BSE director resigns due to differences on governance

Independent director was fed up with frequent governance issues and soaring personnel costs at the sinking bourse

The Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) is going downhill fast. The resignation of Mr Vivek Kulkarni, an ex-IAS officer is just a symptom of the serious malaise that has continued to drag the exchange down despite a string of professional CEOs.

In fact, we learn that Mr Kulkarni resigned nearly two months ago but the exchange has kept the fact under wraps and has yet to accept his resignation officially.

Today, The Economic Times reported that Mr Kulkarni had objected to the exchange's proposal to buy Computer Age Management Services (CAMS), a mutual funds registrar and transfer agent. He believed that the exchange was investing in a sunset business which has no long term future, because he believes that service will be provided by depositories. Mr Kulkarni had similarly objected to BSE’s investment in United Stock Exchange (USE) the fourth currency derivatives exchange. The BSE had acquired a 15% stake in USE for Rs22.5 crore. At one time it planned to enter into a deal where BSE would restrict itself to the cash market and all derivatives trading (yes, equity, commodities or any other segment that was launched) would be through the USE. This plan seems to have been dropped after Mr Kulkarni’s objections. The BSE, it may be recalled had launched and failed in both equity and currency derivatives segments; for currency derivatives it set up an exchange which was dead in less than three months. The USE, launched with great fanfare had managed to boost trading volume artificially, which has dwindled considerably since. Worse, it has no revenue model, since all currency derivatives bourse have been forced to follow NSE’s lead of not levying transaction charges.

Earlier, Mr Kulkarni had questioned a decision to acquire Marketplace Technologies Pvt Ltd (MT) for Rs43 crore. The company belongs to Ashish Chauhan, deputy chief executive of the BSE, which apparently would compete with broker front-office software of an NSE-affiliate and the market leader Financial Technologies. The decision to acquire the company was taken at a meeting that Vivek Kulkarni could not attend.

Moneylife had then reported that Ashish Chauhan had made the acquisition of his company a condition to joining the BSE. It is still not clear what value that acquisition has brought to the bourse. Meanwhile, Chauhan is just another expensive part of the BSE’s top management.

Mr Kulkarni had also raised objections to the HR policy where the exchange is splurging large sums of money on a top-heavy team which had caused personnel costs to soar.

The latest management team, which came in with high expectations due to its international experience, has yet to make its mark or show an understanding of how the Indian capital market system works. Instead, typical of the US, team BSE is top heavy and driving up personnel costs while it spends more time in financial engineering to increase the bourse’s valuation rather than increase trading volume or enter new businesses. The CEO Madhu Kannan, who was formerly a vice-president of the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), hired the services of a New York-based boutique advisory firm named Galileo Global Advisors. Galileo’s Jim Saphiro is now with the BSE (he was Kannan’s boss at the NYSE). Sayee Srinivasan, who is in charge of business development was the India representative of the Chicago Mercantile Exchange and then, finally, there is deputy CEO Ashish Chauhan.

Mr Kulkarni’s decision to quit the BSE board was trigged by the realization that he was being second-guessed. Apparently, the BSE management used to constantly check whether he planned to attend a board meeting, so that decisions that he is likely to question, could be tabled in his absence. We learn that the decision to acquire CAMS was also put before the board without prior notice. It is unclear how the rest of the luminaries on BSE’s board have reacted to Mr. Kulkarni’s action. Mr Kulkarni, a former IT Secretary with the Karnataka government is known for this high integrity and uncompromising nature.

As Moneylife had reported earlier, this is not the first professional management team to run down the bourse’s reserves through questionable investments. Its former CEO, Rajnikant Patel, resigned over a controversial decision to fork out Rs65 crore to two brokerage firms—Apollo Sindhoori and SMC Global—for market-making in the derivatives segment; a controversial decision to invest Rs100 crore for a 26% stake in the National Multi-Commodity Exchange (NMCE) and finally, a hurriedly signed $60 million technology deal with OMX, a Swedish Company. Read more






Nagesh KiniFCA

7 years ago

I've been reading of Vivek Kulkarni's stint as IT Secy. Karnataka and also his contributions in Hindu Business Line. Not surprised at his stand at the BSE. His absolutely right. Keep it up.

Ravindra Shetye

7 years ago

Not much of Governance can be expected out of BSE club. Is BSE not governed by the Company Law? Also is there a note on Corporate Governance (by the way this is mandatory) in the annual report of BSE? Maybe Moneylife can reproduce the 'Note on Corporate Governance' from last two or three Annual Reports of BSE.

