Citizens' Issues
Centre plans to set up National Bureau of Corrosion Control
Taking a serious note on corrosion and the loss to the economy caused from that chemical process, the central government is planning to set up a National Bureau for Corrosion Control, said a senior official.
 
"We have proposed to set up a National Bureau of Corrosion Control on the lines of Bureau of Energy Conservation," said Surjit Kumar Chaudhary, secretary, department of chemicals and petrochemicals.
 
"This is part of the proposed National Chemical Policy. Approval to the new National Chemical Policy is in the final stages."
 
He was speaking at the three-day CORCON 2015 an international conference on corrosion that got started here on Thursday.
 
Chaudhary said corrosion control was part of the strategic and commercial dialogue with the US.
 
He said consumption of chemicals was one of the indicators of developed society.
 
"In India, the per capita consumption of chemicals is less than nine kg. But the consumption is on the rise. In the advanced countries, the per capita consumption of chemicals is around 120 kg," Chaudhary said.
 
NITI Aayog member V.K. Saraswat said there was good understanding of corrosion science.
 
The former secretary, department of defence research and development and head of the Defence Research Development Organisation, said the country may not have the necessary equipments to protect the metal surface against corrosion.
 
He also spoke about the anti-corrosion coatings and other measures taken while building various missiles and other defence equipments.
 
According to Saraswat, in defence and aerospace sectors, there was a need to improve the performance of the machines at high temperature environment.
 
He said anti-corrosive coatings were also applied on surgical implants in human bodies.
 
Pointing out the lack of awareness about corrosion and its impact among the people, B. Narayan, group president-procurement and projects, Reliance Industries Ltd., cited the marine industry where anti-corrosion measures were forced to be done indirectly.
 
He said a marine vessel would be de-classified if proper anti-corrosion measures are not taken.
 
If a vessel is de-classified, then it may not get insurance coverage.
 
He said the corrosion control as a subject should be introduced at school level.
 
Rajiv Mittal, managing director and group CEO VA Tech Wabag Ltd., spoke about the types of corrosion at desalination and sewage treatment plants.
 
Disclaimer: Information, facts or opinions expressed in this news article are presented as sourced from IANS and do not reflect views of Moneylife and hence Moneylife is not responsible or liable for the same. As a source and news provider, IANS is responsible for accuracy, completeness, suitability and validity of any information in this article.

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Last salute to Colonel Mahadik who died battling terrorists
Thousands of grieving people turned up on Thursday for the funeral of Colonel Santosh G. Mahadik who was killed while fearlessly leading his men in an operation against militants in Jammu and Kashmir on Tuesday, an official said.
 
Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar, Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis and other dignitaries paid homage to Col. Mahadik and offered sympathies to his family members, including parents, wife Sashwati, two children and brothers.
 
Later, the slain hero's body was brought in an army cortege to his native village Pogarwadi early on Thursday and kept for people to pay their last respects.
 
Col. Mahadik, who was decorated with a Sena Medal, was accorded a funeral with full military honours in an open ground in the village, the official said.
 
The Commanding Officer of 41 Rashtriya Rifles, Col. Mahadik, 38, was leading a search party and was critically injured when militants, holed up in a dense forested area of Haji Naka in Kupwara district, fired at him.
 
Hailing from Satara, Col. Mahadik belonged to a small farmer's family and later joined the Satara Military School, before joining the army in 1998.
 
A family friend described Col. Mahadik as "a gentle, soft-spoken officer who never conveyed the looks of a special forces officer, besides being a forceful orator who spoke his mind".
 
The last rites were performed in the presence of his immediate and extended family members, Pogarwadi villagers and people from Satara district who raised cries of "Santosh Mahadik amar rahe".
 
An expert paratrooper and a combat underwater driver, Col. Mahadik became the second Commanding Officer to be martyred in terrorist encounter this year.
 
On January 27, Col. Munindra N. Rai of the Gorkha Rifles, was martyred at Handora village in Tral, south Kashmir, just a day after he was honoured with the Yudh Seva Medal in the Republic Day awards list.
 
Later, Col. Rai was posthumously conferred with the 'Shaurya Chakra' on Independence Day on August 15 this year.
 
Disclaimer: Information, facts or opinions expressed in this news article are presented as sourced from IANS and do not reflect views of Moneylife and hence Moneylife is not responsible or liable for the same. As a source and news provider, IANS is responsible for accuracy, completeness, suitability and validity of any information in this article.

