New Delhi: The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) on Thursday said the country will emerge as the third largest recipient of foreign direct investment (FDI) for the three-year period ending 2012, reports PTI.
"If the situation continues to improve, India is likely to be among the most promising investor-home countries in 2010-12 as well as the third highest economy for FDI in 2010-12," UNCTAD said in its World Investment Report 2010.
India remained in the list of top 10 countries in 2009 to have the highest FDI in the world. In 2009, the country received FDI worth $34.6 billion, while the outward FDI was $14.9 billion, the report, released on Thursday said.
UNCTAD said the global FDI flows began to bottom out in the later half of 2009 and has shown a modest recovery in the first half of 2010 with South Asia being the first to bounce back from the recent downturn.
"FDI flows worldwide are expected to recover slightly this year...FDI flows to South Asia have experienced their largest decline since 2001, but they were the first to bottom out from the current downturn," the report said.
Increasing intra-regional FDI has become an effective vehicle for industrial upgrading in the South Asia region, providing opportunities to countries at different stages of development, UNCTAD said and noted that "inflows from developed countries contracted the most, while intraregional FDI gained ground."
Further, it said the outward flow of FDI from the region, which had declined, is likely to recover riding on cross-border mergers and acquisitions (M&As). "FDI outflows are expected to rebound in 2010, sustained by M&A opportunities associated with Indian and Chinese firms' persistent pursuit of natural resources and markets," it said.
Besides, UNCTAD also said recent forecasts suggest that the global economy has exited recession and returned to growth. "The world economy is expected to grow by 3% in 2010," it said.
It also forecasts that central banks are expected to maintain low interest rates till the end of 2010 and commodity price increases are likely to remain modest.
The report also focuses on climate change and in particular the role of transnational corporations in supporting the transition of developing countries to a low-carbon economy. Low-carbon FDI is significant and its potential huge, said UNCTAD. In three key low-carbon business areas alone, FDI flows are estimated to have been $90 billion in 2009.
"A quarter of the greenfield investments in alternative or renewable power generation were in the developing economies including India and Pakistan," the report said.