World
Eurogroup meeting ends fruitless, Greece insists it tabled proposals
An emergency Eurogroup meeting in Brussels on the Greek debt deal ended inconclusive on Tuesday, with lenders saying that they expected to discuss Greece's proposals on Wednesday during a Eurogroup teleconference.
 
The finance ministers of euro zone countries didn't receive new proposals they had expected from Greece on Tuesday, Eurogroup head Jeroen Dijsselbloem said after the crucial meeting.
 
"We welcome our new Greek colleague and listen to his assessment of situation after the 'no' vote in Greece," he said in a short statement, adding that there are no new proposals from new Greek Finance Minister Euclid Tsakalotos, Xinhua reported.
 
"The Greek government will send a new request letter for European Stability Mechanism (ESM) support, as soon as it comes in, I am hopeful that tomorrow morning we will have another conference call in the Eurogroup to formally start the process of dealing with the request," Dijsselbloem said.
 
He noted that the group will ask the European Union institutions to look at the financial situation in Greece.
 
"And then the institutions will come back to us, and we will see whether we can formally start the negotiations," he said.
 
However, Greek government sources dismissed the criticism, insisting that Greece's new Finance Minister Tsakalotos had in fact presented proposals.
 
"Is the problem that we do not have proposals, or that they do not like our proposals? " a government source asked, according to the Greek national news agency AMNA.
 
The Greek side stressed that Greece's proposals had been rejected again.
 
The statements from both sides were made as Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras was holding a meeting with German Chancellor Angela Merkel and French President Francois Hollande in Brussels ahead of the extraordinary euro zone summit which convenes later on Tuesday on the Greek issue.
 
According to government sources in Athens, the Greek side is requesting a two-year, 29-billion-euro-worth ($32 billion) bailout programme through the ESM. 
 
Meanwhile, several European partners prefer a bridge agreement for a few months first in exchange for the swift implementation of reforms by the Greek side as a test before a comprehensive deal is discussed.
 
Officials and analysts from both sides warn that the situation is perilous. Greek banks are closed and capital controls have been imposed in Greece since June 29, ATMs are expected to run out of cash this week, and without emergency assistance, Greece seems to be heading to default and possibly an exit from the euro zone.
 
Since July 1, Greece has been in arrears to the International Monetary Fund and needs to repay 3.5 billion euros in loan installments to the European Central Bank by July 20. 
 
Earlier in the day, European Commission (EC) president Jean-Claude Juncker called on partners to put "egos" aside and return to the negotiation table to avoid a "Grexit".
 
"We have to put our little egos, and in my case very large ego, away and we have to deal with the situation we face," Juncker said.
 
The US urged "a compromise" between Athens and international creditors and suggested a package of reforms and financing.
 
"The referendum is over, but our view here at the White House remains the same... it will require both a package of financing and reforms that will allow Greece to achieve, or at least be on a path towards some debt sustainability, but also be on a path towards economic growth," White House spokesman Josh Earnest said.
 
French Prime Minister Manuel Valls warned that an eventual Grexit from the eurozone would put the economic recovery of the European bloc on edge and likely trigger political instability in the region. 
 
"France is convinced that we cannot take the risk of a Greek exit from the eurozone for economic reasons but mainly for political ones. It is Europe that is in question," the French premier told RTL radio.
 
Following the Eurogroup group meeting, a euro zone EU leaders emergency summit was underway in Brussels, Belgium, to find a way for an agreement between Athens and its creditors.

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VCs of central varsities agree to implement CBCS
Vice chancellors of all central universities on Tuesday agreed to implement the Choice Based Credit System (CBCS) in their institutions, the human resource development ministry said.
 
The decision was taken in a review meeting of the vice chancellors here.
 
"All VCs assured that their preparations are complete and they will be starting CBCS from this academic session," the ministry said in a statement.
 
Teachers and students have been protesting against the implementation of CBCS, saying it was adding to their distress.
 
However, the University Grants Commission (UGC) clarified that the introduction of CBCS would not "in any way" hamper the academic liberal environment of the universities.
 
Out of 39 central universities, 37 have introduced CBCS at the post-graduate level and 18 introduced the same at the undergraduate level, the statement said.
 
In the meeting, it was said that the UGC has developed model syllabi for 85 mainline and 18 specialised courses.
 
The syllabi will give leverage to the universities to modify the same to the extent of 30 percent depending upon their areas of specialisation, the statement added.

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SC moved against method of designating senior lawyers
The Supreme Court was moved Tuesday against the "non-transparent and arbitrary" method of designating senior counsel while people espousing public causes are ignored on account of some "unwritten bias against them".
 
The PIL petition contended that the existing system of designating a "senior counsel' has resulted in severe "discrimination against persons from minority communities, differently-abled and women".
 
In the last 15 years from 2000 onwards, only one Dalit has been designated son by the Supreme Court, and only two from the Muslim community, the PIL said.
 
Challenging the method of voting to designate a lawyer as "senior", senior advocate Indira Jaising said that a "senior advocate is not something akin to a beauty contest or an election but must be based on an objective evaluation of forensic and academic skills".
 
The PIL said that the method of "designation by vote leads to unhealthy lobbying with judges and victimizes ethical lawyers who do not lobby" as it also ignores the past practice where a lawyers with at least five recommendations from judges were ordinarily designated as seniors.
 
"The lack of transparency", the PIL says, has "resulted in undesirable outcomes leading to a monopoly of a few senior counsel at the bar and has made legal services by senior lawyers unaffordable and out of reach of ordinary litigant".
 
"It has also led to the denial of those who come from different disciplines of law with expert knowledge in specific branches of law," the PIL said.
 
It also says that "renowned academicians with several books to their credit, including some who have themselves taught sitting judges are not designated and should be designated as senior counsel".
 
"The advocates from backward states like Uttar Pradesh, Chattisgarh, Jharkhand or Bihar have not been designated at all. The advocates from rural background are totally ignored," it claimed.
 
"Even with regard to a progressive state like Karnataka, only one advocate has been designated after a gap of 25 years," it noted, adding that in the "last round of designation, out of five advocates designated, four of them belonged to one caste".
 
With regard to advocates who conduct PIL cases and advocates who have confined their practices in the area of their domain expertise, the PIL says that there appears to be "an unwritten bias against them".
 
In the last three decades, the Supreme Court has not designated any advocate coming from either of this class, it said.
 
"The general impression at the bar is that the PIL lawyers who espouse the issues concerning human rights and environmental issues are denied designation for their anti-establishment attitude," the PIL contends.

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