China will contribute $43 billion, while India, Brazil and Russia would contribute $10 billion each with South Africa giving $2 billion to the Euro zone bailout fund created by the IMF
Los Cabos: India and four other countries of the five-nation BRICS bloc on Tuesday gave a big boost to International Monetary Fund (IMF)'s $430 billion bailout fund for the debt-wracked 17 nation Euro zone. BRICS countries, including Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa pledged to contribute $75 billion with New Delhi's contribution being $10 billion, reports PTI.
The pledge was made at an informal meeting of BRICS Leaders presided by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh ahead of the opening of the seventh G-20 Summit in this Mexican resort town.
According to Indian officials, China has agreed to contribute $43 billion while the contribution from Russia and Brazil will be $10 billion each. The South African contribution is $2 billion.
All the BRICS Leaders agreed that the Euro zone crisis threatened global financial and economic stability and that it was necessary to find cooperative solutions to resolve this crisis. The BRICS countries have been the new growth poles of the global economy.
The pledges for fresh contributions were made after the Leaders agreed to increase resources available with the Fund. In this context, they agreed to enhance their own contributions to the IMF.
This is with the understanding that these resources will be called upon only after existing resources, including the New Arrangements to Borrow, are substantially utilised, an official statement said.
"This would promote adequate burden sharing amongst IMF creditors. These new contributions are being made in anticipation that all the reforms agreed upon in 2010 will be fully implemented in a timely manner, including a comprehensive reform of voting power and reform of quota shares," the statement said.
The Leaders discussed swap arrangements among national currencies as well as reserve pooling. They agreed to ask their Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors to work on this important issue, in a manner compatible with internal legal frameworks, and report back to the Leaders at the 2013 BRICS Summit.
The Leaders also emphasised the need for increasing the resource base of Multilateral Development Banks, so that increased resources could be provided for development, particularly for investments in infrastructure and in the social sectors in developing countries. They felt that the G-20 should pay importance to the development aspect in its agenda of work.
Prime Minister Singh in his address at the G-20 summit underlined the need to take steps to substantially expand the resource base of Multilateral Development Banks so that they have the firepower to help developing countries pursue their development goals.
The Leaders emphasised that given the current global situation and the need to bolster market confidence, it was important that the G-20 Summit issue a strong statement of intent in combating the international slowdown and the effects of the Euro zone crisis.
The Leaders agreed that this process of informal consultations on the sidelines of multilateral events was valuable and contributed to closer coordination on issues of mutual interest to BRICS economies.
After a survey of over 3,000 SMEs on their funding patterns, CRISIL has found that 53% of them met their funding needs through promoters' funds and personal loans in FY11
Mumbai: Rating agency CRISIL on Tuesday said a large majority of small and medium enterprise (SME) promoters - as many as 53% - continue to use their own funds to tide over inflationary pressure as getting bank funds are not without difficulties for them, reports PTI.
"Easy access to bank funds has always been difficult for of small and medium enterprises (SMEs)...support from the lending institutions would have provided additional fillip to the sector," CRISIL senior director for SME ratings Sachin Nigam said in a note.
After a survey of over 3,000 SMEs on their funding patterns, it has found that 53% of them met their funding needs through promoters' funds and personal loans in FY11, Nigam said quoting a survey finding.
The survey revealed that while revenue of the SMEs increased 29% last fiscal, raw material costs rose 31% while operating margins marginally declined (1%), showing their inability to pass on the inflation pressures to their customers, he said.
In the same fiscal, equity capital bought by SME promoters increased 29%, while loans from promoters' family and friends were up 24%, indicating that funding requirements were met through promoters' funds than through bank borrowings.
The CRISIL study said companies in the engineering and capital goods, textiles and chemicals, which have high input costs, are most susceptible to inflationary pressures.
However, with the interest rates going down and ease in inflation, CRISIL feels that the situation will get better for SMEs, its director for SME ratings Yogesh Dixit said.
Notably, country's largest lender State Bank of India recently announced an up to 3.5% reduction in interest rates for the SMEs.