The best way to cope up with rising interest rates on home loans is to make part pre-payments, says Satish Kumar, national credit manager, mortgages, ICICI Bank
The best way to manage your mortgage in a floating-rate regime and to keep your monthly payments under check is to budget for making regular part pre-payments over the tenure of your loan, Satish Kumar, national credit manager, mortgages, at ICICI Bank, said today. He was speaking at a workshop by Moneylife Foundation.
With the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) having hiked interest rates 12 times in 18 months, dealing with higher equated monthly instalments (EMIs) is a reality that all borrowers have to live with. The workshop aimed to inform and educate savers on how to borrow safely and navigate the interest rate storm.
While the government and policymakers advise lending institutions to extend loan tenures instead of raising EMIs, the borrowers face a dilemma over whether to keep their EMI constant or their tenure constant on their mortgage, for which the cost implications are significantly different. "If you have any long-term loan, plan to make part pre-payments," Mr Kumar said. The payment made will directly get adjusted with the outstanding principal resulting in a lower interest payout. Most banks do not charge any part pre-payment penalty.
Mr Kumar also suggested that borrowers who receive an income hike should start saving to make a lump-sum part pre-payment rather than going through the hassle of increasing the EMI. He also said that opting for an increase in EMI would be a better option as the interest burden is reduced. However, the decision would depend on the borrower's ability to service the higher EMI.
At the start of his presentation Mr Kumar cleared the common dilemma faced by new borrowers, whether it is a new property or resale, whether to buy now or later, and whether to go for a fixed interest rate or floating rate loan. While the choice of property depends on individual preference, Mr Kumar said people who have the funds in place should go ahead and buy the property if it is for personal use, since no one can really predict future interest rates.
He also said that most often people who end up in a debt trap get into trouble because of multiple borrowings. Having availed of a home loan, they also take personal loans and auto loans. For bankers, defaults on the smaller value loans are usually the first sign of a possible problem. Mr Kumar cautioned people against multiple borrowings, especially in times of rapid interest rate changes.
Mr Kumar also spoke on the obligation of joint owners and about the clearance of the property title. Joint applicants are equally liable to pay for the loan even if they are not joint owners of the property or are earning members. Usually, joint owners are unaware of their obligations.
Mr Kumar suggested individuals should do their own legwork to get the title of the property checked. Presently, 90% of the activity is manual. Hence one could take the services of a lawyer to check the property title.
Responding to a question on the insurance charged by banks along with the home loan, Mr Kumar said that though it was not compulsory it was essential to be adequately insured. If the loan is insured, the balance payment of the loan is cleared by the insurance company in case of death of the borrower. This would save the family and dependants additional financial stress.
Post the seminar, the participants had an opportunity to have their personal queries resolved in a one-to-one discussion with ICICI home finance experts.
The labour face-off, spearhead by Maruti Suzuki workers, is spreading all through the Gurgaon-Manesar industrial belt. The Haryana government is blaming the workers now
The Gurgaon-Manesar industrial belt unrest, spearheaded by the Maruti Suzuki face-off, seems to be getting worse. Yesterday, (19th September), Haryana labour minister Shiv Charan Lal Sharma blamed Maruti workers' "adamant" attitude for the breakdown of talks with the company management.
"Workers are not agreeing to come back to their jobs unless those workers who have been suspended and dismissed are taken back by the management," Mr Sharma said, while expressing disappointment over the workers' stance.
According to Mr Sharma, it is not possible for Maruti Suzuki to take back workers, against whom an FIR (first information report) has been filed and criminal cases have been launched.
The clash between the Maruti Suzuki management and workers has been going on since 29th August. The management had prevented workers from entering the factory premises unless they signed a "good conduct" bond, after alleged sabotage and "deliberate compromise" on the quality of cars being produced.
Workers had also been accused of attacking a group of supervisors when the labour unrest took a violent turn last week. There seems to be a glimmer of hope—talks will again start today to end the deadlock.
But what is the ground reality?
A drive towards that belt revealed more red flags up and running in this now-troubled industrial and commercial belt than seen before. But more interestingly, and symptomatic of the real gravity of issues there, some industrialists have been seriously looking at relocating. This could be to another state in India—or even the UAE. One unit which used to provide speciality generators, has already done so.
People who run industrial units in this area have been murmuring about the cost of doing business having gone up—to almost one-third of turnover. Where the units are linked to European or American interests, the anti-bribery laws in their home country make matters very difficult, as far as compliance norms are concerned. There are only so many one-line bills from 'consultants' or others that the auditors will accept. In addition, the forthcoming anti-corruption laws in India, which do not seem to realise and accept the gravity of the situation for entrepreneurs—who have to pay for everything or else see their business go kaput—are beginning to worry people too.
What kind of impact will this have on the automobile industry, which had its nursery in the Gurgaon area with the advent of Maruti Udyog, is out there clear to see and the writing is on the walls of the trucks idling outside the Maruti Suzuki factories. It is not safe to pull out a camera due to the heavy presence of police and private security, and Maruti Suzuki's well known heavy-handedness towards media—which is not "co-operative"—is real and true.
But a drive there and back without the bandobast of a PR junket would be essential soon for motoring and business media currently trotting out an "All is Well" as though they are the jailors in Bimal Roy's classic Bandini.
All is not well in the Gurgaon-Manesar industrial belt, India's largest car manufacturer has the industry at stake there, and why does it feel as though they are playing things to a plan?
