Direct tax collection to miss Budget estimates

The net direct tax mop-up during the April-January period rose 9.28% to Rs3.46 lakh crore; however, the government may miss the full year direct tax collection target of Rs5.32 lakh crore which envisaged a growth of 19% over the last year

New Delhi: With the direct tax collection growing at a slower pace of 9% this fiscal so far, the government is likely to miss the revenue mop-up target for the 2011-12, reports PTI.

According to the data released by the finance ministry, the net direct tax mop-up during the April-January period rose 9.28% to Rs3.46 lakh crore mainly on account higher realisation of personal income tax and corporate tax.

The government, however, may miss the full year direct tax collection target of Rs5.32 lakh crore which envisaged a growth of 19% over the last year.

The net direct tax collection was Rs3.17 lakh crore in the 10 month period of the 2010-11 fiscal.

The slow growth in direct tax collection comes on the back of declining gross domestic product (GDP) growth rate which is estimated at 6.9% in 2011-12, down from 8.4% a year ago.

The gross direct tax collection during the April-January period, however, was up by 14.57% at Rs4.25 lakh crore. It was Rs3.71 lakh crore in the corresponding period a year ago.

Amid slowdown in industrial activities due to global factors and high domestic interest rates, revenue collections have come under pressure.

As per the official data, gross corporate tax collection was up 12% at Rs2.85 lakh crore in April-January from Rs2.55 lakh crore in same period in the previous fiscal.

The personal income tax collection in the 10 month period of the current fiscal was up by 20.43% at Rs1.38 lakh crore.

The growth in wealth tax was 45.11% at Rs682 crore against Rs470 crore collected last year.

Amid volatility in the stock market, the securities transaction tax (STT) declined by 27.19% at Rs4,145 crore. The STT mop-up was Rs5,693 crore in the year-ago period.

With only two months of the fiscal remaining, the government will have to add Rs1.86 lakh crore to its tax kitty to meet its budget estimates, which experts say is a tough task.

Even finance minister Pranab Mukherjee had said last week that he is exerting pressure on revenue officials to improve tax realisation to meet the total tax (direct + indirect) collection target of Rs9.32 lakh crore.

“I am putting pressure on my colleagues in the CBEC, CBDT ...and on my behalf secretary (revenue) is continuously breathing (down) their neck to improve revenue because our demand and requirement is much more,” he had said.

The government needs maximum revenue to contain the widening fiscal deficit, which is likely to shoot up due to higher subsidy bill and poor disinvestment receipts. The government had projected the fiscal deficit at 4.6% of the GDP in 2011-12.


Merge Dhanlaxmi Bank with public sector bank says AIBEA

According to the Bank Employees Union, Dhanalaxmi Bank’s business fell down from Rs22,000 crore but it is being camouflaged through inter-bank deposits and other measures

After the resignation of Dhanalaxmi Bank’s chief operating officer and managing director- Amitabh Chaturvedi due to serious issues with the management, a bank employees’ union has appealed for its merger with another public sector bank.
In a release, All India Bank Employees Association (AIBEA) stated that, “Dhanalaxmi Bank’s total business of around Rs22,000 crore has slipped down but the same is being camouflaged by inter bank deposits and other cosmetic measures.  There are also reports the Bank may not show profit for this quarter. It is also learnt that sensing these developments, some of its customers have withdrawn their deposits and it is also reported that even Mr Chaturvedi who resigned as MD has withdrawn his family deposit of around Rs5 crore from the Bank.”

Sources say that the bank is facing liquidity problems and may report financial losses of about Rs30 crore. However, the lender is not in serious trouble, the sources added.

According to the AIBEA, the management’s decision to convert the lender into an ambitious and modern bank impacted its financial performance. The Union also accused the bank for appointing officials with huge remuneration unrelated to the capacity or performance of the bank.
Moneylife was the first one to report the bruising battle between Dhanlaxmi Bank and its union. The All-India Bank Officers Confederation (AIBOC) alleged that the bank has manipulated accounts and provisioning, has a mismatch in asset-liability resources, maintains poor capital adequacy ratio and has huge dependence on call money borrowing. It has also accused the bank for ignoring social banking and financial inclusion.

Last year in November, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) conducted an inspection and issued a 15-point Monitorable Action Plan (MAP) to Dhanlaxmi Bank. This was followed by the furore caused due to a memorandum sent by the All India Bank Officers’ Confederation to the RBI stating the weak financials and certain wrongdoings by the bank.