R Balakrishnan

7 years ago

A brokers' club cannot be expected to have any kind of governance. And with NSE and hopefully with FT winning their battle in a year or two, we really do not need the BSE. Even today, it is a superfluous one. The building can be sold and the proceeds distributed to the members. Apart from that the BSE does not have any asset. The debt segment is a failure. Derivatives- no market share. So, why exist??


7 years ago

It is really unfortunate that a situation is being created wherein a big amount of money is involved with a major purchaseThere is bound to be a difference of opinion and yet the patience being displayed to discuss an issue appears almost NIL.Well is this too smooth a deal ?A dwindling business ,higher compensation and now new faces at will join the mangement .There has to be somthing going on the SMOKE SIGNAL is obvious .


sucheta Dalal

In Reply to SUNIL HEMNANI 7 years ago

Sorry, there was a problem with the earlier upload. Do read the article again.


In Reply to sucheta Dalal 7 years ago

Dear madam, Thanks for your reply .This only seems to make things more obvious as to what is going on.Generate more expenses and why not there appears to be corpus which is sitting to be spent .Just how do these expenses lead to any kind of increase of business ,is a question can ask after the money is GONE !Till such time few and far between these big shots from NEW YORK can implement the ideas that could take off i the very distant future .I am sure these ideas are just another way of spinnng off the BOURSE amongst the public ,the IMAGE these guys create is we are bringing the " finest ideas "which will ultimately work. By which time these guys will be GONE and so will the " money" . Very professionally .At the very least before an IPO a company has to improve the performance and not merely talk up a stock with the HYPE .


7 years ago

Well all is not well in the BSE.They certainly are not getting volumes to show for the NEW Mangement (professional ) salaries and the fuss they made.The morning nine oclock move has helped none in the country.The fact that its a case of CORPORATE GOVERNANCE which is not getting the requisite attention .Our media has got too many SCAMS to deal with . A potential SCAM has not got the interest of a scam being investigated ,and learning how a system is being bypassed.

Will continue taking steps to protect investors: SEBI

New Delhi: Even as more details emerge out of the multi-crore housing-finance scam, market regulator Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) today said it would continue to take steps to protect the interest of investors, reports PTI.

“The regulator’s job is investor protection. So, we (will) continue to take steps to protect investors,” SEBI whole-time member Prashant Saran told reporters on the sidelines of the Assocham summit.

He further said, “SEBI already looks into the market dynamics... whenever we find something, we investigate. That is what we do.”

His comments accompany the volatility in stock markets in the aftermath of the housing-finance scandal; Popular BSE index Sensex has nosedived 640 points in the past three trading sessions. Further, continuing its downward journey, it plunged by another 181.55 points today.

The housing-finance scam came to light this week, when on 24th November the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) busted a major housing loan racket and arrested among others, CEO of LIC Housing Finance Ramachandran Nair, on charges of corruption and criminal conspiracy.

The officials were arrested on allegations that while sanctioning large scale loans to corporates, they were working in collusion with loan arranger firm Money Matters and overlooked regulatory guidelines for granting such approvals, for their individual monetary gains.

Apart from Mr Nair, secretary (investment), LIC, Naresh K Chopra, general manager of Bank of India (Delhi) R N Tayal, director of Central Bank of India, Maninder Singh Johar, and deputy GM of Punjab National Bank (Delhi) Venkoba Gujjal were also manned.

Rajesh Sharma, chairman and managing director of Mumbai-based firm Money Matters Ltd and two of its employees—Suresh Gattani and Sanjay Sharma—were also arrested.


Slow pace of cane crushing unlikely to hit sugar output: Pawar

New Delhi: Food and agriculture minister Sharad Pawar today informed Parliament that the country's overall sugar output was unlikely to decline this year on account of slow pace of cane crushing in some states, reports PTI.

“The initial slow pace of production by sugar mills in some states is unlikely to decrease production of sugar in the current sugar season as a whole,” Mr Pawar said in a written reply to the Rajya Sabha today.

Of the total 600-odd sugar mills in the country, only 199 mills have started crushing operations in Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh and Karnataka till 15th November of the current sugar season, which runs from October to September, according to official data.

Mr Pawar said that unseasonal rains during the October-November period of the 2010-11 sugar season have slowed down cane crushing activity in states like Maharashtra, the country’s biggest sugar producing state.

However, the minister exuded confidence that “the mills are likely to make it up in the course of time.”

After two years decline, sugar production in India, which is the world's second biggest producer, is estimated to be higher than demand at 24.5 million tonnes in the 2010-11 sugar season.

The country, which is the world's largest consumer of sugar, has an annual demand of about 23 million tonnes. Last year, the sugar output stood at 19 million.


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