RBI’s monetary policy review is likely to keep investors guarded
Global cues are likely to induce a flat opening for the domestic market. Wall Street posted its biggest gain in almost two months on Tuesday on positive economic news but markets in Asia were trading mixed despite gains in US stocks overnight. The SGX Nifty was eight points lower at 5,508 compared to its previous close of 5,516.
Yesterday the market closed with modest gains amid high volatility on the back of a sharp rise in headline inflation numbers for May and worries that the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) could toughen its stance at its monetary policy review on Thursday.
The market snapped its four-day losing streak, opening higher, tracking the gains in Asian markets on the back of Chinese inflation numbers that were in line with analysts' expectations. The Sensex opened 11 points higher at 18,277 and the Nifty added three points to its Monday's close to open at 5,846. Early gains were supported by buying in oil & gas, metals and banking stocks.
The market touched its intra-day high in the first half hour with the Sensex climbing to 18,380 and the Nifty to 5,520. However, some profit-taking resulted in the indices paring some of the gains. While the market maintained its positive momentum, a rise in the monthly inflation numbers for May pushed the benchmarks southwards. The choppiness continued on concerns of higher prices of food as well as non-food items.
The indices touched the day's low in noon trade with the Sensex and the Nifty paring all their gains, almost touching their previous closing figures. The positive opening in key European markets and higher US futures lifted the domestic market in late trade. The market closed in the positive, with the Sensex adding 43 points to 18,309 and the Nifty gaining 18 points to 5,501, above the psychological 5,500 level.
The market is expected to continue its range-bound movement over the next few days. The next support for the Nifty lies at 5,418 and resistance at 5,550.
Markets in the US ended with smart gains overnight on less-than-expected fall in retail sales and Chinese inflation numbers which were in line with analysts’ expectations. Retail sales in the US fell only 0.2% in May, much less than the 0.6% decline economists had predicted. A separate report from the Labor Department showed producer prices rose 0.2% last month, down from April’s 0.8% increase.
However, Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke warned that a failure to lift the government's $14.3 trillion debt ceiling would pose a potentially disastrous loss of confidence in America’s creditworthiness.
Among stocks, US shares of Finnish handset maker Nokia gained 2.5% and Apple rose 1.8% after the companies agreed to settle all patent litigation. Best Buy surged 4.6% after the it reported better-than-expected first-quarter earnings. On the other hand, Bank of America was the biggest declining Dow component, falling 1.6% in trade.
The Dow climbed 123.14 points (1.03%) to 12,076.11, its biggest rise this month. The S&P 500 rose 16.04 points (1.26%) to 1,287.87 and the Nasdaq Composite surged 39.03 points (1.48%) to 2,678.72.
Markets in Asia were mixed in early trade on Wednesday despite decent gains in the US markets on Tuesday. In another development, China on Tuesday reported that its industrial production rose 13.3% last month, higher than a 13.1% expected rise. However, worries about economic growth weighed on investors.
The Shanghai Composite fell by 0.18%, the Hang Seng declined 0.19%, the Seoul Composite lost 0.21% and the Taiwan Weighted was down 0.66%. Among the gainers, the Jakarta Composite rose 0.71%, the KLSE Composite gained 0.34%, the Nikkei 225 added 0.14% and the Straits Times climbed 0.23%.
Back home, the (RBI) on Tuesday said non-banking financial companies (NBFCs) cannot open subsidiaries or enter into joint ventures abroad without its permission. The move is aimed at regulating the credit system to the advantage of the country.
It said investments will be permitted only in those entities having their core activity regulated by a financial sector regulator in the host jurisdiction or country.
“Tata Motors did not find the situation congenial to continue its operations and, there being no guarantee of a safe and peaceful environment, had to reluctantly close operations on October 3, 2008, and eventually moved out,” the company said in a statement
Mumbai: A bill seeking to empower the West Bengal government to return land in Singur to farmers was today passed by the Assembly amidst a walkout by members of the Opposition Left parties.
The Singur Land Rehabilitation and Development Bill, 2011, was passed by voice vote along with some amendments brought by the government.
