CBT may decide next month on hiring new fund managers for EPFO

Central Board of Trustees, the apex decision making body of EPFO, in its meeting on 14th January is likely to approve proposal to appoint a consultant to start process for selection of new fund managers

The Employees’ Provident Fund Organisation’s (EPFO) is planning to decide next month on hiring a consultant for starting process of selection of new fund managers for its huge corpus of about Rs5 lakh crore.


According to agenda of a meeting of Central Board of Trustees’ (CBT), the apex decision making body of EPFO, the proposal for appointment of the consultant would be discussed and approved.


The consultant would also evaluate the performance of new fund managers and appoint a custodian and concurrent auditor for the EPFO. At present, ratings agency CRISIL is providing consultancy services to the EPFO.


The existing four fund managers of EPFO – SBI, HSBC AMC, Reliance Capital and ICICI Securities Primary Dealership – were appointed for three years beginning 1 September 2011.


Among the four managers, SBI manages biggest chunk of fund with 35% of corpus followed by ICICI Securities Primary Dealership at 25%. HSBC AMC and Reliance Capital manage 20% each.


In the last bidding, Reliance Capital had quoted a fee of 4 paisa per annum for managing Rs10,000, and was the second lowest bidder after ICICI Securities Primary Dealership which quoted a rate of 3 paisa.


SBI had quoted a price of Re1 per Rs10,000 per annum whereas HSBC AMC’s rate was 36 paisa.


The CBT had approved the appointment of Standard Chartered Bank as custodian of securities of EPFO and Chandabhoy and Jassoobhoy of Mumbai as external concurrent auditor for the body.


The EPFO had appointed multiple fund managers for the first time in July, 2008, for earning better rate of return on deposits for its over five crore subscribers.


During the two-and-half-year tenure from 17 September 2008 to 31 March 2011, ICICI Pru had provided highest yield (return) of 8.72% followed by HSBC AMC (8.64%), SBI (8.61%) and Reliance Capital (8.57%) against the benchmark yield of 8.52%.


Before July 2008, SBI was the sole fund manager for the retirement fund body since its inception in 1952.


Senior citizens are becoming new customers for many

Elderly population in India is turning into the new customer segment that is large and distinctive with significant purchasing power

Today there is an urgent need to address the wellness of present day Elders, officially designated Senior Citizens, that encompass their physical, emotional, intellectual, social and spiritual needs by looking at them from an entirely new perspective because of their sheer increasing numbers in absolute terms in the demographic divide that now make them an extremely vital segment of the community that require to be reckoned with. One report puts it – “In India, the senior living sector with strength of over 100 million is poised for a significant growth in the years to come.” 

Mr. Harish Bhat, MD&CEO of Tata Global Beverages and author of Tata Log: Eight Modern Stories from a Timeless Institutions writing in the Brand Line column of the Hindu Business Line calls upon the marketers to include the Elderly Population of India as the “new customer segment that is large and distinctive with significant purchasing power”. He writes their population increasing, they are also willing to spend reasonable amounts of money on their essential requirements, in many cases their children, who earn good money are also willing to contribute. They have a distinct set of needs – as they may suffer from weak eyesight or infirm hands that are unable to work with small buttons or phone or remote controls with small keys, slippery bar soaps, wrist watches. He suggests easy to use uncomplicated mobiles with large fonts. Also, banks and reality need to develop products to cater to this segment. Besides there is also a significant proportion of this segment who are naturally either obese and of large build  or unusually tall or with large waists, wrists and feet who search for ‘jeans that can make them look slimmer’, bathroom slippers that they can easily slip their feet into, cars and airline seats  that they can be comfortable in.  They even have specific needs of foods and beverages at variance from others.


The FMCG sector too has now come to recognize the fact that the Elders too have truly arrived as a new class of discerning customers:

  • The elders are found to wield potential brand loyalty and buying power as they have a lot of time to study to decide and weigh the pros and cons of products on offer. Seniors are extremely choosy customers with extremely strong brand loyalties built over the years.
  • They are generous consumers who generally tend to continue to stick to their favourite time tested brands all along and are less likely to change brands irrespective of any tempting marketing offers.
  • They are certainly wiser and consequently more rational in making right choices. They are less likely to be influenced by misleading ads and trends.

