This demand would be driven by the refining and petrochemical industry (35 mmscmd), the power sector (5 mmscmd) and city gas distribution (about 10-12 mmscmd), according to McKinsey
India's natural gas demand is expected to nearly double to 320 million standard cubic meters per day (mmscmd) by 2015, global consultancy firm McKinsey said in a study on Monday, reports PTI.
In a report released at the VI Asia Gas Partnership Summit, Mckinsey said that the current demand of 166 mmscmd—made up of nearly 132 mmscmd of supplies from domestic fields and the rest from imported LNG—is likely to rise to at least a minimum of 230 mmscmd and a maximum of 320 mmscmd by 2015.
There was an upside of 280 mmscmd if gas was made available at a delivered price of $10 to $11 per million British thermal unit (mBtu).
"At these levels, the use of natural gas becomes economical, despite switching costs and additional investment required. This demand would be driven by the refining and petrochemical industry (35 mmscmd), the power sector (5 mmscmd) and city gas distribution (about 10-12 mmscmd)," the report said.
There was a total potential of 310-320 mmscmd if gas is used to ease peaking power deficits in India, McKinsey said.
"India's peak power shortages are projected to worsen from a 17% peak deficit in 2009 (a shortfall of 23GW of peak supply) to close to a 25% peak deficit by 2015 and a resultant shortfall of more than 60GW of peak supply," it said.
Even if hydropower was tapped to its full potential, it would still leave a peak shortfall of around 32GW to 40GW by 2015. "Even if half the peak shortfall were met, a gas demand of 30 mmscmd to 40 mmscmd will arise."
"To manage this impending growth, India's natural gas industry will require investments of around $40 billion to $50 billion across the value chain.
"With these investments and demand growth, the industry revenue pool could double to $50 billion by 2015 from $25 billion today. The industry's gross profit pool would be around $30 billion, almost double of today's level," it said.
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