Companies & Sectors
Falling oil prices could lead to an opportunity for lease tank farms
Taking advantage of the falling crude prices, India could invite Gulf oil producers to enter into joint ventures in storage space in other countries
 
The international market has been witnessing a great fall in crude oil prices and the experts believe that this may even touch $40 a barrel in the near term!  As far as India is concerned, it would be in their interest to buy at these prices, as and when available, but continue to explore our own resources.
 
State-run ONGC, for instance, has recently made three discoveries:  gas in KG basin – deep-water block; Mumbai offshore (oil and gas) and in Cauvery basin, a significant gas discovery with a flow of 61,800 cubic metres a day with a condensate at 9.6 cubic metres during testing. This discovery is envisaged to enhance the commercial viability of this block and this well, MD-5 is located in Sirkhazi, Nagapattinam district.  However, these developments would take a few years before commercial production can be achieved.
 
While speaking to the press, a couple of months ago, AK Banerjee, Director of Finance, ONGC, that ‘while a rise in natural gas price will definitely benefit the company, the drop in crude oil prices is definitely eating into the gains’.
 
(OPEC, the Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries - 12 of them, account for 40% of the global oil production, which currently stands at 90 million barrels a day, but no member wants to ‘reduce’ their output!
 
In the meantime, ONGC has appointed Intec Sea of Malaysia as consultants to help develop its Krishna-Godavari basin (KG-DWN-98/2 block), as this is estimated to hold 500 million tonnes of oil and oil equivalent gas (100 mt oil and 445 billion cubic metre or 1.33 trillion cubic feet of gas), which makes it ten times as big as Raava fields in KG basin. Potentially, it could produce 75/90,000 barrels a day. ONGC has so far spent an estimated $1.3 billion on the block, thus discovering four oil finds and seven gas discoveries, and yet for reasons declared as ‘technical’, so far nothing has been pumped out! Should they start doing so, or keep it in abeyance, in view of the international market situation? Tough question to ask, and even more difficult to answer!
 
The ONGC-Cairn joint venture at Raageshwari field in Barmer block, Rajasthan (ONGC has 30% and Cairn 70% stake) has drawn up development plans involving $690 million and this is expected to take care of completion of 37 new wells, including surface and other related pipe laying facilities. The present gas facilities, though nominal, is expected to double up by 2020 only.
 
Here again, work is scheduled to continue.
 
Because of the falling crude oil prices, while our exploration policy and development work must continue, what should be our strategy? Ideas have been floated that India should take this golden opportunity to buy as the prices fall and maintain strategic reserves!  But, where, is the question?
 
Many countries in the world have stock-piled strategic petroleum and petroleum products reserves, including the US, which has, in two decades, built up a 727 million barrel reserve. It has four main strategic reserves, and mention may be made of the Bryan Mound reserve in Texas, for example.
 
In so far as India is concerned, we too thought of this way back in 1990s and the Indian Strategic Petroleum Reserve Ltd (ISPR), under the Oil Ministry was set up a few years ago.  As a result, three such reserve facilities are in various stages of completion, and the Vizag unit is expected to be fully operational by end of 2015, while the other two, at Mangaluru and Padur would be in final stages.
 
These three will have a 5 million tonne storage capacity, enough to cover our emergency energy security needs for 15 days. Four more are planned, which can hold 12.5 million tonnes that would cover the 90 days equivalent of consumption by 2020, and these are expected to be built in Rajasthan, Odisha, Gujarat and Karnataka. These are in addition to the commercial storage of crude and petroleum products of about 30 million tonnes (about 70 days needs) available with the oil companies at any given time.
 
From the press reports, one can come to know that the government is keen to utilise underground natural rock caverns through excavations, although, in many countries, they resort to building up huge tank farms.
 
As a temporary measure, floating storage like very large crude carriers (VLCC) could be used, but, here again, it is the question of funding and maintenance costs that would be prohibitive!  Additionally, VLCCs are vulnerable in case of hostilities!
 
One good move that is reported in the press is that during the recent visit of Petroleum Minister, Dharmendra Pradhan, to the Gulf countries, he had proposed to Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and UAE (Abu Dhabi Emirate) the opportunity to use the Indian storage facilities, with India retaining the first right of refusal, for 20% of the stocks held, since 80% would be its own. This could be a start, but it would be more realistic and practical if this was done on a joint venture basis, in which the foreign partner holds the majority, and invests in the entire project.  A mutual discussion could prove to be useful, as later on, such projects can evolve into other related manufacturing facilities, for meeting the Indian and other ‘export’ markets!
 
This would also be a ‘make in India’ campaign, involving strategic materials!
 
(AK Ramdas has worked with the Engineering Export Promotion Council of the ministry of commerce. He was also associated with various committees of the Council. His international career took him to places like Beirut, Kuwait and Dubai at a time when these were small trading outposts; and later to the US.)
 

