Technology
Indian communication satellite GSAT-18 put into orbit
An Indian communication satellite GSAT-18 was successfully put into orbit by Ariane 5 rocket belonging to French company Arianespace on Thursday, Indian space agency said.
 
The rocket lifted off from its spaceport in Kourou (French Guiana).
 
According to Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) its Master Control Facility (MCF) at Hassan in Karnataka took control of GSAT-18 and performed the initial orbit raising activities by firing the motors onboard the satellite.
 
The satellite was placed in a circular geostationary orbit, ISRO said.
 
GSAT-18 is India's latest communication satellite with 48 transponders that receive and transmit communication signals.
 
The 3,404 kg satellite will provide services in normal C-band, upper extended C-band and Ku-bands of the frequency spectrum.
 
The satellite carries Ku-band beacon as well to help in accurately pointing ground antennas towards the satellite.
 
Its designed in-orbit operational life is about 15 years.
 
"It is now the fifth time this year that ArianeA5 has performed flawlessly, and this launch celebrates as well its 74th success in a row, now equalling (that of the predecessor) ArianeA4," Arianespace's Chairman Stephane Israel was quoted as saying in a statement issued by the company.
 
Apart from the Indian communication satellite, the Ariane 5 rocket put into orbit Australian Sky Muster II satellite.
 
Overall, Arianespace has won 86 percent of all geostationary launch contracts the country has opened to non-Indian launch systems - including those for GSAT-11 and GSAT-17, to be lofted on future missions from the Spaceport in French Guiana, the company said.
 
Carrying 12 transponders in Ku-band and another 24 in C-band, GSAT-18 will provide telecommunications services for India once in its final orbital position (74 deg. East), strengthening ISRO's current fleet of 14 operational satellites.
 
The Thursday flight was Arianespace's eighth of 11 launches targeted in 2016.
 
Disclaimer: Information, facts or opinions expressed in this news article are presented as sourced from IANS and do not reflect views of Moneylife and hence Moneylife is not responsible or liable for the same. As a source and news provider, IANS is responsible for accuracy, completeness, suitability and validity of any information in this article.

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COMMENTS

Arun Sharma

2 months ago

Government is busy in counting gain's from surgical strikes.Who cares for people's.Have no time except criticism of Aaps kejriwal & others.

Easing into Easements, Not Easy
You own a home. “A man’s home is his castle.” It means that you can let in, or keep out, anyone you want. None can use that which belongs to another. Period.
 
Why then does the State, to whom the roads belong, allow you to use them for free, but charges the motorists? It is due to the ‘law of easements’, a law based on the use of property owned by others. It allows the use, enjoyment and extraction of profit from that property. The fisherman casts his net and sells the catch; the forest-dweller has rights over forest produce, just as herders have over certain grazing lands. But does the law allow indiscriminate car parking, a big bone of contention with city-wallahs!?
 
You be the judge. 
 
A man owns a plot of land. He is surrounded by others and has no access to the main road. You are one of the neighbours. Would you, even as a judge, allow him ingress and egress through your plot? Good neighbourly relations?
 
Some Scottish cases caught our attention. In 1899, in Cronin v/s Sutherland, a court had to decide whether horse-drawn carts could carry asphalt, on a road where the right existed only for manure and fuel transport. It opted for strict interpretation. Coming to modern times, another problem cropped up in Moncrieff v/s Jamieson. This time, it was cars. And the problem was with the right to park. 
 
You be the judge. 
 
Would the right to traverse a road also allow parking thereon? Your answer may depend on whether you own the land or the car. But what would be the judicial remedy?
 
Feudal societies had ideas of ownership that were different from ours. Where once drovers drove animals over vast tracts of land, the animals naturally rested. They ate the grass. Cattle bit it. Sheep pulled out the roots too. The implications were built in.
 
Times change. While Cronin stuck to the letter of the contract, “so as not to make the burden upon the servient tenement more heavy…”, Moncrieff wavered. However, in ‘Johnson, Thomas and Thomas v/s Thomas Smith’, circa 2016, again Scottish, Sherriff Reid was more distinct. The case involved parking of caravans since 1989. Twenty years, without notice, helps establish a right. The judge (Sherriff) called for records but, more importantly, clarified what parking actually meant. He queried if it was temporary, and for varying and extended periods. What of broken down vehicles? Did the parking amount to storage? Were the balls red, white or pink? Horses for courses.
 
These cases show that the problem is perennial and not susceptible to rigid solution. Each matter will be decided on a case-to-case basis. The contractual document needs be thoroughly drawn up. While it may be impossible to touch all bases, and we have amongst us brilliant minds seeking loopholes, the positive and negative actions need amplifying.
 
In India, access is an easement must. Locked-in properties get the easiest route, a minimum of five metres width, to allow heavy vehicles. If the road is used by many, parking must be banned and so specified. Pedestrians have easement rights per se. Motorists pay for use of public roads and, therefore, can legally be denied that right, just as the railways restrict use of over-bridges to ticket-holders.
 
To end an exhilarating exercise, the best remark comes from a British judge. “There is a common misunderstanding that an Englishman’s home is his castle in the sense that he can build walls, put up gates and do other acts on his land whenever he chooses, and without regard for his neighbours. While it is often true that a person can do what he wants on his own land, it is not always so. The law expects neighbours to show some give and take towards each other.” 
 
And then what would the lawyers do? Make-in-India loopholes? 

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COMMENTS

Mahesh S Bhatt

2 months ago

Is any body thinking that how do I change the thought of not moving forget running from cozy multi tech conditionings of cars/AC/good food/easy works/life style/9-5 & 5-9 runups /time shortages etc etc

Do visit Values for Wealth www.youtube.com for Inner Re Architectures & Engineerings.

Any amount of external impulses shall not influence unless we crack inner easy zones.

Good Article Mahesh

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