Citizens' Issues
Gender disparity common in high-income medical education
If you think gender disparity exists only at the low-level income group, think twice. Women who serve as directors of internal medicine residency programmes are paid less than their male counterparts, says a new study.
 
In fact, wage disparities extend to high-wage, high-prestige positions as well.
 
"Despite the increased percentage of women faculty in US academic medicine, disparities in achievement still exist," said lead author Lisa L. Willett from the department of medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, US.
 
Even after controlling for academic rank, career path in general internal medicine, and age, the differences remained.
 
These differences have persisted since at least 2008, found the study.
 
"The disparity exists regardless of region, programme type, academic rank, general internal medicine specialty, age, or years of experience. In addition, we found that the gap in salary has not narrowed over the past five years," Willet said.
 
Salary data was divided into $25,000 increments and the mode, or most likely, salary was $200,000 to $225,000 for men and $175,000 to $200,000 for women.
 
For the study, the team analysed responses from 241 programme directors and programme administrators from the annual Association of Programme Directors in Internal Medicine (APDIM) survey in August 2012.
 
Historical trends were also assessed from similar data from the 2008-2011 surveys.
 
"Reporting this information is an important step in addressing the disparity in an effort to improve it. Sponsorship of women without awareness of, and subsequent advocacy for, salary equity is unlikely to correct these disparities," the authors said.
 
The study appeared in The American Journal of Medicine.

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Can Modi’s nuclear deals clean up India’s Air?
Nuclear energy does not emit carbon dioxide and other pollutants -major concerns, given the air-quality crisis in Indian cities and the widespread economic effects of local and global climate change
 
India's civil nuclear accords may be part of the solution to air pollution problems as it tries to move away from highly-polluting coal, which accounts for almost 80 percent of its electricity generation, towards a clearer and greener option.
 
An agreement with the Canadian company Cameco, one of the world’s largest uranium producers, was one of the highlights of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s recent three-nation visit to Germany, France, and Canada. Cameco will supply 3,000 tonnes of uranium over six years -- enough to power 1,700 megawatts (MW) of India’s 5,780 MW of nuclear-power plants.
 
A similar agreement was concluded with Uzbekistan in 2013, and India is trying to close a fuel supply agreement with Australia, which has the world’s largest reserves of uranium. These agreements are in addition to those already inked with Russia and Kazakhstan.
 
Nuclear power accounts for 3.5 percent of India’s electricity generation and 1.3 percent of its total energy consumption, but the government has set some ambitious targets. It wants to triple nuclear capacity by 2024 from 4,780 MW in 2014 (5,780 MW now). A more recent and extremely ambitious goal is 63,000 MW by 2031-32.
 
Nuclear energy does not emit carbon dioxide and other pollutants -major concerns, given the air-quality crisis in Indian cities and the widespread economic effects of local and global climate change.
 
However, nuclear power comes with potentially catastrophic safety risks, which India hopes to keep under check. Other countries weigh the risks similarly, although Germany intends to close nuclear plants by 2022.
 
China, the biggest user of coal globally and the biggest polluter is also trying to aggressively move to nuclear power. China’s target: 58,000 MW of nuclear power by 2020 and 150,000 MW by 2030. This is a key component of China’s plans to increase the share of non-fossil fuels (excluding coal, oil, gas) from less than 10% now to 15% by 2020 and 20% by 2030.
 
The problem is with nuclear fuel. Arranging affordable nuclear-fuel supply has been a challenge for India. The nation is currently saddled with 23,000 gas-based power plants, almost idle for want of fuel. Electricity from gas is also 2-3 times costlier than nuclear power, depending on gas prices, a concern in an emerging economy.
 
Scaling up nuclear energy is a problem. Out of 5,780 MW of nuclear-power capacity that India operates, 3,380 MW generation relies on imported fuel. Domestic uranium supplies are enough only for the remaining 2,400 MW.
 
Historically, India’s nuclear power programme has been constrained by a uranium shortage. The programme started to grow only after the Indo-US nuclear agreement of 2008, which allowed India to import nuclear fuel and ink agreements with fuel suppliers. According to official figures, India has the following agreements:
 
- With Areva of France for 300 tonnes uranium ore concentrate inked in 2008.
 
