Economy
Indians increasingly prefer private education, 71 mn take tuitions
In a recent "Mann Ki Baat" address, Prime Minister Narendra Modi stressed that every government should focus on quality learning and outcomes rather than the school enrolment.
 
His concerns, expressed on April 24, 2016, are not unfounded.
 
As many as 62% of children in India attended a government primary school in 2014, compared to 72.6% in 2007-08 - indicating a surging preference for private schools - according to an IndiaSpend analysis of data in a recent survey on education released by the National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO).
 
At the upper primary level, the percentage of students in government schools reduced from 69.9% in 2007-08 to 66% in 2014.
 
An urban-rural divide is evident: Only 31% of children attended government primary schools in urban areas, against 72.3% in rural in 2014. Yet, this does not mean learning outcomes have improved, IndiaSpend reported last year.
 
No more than 26% of children in class V can do division, a drop of more than 10 percent over four years, according to the 2014 Annual Status of Education Report by Pratham, an education NGO.
 
Despite spending Rs.586,085 crore ($94 billion) over the last decade on primary education, India has been unable to arrest the decline in learning, IndiaSpend reported.
 
Government schools shunned, rising demand for government colleges
 
Till Class XII, students prefer private institutions over government, with 58.7% citing "better environment for learning" as the major factor for studying in private schools at the primary level.
 
Only 11.6% cited "English as a medium of learning" as a reason for studying in private schools.
 
However, when it came to graduation, post-graduation and diploma studies, many enrolled in private institutions because they did not get admission to a government institution.
 
For instance, 43% of respondents pursuing a diploma cited inability to get admission in a government institution as the reason to enroll in a private institution, while the same number was 27.5% for students pursuing graduation degrees and above.
 
The trends were uniform in rural and urban areas-although the demand for English-medium instruction in urban areas was higher by 7% at the primary level -pointing to growing educational and career aspirations.
 
26% of students across India sign up for private coaching
 
As many as 71 million students (26 percent of all students) enroll for private coaching in India: 273 of every 1,000 males and 243 of every 1,000 females.
 
Further, 89% of them cited "augmenting basic education" as the reason for additional tuition.
 
India’s private coaching market was likely to touch $40 billion (Rs.2.6 lakh crore) by the end of 2015, according to a report by Assocham, a trade watchdog.
 
Disclaimer: Information, facts or opinions expressed in this news article are presented as sourced from IANS and do not reflect views of Moneylife and hence Moneylife is not responsible or liable for the same. As a source and news provider, IANS is responsible for accuracy, completeness, suitability and validity of any information in this article.

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COMMENTS

Jyoti Dua

1 year ago

It has been evident for many years that quality of education has been deteriorating, specially in rural areas. Further, the teaching has not changed with time. The introduction of technology in education is also lacking in Govt schools. The State Govts have to own the responsibility for this sad situation.

D S Ranga Rao

1 year ago

It's very unfortunate and saddening that nothing happens to improve the falling standards of teaching and learning in our schools and colleges except everybody, including the Prime Minister, talking and talking about the same time and again. The reason for inaction appears to be that those who have the power and talk about it do not set right the things because their children study elsewhere in private schools and those who are helpless have to rest content with the substandard education because they can't afford a better(private) school. Time that our Prime Minister, for all his good intentions of providing "Maximum governance with minimum government", should have come up with a definite and time-bound plan of action to address this mess.

REPLY

Jyoti Dua

In Reply to D S Ranga Rao 1 year ago

Shri Rao, it should be the responsibility of State Governments to change the trend. To raise the level of learning in Govt schools, there is urgent need to train and upgrade the level of learning of teachers, provide better facilities for school, and above all ensure NO Corrupt practices in recruitment and transfers of teachers.

Bandhan Bank posts Rs.275 crore profit
Bandhan Bank reported a net profit of over Rs.275 crore over seven months and seven days of the fiscal 2015-16.
 
During the period under review, the Kolkata-based bank -- which started operations in August 2015 -- posted a total income of Rs.1,082 crore. Its net interest income (NII) stood at Rs.932.72 crore.
 
