Mutual Funds
Equity mutual funds suffer massive redemption of Rs6,580 crore in May

Sales of equity mutual fund schemes may have marginally increased, but huge redemptions led to a net outflow of Rs3,357 crore in May 2013. The business will not revive unless the fund companies and the regulators take responsibility for their actions.

Equity mutual fund schemes continue to face net outflows. Over the past 12 months there has been only a single month which drew in a net inflow. Over the past year, from June 2012 to May 2013, there has been a total outflow of Rs17,967 crore. In January 2013, the total redemptions for the month had peaked to as high as Rs8,289 crore, the highest since October 2010. Sales of equity schemes have also failed to pick up. Compared to the same month the last year, equity MF sales have fallen by 4% to Rs3,223 crore from Rs3,343 crore in May 2012.


Moneylife has been constantly highlighting declining sales of mutual funds which has a lot do with the attitude of both fund companies and the regulator. The actions of the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) have been consistently ill-informed and capricious. After the regulator abruptly banned upfront commissions in August 2009, SEBI has been trying to tinker around with the rules without any clue about how the buyers (investors) and the sellers (distributors) perceive equity funds.

In September last year, under the current chairman, it introduced a new category of fund sellers. This new cadre of distributors which would include postal agents, retired teachers, retired government and semi-government officials will sell units of ‘simple’ and ‘performing’ mutual fund schemes. Despite a waiver in registration fees for first-time distributors for five months (February to June 2013) very few distributors have been enrolled under this category, according to news reports. When SEBI had released this circular in September 2012, we had pointed out a number of issues with this. (Read: Retired teachers selling ‘simple’ & ‘performing’ schemes: Another harebrained idea from SEBI)

Two new fund offers (NFOs) that were launched during the period brought in Rs146 crore. Over the past three months as many as nine NFOs have been launched, but they were able to bring in an inflow of just Rs641 crore. The number of NFOs launched witnessed a spike because many of the new schemes launched were Rajiv Gandhi Equity Savings Schemes. In the calendar year 2012 saw just seven NFOs being launched.

Equity assets under management fell by nearly 2% to Rs1.75 lakh crore in May 2013 from Rs1.89 lakh crore in April 2013. On the other hand, the S&P BSE Sensex gained 1.31% over the one-month period ending 31 May 2013.


Finance ministry to seek Cabinet nod for all-women bank

The all-women bank, proposed in the Budget, would be wholly-owned by the government and is expected to start operations from November 2013 through six branches in different parts of the country

The finance ministry will soon approach the Cabinet for approval to set up India’s first all-women bank, entailing an initial investment of Rs1,000 crore.


A Cabinet note has been circulated for the all-women bank and the matter is likely to be considered by the Cabinet soon, sources said.


The all-women bank, proposed in the Budget, would be wholly-owned by the government and is expected to start operations from November 2013 through six branches in different parts of the country.


Finance minister P Chidambaram had recently said that initially there would be one branch in each major region of the country—South, West, East, Centre, North and the North-east.


The bank, mostly manned by women, would start with an initial capital of Rs1,000 crore.


Also, the proposed bank will lend mostly to women and women-run businesses, provide support to women Self Help Groups (SHGs) and their livelihood.


Moreover, it will employ predominately women, which addresses the gender-related issues and empowerment and financial inclusion. However, it will take deposits from both men and women.


Earlier, a committee headed by headed by former Canara Bank chairman MBN Rao and comprising of bankers and other experts had prepared a blueprint for the all-women bank.


FDI in multi-brand retail: Clarifications are ambiguous

We have always talked of “single-window clearance” for decades now.  This is yet to materialize, but in the meantime, to confuse and compound the issue, the Department of Industrial Policy and Production (DIPP) has stated that a multi-brand entity cannot engage in any other form of distribution

Our government works slowly. Almost everything is done by non-professionals and investment plans are delayed considerably due to lack of planning and, more often, foresight.  The chosen words are ambiguous, perhaps, intentionally!


