Leisure, Lifestyle & Wellness
Communicable diseases rise 32 percent in 5 years, spending up 7 percent
There has been a steady increase in the incidence of communicable diseases over the last five years, except malaria which declined 14 percent, which can be attributed to a special focus on awareness and detection
 
Spending on programmes to control India’s three main communicable diseases — malaria, tuberculosis and leprosy — increased seven percent over five years while cases reported, taken together, increased 32 percent, according to an IndiaSpend analysis of government data.
 
There has been a steady increase in the incidence of communicable diseases over the last five years, except malaria which declined 14 percent, which can be attributed to a special focus on awareness and detection.
 
We found a correlation between cases reported and budgets over five years. As funding rose, cases declined.
 
The central government finances three disease-control programmes: National Vector-Borne Disease Control Programme (NVBDCP); Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme (RNTCP); and National Leprosy Eradication Programme (NLEP).
 
The programmes are funded under the National Health Mission, which also includes programmes for child - and maternal - health, health infrastructure, prevention, early detection, diagnosis and treatment.
 
There was a 12 percent increase in the National Health Mission budget, from Rs.17,188 crore to Rs.19,307 crore between 2012 and 2016, according to an Accountability Initiative report in February 2016.
 
In dollar terms, the allocation declined from $3.2 billion to $2.9 billion. There has been an increase in the exchange rate from Rs.51 per dollar in 2011-12 to Rs.65 per dollar in 2016-17. The value of Indian money to the dollar has depreciated over the last five years.
 
Communicable disease profile in India
 
The allocated funding has been increasing for the three main programmes, as we said, and is up 7.2 percent over five years, from Rs.924 crore in 2011-12 to Rs.991.5 crore in 2015-16.
 
The National Vector-Borne Disease Control Programme covers malaria, dengue, chikunguniya and Japanese encephalitis, and also works for the elimination of kala-azar and lymphatic filariasis. The allocation to the programme has seen a three percent decline, from Rs.482 crore in 2011-12 to Rs.463 crore in 2015-16.
 
While malaria cases declined 14 percent, dengue cases increased more than four times and chikunguniya and Japanese encephalitis rose 33 percent, according to a reply in the Lok Sabha.
 
The tuberculosis-control budget rose 23 percent between 2011 and 2016, while cases reported almost doubled over the same period.
 
While there was a 16 percent decline in funding for the leprosy eradication programme, there was a 36 percent increase in leprosy cases nationwide.
 
There are also a host of other reasons, including dearth of awareness and access to medicine and treatment, which may have contributed to the rise of communicable diseases.
 
Over the last five years, funds released from the centre to the states under the three main programmes has been declining - from Rs.947 crore in 2011-12 to Rs.395 crore in 2015-16.
 
In the years 2011-12 and 2014-15, more funds were released than were allocated for the programmes.
 
In 2012-13, states received only half the funds budgeted for vector-borne diseases and leprosy.
 
Disclaimer: Information, facts or opinions expressed in this news article are presented as sourced from IANS and do not reflect views of Moneylife and hence Moneylife is not responsible or liable for the same. As a source and news provider, IANS is responsible for accuracy, completeness, suitability and validity of any information in this article.

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BJP picks Nirmal Singh as Deputy CM, to support Mehbooba
Jammu: The BJP on Friday elected Nirmal Singh as its leader in the Jammu and Kashmir assembly and nominated him for the deputy chief minister's post in the new PDP-BJP alliance government to be headed by PDP leader Mehbooba Mufti.
 
Speaking after BJP legislators met here, state BJP president Sat Pal Sharma said: "The BJP legislature party has elected Nirmal Singh as its leader and nominated him for the deputy chief minister's post in the new coalition government."
 
Sharma also said the BJP had decided to extend support to Mehbooba Mufti, daughter of former chief minister Mufti Mohammad Sayeed, to head the PDP-BJP government in the state.
 
Nirmal Singh also served as the deputy chief minister in the Mufti Mohammad Sayeed-led PDP-BJP coalition that was in office for 10 months till Sayeed died on January 7.
 
Jammu and Kashmir has been under Governor's Rule since January 8.
 
Besides the BJP legislators, Jitendra Singh, the minister of state in the Prime Minister's Office, and Ram Madhav, general secretary in the Bharatiya Janata Party in charge of Jammu and Kashmir affairs, attended the meeting.
 
Informed sources said those at the meeting were apprised by Ram Madhav about the recent developments, including the Tuesday meeting in New Delhi between PDP president Mehbooba Mufti and Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
 
"The BJP reiterated that no fresh conditions (by PDP) had been accepted and the alliance with the PDP will continue on the basis of the agenda of alliance signed (earlier) by the two parties," a BJP source told IANS.
 
Jitendra Singh represents the Kathua-Udhampur Lok Sabha seat for the BJP in the Lok Sabha.
 
He informed that a BJP-PDP joint coordination committee will meet before the PDP and BJP separately meet Governor N.N. Vohra on Friday.
 
If and when she takes oath, Mehbooba Mufti will be the first woman chief minister of Jammu and Kashmir.
 
Disclaimer: Information, facts or opinions expressed in this news article are presented as sourced from IANS and do not reflect views of Moneylife and hence Moneylife is not responsible or liable for the same. As a source and news provider, IANS is responsible for accuracy, completeness, suitability and validity of any information in this article.

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Ex-Pakistan PM Gilani visited my home, says Headley
Mumbai: Pakistani-American LeT terrorist-turned-approver David Coleman Headley said on Friday that former Pakistan prime minister Yousuf Raza Gilani visited his house to pay condolences a few weeks after his father's death on December 25, 2008.
 
Though he denied that Gilani had attended the funeral of his father Sayed Salim Gilani, a former diplomat and Director-General of Radio Pakistan, who died a month after 26/11 Mumbai terror attack, Headley said the former prime minister visited his home a weeks later.
 
Headley's revelation came before Special Judge G.A. Sanap during his ongoing cross-examination by lawyer Abdul Wahab Khan, defence counsel for Zabiuddin Ansari alias Abu Jundal, an accused in the 26/11 attack case.
 
Headley's father expired on December 25, 2008 while his step-brother Daniel Gilani worked as a PRO in Prime Minister Gilani's office, Headley told the judge.
 
He added that his father was aware of his association with the Lashkar-e-Tayiba and was not happy about it.
 
However, when asked if his step-brother Daniel Gilani was aware of his LeT links, Headley merely said they lived in different cities of Pakistan.
 
But he said a friend in Pakistan, Saulat Rana, was in the know of his LeT connections and his recce trips to Mumbai.
 
Rana was not linked with LeT and he neither objected nor encouraged Headley who worked for the terror group, nor did he tour Pakistan with him before the 26/11 terror attack by Pakistani terrorists that left 166 people dead.
 
He added that his father was a noted poet and writer, and after his death Daniel had publicly clarified that the family had barely any connections with him (Headley) -- who had changed his name from Dawood Gilani to David Coleman Headley at LeT's behest to enter India easily.
 
Disclaimer: Information, facts or opinions expressed in this news article are presented as sourced from IANS and do not reflect views of Moneylife and hence Moneylife is not responsible or liable for the same. As a source and news provider, IANS is responsible for accuracy, completeness, suitability and validity of any information in this article.

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