According to regulatory filings, bond-rating reports and press releases of government-bank cooperative agreements, local investment entities' borrowing in China between 2004 and the end of 2009 totals some $1.6 trillion. Ergo, the size of local debt is roughly one-third of China's 2009 GDP and 70% of its foreign-exchange reserves.
When will China emerge as a military threat to the U.S.? In most respects the answer is: not anytime soon—China doesn’t even contemplate a time it might challenge America directly. But one significant threat already exists: cyberwar.