A recent Research Survey of 1,900 elders from 12 cities in India reveals:

  1. Demographical estimates with the average life expectancy crossing 70, with more population living longer than ever before. Their numbers are expected touch 198m in 2030 from 118m by 2016 from 98m today where they constitute nearly 7.5% of India’s population and 12.4 % in 2016.
  2. According to the 2011 census 8.3% was 60+ up from 7.4% in 2011.
  3. 70% consider moving out of towns into homes of their own.
  4. 42% ranked security as the top concern.
  5.  80% seek to sustain their current lifestyle or even improve upon it since they do not contemplate full retirement per se.
  6. 75% want to continue to be active in community activities, to walk and exercise, socialise, club, party, yoga, sports, shop around, indulge in writing, skype, surfing internet to keep in touch with relations and friends from all over the world.
  7. 30% live alone without pre-deceased spouses; with off-springs staying outside even abroad and are in single independent houses cut off from immediate contact with the society outside.
  8. 80-90% prefers to continue to work gainfully or for a cause.
  9. Their pre-retirement earnings have grown more than 20% over the last two decades.
  10.  With increasing income streams either from their own savings/ investments or remittances from children abroad they now seek a hassle-free secure retired life.
  11.  60% live in nuclear families according to a National Family Health Survey.

Many reality operators have now zeroed on the seniors to satisfy the growing demand for Senior Care Communities where the lifestyles, socio-economic and healthcare requirements are well taken care of. The developers have jumped into the bandwagon to take a piece of the burgeoning cake of the Assisted Living Community Projects.

  • Customised colonies for senior citizens provide options of living safely and in lifestyle-oriented homes catering to their special needs to live on their own terms with easy access to facilities and services essential for day-to-day living. They bring together like-minded people in the same age-group, essentially elders with similar interests and economic status. They address serious concerns in view of increased elder-targeted urban crimes, difficulties in getting good domestic help and unsafe commuting. 
  • Proactive Elder Healthcare with well-being when beset with reducing vision, hearing loss, physical flexibility and muscle disabilities require productive living in the midst of holistic surroundings too has moved far away from the traditional conservative Old peoples’ home concept when they were left behind by their uncaring  children to fend for themselves can now lead a post retirement life with dignity in the company of peers sans the stigma attached to old-age homes    
  • The present lot of elders are certainly healthier as well as wealthier and many have $ rich off springs remitting funds home too.
  • The developers now go out of the way to address the concerns of security, management of the household by providing reliable services of domestic staff too.
  • After ascertaining the specific requirements of this age group  that arise out  of social isolation, loneliness and lack of activity or active engagement with the outside world absence of which leading to declining in mental health has  lead developers like Paranjapes, Gagan Nulife, Tatas, Max India and others to launch specially  Assisted Community Living Reality projects -  seven in Bengaluru, three each  in Chennai and Pune, two each in Kochi, Goa and Kolkatta and one each in Hyderabad, Mumbai, Bhopal, Jaipur, Delhi, Nagpur and Chandigarh tailored to make life easier for the resident elders by incorporating  elder-centric facilities like :

       Step-free/ ramped access all throughout the community buildings - larger doorways, wider approaches, no-step entries, larger living areas facilitating free manoeuvrability for wheel chairs and walkers.
        24-hour low glare lighting and/or standby gensets or 100% power back up.
        24x7 Security, Emergency/panic alarm call buttons/cords.
        Anti-skid floors more particularly in wet areas.
        Grab-bars in bathrooms.
        Low height shelves and sliding doors and windows.
        Internet and wi-fi connectivity.
        Libraries, Reading Rooms, club houses with hobby facilities, bridge, rummy and chess, cafes, restaurants, spas, theatres, yoga and prayer halls, common green open spaces.
        Care takers'/servants' quarters.
       24x7 in-house/ on-call medical and primary healthcare facilities, ambulance and door delivery of drugs. Speciality and nursing care, physio-therapy, primary health care and regular check ups. Tie-up with a nearest fully equipped multi-specialty hospital with ICU, trauma care and ambulance on call.
        Concierge, daily house keeping, laundry, round-the-clock food and dining, ATM services.
        Shuttle with driver to the nearest metro.
        Expense break up - 30% food, 25% healthcare, 20% housekeeping, 10% social life and 10% others
    Elder-related activities also help create local labour-intensive gainful  employment opportunities in housekeeping, administration, security, nursing and geriatric  and health care for the  men and women of all ages nearer their homes without their having to migrate to cities in search of jobs and stay in hovel and pavements.

