World
Global terror toll surged nine-fold in 15 years
There has been a nine-fold increase in deaths due to terrorism globally, rising from 3,329 in 2000 to 32,685 in 2014, according to the Global Terrorism Index 2015 report by the Institute for Economics and Peace, a think-tank based in Sydney, Australia.
 
The global economic cost of terrorism was $283 billion over the past 15 years, reaching a record high of $53 billion in 2014. The prime targets of terrorist attacks have been citizens and private property. Deaths of private citizens increased 172 percent in 2014 over the previous year.
 
Nigeria-based Boko Haram and the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) accounted for 51 percent of total deaths attributed to terrorist groups in 2014. Boko Haram has emerged as the deadliest terror outfit in 2014, killing over 6,664 people, an increase of 317 percent over the previous year.
 
Boko Haram pledged its allegiance to ISIS, renaming itself as Islamic State's West Africa Province in March 2015.
 
Another terrorist group, Fulani militants, has emerged in Nigeria that killed 1,229 people in 2014. The top five terrorist groups were responsible for 74 percent of all terrorist-related deaths.
 
The ISIS claimed 6,073 deaths in 2014, the most after Boko Haram.
 
The Global Terrorism report highlights that ISIS inflicts more deaths on the battlefield (20,000) than through terrorism (6,073) attributed to the group.
 
Baghdad (43) has the highest fatality rate per 100,000, followed by Maiuguri (39), Mosul (29), Peshawar (25) and Donetsk (10). The French capital of Paris saw a series of terrorist attacks on November 13, killing 129 people and leaving over 300 injured, the worst violence in France post World War-II.
 
ISIS, also known as the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), has claimed responsibility for the Paris attack. The attacks in Paris were carried out by eight terrorists, of whom seven killed themselves in suicide bombings.
 
As many as 705 bombing attacks by ISIS were reported in 2014. As many as 117 instances were of suicide bombings, resulting in 1,101 deaths with an average of nine people killed per attack.
 
Almost 78 percent killed in terror incidents are from five countries: Iraq, Nigeria, Afghanistan, Pakistan and Syria. These five countries also account for 57 percent of all terror attacks in 2014, while Iraq and Nigeria alone account for 53 percent of all deaths.
 
Deaths due to extremist incidents increased by 80 percent in 2014 over the previous year. These top ten countries accounted for 88 percent of all deaths in 2014. Iraq tops (10) the index, heading a list of 162 nations. The country is one of the worst affected by terrorism, reporting 9,929 deaths in 2014, an increase of 55 percent over 2013. Iraq also accounted for 30 percent of all deaths in 2014.
 
Nigeria recorded a four-fold increase in deaths (7,512) from terrorist attacks, the largest increase ever witnessed by any country, moving up to second position from fifth in 2013. Terrorism-related activities and incidents led to a global economic loss of nearly $53 billion in 2014 with an economic impact of $106 billion.
 
The cost of counter-terror operations, led by the US against ISIS in Iraq and Syria, is estimated to be $5 billion from August 8, 2014 to October 31, 2015, with an average daily cost of $11 million for 450 days, according to the United States Department of Defense.
 
Maoists cause most terror deaths in India, while Bodo terrorists were second. India reported 416 fatalities, accounting for 1.2 percent of deaths, in 2014. The report said that India, for the first time, did not feature among the top 10 countries with fatalities from terrorism.
 
The majority of attacks in India were low intensity and 70 percent were non-lethal. As many as 50 terrorist groups have been identified behind the attacks and categorised into three groups: Islamists, separatists and communists.
 
Communist organisations are the main cause of terror deaths in India, says the report. Two Maoist (Communist) outfits claimed responsibility for 172 deaths in 2014, 41 percent of all deaths from terrorism, while Islamic terrorist groups were responsible for (14 percent) 57 deaths.
 
Pakistan-based Lashkar-e-Taiba and Hizb-ul-Mujahideen were responsible for 24 and 11 deaths respectively, in 2014.
 
The National Democratic Front of Bodoland, a separatist terror organisation in the north-east and the second-deadliest group in India in 2014, killed as many as 80 people. The region in and around Assam reported 106 deaths (25 percent) in 2014.
 
Private citizens and property constituted 31 percent of all global terror attacks in 2014, resulting in the loss of 15,380 lives.
 
Disclaimer: Information, facts or opinions expressed in this news article are presented as sourced from IANS and do not reflect views of Moneylife and hence Moneylife is not responsible or liable for the same. As a source and news provider, IANS is responsible for accuracy, completeness, suitability and validity of any information in this article.

