Companies & Sectors
Farm subsidies should go to make farmers self-sufficient in the long run

The Prime Minister’s Economic Advisory Council has recommended an end to the subsidies for power in agriculture and canal water irrigation. It feels that such a move would be beneficial to the farmers and the country in the long run, and will make them responsible and self-sufficient  

Everyone is now concerned with the poor example set by the opposition parties, spearheaded by BJP, in making the Parliament unfunctional. It is Coalgate everywhere and even the prime minister is not given the opportunity to put up his defence. In fact, Ajmal Kasab, the Pakistani terrorist, had a better privilege to defend his horrendous crime against humanity.
The monsoon has played havoc again with a few states in real bad shape. Farmers there need immediate assistance, rather physical and visible assistance instead of having to handle a stream of "fact finding" drought teams.
It was reported that a Central Drought Team visited Karnataka a few days ago to assess the situation.  They ‘arrived’ by a ‘helicopter’, presumably from Bangalore, and visited Tumkur and other nearby places in Karnataka.
Due to lack of rain, farmers there had lost their standing crops of groundnut, maize, ragi, etc, which have withered away. They petitioned if it was possible for the team to recommend that their agricultural loans taken by them from nationalized banks can be waived in view of the drought conditions. They were willing to give up their demand for the loss of crop compensation if this swap can be arranged. Their insurance, for loss of crop has not yet been settled, though they had paid the insurance premiums for the last one year. The farmers further complained that most had to travel some three kilometres everyday to secure potable water.  The deputy commissioner, who accompanied the team, has now assured them that it would made available “within a month”.
How inhuman can this be?  If the drought team had travelled by luxury A/C bus, instead of the helicopter, which would have cost the exchequer few lakhs of rupees, the government could have saved enough money to ensure potable water in tankers reach these poor farmers every day.  What a pity, and what a shame?
In Southern Karnataka, the farmers are now seeking subsidy for paddy cultivation.  Unfortunately, paddy is not included in the rural employment scheme and the farmers are agitated for this lapse as the drought conditions continue to bite.
In the meantime, the central government has set aside Rs5.75 lakh crore farm loan target for public sector banks for the current year. Last year the target was Rs 4.5 lakh crore which was exceeded by Rs25,000 crore.
Generally 60% of the farm loan goes towards crop loan and the rest covers the cost of buying tractors, cold storage facilities and mechanizations. These loans are given at the concessional rate of 7% and the rate actually comes to 4% if the farmer services the loan well.
However, the Prime Minister’s Economic Advisory Council (PMEAC) has called for the urgent reforms in agricultural and allied sectors. It has recommended that the government must put an end to these subsidies for power in agriculture and canal water irrigation. It feels that such a move is beneficial to the farmers and the country in the long run, and will make them responsible and self-sufficient.
There is no reason why the government should not make a start with the current monsoon failure and implement such a proposal? Gradually, in the next couple of years, many of these subsidies can be eliminated.
Subsidies are meant for genuine loss; but these cannot be a supplement to one’s profits. 
(AK Ramdas has worked with the Engineering Export Promotion Council of the ministry of commerce and was associated with various committees of the Council. His international career took him to places like Beirut, Kuwait and Dubai at a time when these were small trading outposts; and later to the US. He can be contacted at [email protected])


Major 7.9 earthquake hits east of Philippines: USGS

The US Geological Survey said the quake hit at 6.17pm IST east of Philippines a tsunami warning was issued for the Philippines, Indonesia, Taiwan and Japan

Manila: A major 7.9 earthquake hit the sea area east of the Philippines on Friday and a tsunami warning was issued for the Philippines, Indonesia, Taiwan and Japan, US seismologists said, reports PTI.


The US Geological Survey said the quake had a depth of 33 kilometres and hit at 8:47 pm (1817 IST) some 139 kilometres east of the city of Sulangan.


Naroda Patiya riots: Kodnani, Bajrangi among 31 get life term

The Court named Kodnani, a sitting MLA and former Gujarat Minister, as "a kingpin of riots" in Naroda area and sentenced her to 18-year life imprisonment after serving 10 years jail term while Bajrang Dal leader Babu Bajrangi would his entire remaining life behind bars

Ahmedabad: A Special Court on Friday awarded life imprisonment to BJP MLA Maya Kodnani, Bajrang Dal leader Babu Bajrangi and 29 other convicts for the 2002 riots here at Naroda Patiya where 97 people were brutally killed, reports PTI.