- With TVEL Corporation, Russia, for 2,000 tonnes of uranium dioxide pellets over five years signed in 2009, 58 tonnes of enriched uranium dioxide pellets also signed in 2009, and 42 tonnes of enriched uranium dioxide pellets signed in 2015.
 
- With NAC Kazatomprom of Kazakhstan for 2,100 tonnes of uranium ore concentrate over six years signed in 2009.
 
- With NMMC of Uzbekistan for 2,000 tonnes of uranium ore concentrate of over five years igned in 2013.
 
- With Cameco of Canada for 3,000 tonnes of uranium ore concentrate over six years signed in 2015.
 
India has 3,800 MW of nuclear-power capacity under construction and another 43,100 MW is proposed. Of this, 1,000 MW of under-construction capacity and 31,900 MW of proposed nuclear capacity will be built in collaboration with companies from the US, France and Russia. For these reactors, the contractors must provide fuel throughout a plant’s life, which can last up to 50 years.
 
For the remaining 14,000 MW of indigenously designed nuclear capacity, India needs to source fuel. Domestic uranium supplies, as we explained, are inadequate. Moreover, domestic uranium also has other uses -- to build nuclear weapons -- and using it only for fuel is not something New Delhi would like to do.

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COMMENTS

atul gupta

2 years ago

One fistful of thorium can supply power to the entire city of Mumbai for one whole year India has over 30% of world's supply of thorium which can supply sufficient energy to India for the next 1000 years. Yet we are doing nothing about it except signing contracts for super expensive reactors and fuel.

atul gupta

HC suspends Salman's five-year jail sentence
In a major relief for Bollywood superstar Salman Khan, the Bombay High Court on Friday suspended his five-year jail sentence, paving the way for him to apply for and seek a regular bail.
 
Special public prosecutor Pradeep Gharat said the Bombay High Court has directed Salman to furnish a fresh bail bond of Rs.30,000 to the Mumbai Sessions Court.
 
The interim bail granted to the actor by the high court two days ago has been extended and he will not be taken into custody pending disposal of his appeal against the lower court judgment, Gharat told media persons.
 
While granting the relief, Justice A.M. Thipsay at the high court asked Salman to surrender his passport and apply for permission whenever required to travel abroad.
 
Among other things, Justice Thipsay observed that there is no possibility of Salman absconding if granted bail.
 
In nearly two hours of arguments before the high court, Salman's lawyers led by renowned advocate Amit Desai said the prosecution had failed to examine singer Kamaal Khan as a witness, the defence did not get opportunity to cross-examine the deceased police bodyguard of Salman, Ravindra Patil, and that the accident was caused due to a tyre burst of the Toyota Land Cruiser that early morning of September 28, 2002.
 
On Wednesday, Additional Sessions Judge D.W. Deshpande found the actor guilty on all charges pertaining to the accident and later sentenced him to five years jail plus Rs.25,000 fine.
 
On Thursday, the B town celebs who are close friends of Salman were spotted at his Bandra Galaxy apartment from morning onwards.
 
Veteran actress Waheeda Rehman, who is one of the most reserved actresses in the showbiz, was spotted at Salman's residence. The other celebrities included Aamir Khan, Hrithik Roshan, Amrita Arora, Govinda, and Sanjay Kapoor.

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COMMENTS

Janakiraman Rajalakshmi

2 years ago

The alleged "charities" of most celebs & rich of India is to avail themselves of tax exemptions under 80G. It becomes a win win for them. The gullible would call them "great charitable people with commmpassionate heart".

The indian film stars are the most HEARTLESS & cruel.

In 1984 when Sikhs were being burnt alive by congress goons one ten year old orphaned Sikh boy fled Delhi for Bombay ( it was not Mumbai then).

It was reported years later in a well known newspaper under 'Lifestyles of the rich bollywood stars".

The filmstars mithun chakraborty ( who was the sooooperstar then in Bombay being hailed as india's John Travolta due to his obscene gyrations..no noteworthy talent...started by acting in odiously preachy mrinal sen's movie polevaulting to "disco dancing". )& dharmendra hemamalini's illegitimate husband themselves BRAGGED how"patrrrriotic" they were.