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COMMENTS

B. Yerram Raju

2 years ago

The informative article misses the point that the ONGC's is a case of delayed opportunities.While they identified the scope, exploration went into the hands of others for the ONGC to bleed for a long time. India has still resources to be explored and gain from the oil riches in due course reducing the dependency on huge imports. Oil companies' contribution to the GDP would be substantial eventually.

US Supreme Court denies Rajat Gupta’s appeal against lifetime ban

Goldman Sachs' former director Rajat Gupta's appeal against the lifetime ban on him from serving at a public company was denied by the US apex court 

 

The US Supreme Court has denied an appeal by Goldman Sachs' former director Rajat Gupta, who had challenged a ruling by a lower court permanently banning him from serving as an officer or director of a public company.
 
In the Supreme Court order issued Monday, Gupta’s certiorari was denied, in effect keeping intact the ruling made by the US Court of Appeals for the 2nd Circuit last year which had imposed a permanent injunction prohibiting the former head of McKinsey from serving as an officer or director of a public company, associating with brokers, dealers, or investment advisors, and further violating securities law.
 
The IIT-educated Gupta is currently serving a two-year prison term in Ayer, Massachusetts.
 
The ruling by the Supreme Court was made in a parallel civil insider trading case brought against Gupta by federal regulator Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).
 
A three-judge bench of the Appeals Court had in June last year denied Gupta’s plea to overturn the decision of the district court that had permanently barred him from serving as an officer or director of a public company and associating with brokers, dealers, or investment advisors.
 
The appeals court had also upheld the decision by the district court that Gupta had to pay $13.9 million as penalty in the US Securities and Exchange Commission’s insider trading case. The $13.9 million civil fine was not at issue in the Supreme Court appeal and Gupta’s appeal of his criminal conviction is still pending at the Supreme Court.
 
Gupta has also been ordered to pay a $5 million fine in the criminal case and $6.2 million restitution to Goldman Sachs.
 
In denying Gupta’s appeal, the second circuit court had said it finds “no abuse of discretion” in the imposition of injunctive relief and civil penalties on him by the district court.
 
“We have considered Gupta’s remaining arguments and find them to be without merit. Accordingly, we affirm the judgment of the district court,” the three-judge panel had said.
 
Gupta had been fighting with all his might to reverse his insider trading conviction and avoid going to jail. He began his prison sentence after fighting a protracted legal battle to clear his name in one of the biggest insider trading schemes in US history.
 

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COMMENTS

Carlos De Souza

2 years ago

I stll feel Rajat got away relatively lightly.

10 years in jail and US$ 100 million in fines would have been more like it.

Hotter Than Lava
Every day, cops toss dangerous military-style grenades during raids, with little oversight and horrifying results
 
Treneshia Dukes suffered second-degree burns from a flashbang grenade. Her sister took these cellphone photos shortly after she got out of the hospital.
 
It was just before dawn when 18 police officers poured out of an armored truck and an unmarked white van at the Laurel Park apartment complex on the outskirts of Atlanta. A few days earlier, a confidential informant reported seeing “a brown skinned black male” with “a small quantity of a green leafy substance.” The 22-year-old suspect, paroled for forging a check, lived in a small ground floor apartment with easy access. But the police didn’t plan on taking any chances. 
 
Jason Ward and his high-school sweetheart Treneshia Dukes were asleep, naked, in the apartment when an explosion went off and their bedroom window shattered. Ward leapt up toward the broken glass. Dukes started running. In the dark, she crashed into a closet door before stumbling into the bathroom and balling up in the tub. “I just started crying and I’m praying like, ‘I’m not going to die like this, this is not how I want to die,’” she later testified. Seconds later, a man wearing a mask stormed the bathroom and held a gun to her face, instructing her to lie on the floor. “If you move I’m going to blow your fucking brains out,’” Dukes recalled him saying. It was then she noticed skin hanging off her arm and blistering patches of pink flesh on her brown legs.
 
The masked man noticed her skin, too. He told Dukes to sit up and signaled to a man in plainclothes to inspect her. “The guy came in there,” recalled Dukes, just starting to realize she was dealing with the police, not armed assailants, “and he looked at me and he looked back at the other guy and was like, ‘Y’all done fucked up.’”
 
Dukes had been hit by a flashbang, a $50 device used by the police to disorient suspects, often during drug raids. First designed nearly 40 years ago to help military special forces rescue hostages, flashbangs create a stunningly bright burst of light and an ear-splitting boom that temporarily blind and deafen anyone standing within a few feet of them. Last week, French special forces used flashbangs as part of a dramatic operation to free hostages held at a kosher supermarket in Paris. But when these modified hand grenades explode on the human body, they can cause severe injury or death. The flash powder burns hotter than lava. Dukes suffered second-degree burns across her body. When later asked to describe the pain she felt that morning on a scale of one to 10, with 10 being the absolute greatest, Dukes said 100.
 
 
Courtesy: ProPublica.org

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