    FMCGs are now drawing up various options to target this so far long neglected target coming to hold that there is gold in the old!

    (Inputs from the Hindu Business Line, India Today and Times of India.)

    (Nagesh Kini is a Mumbai-based chartered accountant turned activist



Shri Krishan Narang

4 years ago

An excellent article for senior citizen, and as president of CSIR Pensioners Welfare Association, Jamshedpur, I would like to share it with all my colleagues and friends.

Professor Dr BM Hegde

4 years ago

Dear Kini,
Congrats, you have done a good job in collecting all these statistics. The most important need is need for human love, especially their children and grandchildren's love which has become a rare commodity in the midst of all these mentioned in your surveys.
If we could go back to the olden days large family system I think most elderly and old elderly (>80) could do without many of these wants. As you grow old one important thing that one has to do is to keep his/her brain active. This will keep the memory and all other bodily functions active.
Senior's club is a good idea and social service is another tonic. To say that they are good market is a purely money making trick. 25% for so called health care is only for illness care which could be cut down drastically if doctors do not practise poly-pharmacy on the older population. In fact, polypharmacy in old age is the important casue of heart attacks and strokes!


laxman guruvayur

In Reply to Professor Dr BM Hegde 4 years ago

Dear Mr(Dr).Hegde,I fully concur with ur viewpoint.The report is just for publicity and statistics are of Metros.What about rural India/semi-urban/home for the aged across INDIA
Mr Harish Bhat talks like a salesman rather than true concern for senior citizens.

nagesh kini

In Reply to Professor Dr BM Hegde 4 years ago

Thanks Doc.
It is sad that the good old joint family system that addressed most of the concerns of built-in safety and security, emotional and financial support, baby sitting, counselling kids are given a go-bye in the nuclear families.
I've known the so-called snooty 'educated' girls demanding at the boy-meet-girl pre-engagement talk if he has 'old furniture/excess baggage/waste paper basket' - meaning live-in parents.
Then we have the NRIs who are in fact "NOT RELIABLE/REQUIRED INDIANS" who summon their mothers/mothers-in-law in turn to to take care of their newly delivered babies giving rise to a new acronym for IAS - "International Ayah Service".

suresh dash

4 years ago

I am a sebior citizen. I get plenty of sms regarding make money at home allurement even to get income more than laksh per month on sitting in home with help of computer system and their help.Theychartge Rs.3685/- to give link and knowledge. Please suggest if these are authentic or simply cheating matters.-suresh Dash.9438600322.


nagesh kini

In Reply to suresh dash 4 years ago

keep off these allurements, they are absolute fakes

suresh dash

In Reply to nagesh kini 4 years ago

Thanks for the suggestion.I was also thinking so.

suresh dash

In Reply to nagesh kini 4 years ago

Thanks for the suggestion.I was also thinkning so.

PFRDA needs more than a new chairman

Will the next PFRDA chairman be another bureaucrat on a sinecure after exodus of PFRDA chairman Yogesh Agarwal?

The process of appointing and supervising the many independent regulators in the financial sector is clearly breaking down. Over the past few years, Moneylife has repeatedly pointed out how independent regulators are not exactly pro-consumers even as they have been armed with extraordinary powers, due to the disinterest of the finance ministry and the parliamentarians on the standing committee of finance. Our attention was mainly focused on the capital market regulator, insurance regulator and the banking regulator.

