
 
There is one glitch though -- if someone has already screen-shot your feeds, there is little this app can do!
 

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