The Court named Kodnani, a sitting MLA and former Gujarat Minister, as "a kingpin of riots" in Naroda area and sentenced her to 18-year life imprisonment after serving 10 years jail term under IPC Section 326 (voluntary causing grievous hurt by dangerous weapons or means).


Bajrangi, another high profile accused, will have to spend his entire remaining life behind bars, it said and described communal violence as "cancer".


Seven other convicts were given jail term of 21 years by Additional Principal Judge Jyotsna Yagnik. They will also have to first serve 10-year imprisonment under Section 326.


The remaining 22 convicts were given simple life imprisonment (14 years).


The Court had on Wednesday convicted 32 and acquitted 29 persons in the worst riots case in the aftermath of the Godhra train carnage. It did not pronounce sentence against one accused who is absconding.


"Communal riots are like cancer on Constitutional secularism and the incident in Naroda Patiya was a black chapter in the history of the Indian Constitution," the Judge observed.


"Acts of communal violence are brutal, inhuman and shameful. It (Naroda) was a clear incident of human rights violation as 97 people were killed brutally within a day which included helpless women, children, aged persons. The climax of this inhuman and brutal act of violence was reflected in murder of an infant, who was 20-day old," the Court noted.


The Judge accepted that one victim, who was also a witness, was gang raped, but due to lack of evidence, the court has not charged anybody for that offence.


However, the court directed the Gujarat Government to pay Rs5 lakh as compensation to the victim.


Rejecting the defence theory that the communal violence was a reaction to the Godhra carnage, the court said, "This was a pre-planned conspiracy and it cannot be mitigated just by saying it was a reaction of Godhra train burning incident.


Nobody can be allowed to take law into their hands because India is a country that upholds rule of law."


The Court's inclination was against awarding death penalty in the case.


"Death penalty brings justice and it is desirable to reduce the crime in the society but this court cannot overlook the global trend prevalent in recent years. By 2009, 139 countries had repealed death sentence and there is a global campaign against death penally and progressive societies are advocating for restricting death penalty and this court believes use of death undermines human dignity."


Regarding Kodnani, the court observed that she was the "kingpin of entire riots" that took place in Naroda Patiya area. She led the mob and incited them for violence. She abetted and supported the violent mob, it said.


Kodanai, who was MLA of Naroda at the time of riots, was made Minister of State for Women and Child Development in 2007 in the Narendra Modi Government. She had to resign after she was arrested in the case in March 2009.


The three-time legislator, who was considered close to Chief Minister Narendra Modi, is the first woman to be convicted in a post-Godhra riots case. Kodnani, who was present in the court, broke down after she was sentenced.


The massacre had taken place a day after the Godhra train burning incident of 27 February 2002.


On February 28, 2002, the Vishwa Hindu Parishad (VHP) had called a state-wide bandh to protest against the Godhra train carnage. On that a large crowd gathered in Naroda Patiya area in Ahmedabad and attacked people belonging to minority community, resulting in the death of 97 people and injury to 33 others.


The trial in the case began in August 2009 and charges were framed against 62 accused. One of them, Vijay Shetty, died in the course of trial. As many as 327 witnesses, including a journalists who conducted a TV sting operation on the accused, had been examined by the court.


Kodnani is the first woman accused to be convicted in a post-Godhra riot case. In Dipda Darwaja case of Mehsana district, three women were among the accused, but they were acquitted by the court on 30 July 2012.


In the Naroda Patiya incident too, two other women were among the accused, but they were let-off.


Among the post-Godhra riot cases probed by the Supreme Court-appointed Special Investigation Team (SIT) and in which rulings have come, Naroda is the only one where convicts outnumber those acquitted (32-29).


In the Godhra train carnage, the court convicted 31 and acquitted 63. In Sardarpura case, 31 accused were found guilty, but 42 were let-off, and in Dipda Darwaja case 22 were convicted and 61 acquitted.


The Naroda Patiya case was probed by eight Investigating Officers over the last decade with the latest being Himanshu Shukla (of SIT). It was one of the nine riot cases probed by SIT, which also handled the Godhra train burning incident.


Initially, 46 people were arrested by Gujarat Police for the Naroda Patiya massacre. Twenty-four more people were apprehended after the probe was handed over to SIT in 2008.


In all, 70 people were arrested. Six persons died before the charges could be framed, while two others, Mohan Nepali and Tejas Pathak, jumped bail and are still absconding.


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