The pension regulator, Yogesh Agarwal, flew below the radar because he operated without an empowering statute and also because the National Pension System (NPS) had failed to attract investors. Then, on 12th November, just two months after Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA) got its statutory teeth, came the startling news that Mr Agarwal has been asked to resign.

The exit came a year and half before his term was to expire and without any explanation beyond unattributed comments that he wasn’t getting along with finance ministry bureaucrats. My sources say that the PFRDA did not hold board meetings and there was some rumbling about frequent foreign trips and some questionable appointments at PFRDA during his tenure. He was even kept out of the selection committee to appoint whole-time members. Mr Agarwal has apparently chosen to remain silent about the reasons for his exit.

PFRDA oversees the defined contribution NPS which has over 5.3 million subscribers and a Rs35,000 crore corpus of mainly government employees on whom this scheme was thrust in 2004. When NPS was first launched, Moneylife was extremely bullish about the product as a safe, long-term investment.

However, in the absence of distribution commissions, neither banks nor independent advisors had any interest in pushing the scheme. Our view turned negative soon after Mr Agarwal took over and began to tinker with the scheme. Our view remained negative, even though the government tried to push the product by contributing Rs1,000 per year to each subscriber for four years.

In January 2013, Moneylife wrote, “A retirement product should be less volatile, small on charges, big on tax benefits and flexible after retirement.” We had pointed out that, over 2009-11, returns of the scheme for the unorganised sector had varied from 23.51% to -3.15%, although NPS investments are supposed to be strait-jacketed.

This is bound to scare away savers who simply cannot afford volatility on a pension plan. Also, if this was the volatility in just three years, what would be the fate of the pensions over 30 years? The product was further marred by high fixed transaction charges, which would deplete the savings of small investors, rendering the product unattractive for them. PFRDA also increased the investment management fee and allowed fund managers to revise it every year. For long-term investors, who are expected to lock their funds for several decades, this uncertainty and tinkering killed the product and Moneylife refuses to endorse it anymore.

Typical of India’s financial regulators and the ministry, these concerns were never even acknowledged, let alone addressed. Will things change now that the PFRDA chairman has been asked to go? Or will he merely be replaced by a retired bureaucrat after going through the motions of an elaborate selection process? The SEBI saga outlined in the next report only shows the urgent need for greater transparency and accountability in selecting independent regulators in India.



MG Warrier

4 years ago

The PFRDA came into being with a mandate to implement a scheme which was then called New Pension SchemeNPS) which had none of the features of pension schemes then existing in India. NPS has not so far stabilised as an investment option in the Indian Financial Market. Ther can be no two views on NPS as a concept which can, in ideal conditions graduate into an investment instrument for securing the objectives set forth in the recently passed PFRDA Bill. But the background in which the original NPS came into being in 2004 and the scheme’s progress so far do not generate hope. When conceived, its immediate ‘mandate’ was to eliminate the then existing defined benefit based pension scheme in government and public sector. Centre was in a hurry to give some alibi for not creating a pension fund. The Central government employees who were in service as on December 31, 2003 have a Defined Benefit Pension Scheme. The pension liabilities of central government which were being met on a Pay As You Go basis were becoming unmanagable. According to a 2008 estimate, the net present value of Centre’s pension liabilities was Rs 3,35,628 crore(6th Pay Commission Report,2008). Considering this staggering liability which grows proportionately with rise in inflation rate and periodical revision in pay structure, Central Budget, 2003-04 contained a proposal to introduce the new restructured defined contribution pension system for new entrants to central government service. The New Pension Scheme (NPS) for new entrants to central government service from January 1, 2004, except to Armed Forces, in the first stage, replacing the existing system of defined benefit pension system was thus introduced through a notification dated December 22, 2003. In the NPS corpus of about Rs35,000 crore, less than ten percent is accounted for by members outside the government and public sector employees for whom NPS has been made compulsory. Considering this background and now that the PFRDA Chairman has resigned in not so enviable circumstances, and already there are different views on overlapping jurisdictions of IRDA and PFRDA, really, NPS will have to take a rebirth to serve the purpose for which it has been introduced. A more detailed analysis can be found in my article on the subject published in The Global ANALYST, October 2013. TGA can be accessed at

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