Leisure, Lifestyle & Wellness
How to make exercise a habit
What can prompt you to make exercise a habit that is hard to break? Certain cues can prod people to automatically go to the gym and increase exercise frequency, a study says.
 
Some interventions designed to help people start and continue exercising may focus on the execution habit, or an exact routine to follow at the gym, said Alison Phillips, an assistant professor of psychology at Iowa State University.
 
However, Phillips' research, published in the journal Health Psychology, found that it is the instigation habit - or cues that prompt people to automatically go to the gym - that increases exercise frequency.
 
"From a health perspective, we want people to engage in physical activity frequently, and so instigation habit is the type of habit to promote that to happen," Phillips said.
 
"Regardless of the type of exercise you are going to do on a particular day, if you have an instigation habit, you will start exercising without having to think a lot about it or consider the pros and cons."
 
For example, Phillips said many people exercise after work. The end of the workday presents their cue to drive to the gym and workout instead of driving home.
 
For others, the cue may be the alarm clock going off in the morning signalling that it is time to go for a run or a bike ride.
 
Some research suggests that it may take a month or longer of repeated behaviour before a cue reliably and automatically triggers a behaviour. Sticking with the same time of the day might help initially, Phillips said.
 
For anyone who is new to exercise or uncomfortable going to the gym, following the same routine can help build self-confidence at the activity and being active in general.
 
However, for others the repetitiveness of sticking to a specific routine may be detrimental.
 
"It might be important for people to start to do the same thing until they realise they can do this, but in the long-term there does not seem to be a benefit of doing the same things over and over again," Phillips said.

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Discussing religion improves health
Discussion on religion and spirituality can often lead to improved physical and mental health, but clinical social workers are not integrating these conversations into their counselling sessions, a study says.
 
Licensed clinical social workers (LCSWs) account for the largest number of clinically trained helping professionals in the US.
 
"It's that big elephant in the room. If we ignore it, we are ignoring a huge component of their lives that may be tied to the clinical issue," said Holly Oxhandler from Baylor University.
 
Oxhandler and colleagues surveyed 442 LCSWs across the US for the study, which was published in the journal Social Work.
 
The survey revealed that the vast majority of LCSWs, with more than 80 percent responding favourably on most of the survey items, have positive attitudes regarding the integration of their clients' religion and spirituality into their discussions.
 
"They are confident in their abilities to assess and discuss their clients' beliefs, and find it feasible to do so. But they are not doing it... I'm still boggled by the fact that they are so disconnected between their views and their behaviours," she said.
 
Oxhandler said that from the 1920s to the 1970s, there was a push for what is called the "medical model" of practice, which she said had no mention of religion or spirituality because there was no research to support the discussion about clients' faith and practice during that time.
 
"It wasn't until the 1980s when some researchers were saying, 'Well, it's kind of an important area of their clients' culture that we need to be considering in clinical practice'."
 
It is important for social workers to be trained to learn about religions other than their own, she said adding: "If you're a Christian social worker working in a medical setting and you have a Muslim client who's in the hospital, how do you know that she needs to be positioned a certain way within her room when she prays five times a day?"

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COMMENTS

Mahesh S Bhatt

1 year ago

Sir Newton says Energy can never be created nor destroyed but it only gets transformed.So logically even after the death visible/measurable dead weight of the body multiplied by 9.8kg/cmsq gravitional pull creates an energy force which needs 4 persons to carry the body to crematorium.

Science is not matured to handle very pico/nano forms of emotional/psychological/spiritual enregies but we all experience it & like it hence use of right spirit of religion in right perspective under a divine Guru is God sent blessings which often cures us hence believe experience the divine.There are sciences like Astorlogy which accurately times /remedies the karmic doshas with cosmic cross/like vibrational energies from Mantra( Mann-Mind /Trartna-Protection),Yantra-Yan-technques /Trarana Protection) & finally Yantra ( Yan-Tools Trarana-Protection).Mail [email protected] for more information on Fusion of Science & Religion.I am an High Tech Software Engineer who uses Scientific religious theories for divine interventions for safety & healthy growth.

Goa taxi drivers up ante over digital meters, rent-a-car services
Several attempts by the state government over the last decade to install fare meters have failed, even as fights between taxi drivers and passengers over fare disputes are commonplace
 
Months after Goa's tourist taxi drivers threatened an agitation over installation of digital meters, the cabbie community in the state may now go off the roads over an increase in licences granted to rent-a-car operators.
 
What started with the government last month notifying draft rules making it mandatory for the 7,000-odd tourist taxis in Goa to install GPS-capable digital meters, has threatened to snowball into a major issue between tourist taxi drivers and rent-a-car operators.
 
"The rental cars are being let out illegally and because of which we do not get customers. Many of them have salaried jobs and are running the business," Vinayak Nanoskar, general secretary of the North Goa Tourist Taxi Owners Association, told IANS.
 
He did not rule out a strike as an option.
 
Many of Goa's tourist taxis and their drivers have often been accused of over-charging, intimidating and operating in an unregulated environment.
 
Several attempts by the state government over the last decade to install fare meters have failed, even as fights between taxi drivers and passengers over fare disputes are commonplace.
 
Some years back, a flare-up between a Russian travel operator and a local taxi owner resulted in the murder of the latter, sparking hostilities between locals and Russian tourists.
 
With taxi services unpredictable, unorganised and expensive, the formal introduction of rent-a-car services in Goa licenced by the state transport department caught on, especially for tourists, nearly three million of whom visit the state annually.
 
"It works for us. If one considers a weekend holiday in Goa, hiring a rent-a-car service saves you at least Rs.2,000 compared to taxis," says Ramesh Shah, a businessman from Mumbai and a regular visitor to Goa.
 
Ramdas Palkar, president of the North Goa Rent-a-Cab Associations, claims that renting out cars is as good and legitimate a business as any.
 
"We are sons of the soil as well and we too have stomachs to feed and loans to repay. Giving out cars on rent is one of the provisions of the central government's Motor Vehicle Act and Rules," Palkar said, arguing that the demand made by the tourist taxi operators to scrap their licences was bizarre.
 
Palkar said that due to pressure by the taxi operators, the transport department had already stopped giving permission for rent-a-car operations in north Goa, referring to an embargo on fresh rent-a-car permits imposed by the authorities last year.
 
"We are not asking that the government should allow everyone to start a rent-a-car business. Only those who were registered before the embargo on new licences, on permissions and renewals should be given," he added.
 
Assistant director of transport Uday Gauns said the arguments put forth by both sides were being looked into and that the impasse between the two warring sides would be resolved soon.
 
"We will ensure there is no strike. The dispute will be settled amicably," Gauns said.

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