And clearly, the government is not pitching for the workers. Haryana labour commissioner Satwanti Ahlawat has said that protesting workers are being misled by "certain elements" who do not want the matter be resolved. "During the talks, it came to notice that there is a clear intention of a few persons, backed by some political support, who want to mislead workers," she said. Ms Ahlawat added that at the instance of the Labour Department, the management had agreed to consider taking back those workers against whom the charges were not serious.
Meanwhile, the face-off continues—and the auto industry is on tenterhooks.
Power minister Sushilkumar Shinde said while the present installed generation capacity in is more than 1,81,000MW, over 80,000MW of new power capacity is under construction. He added that during the forthcoming 12th Five Year Plan, the funding requirement of the Indian power sector has been estimated at $230 billion
Chicago: India's power minister Sushilkumar Shinde made a strong pitch for US investment in the growing power sector in India on Tuesday, asserting that lucrative opportunities were available to investors, reports PTI.
He was speaking at the US-India Economic Opportunities and Synergies Summit in Chicago organised by FICCI in association with The Executive Club of Chicago at the Fairmont Hotel here.
Mr Shinde said the average plant load factor (PLF) of Indian generation units improved to 77.5% during 2009-10 from 73.6% in 2006.
The contribution of the private sector to India's electricity output has grown from 11.6% in 2006 and further to 30% as of date and is likely to go up by about 60% in the 12th Plan (2012-2017), he said.
Mr Shinde told reporters at a press conference that during 2010-11, 15,795MW of power got synchronized and 12,161MW commissioned, which was the highest-ever capacity addition achieved in a single year since Independence.
"80,000MW is under construction as of now-such a huge amount," Mr Shinde said.
"Per capita consumption of electricity has grown from 600 kwh to 785 kwh in a span of five years," FICCI senior vice-president RV Kanoria told reporters.
However, while "infrastructure has not grown, India has grown," Mr Kanoria added.
Mr Shinde said while the present installed generation capacity in India is more than 1,81,000MW, over 80,000MW of new power capacity is under construction.
He added that during the forthcoming 12th Five Year Plan (2012-2017), the funding requirement of the Indian power sector has been estimated at $230 billion.
Stating that the 12th Plan aims at capacity addition of nearly 100,000MW, Mr Shinde emphasised that such a gigantic task can be successful only with strong support from the private sector.
Highlighting the reforms in the power sector in India, Mr Shinde said the Electricity Act, 2003, allows the sector to align itself with market dynamics and clears roadblocks in the way of greater participation by the private sector.
He said an independent regulatory framework in India now provides business confidence to power companies and a fairly lucrative rate of return on equity of 15.5% per annum.
Underlining that the share of the private sector in capacity expansion has gone up substantially in the 11th Plan, with 33% of total incremental capacity expected to come from the private sector, the minister said that in the 12th Plan, this share is expected to further increase to about 50%.
He said 100% foreign direct investment (FDI) is permitted to facilitate private investment under the automatic route for power generation, transmission and distribution projects.
Giving an outline of the power projects in India that are to be implemented under a public-private partnership model, Mr Shinde said 16 ultra-mega power projects (UMPPs) and 14 inter-state transmission schemes have been identified for development by the private sector on the basis of competitive bidding.
He said while the bidding for four ultra-mega power projects and six transmission projects has been completed, more than five UMPPs are in the pipeline and offer unique opportunities for investment.
Each UMPP is of 4,000MW capacity and requires an estimated $4.5 billion investment.
Regarding hydro power, Mr Shinde said the estimated potential in the hydro sector in India is 1,50,000MW, out of which only 30,000MW has been harnessed.
The remaining capacity needs to be developed, which offers investors a lucrative opportunity.
He said that international majors like Mitsubishi, Toshiba, Hitachi, Alstom and Ansaldo have already started the process of partnering with Indian manufacturers to set up super critical manufacturing facilities.
On the renewable energy front, Mr Shinde said that India has launched the Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission and is committed to adding 20,000MW of solar power by 2022.
He said State Electricity Regulatory Commissions (SERCs) are mandating minimum Renewable Purchase Obligations (RPOs) for Discoms and a mechanism for trading renewable energy certificates (RECs) through power exchanges has been operationalised in India.
Addressing the concerns of investors on the financial health of distribution companies, the minister said an "Accelerated Power Distribution and Reforms Programme (APDRP)" has been launched in urban areas, the main objective of which is to bring down the aggregate technical and commercial (AT&C) losses by around 15%.
He said the budget for the R-APDRP programme during 2007-2012 is about $11 billion.
With regard to energy efficiency, Mr Shinde said the Indian government has given due emphasis on this issue.
Stating that 37 energy service companies (ESCOs) have been accredited by the Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE), he said tremendous opportunities exist for foreign ESCOs operating either independently or in JVs for taking up energy efficiency projects.
He said it is estimated that an investment of $15 billion is required on energy efficiency initiatives in India.
Mr Shinde said that in order to improve confidence among the financial institutions, a robust energy audit system has been created.
He added that a Partial Risk Guarantee Fund and Venture Capital Fund are being created for boosting investments in the area of energy efficiency and a National Mission on Enhanced Energy Efficiency has been approved.
Mr Shinde is on a five-day visit to the US, which aims at enhancing cooperation between the two countries in the power sector.
He will also go to New York, where besides addressing the press conference organised by the counsel general of India, he will meet chief executive officers of various organisations, organised by the United States-India Business Council (USIBC).
He will also deliver the keynote closing address at the 8th Annual India Investment Forum.