India tops Asia in sending scientists and engineers to US: Report

Among Asian countries, India continues to be the top country of birth for scientists and engineers who have made the US their destination for key research and development, latest data has revealed.

With 950,000 out of Asia's total 2.96 million, India's 2013 figure represented an 85 percent increase from 2003, according to a new report from the National Science Foundation's National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics (NCSES).

From 2003 to 2013, the number of scientists and engineers residing in the US rose from 21.6 million to 29 million.

“An important factor in that increase over the same time period, the number of immigrant scientists and engineers went from 3.4 million to 5.2 million,” the report noted.

Of the immigrant scientists and engineers in the US in 2013, 57 percent were born in Asia while 20 percent were born in North America (excluding the US), Central America, the Caribbean or South America.

“While 16 percent were born in Europe, six percent were born in Africa and less than one percent were born in Oceania.

“Immigrants went from making up 16 percent of the science and engineering workforce to 18 percent,” the NCSES statement read.

In 2013, the latest year for which numbers are available, 63 percent of US immigrant scientists and engineers were naturalised citizens, while 22 percent were permanent residents and 15 percent were temporary visa holders.

Since 2003, the number of scientists and engineers from the Philippines increased 53 percent and the number from China, including Hong Kong and Macau, increased 34 percent.

The NCSES report found that immigrant scientists and engineers were more likely to earn post-baccalaureate degrees than their US-born counterparts.

In 2013, 32 percent of immigrant scientists reported their highest degree was a master's (compared to 29 percent of US-born counterparts) and 9 percent reported it was a doctorate (compared to 4 percent of US-born counterparts).

“The most common broad fields of study for immigrant scientists and engineers in 2013 were engineering, computer and mathematical sciences, and social and related sciences,” the report revealed.

Over 80 percent of immigrant scientists and engineers were employed in 2013, the same percentage as their US-born counterparts.

Among the immigrants in the science and engineering workforce, the largest share (18 percent) worked in computer and mathematical sciences, while the second-largest share (eight percent) worked in engineering.

Three occupations -- life scientist, computer and mathematical scientist, and social and related scientist - saw substantial immigrant employment growth from 2003 to 2013.


Disclaimer: Information, facts or opinions expressed in this news article are presented as sourced from IANS and do not reflect views of Moneylife and hence Moneylife is not responsible or liable for the same. As a source and news provider, IANS is responsible for accuracy, completeness, suitability and validity of any information in this article.


Is the US Gun Lobby’s Power Overstated?
The National Rifle Association and other anti-gun-control groups are formidable, but political trends may be loosening their grip on lawmakers.
This story was co-published with The New York Times’ Room for Debate. Read the full discussion here.
No sooner had the toll from the latest mass shooting been tallied than came the world-weary predictions that the carnage would have zero political effect. “Why the Gun Debate Won’t Change After the Oregon Shooting,” read the headline at The Fix, The Washington Post’s political blog.
Without doubt, the gun rights lobby is a formidable force. It is backed by a truly grass-roots network of committed and well-organized supporters who are willing to make calls to legislators and turn out in even low-turnout elections to back pro-gun candidates. This “intensity gap” bedevils gun-control groups, which, however well some of their proposals poll, have trouble getting voters to agitate and to prioritize the gun issue the way that gun-rights defenders do.
But the invincibility of the gun lobby is being overstated. For one thing, gun ownership is becoming more concentrated in a smaller share of the population, one that is increasingly clustered in certain regions, thus limiting the lobby’s political reach.
For another thing, the big recent defeat for the gun-control movement, the 2013 failure to pass universal background checks for gun purchases, was a close call. Six senators with A-ratings from the NRA voted for the bill; it fell just five short of the filibuster-proof 60. Had it passed the Senate, there would have been great pressure from the Sandy Hook families to bring it up for a vote in the House, and it would have needed only about 20 Republicans to pass.
No, the odds of the bill being revived anytime soon are not good, with the Senate now in Republican control. But things are shifting beneath the surface. The two Democrats who voted against the bill and were up for re-election last year both lost, after getting zero backing from the NRA in exchange for their vote; this will make centrist Democrats less likely to vote with the NRA in the future. Meanwhile, two Democratic governors who signed tough gun laws, in Colorado and Connecticut, both won re-election in an otherwise brutal year for their party. A year earlier, Terry McAuliffe was elected governor of Virginia, the NRA’s home state, while running on an outspokenly anti-NRA platform.
As more elected officials take on the NRA and live to tell the tale, the calculus for even self-interested politicians will evolve, especially if gun control supporters start to really challenge those who vote against them. There are three “no” votes on background checks with tough re-election races in swing states next year: Kelly Ayotte in New Hampshire, Ron Johnson in Wisconsin and Rob Portman in Ohio. Simply deciding that the gun control issue is a political loser is self-fulfilling, just the sort of fatalism that the NRA counts on to preserve the status quo.


Nifty, Sensex to rally further – Monday closing report
Nifty has to stay above 8,025 for the rally to continue 
We had mentioned in last week’s closing report that Nifty, Sensex may rally. The markets soared today with the major indices gaining by 2%-3% over Thursday’s closing values. 
Factors that pushed equity prices higher on Monday included stable Asian markets, continuation of the positive bias imbibed by last week's monetary easing, and optimism surrounding the earnings season due to lower commodities’ prices.
Market observers cited that lower chances of a US rate hike in October due to a slowdown in the US jobs market had relieved investors and increased their risk taking appetite.
Last month, the US economy added just 142,000 jobs from 173,000 jobs created in August 2015. The August figures are being revised downwards. The jobs data is expected to deter the US Fed from raising rates. The rates were last raised in 2006. The US Fed will decide whether to raise interest rates during its Federal Open Market Committee meet scheduled for October 27-28. With higher interest rates in the US, the Foreign Portfolio Investors are expected to be led away from emerging markets such as India.
Expectations of a Japanese monetary and fiscal stimulus and up-tick in Chinese consumer sentiment stabilised the East Asian markets.
The rupee continued to gain strength on Monday. It gained 23 paise to close at 65.28 against the US dollar from its previous close of 65.51 against a greenback. It touched a day's low of 65.14 against the US dollar.
Sector-wise, all 12 components of the BSE closed higher. Banks, capital goods, automobile, consumer durables and metal stocks witnessed healthy buying.
The S&P BSE banking index zoomed by 548.11 points, capital goods index augmented by 499.65 points, automobile index gained by 366.43 points, consumer durables index rose by 209.05 points and metal index was higher by 170 points.
Major Sensex gainers during Monday's trade were: Tata Motors, up 6.13% at Rs.315.20; Tata Steel, up 5.82% at Rs.224.50; ICICI Bank, up 4.90% at Rs.280.45; Hindalco Industries, up 4.74% at Rs.74.05; and HDFC, up 4.73% at Rs.1,256.
The major Sensex losers were: Maruti Suzuki down 3.59% at Rs.4,415.45, Lupin, down 1.14% at Rs.2,083.10, Dr.Reddy's Lab, down 1.13% at Rs.4,182.20, Hindustan Unilever, down 0.55% at Rs.810.10.
The top gainers and top losers in the major indices are given in the table below:
The closing values of major Asian indices are given in the table below:


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