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IFFI 2015: Organisers employ technology to enhance festival outreach
With a richer palate of world cinema, a list of celebrated guests and a promise to weave in new age technology for enhanced outreach, the 46th International Film Festival of India, the country's largest state-sponsored film event, will get under way here on Friday.
 
Apart from being a showcase for 187 films from 89 countries, 26 of which are official Academy Award entries, a rare Sanskrit film will open the 26-film strong Indian Panorama section. There will be a fresh section for new world directors, food festivals, cinema on mobile trailers and public screenings. The festival plans to catch up on technology, said Ira Joshi, additional director general of the Press Information Bureau.
 
A whole range of innovations are being implemented to increase the reach of the mega event, Joshi said.
 
"We have a dedicated YouTube channel which will screen festival events, including the opening and closing ceremonies. Celebrities who address the media will also be posed questions based on queries we get on Twitter from media as well as film critics," Joshi said, adding that new media technology would be used to conduct talkathons with celebrities and guests attending IFFI.
 
"In order to enhance the viewership of the much sought after Master-Classes at IFFI, they too will be streamed live," Joshi said. Master-Classes are conducted by cinema greats at the IFFI venue on various aspects of cinema and mostly run to a packed house.
 
A large chunk of the films screened at the festival will also be available on a specially designated cloud, from where delegates can download and play the film on a WiFi network within the festival campus.
 
The 11-day festival will open with "The Man Who Knew Infinity", directed by Mathew Brown. It's a film on the 1913 self-taught Indian mathematical genius Ramanujan and his friendship with G.H. Hardy who helped reveal the genius to the world.
 
The festival will be brought to a close by A.R. Rahman on November 30.
 
More than 7,000 delegates from 38 countries, mostly from India, have registered for the festival which will also be accompanied by the ninth edition of the Film Bazaar, a networking event aimed at facilitating collaboration in the realm of production and distribution.
 
Anil Kapoor will be the chief guest at the opening ceremony and music maestro Rahman will be the chief guest at the closing ceremony of the event.
 
Argentina's Oscar entry and this year's biggest Argentinean box office hit, "El Clan" (The Clan) will be the closing film of the festival, while Academy Award winner director Tom Hooper's film "The Danish Girl" will be the gala's mid-fest film.
 
Movies from the Kingdom of Spain will feature in the Focus Country segment.
 
"This time round, IFFI 2015 in collaboration with the International Council for Film, Television and Audiovisual Communication (ICFT), Paris, and UNESCO will present the 'ICFT- UNESCO Fellini Prize' to a film, which best reflects the ideals of peace, tolerance, love, harmony and friendship," festival director C. Senthil Rajan said.
 
In order to recognise and build a lasting relationship with young talent from world cinema, a new section, 'First Cut', will showcase some of the outstanding works of debutant directors of 2015, Rajan said.
 
This edition of the festival will also feature a special retrospective on Israeli filmmaker Amos Gitai, while a special tribute will be paid to noted Danish-French actress, director and screenwriter Anna Karina.
 
IFFI this time will also screen films, including blockbuster film "Baahubali", on mobile trucks throughout Goa's hinterland, which according to the chief executive officer of the Entertainment Society of Goa (ESG), Ameya Abhyankar, will "take the spirit of cinema to the Goa's rurales".
 
Disclaimer: Information, facts or opinions expressed in this news article are presented as sourced from IANS and do not reflect views of Moneylife and hence Moneylife is not responsible or liable for the same. As a source and news provider, IANS is responsible for accuracy, completeness, suitability and validity of any information in this article.

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Calcutta High Court cancels Madan Mitra's bail
The Calcutta High Court on Thursday allowed CBI's plea for cancellation of bail of Saradha chit fund scam accused and senior Trinamool Congress leader Madan Mitra.
 
The division bench of Justice Nishita Mhatre and Justice Tapas Mukherjee also asked Mitra to surrender before a lower court immediately in compliance of the order.
 
The development came a day after Mitra quit as West Bengal transport and sports minister, apparently to blunt the Central Bureau of Investigation's argument that his continuation in the cabinet was a proof of his immense influence despite being indicted and jailed in the multi-crore-rupee scam.
 
Mitra was granted bail by a lower court on October 31, nearly 11 months after his arrest on December 12 last year.
 
The CBI subsequently moved the high court seeking cancellation of the bail. 
 
Following the CBI's move against the bail, the high court subsequently ordered that Mitra be kept under house confinement till the disposal of the matter.
 
Disclaimer: Information, facts or opinions expressed in this news article are presented as sourced from IANS and do not reflect views of Moneylife and hence Moneylife is not responsible or liable for the same. As a source and news provider, IANS is responsible for accuracy, completeness, suitability and validity of any information in this article.

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