The ambitious mission is part of the NITI (National Institute for Transforming India) Aayog, the NDA government set up on March 9, to achieve universal sanitation, improve cleanliness and make India open defecation free by 2019, as a tribute to Mahatma Gandhi on his 150th birth anniversary
The Modi government's flagship programme 'Swacch Bharat' Mission by 2019 would need Rs2.24 lakh crore (Rs2.24 trillion), its sub-group's convener, Andhra Pradesh chief minister N. Chandrababu Naidu said on Wednesday.
"The Mission will need a total outlay of Rs2.24 lakh crore, with Rs1.34 lakh crore for villages and Rs62,000 crore for urban areas across the country," Naidu told reporters after chairing the 10-members sub-group's third meeting here.
The ambitious mission is part of the NITI (National Institute for Transforming India) Aayog, the NDA government set up on March 9, to achieve universal sanitation, improve cleanliness and make India open defecation free by 2019, as a tribute to Mahatma Gandhi on his 150th birth anniversary. Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869.
"The nature of the mission will be known after we submit our report to the central government by August 15," Naidu said.
The members favoured the mission to go beyond cleanliness to improvise on the waste management process and promote waste-to-energy plants, with a combined capacity of generating 1,033 MW of power from waste daily.
"We have decided to focus on cost-effective solid-liquid waste management technologies and vermin-composting besides setting up toilets," Naidu noted.
Noting that the country generated a whopping 133,760 tonnes of waste daily, he said efforts would be made to harness it to generate energy.
"Karnataka has the potential to generate 130 MW from its waste, with 30 MW from Bengaluru alone," Naidu pointed out.
As part of the same mission, the Karnataka government on Wednesday sought Rs500 crore from the central government to expand infrastructure.
"The state government has invested Rs400 crore to set up basic infrastructure over the last eight months. We require Rs500 crore support from the central government to complete civic projects, including basic amenities in the city," Chief minister Siddaramaiah said at a meeting of the mission's sub-group here.
Participating in the sub-group's third meeting, Siddaramaiah said as the state revenues were not enough to meet the challenging tasks, it was imperative for the central government to fund the mission's work in the southern state.
"Though we have succeeded in improving sanitation to handle waste in rural and urban areas, much more needs to be done to make our state Swacch Karnataka," he said.
Reiterating his government's support to Prime Minister's Narendra Modi's vision of a clean India by 2019 as a tribute to Mahatma Gandhi on his 150th birth anniversary, Siddaramaiah said the central government's suggestion to take funds for the mission from the devolution to states was not appropriate, though sanitation was a state subject and hence each state should provide resources.
"A net reduction of Rs1,987 crore to the state after devolution under the 14th Finance Commission's recommendations for this fiscal (2015-16) has adversely affected Karnataka, as funds were reduced for various centrally-sponsored schemes and modified the sharing pattern," Siddaramaiah claimed.
As per the guidelines, Rs955.76 crore will be spent on the mission, with central government's share being Rs716.82 crore and the state's share Rs238.94 crore.
"As the mission is the central government's flagship programme, it is essential for the Centre to provide funds to states in 90:10 ratio to achieve universal sanitation coverage, improved cleanliness and make India open defecation-free by 2019," Siddaramaiah added.
Of the 10 chief ministers who are the sub-group's members, only four, including Mizoram's Lal Thanhawla and Uttarkhand's Harish Rawat attended the day-long meeting, chaired by its convener, Andhra Pradesh's N. Chandrababu Naidu.
Six chief ministers - Bihar' Nitish Kumar, Delhi's Arvind Kejriwal, Haryana's Manohar Lal Khattar, Maharashtra' Devendra Fadnavis, Sikkim's Pawan Kumar Chamling and West Bengal' Mamata Banerjee - were absent.
Maharashtra Home Minister Ranjit Vitthalrao Patil and Haryana Agriculture minister Om Prakash Dhankar, however, represented their states.