Reacting to the news of the passage of the Bill, Tata Motors in a statement said,
"The Bill mentions 'non-commissioning and abandoning' of the project by Tata Motors and goes on to state that 'no employment generation and socio-economic development has taken place and people in and around the area have not benefited in any manner…' The Bill does not state the reasons for stoppage of operations and shifting of the plant."
The company further added, "Tata Motors wants to clarify that the operations of setting up and commissioning of the plant was conducted under very difficult conditions, amidst violence, disruption of activities, damage to property, threats to personnel. An appeal was made on 22August 2008, for a congenial environment, which was rebuffed with an escalation of hostilities through a blockade on the highway, more incidents of physical assault and intimidation of personnel. Therefore, Tata Motors did not find the situation congenial to continue its operations and, there being no guarantee of a safe and peaceful environment, had to reluctantly close operations on October 3, 2008, and eventually moved out."
There are a few precautions you must take before you are tempted to put your money in corporate fixed deposits
Interest rates offered by banks on their fixed deposits are on the rise. Today banks are offering 8.25% on deposits of more than a year and 9% for deposits of more than two years. These are attractive, but there are even more attractive deposit options from companies looking to raise funds. These include non-banking financial companies (NBFCs) that are raising money from savers at attractive rates.
The rate of interest is determined by the tenure of the deposit as well as some other factors. The deposits are governed by section 58A of the Companies Act. The table below offers some corporate FDs which are currently on offer. The interest rates offered by some companies are substantially higher than that offered by banks.
Is it worth putting money in these FDs to get a couple of percentage points of extra interest? Like bank FDs, they are a good source of monthly, quarterly, half-yearly, or yearly interest income. The tenure is flexible, ranging from six months to seven years. The other benefits are that no tax is deducted at source in case the interest is only up to Rs5,000 in a year. They have a nomination facility and the operational process is simple too-even PAN is not required.
However, higher the interest rate, the more the risk that is associated with it.
Thus, a company offering 15% interest rate would be riskier than that offering 11%. These deposits are not secured, unlike in banks where deposits up to Rs1 lakh are covered by a deposit insurance. Besides, deposits with public sector banks are totally safe. It is inconceivable now that the government will let the depositors of any public sector bank down. But in the case of default by a company, the investor is likely to lose the money. Besides, the investor has no claim over the assets of the company in case the company is to be wound up. That makes corporate FDs risky and, therefore, they attract a higher interest.
In order to protect ones investment from risk, the performance of the company must be reviewed before investing. Also at the time of maturity, if you wish to reinvest your amount, check the company's performance. Keep a regular check on the companies in which you plan to invest by keeping a track of its balance sheet and share prices. This will enable you to decide your investment in corporate fixed deposits. Before investing, ensure that you choose companies that have a good credit rating (A or above).
Here are some guidelines on company fixed deposits that you should avoid.
Companies which offer interest rates that are more than 3% higher than those offered on bank FDs.
Companies that are not paying dividends to the shareholder.
Companies whose balance sheet show losses.
Companies which are below investment grade (A or under) rating.
Unlisted companies, as it is very difficult to judge their performance.
If you wish to get higher returns, you must take a little risk. And if you wish to avoid the risk, you must compromise on the returns. However, when deciding on your option for corporate FDs, it is important to know how to choose the proper fixed deposit and how to ignore the wrong ones. Here are a few tips to ensure higher returns with low risk.
Spread your risk by spreading your investment in fixed deposits over a number of companies in different businesses. Do not put more than 10% of your investment in one company. This has two benefits. First, your risk will be diversified among various industries. Second, the interest from one company may not exceed Rs5,000, and hence there will be no tax deducted at source (TDS).
Choose the right tenure of deposit. Ideally you must invest for a period of one year. Blocking your investment for more than one year could be risky, because the performance of the company cannot be assured over a long period of time.
Make a periodic review of the company from time to time and at the maturity of the deposit. This will help you to decide whether you should renew or reshuffle the deposit. In the case of company fixed deposits, it is necessary to check whether they have been rated by agencies like Crisil, Icra, etc. Also check the number of years that the company has been in business, the profitability of the company, the and the reputation of the promoters. If you know of people who have invested in company fixed deposits, try to find out if these companies have been prompt in sending maturity proceeds, interest cheques, and how responsive they are to queries.