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Global terror toll surged nine-fold in 15 years
There has been a nine-fold increase in deaths due to terrorism globally, rising from 3,329 in 2000 to 32,685 in 2014, according to the Global Terrorism Index 2015 report by the Institute for Economics and Peace, a think-tank based in Sydney, Australia.
 
The global economic cost of terrorism was $283 billion over the past 15 years, reaching a record high of $53 billion in 2014. The prime targets of terrorist attacks have been citizens and private property. Deaths of private citizens increased 172 percent in 2014 over the previous year.
 
Nigeria-based Boko Haram and the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) accounted for 51 percent of total deaths attributed to terrorist groups in 2014. Boko Haram has emerged as the deadliest terror outfit in 2014, killing over 6,664 people, an increase of 317 percent over the previous year.
 
Boko Haram pledged its allegiance to ISIS, renaming itself as Islamic State's West Africa Province in March 2015.
 
Another terrorist group, Fulani militants, has emerged in Nigeria that killed 1,229 people in 2014. The top five terrorist groups were responsible for 74 percent of all terrorist-related deaths.
 
The ISIS claimed 6,073 deaths in 2014, the most after Boko Haram.
 
The Global Terrorism report highlights that ISIS inflicts more deaths on the battlefield (20,000) than through terrorism (6,073) attributed to the group.
 
Baghdad (43) has the highest fatality rate per 100,000, followed by Maiuguri (39), Mosul (29), Peshawar (25) and Donetsk (10). The French capital of Paris saw a series of terrorist attacks on November 13, killing 129 people and leaving over 300 injured, the worst violence in France post World War-II.
 
ISIS, also known as the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), has claimed responsibility for the Paris attack. The attacks in Paris were carried out by eight terrorists, of whom seven killed themselves in suicide bombings.
 
As many as 705 bombing attacks by ISIS were reported in 2014. As many as 117 instances were of suicide bombings, resulting in 1,101 deaths with an average of nine people killed per attack.
 
Almost 78 percent killed in terror incidents are from five countries: Iraq, Nigeria, Afghanistan, Pakistan and Syria. These five countries also account for 57 percent of all terror attacks in 2014, while Iraq and Nigeria alone account for 53 percent of all deaths.
 
Deaths due to extremist incidents increased by 80 percent in 2014 over the previous year. These top ten countries accounted for 88 percent of all deaths in 2014. Iraq tops (10) the index, heading a list of 162 nations. The country is one of the worst affected by terrorism, reporting 9,929 deaths in 2014, an increase of 55 percent over 2013. Iraq also accounted for 30 percent of all deaths in 2014.
 
Nigeria recorded a four-fold increase in deaths (7,512) from terrorist attacks, the largest increase ever witnessed by any country, moving up to second position from fifth in 2013. Terrorism-related activities and incidents led to a global economic loss of nearly $53 billion in 2014 with an economic impact of $106 billion.
 
The cost of counter-terror operations, led by the US against ISIS in Iraq and Syria, is estimated to be $5 billion from August 8, 2014 to October 31, 2015, with an average daily cost of $11 million for 450 days, according to the United States Department of Defense.
 
Maoists cause most terror deaths in India, while Bodo terrorists were second. India reported 416 fatalities, accounting for 1.2 percent of deaths, in 2014. The report said that India, for the first time, did not feature among the top 10 countries with fatalities from terrorism.
 
The majority of attacks in India were low intensity and 70 percent were non-lethal. As many as 50 terrorist groups have been identified behind the attacks and categorised into three groups: Islamists, separatists and communists.
 
Communist organisations are the main cause of terror deaths in India, says the report. Two Maoist (Communist) outfits claimed responsibility for 172 deaths in 2014, 41 percent of all deaths from terrorism, while Islamic terrorist groups were responsible for (14 percent) 57 deaths.
 
Pakistan-based Lashkar-e-Taiba and Hizb-ul-Mujahideen were responsible for 24 and 11 deaths respectively, in 2014.
 
The National Democratic Front of Bodoland, a separatist terror organisation in the north-east and the second-deadliest group in India in 2014, killed as many as 80 people. The region in and around Assam reported 106 deaths (25 percent) in 2014.
 
Private citizens and property constituted 31 percent of all global terror attacks in 2014, resulting in the loss of 15,380 lives.
 
Disclaimer: Information, facts or opinions expressed in this news article are presented as sourced from IANS and do not reflect views of Moneylife and hence Moneylife is not responsible or liable for the same. As a source and news provider, IANS is responsible for accuracy, completeness, suitability and validity of any information in this article.

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