Citizens' Issues
Hate speech accused three times more successful in elections
Candidates with hate speech cases against them were three times more successful in elections compared to those without a criminal record, according to an IndiaSpend analysis of self-disclosed crime records of candidates who have contested various elections nationwide over the last 12 years.
 
To put these data in perspective, over the last 12 years, 10 percent of candidates with no criminal cases won elections, while the figure was 20 percent for candidates with criminal cases of any kind.
 
As many as 70 members of parliament (MPs) and members of legislative assemblies (MLAs) have hate speech cases pending against them, according to their own disclosures to the Election Commission (EC) of India.
 
A season of hate speeches by politicians -- including union ministers, MPs and MLAs -- is underway across India, driven by inflamed, opposing views on nationalism and free speech.
 
“Hate speech” currently has no specific legal definition, although the Law Commission has been tasked by the Supreme Court to do just that. There are several sections of the Indian Penal Code (IPC) that pertain to hate speech, including:
 
- 153(A)-statements aimed at creating enmity related to communal, racial, linguistic, ethnic and descent
 
- 153(B): Statements against sovereignty
 
- 295(A): Statements aimed at hurting religious feelings
 
- 505(2): Statements creating or promoting enmity, hatred or ill-will between classes; and
 
Then there is Section 125 of the Representation of the People Act on promoting enmity between classes in connection with elections.
 
Among political parties, the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) has given tickets to most number of candidates with “hate speech” cases. As many as 399 candidates with “hate speech” cases have been fielded by political parties in various parliamentary and state assembly elections over the last 12 years. The BJP leads the list with 97 candidates.
 
Each political party, at the time of registration, has to provide a self-sworn oath to the EC, declaring that the party will adhere to the principles of “socialism, secularism and democracy”.
 
A party must provide a copy of memorandum of rules, which should contain a specific provision -- drawn from Representation of the People Act, 1951 -- that says “… and such memorandum or rules and regulations shall contain a specific provision that the association or body shall bear true faith and allegiance to the Constitution of India as by law established, and to the principles of socialism, secularism and democracy, and would uphold the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India.”
 
By giving tickets to candidates with “hate speech” cases, political parties in a way violate their self-sworn oath to the EC. An explanation of hate speech laws:
 
- Section 153(A) of the Indian Penal Code: Promoting enmity between different groups on ground of religion, race, place of birth, residence, language, etc., and doing acts prejudicial to maintenance of harmony.
 
- Section 153(B) of the Indian Penal Code: Imputations, assertions prejudicial to national integration.-(1) Whoever, by words either spoken or written or by signs or by visible representations or otherwise.
 
- Section 295(A) of the Indian Penal Code: Deliberate and malicious acts intended to outrage religious feelings of any class by insulting its religion or religious beliefs. [Whoever, with deliberate and malicious intention of outraging the religious feelings of any class of 6*[citizens of India], 7*[by words, either spoken or written, or by signs or by visible representations or otherwise] insults or attempts to insult the religion or the religious beliefs of that class, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to 8*[three years], or with fine, or with both.]
 
- Section 505(2) of the Indian Penal Code: 2*[(2) Statements creating or promoting enmity, hatred or ill-will between classes. [Whoever makes, publishes or circulates any statement or report containing rumour or alarming news with intent to create or promote, or which is likely to create or promote, on grounds of religion, race, place of birth, residence, language, caste or community or any other ground whatsoever, feelings of enmity, hatred or ill-will between different religious, racial, language or regional groups or castes or communities, shall be punished with imprisonment which may extend to three years, or with fine, or with both.]
 
- Section 125 of the Representation of the People Act, 1951: Promoting enmity between classes in connection with election. [Any person who in connection with an election under this Act promotes or attempts to promote on grounds of religion, race, caste, community or language, feelings of enmity or hatred, between different classes of the citizens of India shall be punishable, with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years, or with fine, or with both.]
 
Disclaimer: Information, facts or opinions expressed in this news article are presented as sourced from IANS and do not reflect views of Moneylife and hence Moneylife is not responsible or liable for the same. As a source and news provider, IANS is responsible for accuracy, completeness, suitability and validity of any information in this article.

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COMMENTS

manoharlalsharma

8 months ago

Hate speech have an ingredient to game in a small span where as Honest or Gentle talk can not make litterer from illiterate majority of INDIANS.

Pulse Beat

Friends Could Help You To Remain Healthy

Several studies, published in some of the leading journals, like the Journal of the American Heart Association, Journal of Neuro-immuno-psychology and many others, have shown how having good friends reduces stress. They have also shown that the more friends one has, the less likely s/he will be depressed or even demented! As far as cardiovascular health is concerned people who are happy with their friends have less heart attacks, strokes and even sudden deaths.
 

New Treatment for Limb Ischemia To Avoid Amputations

Bioengineers and physicians at the University of California (San Diego) have developed a potential new therapy for critical limb ischemia, a condition that causes extremely poor circulation in the limbs and leads to amputations. The therapy consists of injecting in the affected area a gel derived from the natural scaffolding, or extra-cellular matrix, in skeletal muscle tissue. The team tested the procedure in a rat model of the disease and found that it promotes muscle remodelling and improves blood flow. They published their findings recently in the inaugural issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology: Basic to Translational Science.
 
“This is a unique approach that not only helps repair the damaged vascular system, but also helps restore muscle tissue,” said Karen Christman, a professor of bioengineering at the Jacobs School of Engineering and the Sanford Consortium for Regenerative Medicine at UC San Diego and the paper’s senior author. 
This is still in the experimental stage and needs human studies before being let loose on the common man. I am sure, it will soon become a reality as this can be patented by drug companies who will bend over backwards to get such drugs to the market, sometimes even prematurely.
 

Mindful Eating Helps Reduce Body Weight

Dr Jennifer J Daubenmier and her colleagues evaluated the effects of a mindfulness-based weight-loss intervention in adults with obesity and, although no statistically significant differences in weight loss were found compared to the control group, the mindfulness intervention showed greater improvements in certain cardio-metabolic outcomes tied to Type-2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease up to one year after the intervention ended. The research is published in the March 2016 issue of Obesity, the scientific journal of The Obesity Society.
When subjects were trained to concentrate on the present while eating, instead of multi-tasking while eating, they did a lot better in understanding their need for food and did very well to drop weight. A good example is the time-honoured south Indian vegetarian meal at weddings and other religious functions. The meal starts with pickle and then goes on with many curries of vegetables. The serving takes time. By the time the main dish (rice) comes, people would have mentally savoured the smell and the desirable taste of the spread before them. This will bring forth more digestive juices for better digestion and absorption. There is no other distraction; all are seated in a row (usually on the floor but, lately, at tables and chairs) unlike the Western-style buffet dinners where one does not concentrate on the food but gets distracted and cannot control one’s intake based on satiety. Our meal is a type of mindful eating.
 
Mindful eating has had more positive effects on fasting blood glucose at 18 months and a ratio of triglycerides to HDL-cholesterol levels at 12 months (a difference of -4.1mg/dL and -0.57, respectively), both of which are linked to Type-2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Deborah Tate, spokesperson for The Obesity Society, said “This research points to some of the potential benefits of enhancing the mindfulness components of behavioural weight loss.” 

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COMMENTS

Mohsin Khan

7 months ago

Very informative...

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Bond yields headed up in the past fortnight. You can expect to get around 8.6%-8.8% for AAA...

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