The private lender's gross advances were at Rs.15,493.97 crore, of which only Rs.156 crore was advanced to non-micro credit sectors.
 
"Despite spending on technology, infrastructure and new employees, the bank has posted a decent profit which is satisfactory and encouraging," said Chandra Shekhar Ghosh, the bank's managing director and chief executive.
 
The city-based private lender has expanded its operation across 29 states through a network of 670 branches and 234 ATMs. It opened over 15 million accounts, including deposits and advances.
 
The bank has collected deposits of Rs.12,088.75 crore and caters to over 8 millions deposit customers up to March end.
 
Its current account and savings account balance stood at Rs.2,605.59 crore -- 21.55% of total deposits.
 
"We expect to achieve 30% credit and deposit growth by end of the March 2017," he said.
 
The bank has also opened 21 small format branches, he said.
 
"The bank has 20,600 employees at present and with the expansion of network of branches and ATMs in the coming months, the employee number will go up accordingly," he said.
 
Disclaimer: Information, facts or opinions expressed in this news article are presented as sourced from IANS and do not reflect views of Moneylife and hence Moneylife is not responsible or liable for the same. As a source and news provider, IANS is responsible for accuracy, completeness, suitability and validity of any information in this article.

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COMMENTS

Ramesh Poapt

1 year ago

dearFM, please take a note this vs PSU banks recent performance!'bandhans' are in psu banks and not in Bandhan Bank!!

Indian manufacturing likely to slow in first quarter: Ficci
India's manufacturing sector growth may slow down during the first quarter of 2016-17 ending June owing to factors like bleak export outlook, poor demand and high cost of borrowing, industry chamber Ficci said on Sunday on the basis of its latest survey.
 
"The survey had earlier indicated revival in the manufacturing activity in Q4 of 2015-16, which seems to be slowing down in Q1 now," the Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry said of its previous survey.
 
"The percentage of respondents expecting higher growth in Q1 2016-17 has gone down to 53% as compared to 60% for Q4 (January-March 2015-16). The percentage was 55% for Q3 2015-16," it said, citing the present survey.
 
"While the bleak export outlook is responsible for this less optimistic outlook for manufacturing production in first quarter of the current financial year, there have been several other factors that have contributed like poor demand conditions, unstable roadmap for various sectors leading to uncertainty, high interest cost, among others," it added.
 
Moreover, only 38% respondents have reported higher order books for the April-June quarter which is less compared to the 44% reporting similarly in the previous quarter.
 
The quarterly survey gauges expectations of manufacturers for April-June for 13 major sectors namely textiles, capital goods, metals, chemicals, cement and ceramics, electronics, auto, leather and footwear, machine tools, food, tyre,paper and textiles machinery.
 
The hiring outlook also looks unpromising as over 80% of survey respondents said they are unlikely to hire in the said quarter, Ficci said.
 
The proportion of respondents expecting higher exports in the first quarter of 2016-17 is 36% which is much lower than 41% in the fourth quarter of 2015-16, the survey said.
 
Official data on Friday showed India's merchandise exports in April were valued at $20.57 billion - down 6.74% in dollar terms against $22.05 billion in the like month of last year, signalling a decline for the 17th straight month.
 
In terms of investment in the current quarter, 75% respondents, as against 68% in the previous quarter, reported that they have no plans for capacity additions for the next six months, signifying a continuing slowdown in private sector investment.
 
The survey noted that capacity utilization has improved in cement, food, capital goods and electronics sector, though in chemicals, textiles machinery and tyres, it has remained same.
 
On interest rates, it said: "Interest rate paid by the manufacturers seems to have moderated in the last few months, however it still remains high.
 
"The interest rate ranges from 6% to 15% with average rates being around 11.4% per annum compared to 11.8% in the previous survey."
 
Data released on Thursday showed growth of India's manufacturing, which has the maximum weight in the overall index of industrial production (IIP), actually fell by 1.2% in March after rising during the month before.
 
Disclaimer: Information, facts or opinions expressed in this news article are presented as sourced from IANS and do not reflect views of Moneylife and hence Moneylife is not responsible or liable for the same. As a source and news provider, IANS is responsible for accuracy, completeness, suitability and validity of any information in this article.

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