As per the MAP, Dhanlaxmi Bank should moderate its loan growth, year-on-year, to 25% for 2011-12, should not be dependent on portfolio buyouts and should focus on increasing its direct advances. It has asked the bank to improve its earnings ratio and cash-income (efficiency) ratio to 70% by March 2012 from its current 83.73% during 2010-11. (Read more...RBI directs Dhanlaxmi Bank to adhere to its action plan)


SEBI seeks action against collective investment schemes

The market regulator will give names of 500 companies that collect money from investors illegally for real estate properties, plantation and agriculture industry, art funds, time-sharing schemes and multi-level marketing (MLM) schemes

New Delhi: Market regulator Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) has decided to share names of over 500 companies, which have garnered money from investors in violation of its Collective Investment Scheme (CIS) rules with the Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA), reports PTI.

SEBI would also give the names of the directors of such entities to the MCA, so that necessary actions can be taken to prevent these companies and persons from being associated with any new company, a senior official said.

The Collective Investment Schemes, where an entity pools in money from investors for certain pre-specified purposes and later distributes the profits or income, come under the ambit of the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI).

There are estimated to be more than 500 entities in the country that have undertaken CIS activities without complying with the SEBI regulations and the regulator has initiated necessary action against many of them in the past.

Many of these entities and their operators and directors tend to restart similar business under a new name and numerous investors are taken for a ride before they come under the Sebi scanner, the official noted.

SEBI has now decided to request the MCA to circulate the names of defaulter CIS entities and their directors among all the ROCs (Registrars of Companies) in the country to prevent them from being associated with any new company, he added.

SEBI is also of the view that a complete overhaul of the current CIS regulations was needed, as loopholes in the existing rules allow for the gullible investors being taken for a ride, the official said.

The capital market regulator will take up the issue of these regulatory gaps at the meeting of Financial Stability and Development Council (FSDC), which is chaired by Finance Minister and includes top financial sector regulators such as RBI Governor and SEBI Chairman.

While hundreds of the companies have engaged in the CIS activities in the country, just one such entity is registered with SEBI to undertake such kind of business.

Generally, the operators of such schemes offer impressive returns in their initial days to lure unsuspecting investors and then suddenly disappear after some time, leaving their investors in a lurch.

Some of the most common CISs are related to investments for real estate properties, plantation and agriculture industry, art funds, time-sharing schemes and multi-level marketing (MLM) schemes, among others.

As per SEBI data, more than one lakh investor complaints are currently pending with it in connection with such schemes, and the matter is sub-judice since long in most of the cases.

While SEBI is the regulatory authority for such schemes, a number of other government agencies and departments also govern similar investment products and a lack of clarity in this regard comes in the way of bringing the guilty to book.

Certain exemptions in the current regulations also leave scope for people to take a stand that their scheme is not a collective investment scheme and that they have got relevant approvals from the competent authorities.
SEBI has said that there was an urgent need to have one single principal regulator to deal with all the cases where pooling of money is taking place and investments are made.

The government had first decide to frame CIS regulations and named SEBI as a regulator in 1997, after a number of agro-based and plantation companies in 1990s started raising money from public through agro and plantation bonds.

Thereafter, it was made mandatory for all such companies to register with SEBI. The existing entities were also asked to get registered with SEBI, and those not being able to get a go-ahead were asked to wind up their operations.

As per SEBI data, 664 CIS entities had raised Rs3,518 crore in 1998-99. Out of these 664 CIS entities, 54 CIS entities wound up their schemes and refunded investors' money.

None of the companies that applied for registration at the time were found to be eligible for final registration as a Collective Investment Management Company under the SEBI (CIS) Regulations.

SEBI had issued directions to the remaining 610 entities directing them to refund the money collected under the schemes with returns due to investors as per the terms of the offer within a period of one month from the date of the Order.

Subsequently, another 21 CIS entities wound up their schemes and repaid the investors.

SEBI has said that the CIS regulations were incorporated at a time when large scale funds were mopped up by plantation and agro companies and investors lost money.

It is of the view that regulations have remained unaltered, although there has been a sea change in market dynamics of investment management activities since then.
The regulator has also sought tightening the definition of CIS activities, as the existing one leaves room for many entities to claim being outside its purview.
SEBI often receives complaints against certain CIS-type activities such as those of MLM companies, art funds, time sharing operators, but they claim being outside the domain of its regulatory authority.


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