The ten year old Sikh orphaned boy fell at the feet of mithun chakraborty & dharmendra asking for a "few paise to buy a loaf of bread & a cup of tea".

Both of the bollywood actors REFUSED calling the boy (sic)"a traitor".

It is the same dharmendra & hemamalini who were special invitees during modi's oath taking as PM in Delhi along with javed akthars etc etc.

Let us not get carried away by modi's garlanding of Swami Vivekananda's statue &
bluster. When salman khan was flying some kites along with modi in Gujarat I am sure Modi would have been aware of the PERJURY of salman khan.

Why selective dwelling on perjury of Sonia Gandhi alone (272 MPs)? This was acceptable to Abdul Kalam. It was Mulayam Singh who brought it to the notice of others. But abdul kalam was given credit instead by RSS member S.Gurumurthy the right hand of Modi. Abdul Kalam allowed himself to bask in faux glory for several years. Only very recently admitted it was not the truth.

So much for abdul kalam's integrity:-((

And it is precisely this unscrupulous hemamalini who gets praised as "liberated woman" by mahesh bhatts, simi garewals , shobhaa des eventually getting nominated as MP by uber sanctimonious modi.

Why are rajiv malhotras & his footsoldiers blaming AMERICA for the chaotic state of affairs in india?

Modi like many hindus I am sure are able to accept hemamalinis as their mantra is (sic) "indoooyisum is a way of life".

Janakiraman Rajalakshmi

2 years ago

Could someone clarify please ?

Does it mean salman khan is not going to jail & that he has purchased his acquittal as celebs usually do in India? Even sanjay dutt allegedly in jail came out to do some dancing , acting in the movie pk.

The mention of Waheeda Rehman brings to my mind what she herself said in an interview. That she too was a tax defaulter. She said "I had some income tax problems". But was not slapped any penalty. Most belonging to film fraternity are tax defaulters. Now & then names like ar.rehman,jesudas, actress lakshmi, shah rukh khan get mentioned in newspapers. That is all.

Only a country like America takes these seriously.

One of my relatives a well known doctor speacilalizing in paediatrics in Chennai patronized by film fraternity hid lots of gold biscuits inside sofa cushions & mattresses in his house. This happened in the seventies. When the income tax sleuths came he bribed them thus escaping jail sentence.

salman khan & his father salim khan were rubbing shoulders with Narendra Modi a lot prior to elections. hemamalini bjp MP has been openly supporting this criminal. The victims are MUSLIMS from UP. hemamalinis & salman khans have done NOTHING for the victims. Instead she is talking about "crores" that are at stake should this "bankable superstar" remain incarcerated in jail.

Is it the obvious case of hemamalini & powers that be manipulating Justice? The very credentials of hemamalini are quite dubious. She STOLE the story of a Keralite writer producing a movie called 'mohini' launching her own relative madhu. When that writer filed a case she threw some pittance as "out of court settlement". Obviously one cannot fight the rich & influential hemamalinis of India. Preening herself as a vegetarian bharathanatyam dancer cum brand ambassador of baba ramdev.

Now it is being reported the solitary indian who has been paying lot of money in buying Red Sandalwood logs is baba ramdev. Those people who were cutting down the Read Sandalwood Trees in Thirupathy got killed by AP Police. Fully justified.

Why not punish those that created the demand for these protected & scarce Red Sandalwood??

A few conscientious Police are instigated by the powers that be to "crack down". Abdul Kalams lose nothing by pontificating to the naive to "resist corruption & become whistle blowers". A couple of days ago a stranger walked into such a Policeman's house in Tamil Nadu threatening his wife as it happens in movies.

When hemamalini recently screamed about "missing kilos of gold" in her cavernous bungalow Mumbai Police at once recovered everything. Another house of hers in T.Nagar caught fire & water starved Tamil Nadu rushed in firefighters alacritously to put out the fire as she is bjp MP cum (in)famous film actress.

Forget protection for conscientious Police no one is going to care should they or their families get affected. Abdul kalams would make one more speech asking us to "dream , dream & dream on".

God WILLING , should more Kasabs & Afzal Gurus or any XYZ factor inflict lot more loss of lives in mumbai among film besotted mumbaikars we should feel GRATEFUL to GOD.

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