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Banks are lending idle cash for higher returns to companies for advance tax payments which has sucked up about Rs40,000 crore to Rs45,000 crore from the system
Bank credit to Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) is likely to get costlier as lenders are shying away from lending to this sector due to a fear of hike in cash reserve ratio (CRR) by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), says an industry body.
A Sakthivel, president, Federation of Indian Export Organisations (FIEO), said that while credit off-take had picked up marginally to double digit levels (10.5%) from last year’s high of 26.4%, banks are lending idle cash for higher returns to companies for advance tax payments, which has sucked up about Rs40,000 crore-Rs45,000 crore from the system.
This is supported by RBI data (as on 23 December 2009) which says that banks parked Rs40,000 crore through the reverse repo auction as against Rs90,000 crore on 14th December, a day before the payment of the third instalment of advance tax.
The FIEO president said that the inclination of the banks to lend to the larger corporates, increasing call money market rate (from around 2% at the previous closing to 3%-3.25% at present), and a possibility of increase in cash reserve ratio (CRR) would impact interest rates for the SME export sector.
Mr Sakthivel pointed out that the lending to the priority sector has dropped to 17.5% as against 22.7% last year while lending to services sector has seen a sharp fall to 11% from 33.7% last year, reflecting a higher risk perception.
"The RBI has already started the first phase of 'exit' in its October 2009 policy statement, though primarily in terms of signalling the stance rather than affecting the liquidity conditions or the interest rate. The evolving growth-inflation conditions will dictate the future course of action from the RBI," Shyamala Gopinath, deputy governor, RBI, had said.
Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI) is currently lending at 11.25% to 13.25% per annum to the services sector.
The finance ministry has not ruled out the possibility of introducing a new identity number like UTN from the next fiscal, in addition to PAN to ensure prompt verification and granting of tax credits to tax payers
The Indian government has decided to shelve the introduction of the Unique Transaction Number (UTN), which tax payers need to quote along with the Permanent Account Number (PAN) when tax is deducted or collected at source, reports PTI.
The scheme was to have come into force from the New Year.
However, the finance ministry has not ruled out the possibility of introducing a new identity number like UTN from the next fiscal, in addition to PAN, to ensure prompt verification and granting of tax credits to tax payers.
"The introduction of UTN, which was scheduled to be implemented from January 2010, has been shelved in all probability. The process of filing tax returns remains the same as earlier," a senior finance ministry official said.
A similar arrangement of having a new identity number is "under contemplation" but it would only happen from the next fiscal, the official said.
The government had earlier said the system of allotting UTN is "expected" to become operational by 1 January 2010.
The move to introduce UTN had invited concerns from tax payers as it would have brought in a slew of formalities for the tax payers, through their respective collectors and deductors, to avail the new number and file their returns on time.