The issue of permitting foreign direct investment (FDI) in multi-brand retail trade was announced nine months ago. The proposal, itself, was ambiguously worded, presumably in order to permit amendments and corrections on the way to its development.


The original idea was to ensure that these foreign giants do a 30% sourcing from indigenous small and medium supplies. The commerce and industry ministry has now clarified that these small and medium industries must have investments in plant and machinery, not exceeding $1 million. This excludes fresh produce and caters only to manufactured and processed items.


So, before the FDI gets into a business act in this area, they need to ensure that they are dealing with an entity complying with the above stipulation. Would they need someone’s certificate or attestation before the work commences?


The new set of clarifications issued by the commerce and industry ministry further stipulates that these front-end stores will have to be company owned and operated, which means they can not be franchised. Does this mean that every city/town they enter will be treated as a “new unit”?


We have always talked of “single-window clearance” for decades now.  This is yet to materialize, but in the meantime, to confuse and compound the issue, the Department of Industrial Policy and Production (DIPP) has stated that a multi-brand entity cannot engage in any other form of distribution. What happens if it decides to go in for a processing industry allied to the products that it handles?


Why not one ministry or special organization handle all issues relating to Foreign Direct Investments?  This apex authority must be able to answer all the questions that may arise rather than several departments and ministries coming in the way.


In the multi-brand retail, FDI is expected to bring in $100 million, 50% of which is expected to be in “back-end infrastructure”. Since foreign retail cannot enter the market through acquisition of existing retail chains, they will have to operate totally independently.


Digressing for a moment, what would a greenhorn FDI face in India?


First is to choose a town or city with a minimum one million population and ensure that it has both a large enough hinterland to supply (and consume) consumer durables manufactured by the small and medium units with an investment of about $1 million in plant and machinery.


Second, it must have, preferably, a satellite of maybe 10 to 15 villages that can supply fresh agricultural produce, both organic and non-organic.


Third, it must be ready and willing to locate a suitable collection point to warehouse the products it plans to retail.


Fourth, FDI must bear in mind that they are now not allowed to retail through e-commerce or apply wholesale methods.  They are expected to ‘retail’ their products directly.  While a restriction on wholesale is understandable, why should there be any ban on e-trade, considering the growth of computer education in the country?


Fifth, why not the government take the trouble to spell out, exactly, what it means by saying “back-end infrastructure”?


Sixth, any responsible FDI having long-term interest in mind, will automatically plan to include a dedicated transport facility for the perishable and non-perishable products they propose to handle.


Seventh, they would have a separate plan or division to meet the farmers’ requirements in terms of supplying seeds, fertilizers, farm equipments, extend assistance in power supply and adjustable and other forms of temporary credits that may be required while handling agricultural produce. They would need to educate the farmer with better and improved methods of cultivation, crop maintenance and harvesting techniques too.


Eighth, FDIs will also do well if they plan and install packaging units to ensure quality and freshness of the produce for their exports to their home country. They would remember that there are a growing number of expatriate Indians living in their home country who generate the demand for Indian origin goods.


Ninth, likewise, in case of certain items like fruit pulp and juice, FDIs can also plan to include associate processing units—whether it is for fresh vegetables or fruits or both—as these will enable their direct contribution to increase employment of local people. And earn foreign exchange!


And, finally, all these will enable FDI to retail their supplies at competitive price, make a profit and help eliminate the middlemen to a great extent, though total eradication of these blood-sucking middlemen is unlikely, as they will somehow manage to become active in such ventures. We need to take this in our stride and watch carefully the progress this innovation brings to the country and its people.


(AK Ramdas has worked with the Engineering Export Promotion Council of the ministry of commerce and was associated with various committees of the Council. His international career took him to places like Beirut, Kuwait and Dubai at a time when these were small trading outposts; and later to the US.)


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